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GO Term History: Displaying 92 audit records for all terms for the date 2007-03-13

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Introduction

This page displays the differences recorded in the full Gene Ontology OBO v1.2 file as audited by the UniProt-GOA database during its daily update cycle.
If there is any delay in uploading the current OBO file, the changes displayed and the date recorded for these changes may not correspond to when the changes to the OBO file were committed.

All changes

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2007-03-13 GO:0033008 positive regulation of mast cell activation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate, or extent of mast cell activation during an immune response.
2007-03-13 GO:0060060 post-embryonic retina morphogenesis in camera-type eye Added DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structure of the retina is generated and organized in a camera-type eye during the post-embryonic life stage . Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
2007-03-13 GO:0035210 prepupal development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the prepupa over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The prepupal stage is a life stage interposed between the larval and the pupal stages in insects which undergo a complete metamorphosis. The start of the pre-pupal stage is marked by pupariation, and the end is marked by pupation.
2007-03-13 GO:0040006 protein-based cuticle attachment to epithelium Updated DEFINITION Attaching of a protein-based cuticle to the epithelium underlying it.
2007-03-13 GO:0032992 protein-carbohydrate complex Added DEFINITION A macromolecular complex containing both protein and carbohydrate molecules.
2007-03-13 GO:0032985 protein-carbohydrate complex disassembly Added DEFINITION The disaggregation of a protein-carbohydrate complex into its constituent components.
2007-03-13 GO:0032993 protein-DNA complex Added DEFINITION A macromolecular complex containing both protein and DNA molecules.
2007-03-13 GO:0032986 protein-DNA complex disassembly Added DEFINITION The disaggregation of a protein-DNA complex into its constituent components.
2007-03-13 GO:0032994 protein-lipid complex Added DEFINITION A macromolecular complex containing both protein and lipid molecules.
2007-03-13 GO:0032987 protein-lipid complex disassembly Added DEFINITION The disaggregation of a protein-lipid complex into its constituent components.
2007-03-13 GO:0032988 ribonucleoprotein complex disassembly Added DEFINITION The disaggregation of a protein-RNA complex into its constituent components.
2007-03-13 GO:0035209 pupal development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the pupa over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The pupa is a dormant life stage interposed between the larval and the adult stages in insects which undergo a complete metamorphosis.
2007-03-13 GO:0032995 regulation of fungal-type cell wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the chitin- and beta-glucan-containing cell wall.
2007-03-13 GO:0033003 regulation of mast cell activation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of mast cell activation.
2007-03-13 GO:0010223 secondary shoot formation Updated DEFINITION The process that gives rise to secondary (or auxiliary or axillary) shoots in plants. This process pertains to the initial formation of a structure from unspecified parts. These secondary shoots originate from secondary meristems initiated in the axils of leaf primordia. Axillary meristems function like the shoot apical meristem of the primary shoot initating the development of lateral organs.
2007-03-13 GO:0010149 senescence Updated DEFINITION A preprogrammed process that occurs in an organism that is associated with the dismantling of an anatomical structure and an overall decline in metabolism. This may include the breakdown of chloroplasts, membranes and other cellular components.
2007-03-13 GO:0010346 shoot axis formation Added DEFINITION The process that gives rise to a shoot. This process pertains to the initial formation of a structure from unspecified parts.
2007-03-13 GO:0007338 single fertilization Updated DEFINITION The union of male and female gametes to form a zygote.
2007-03-13 GO:0060061 Spemann organizer formation Added DEFINITION Formation of the specialized region on the dorsalmost side of the embryo that acts as the main signaling center establishing the vertebrate body plan.
2007-03-13 GO:0060064 Spemann organizer formation at the anterior end of the primitive streak Added DEFINITION Formation of the specialized region at the anterior end of the primitive streak of the embryo that acts as the main signaling center establishing the body plan.
2007-03-13 GO:0060062 Spemann organizer formation at the dorsal lip of the blastopore Added DEFINITION Formation of the specialized region at the dorsal lip of the blatopore of the embryo that acts as the main signaling center establishing the vertebrate body plan.
2007-03-13 GO:0060063 Spemann organizer formation at the embryonic shield Added DEFINITION Formation of the specialized region of the embryonic shield of the embryo that acts as the main signaling center establishing the teleost body plan.
2007-03-13 GO:0016490 structural constituent of peritrophic membrane Updated DEFINITION The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of the peritrophic membrane, a tubular sheath of cuticle that shields the epithelial cells of the midgut from the gut contents.
2007-03-13 GO:0010345 suberin biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of suberin monomers and suberin polyesters. Suberin monomers are derived from fatty acids and trans-cinnamic acids. The monomers are then cross-linked with glycerols.
2007-03-13 GO:0033014 tetrapyrrole biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways leading to the formation of tetrapyrroles, natural pigments containing four pyrrole rings joined by one-carbon units linking position 2 of one pyrrole ring to position 5 of the next.
2007-03-13 GO:0033015 tetrapyrrole catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways leading to the breakdown of tetrapyrroles, natural pigments containing four pyrrole rings joined by one-carbon units linking position 2 of one pyrrole ring to position 5 of the next.
2007-03-13 GO:0033013 tetrapyrrole metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrapyrroles, natural pigments containing four pyrrole rings joined by one-carbon units linking position 2 of one pyrrole ring to position 5 of the next.
2007-03-13 GO:0060065 uterus development Added DEFINITION The reproductive developmental process whose specific outcome is the progression of the uterus over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2007-03-13 GO:0005773 vacuole Updated DEFINITION A closed structure, found only in eukaryotic cells, that is completely surrounded by unit membrane and contains liquid material. Cells contain one or several vacuoles, that may have different functions from each other. Vacuoles have a diverse array of functions. They can act as a storage organelle for nutrients or waste products, as a degradative compartment, as a cost-effective way of increasing cell size, and as a homeostatic regulator controlling both turgor pressure and pH of the cytosol.
2007-03-13 GO:0000325 plant-type vacuole Updated DEFINITION A closed structure, found only in eukaryotic cells, that is completely surrounded by a unit membrane, contains liquid, and retains the same shape regardless of cell cycle phase.
2007-03-13 GO:0000324 fungal-type vacuole Updated DEFINITION The vacuole is a large, membrane-bound organelle that functions as a reservoir for the storage of small molecules (including polyphosphate, amino acids, several divalent cations (e.g. calcium), other ions, and other small molecules) as well as being the primary compartment for degradation. It is an acidic compartment, containing an ensemble of acid hydrolases. At least in S. cerevