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GO Term History: Displaying 83 audit records for all terms for the date 2007-03-20

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Introduction

This page displays the differences recorded in the full Gene Ontology OBO v1.2 file as audited by the UniProt-GOA database during its daily update cycle.
If there is any delay in uploading the current OBO file, the changes displayed and the date recorded for these changes may not correspond to when the changes to the OBO file were committed.

All changes

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2007-03-20 GO:0033030 negative regulation of neutrophil apoptotic process Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of a neutrophil apoptosis.
2007-03-20 GO:0032898 neurotrophin production Updated DEFINITION The appearance of a neurotrophin due to biosynthesis or secretion by cells in a neuron's target field, resulting in an increase in its intracellular or extracellular levels. A neurotrophin is any of a family of growth factors that block apoptosis in neurons and thus promote nerve growth.
2007-03-20 GO:0017077 oxidative phosphorylation uncoupler activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of protons from mitochondrial intermembrane space into mitochondrial matrix, dissipating the proton gradient across the mitochondrial inner membrane established by the electron transport chain during the oxidative phosphorylation (proton leak). Proton leak uncouples the processes of electron transport/proton generation and ATP synthesis.
2007-03-20 GO:0010370 perinucleolar chromocenter Added DEFINITION A chromocenter adjacetn to the nucleolus.
2007-03-20 GO:0055040 periplasmic flagellum Added DEFINITION Flagellar filaments, located in the periplasmic space of Spirochetes, essential for shape and motility. Composed of a core surrounded by two sheath layers, the flagella rotate to allow migration of the cell through viscous media, which would not be possible using external flagella.
2007-03-20 GO:0055035 plastid thylakoid membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer membrane of any thylakoid within a plastid.
2007-03-20 GO:0010365 positive regulation of ethylene biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of ethylene biosynthetic process.
2007-03-20 GO:0010372 positive regulation of gibberellin biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of gibberellins.
2007-03-20 GO:0033027 positive regulation of mast cell apoptotic process Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate, or extent of mast cell apoptosis.
2007-03-20 GO:0033034 positive regulation of myeloid cell apoptotic process Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate, or extent of myeloid cell apoptosis.
2007-03-20 GO:0033031 positive regulation of neutrophil apoptotic process Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate, or extent of neutrophil apoptosis.
2007-03-20 GO:0055037 recycling endosome Added DEFINITION Organelle consisting of networks of 60nm tubules organized around the microtubule organizing centre in some cell types. They transport receptors from late endosomes back to the plasma membrane for recycling and are also involved in membrane trafficking.
2007-03-20 GO:0055038 recycling endosome membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding a recycling endosome.
2007-03-20 GO:0010361 regulation of anion channel activity by blue light Added DEFINITION Any process by which the blue light modulates the frequency, rate or extent of anion channel activity.
2007-03-20 GO:0016055 Wnt signaling pathway Updated DEFINITION The series of molecular signals initiated by binding of Wnt protein to a frizzled family receptor on the surface of the target cell and ending with a change in cell state.
2007-03-20 GO:0060070 canonical Wnt signaling pathway Added DEFINITION The series of molecular signals initiated by binding of Wnt protein to a frizzled family receptor on the surface of the target cell and ending with a change in transcription of target genes.
2007-03-20 GO:0007223 Wnt signaling pathway, calcium modulating pathway Updated DEFINITION The series of molecular signals initiated by binding of a Wnt protein to a receptor on the surface of the target cell where activated receptors leads to an increase in intracellular calcium and activation of protein kinase C (PKC).
2007-03-20 GO:0060071 Wnt signaling pathway, planar cell polarity pathway Added DEFINITION The series of molecular signals initiated by binding of a Wnt protein to a receptor on the surface of the target cell where activated receptors signal via downstream effectors including C-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) to modulate cytoskeletal elements and control cell polarity.
2007-03-20 GO:0060069 Wnt signaling pathway, regulating spindle positioning Added DEFINITION The series of molecular signals initiated by binding of Wnt protein to a frizzled family receptor on the surface of the target cell and ending with the positioning of the mitotic spindle.
2007-03-20 GO:0033019 5-hydroxyvalerate dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction 5-hydroxyvalerate + NAD+ = 5-oxovalerate + NADH.
2007-03-20 GO:0055043 5-oxovalerate dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5-oxovalerate + NADP+ + H2O <=> glutarate + NADPH.
2007-03-20 GO:0055042 5-valerolactone hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5-valerolactone + H2O <=> 5-hydroxyvalerate.
2007-03-20 GO:0005253 anion channel activity Added DEFINITION The transporter activity that allows the energy-independent passage of anions across a lipid bilayer down a concentration gradient.
2007-03-20 GO:0005227 calcium activated cation channel activity Added DEFINITION The transporter activity that allows the calcium concentration-regulatable energy-independent passage of cations across a lipid bilayer down a concentration gradient.
2007-03-20 GO:0015269 calcium-activated potassium channel activity Added DEFINITION The transporter activity that allows the calcium concentration-regulatable energy-independent passage of potassium ions across a lipid bilayer down a concentration gradient.
2007-03-20 GO:0005261 cation channel activity Added DEFINITION The transporter activity that allows the energy-independent passage of cations across a lipid bilayer down a concentration gradient.
2007-03-20 GO:0010350 cellular response to magnesium starvation Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of deprivation of magnesium.
2007-03-20 GO:0010368 chloroplast isoamylase complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex whose composition varies amongst species; in rice it probably exists in a homo-tetramer to homo-hexamer form and in Gram negative bacteria as a dimer. Functions in the hydrolysis of alpha-(1,6)-D-glucosidic branch linkages. Isoamylases in plants are intracellular and probably chloroplast localised.
2007-03-20 GO:0010369 chromocenter Added DEFINITION A region in which centric, heterochromatic portions of one or more chromosomes form a compact structure.
2007-03-20 GO:0060086 circadian temperature homeostasis Added DEFINITION The processes by which an organism modulates its internal body temperature at different values with a regularity of approximately 24 hours.
2007-03-20 GO:0033021 cyclopentanol biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of cyclopentanol.
2007-03-20 GO:0033022 cyclopentanol catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of cyclopentanol.
2007-03-20 GO:0055041 cyclopentanol dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: cyclopentanol + NAD(+) <=> cyclopentanone + NADH.
2007-03-20 GO:0033020 cyclopentanol metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving cyclopentanol.
2007-03-20 GO:0060076 excitatory synapse Added DEFINITION A synapse in which an action potential in the presynaptic cell increases the probability of an action potential occurring in the postsynaptic cell.
2007-03-20 GO:0010367 extracellular isoamylase complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex whose composition varies amongst species; in rice it probably exists in a homo-tetramer to homo-hexamer form and in Gram negative bacteria as a dimer. Functions in the hydrolysis of alpha-(1,6)-D-glucosidic branch linkages. Isoamylases in animals are localized in the extracellular space.
2007-03-20 GO:0060082 eye blink reflex Added DEFINITION The reflex process by which a mechanical stimulus applied to the of the eye elicits a response of the eyelid closing.
2007-03-20 GO:0009686 gibberellin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of gibberellin. Gibberellins are a class of highly modified terpenes that function as plant growth regulators.
2007-03-20 GO:0045487 gibberellin catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of gibberellin. Gibberellins are a class of highly modified terpenes that function as plant growth regulators.
2007-03-20 GO:0009685 gibberellin metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving gibberellin. Gibberellins are a class of highly modified terpenes that function as plant growth regulators.
2007-03-20 GO:0010355 homogentisate farnesyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: homogentisic acid + farnesyl diphosphate -> 2-methyl-6-farnesylplastoquinol.
2007-03-20 GO:0010356 homogentisate geranylgeranyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: homogentisic acid + geranylgeranyl diphosphate -> 2-methyl-6-geranylgeranylplastoquinol.
2007-03-20 GO:0010354 homogentisate prenyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a prenyl group from one compound (donor) to homogentisic acid.
2007-03-20 GO:0010357 homogentisate solanesyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: homogentisic acid + solanesyl diphosphate -> 2-methyl-6-solanesylplastoquinol.
2007-03-20 GO:0060077 inhibitory synapse Added DEFINITION A synapse in which an action potential in the presynaptic cell reduces the probability of an action potential occurring in the postsynaptic cell.
2007-03-20 GO:0010349 L-galactose dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-galactose + NAD+ = L-galactono-1,4-lactone + NADH + H+.
2007-03-20 GO:0010347 L-galactose-1-phosphate phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-galactose-1-phosphate + H2O = L-galactose + phosphate.
2007-03-20 GO:0060072 large conductance calcium-activated potassium channel activity Added DEFINITION The transporter activity that allows the calcium concentration-regulatable energy-independent passage of potassium ions across a lipid bilayer down a concentration gradient. This activity results in membrane currents of 60-270pS.
2007-03-20 GO:0010358 leaf shaping Added DEFINITION The developmental process that pertains to the organization of a leaf in three-dimensional space once the structure has initially formed.
2007-03-20 GO:0010359 regulation of anion channel activity Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of anion channel activity.
2007-03-20 GO:0010364 regulation of ethylene biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of ethylene biosynthetic process.
2007-03-20 GO:0060079 regulation of excitatory postsynaptic membrane potential Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the establishment or extent of the excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) which is a temporay increase in postsynaptic potential due to the flow of positively charged ions into the postsynaptic cell. The flow of ions that causes an EPSP is an excitatory postsynaptic current (EPSC) and makes it easier for the neuron to fire an action potential.
2007-03-20 GO:0010371 regulation of gibberellin biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of gibberellins.
2007-03-20 GO:0010363 regulation of plant-type hypersensitive response Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the hypersensitive response.
2007-03-20 GO:0060080 regulation of inhibitory postsynaptic membrane potential Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the establishment or extent of the inhibitory postsynaptic potential (IPSP) which is a temporay decrease in postsynaptic potential due to the flow of negatively charged ions into the postsynaptic cell. The flow of ions that causes an IPSP is an inhibitory postsynaptic current (IPSC) and makes it more difficult for the neuron to fire an action potential.
2007-03-20 GO:0033025 regulation of mast cell apoptotic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of mast cell apoptosis.
2007-03-20 GO:0033032 regulation of myeloid cell apoptotic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of myeloid cell apoptosis.
2007-03-20 GO:0033029 regulation of neutrophil apoptotic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of neutrophil apoptosis.
2007-03-20 GO:0060078 regulation of postsynaptic membrane potential Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the establishment or extent of the postsynaptic membrane potential, which is generated by changes in the membrane potential of the post synaptic neuron that receives information at a synapse. The presynaptic neuron releases neurotransmitters into the synaptic cleft which bind to receptors on the postsynaptic neuron. After being bound by the neurotransmitters, these receptors can open or close an ion channel, allowing ions to enter or leave the cell and therefore altering the membrane potential of the postsynaptic neuron.
2007-03-20 GO:0060075 regulation of resting membrane potential Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the establishment or extent of a resting potential, the electrical charge across the plasma membrane, with the interior of the cell negative with respect to the exterior. The resting potential is the membrane potential of a cell that is not stimulated to be depolarized or hyperpolarized.
2007-03-20 GO:0060087 relaxation of vascular smooth muscle Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of vascular smooth muscle contraction.
2007-03-20 GO:0009739 response to gibberellin Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a gibberellin stimulus.
2007-03-20 GO:0010353 response to trehalose Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a trehalose stimulus.
2007-03-20 GO:0060083 smooth muscle contraction involved in micturition Added DEFINITION The process leading to shortening and/or development of tension in the urinary bladder smooth muscle tissue involved in the expulsion urine from the body.
2007-03-20 GO:0060085 smooth muscle relaxation of the bladder outlet Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of smooth muscle contraction in the bladder outlet that contributes to the expulsion of urine from the body.
2007-03-20 GO:0060074 synapse maturation Added DEFINITION The process that organizes a synapse so that it attains its fully functional state. Synaptic maturation plays a critical role in the establishment of effective synaptic connections in early development.
2007-03-20 GO:0060084 synaptic transmission involved in micturition Added DEFINITION The process of communication from a neuron to a smooth muscle in the bladder that contributes to the expulsion of urine from the body.
2007-03-20 GO:0055039 trichocyst Added DEFINITION A crystalline exocytotic organelle composed of small, acidic proteins existing primarily as disulphide-linked dimers. The trichocyst is an organelle that releases long filamentous proteins that capture predators in "nets" to slow them down when the cell is disturbed. The protein is nontoxic and shaped like a long, striated, fibrous shaft.
2007-03-20 GO:0055036 virion membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding a virion.
2007-03-20 GO:0010352 lithium ion export Added DEFINITION The directed movement of lithium ion out of a cell or organelle.
2007-03-20 GO:0010351 lithium ion transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of lithium ion into, out of, within or between cells.
2007-03-20 GO:0010348 lithium:proton antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Li+(in) + H+(out) = Li+(out) + H+(in).
2007-03-20 GO:0033024 mast cell apoptotic process Added DEFINITION The process of apoptosis in mast cells.
2007-03-20 GO:0033023 mast cell homeostasis Added DEFINITION The process of regulating the proliferation and elimination of mast cells such that the total number of mast cells within a whole or part of an organism is stable over time in the absence of an outside stimulus.
2007-03-20 GO:0060081 membrane hyperpolarization Added DEFINITION The process in which membrane potential changes in the hyperpolarizing direction from the resting potential, usually from negative to more negative.
2007-03-20 GO:0060073 micturition Added DEFINITION The regulation of body fluids process by which parasympathetic nerves stimulate the bladder wall muscle to contract and expel urine from the body.
2007-03-20 GO:0033028 myeloid cell apoptotic process Added DEFINITION The process of apoptosis in myeloid cells.
2007-03-20 GO:0010362 negative regulation of anion channel activity by blue light Added DEFINITION Any process by which the blue light stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of the anion channel activity.
2007-03-20 GO:0010360 negative regulation of anion channel activity Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of the anion channel activity.
2007-03-20 GO:0010366 negative regulation of ethylene biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of ethylene biosynthetic process.
2007-03-20 GO:0010373 negative regulation of gibberellin biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of gibberellins.
2007-03-20 GO:0033026 negative regulation of mast cell apoptotic process Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of a mast cell apoptosis.
2007-03-20 GO:0033033 negative regulation of myeloid cell apoptotic process Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of a myeloid cell apoptosis.

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2007-03-20 GO:0033030 negative regulation of neutrophil apoptotic process Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of a neutrophil apoptosis.
2007-03-20 GO:0032898 neurotrophin production Updated DEFINITION The appearance of a neurotrophin due to biosynthesis or secretion by cells in a neuron's target field, resulting in an increase in its intracellular or extracellular levels. A neurotrophin is any of a family of growth factors that block apoptosis in neurons and thus promote nerve growth.
2007-03-20 GO:0017077 oxidative phosphorylation uncoupler activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of protons from mitochondrial intermembrane space into mitochondrial matrix, dissipating the proton gradient across the mitochondrial inner membrane established by the electron transport chain during the oxidative phosphorylation (proton leak). Proton leak uncouples the processes of electron transport/proton generation and ATP synthesis.
2007-03-20 GO:0010370 perinucleolar chromocenter Added DEFINITION A chromocenter adjacetn to the nucleolus.
2007-03-20 GO:0055040 periplasmic flagellum Added DEFINITION Flagellar filaments, located in the periplasmic space of Spirochetes, essential for shape and motility. Composed of a core surrounded by two sheath layers, the flagella rotate to allow migration of the cell through viscous media, which would not be possible using external flagella.
2007-03-20 GO:0055035 plastid thylakoid membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer membrane of any thylakoid within a plastid.
2007-03-20 GO:0010365 positive regulation of ethylene biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of ethylene biosynthetic process.
2007-03-20 GO:0010372 positive regulation of gibberellin biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of gibberellins.
2007-03-20 GO:0033027 positive regulation of mast cell apoptotic process Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate, or extent of mast cell apoptosis.
2007-03-20 GO:0033034 positive regulation of myeloid cell apoptotic process Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate, or extent of myeloid cell apoptosis.
2007-03-20 GO:0033031 positive regulation of neutrophil apoptotic process Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate, or extent of neutrophil apoptosis.
2007-03-20 GO:0055037 recycling endosome Added DEFINITION Organelle consisting of networks of 60nm tubules organized around the microtubule organizing centre in some cell types. They transport receptors from late endosomes back to the plasma membrane for recycling and are also involved in membrane trafficking.
2007-03-20 GO:0055038 recycling endosome membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding a recycling endosome.
2007-03-20 GO:0010361 regulation of anion channel activity by blue light Added DEFINITION Any process by which the blue light modulates the frequency, rate or extent of anion channel activity.
2007-03-20 GO:0016055 Wnt signaling pathway Updated DEFINITION The series of molecular signals initiated by binding of Wnt protein to a frizzled family receptor on the surface of the target cell and ending with a change in cell state.
2007-03-20 GO:0060070 canonical Wnt signaling pathway Added DEFINITION The series of molecular signals initiated by binding of Wnt protein to a frizzled family receptor on the surface of the target cell and ending with a change in transcription of target genes.
2007-03-20 GO:0007223 Wnt signaling pathway, calcium modulating pathway Updated DEFINITION The series of molecular signals initiated by binding of a Wnt protein to a receptor on the surface of the target cell where activated receptors leads to an increase in intracellular calcium and activation of protein kinase C (PKC).
2007-03-20 GO:0060071 Wnt signaling pathway, planar cell polarity pathway Added DEFINITION The series of molecular signals initiated by binding of a Wnt protein to a receptor on the surface of the target cell where activated receptors signal via downstream effectors including C-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) to modulate cytoskeletal elements and control cell polarity.
2007-03-20 GO:0060069 Wnt signaling pathway, regulating spindle positioning Added DEFINITION The series of molecular signals initiated by binding of Wnt protein to a frizzled family receptor on the surface of the target cell and ending with the positioning of the mitotic spindle.
2007-03-20 GO:0033019 5-hydroxyvalerate dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction 5-hydroxyvalerate + NAD+ = 5-oxovalerate + NADH.
2007-03-20 GO:0055043 5-oxovalerate dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5-oxovalerate + NADP+ + H2O <=> glutarate + NADPH.
2007-03-20 GO:0055042 5-valerolactone hydrolase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5-valerolactone + H2O <=> 5-hydroxyvalerate.
2007-03-20 GO:0005253 anion channel activity Added DEFINITION The transporter activity that allows the energy-independent passage of anions across a lipid bilayer down a concentration gradient.
2007-03-20 GO:0005227 calcium activated cation channel activity Added DEFINITION The transporter activity that allows the calcium concentration-regulatable energy-independent passage of cations across a lipid bilayer down a concentration gradient.
2007-03-20 GO:0015269 calcium-activated potassium channel activity Added DEFINITION The transporter activity that allows the calcium concentration-regulatable energy-independent passage of potassium ions across a lipid bilayer down a concentration gradient.
2007-03-20 GO:0005261 cation channel activity Added DEFINITION The transporter activity that allows the energy-independent passage of cations across a lipid bilayer down a concentration gradient.
2007-03-20 GO:0010350 cellular response to magnesium starvation Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of deprivation of magnesium.
2007-03-20 GO:0010368 chloroplast isoamylase complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex whose composition varies amongst species; in rice it probably exists in a homo-tetramer to homo-hexamer form and in Gram negative bacteria as a dimer. Functions in the hydrolysis of alpha-(1,6)-D-glucosidic branch linkages. Isoamylases in plants are intracellular and probably chloroplast localised.
2007-03-20 GO:0010369 chromocenter Added DEFINITION A region in which centric, heterochromatic portions of one or more chromosomes form a compact structure.
2007-03-20 GO:0060086 circadian temperature homeostasis Added DEFINITION The processes by which an organism modulates its internal body temperature at different values with a regularity of approximately 24 hours.
2007-03-20 GO:0033021 cyclopentanol biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of cyclopentanol.
2007-03-20 GO:0033022 cyclopentanol catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of cyclopentanol.
2007-03-20 GO:0055041 cyclopentanol dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: cyclopentanol + NAD(+) <=> cyclopentanone + NADH.
2007-03-20 GO:0033020 cyclopentanol metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving cyclopentanol.
2007-03-20 GO:0060076 excitatory synapse Added DEFINITION A synapse in which an action potential in the presynaptic cell increases the probability of an action potential occurring in the postsynaptic cell.
2007-03-20 GO:0010367 extracellular isoamylase complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex whose composition varies amongst species; in rice it probably exists in a homo-tetramer to homo-hexamer form and in Gram negative bacteria as a dimer. Functions in the hydrolysis of alpha-(1,6)-D-glucosidic branch linkages. Isoamylases in animals are localized in the extracellular space.
2007-03-20 GO:0060082 eye blink reflex Added DEFINITION The reflex process by which a mechanical stimulus applied to the of the eye elicits a response of the eyelid closing.
2007-03-20 GO:0009686 gibberellin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of gibberellin. Gibberellins are a class of highly modified terpenes that function as plant growth regulators.
2007-03-20 GO:0045487 gibberellin catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of gibberellin. Gibberellins are a class of highly modified terpenes that function as plant growth regulators.
2007-03-20 GO:0009685 gibberellin metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving gibberellin. Gibberellins are a class of highly modified terpenes that function as plant growth regulators.
2007-03-20 GO:0010355 homogentisate farnesyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: homogentisic acid + farnesyl diphosphate -> 2-methyl-6-farnesylplastoquinol.
2007-03-20 GO:0010356 homogentisate geranylgeranyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: homogentisic acid + geranylgeranyl diphosphate -> 2-methyl-6-geranylgeranylplastoquinol.
2007-03-20 GO:0010354 homogentisate prenyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a prenyl group from one compound (donor) to homogentisic acid.
2007-03-20 GO:0010357 homogentisate solanesyltransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: homogentisic acid + solanesyl diphosphate -> 2-methyl-6-solanesylplastoquinol.
2007-03-20 GO:0060077 inhibitory synapse Added DEFINITION A synapse in which an action potential in the presynaptic cell reduces the probability of an action potential occurring in the postsynaptic cell.
2007-03-20 GO:0010349 L-galactose dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-galactose + NAD+ = L-galactono-1,4-lactone + NADH + H+.
2007-03-20 GO:0010347 L-galactose-1-phosphate phosphatase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-galactose-1-phosphate + H2O = L-galactose + phosphate.
2007-03-20 GO:0060072 large conductance calcium-activated potassium channel activity Added DEFINITION The transporter activity that allows the calcium concentration-regulatable energy-independent passage of potassium ions across a lipid bilayer down a concentration gradient. This activity results in membrane currents of 60-270pS.
2007-03-20 GO:0010358 leaf shaping Added DEFINITION The developmental process that pertains to the organization of a leaf in three-dimensional space once the structure has initially formed.
2007-03-20 GO:0010359 regulation of anion channel activity Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of anion channel activity.
2007-03-20 GO:0010364 regulation of ethylene biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of ethylene biosynthetic process.
2007-03-20 GO:0060079 regulation of excitatory postsynaptic membrane potential Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the establishment or extent of the excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) which is a temporay increase in postsynaptic potential due to the flow of positively charged ions into the postsynaptic cell. The flow of ions that causes an EPSP is an excitatory postsynaptic current (EPSC) and makes it easier for the neuron to fire an action potential.
2007-03-20 GO:0010371 regulation of gibberellin biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of gibberellins.
2007-03-20 GO:0010363 regulation of plant-type hypersensitive response Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the hypersensitive response.
2007-03-20 GO:0060080 regulation of inhibitory postsynaptic membrane potential Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the establishment or extent of the inhibitory postsynaptic potential (IPSP) which is a temporay decrease in postsynaptic potential due to the flow of negatively charged ions into the postsynaptic cell. The flow of ions that causes an IPSP is an inhibitory postsynaptic current (IPSC) and makes it more difficult for the neuron to fire an action potential.
2007-03-20 GO:0033025 regulation of mast cell apoptotic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of mast cell apoptosis.
2007-03-20 GO:0033032 regulation of myeloid cell apoptotic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of myeloid cell apoptosis.
2007-03-20 GO:0033029 regulation of neutrophil apoptotic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of neutrophil apoptosis.
2007-03-20 GO:0060078 regulation of postsynaptic membrane potential Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the establishment or extent of the postsynaptic membrane potential, which is generated by changes in the membrane potential of the post synaptic neuron that receives information at a synapse. The presynaptic neuron releases neurotransmitters into the synaptic cleft which bind to receptors on the postsynaptic neuron. After being bound by the neurotransmitters, these receptors can open or close an ion channel, allowing ions to enter or leave the cell and therefore altering the membrane potential of the postsynaptic neuron.
2007-03-20 GO:0060075 regulation of resting membrane potential Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the establishment or extent of a resting potential, the electrical charge across the plasma membrane, with the interior of the cell negative with respect to the exterior. The resting potential is the membrane potential of a cell that is not stimulated to be depolarized or hyperpolarized.
2007-03-20 GO:0060087 relaxation of vascular smooth muscle Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of vascular smooth muscle contraction.
2007-03-20 GO:0009739 response to gibberellin Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a gibberellin stimulus.
2007-03-20 GO:0010353 response to trehalose Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a trehalose stimulus.
2007-03-20 GO:0060083 smooth muscle contraction involved in micturition Added DEFINITION The process leading to shortening and/or development of tension in the urinary bladder smooth muscle tissue involved in the expulsion urine from the body.
2007-03-20 GO:0060085 smooth muscle relaxation of the bladder outlet Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of smooth muscle contraction in the bladder outlet that contributes to the expulsion of urine from the body.
2007-03-20 GO:0060074 synapse maturation Added DEFINITION The process that organizes a synapse so that it attains its fully functional state. Synaptic maturation plays a critical role in the establishment of effective synaptic connections in early development.
2007-03-20 GO:0060084 synaptic transmission involved in micturition Added DEFINITION The process of communication from a neuron to a smooth muscle in the bladder that contributes to the expulsion of urine from the body.
2007-03-20 GO:0055039 trichocyst Added DEFINITION A crystalline exocytotic organelle composed of small, acidic proteins existing primarily as disulphide-linked dimers. The trichocyst is an organelle that releases long filamentous proteins that capture predators in "nets" to slow them down when the cell is disturbed. The protein is nontoxic and shaped like a long, striated, fibrous shaft.
2007-03-20 GO:0055036 virion membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding a virion.
2007-03-20 GO:0010352 lithium ion export Added DEFINITION The directed movement of lithium ion out of a cell or organelle.
2007-03-20 GO:0010351 lithium ion transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of lithium ion into, out of, within or between cells.
2007-03-20 GO:0010348 lithium:proton antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Li+(in) + H+(out) = Li+(out) + H+(in).
2007-03-20 GO:0033024 mast cell apoptotic process Added DEFINITION The process of apoptosis in mast cells.
2007-03-20 GO:0033023 mast cell homeostasis Added DEFINITION The process of regulating the proliferation and elimination of mast cells such that the total number of mast cells within a whole or part of an organism is stable over time in the absence of an outside stimulus.
2007-03-20 GO:0060081 membrane hyperpolarization Added DEFINITION The process in which membrane potential changes in the hyperpolarizing direction from the resting potential, usually from negative to more negative.
2007-03-20 GO:0060073 micturition Added DEFINITION The regulation of body fluids process by which parasympathetic nerves stimulate the bladder wall muscle to contract and expel urine from the body.
2007-03-20 GO:0033028 myeloid cell apoptotic process Added DEFINITION The process of apoptosis in myeloid cells.
2007-03-20 GO:0010362 negative regulation of anion channel activity by blue light Added DEFINITION Any process by which the blue light stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of the anion channel activity.
2007-03-20 GO:0010360 negative regulation of anion channel activity Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of the anion channel activity.
2007-03-20 GO:0010366 negative regulation of ethylene biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of ethylene biosynthetic process.
2007-03-20 GO:0010373 negative regulation of gibberellin biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of gibberellins.
2007-03-20 GO:0033026 negative regulation of mast cell apoptotic process Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of a mast cell apoptosis.
2007-03-20 GO:0033033 negative regulation of myeloid cell apoptotic process Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of a myeloid cell apoptosis.
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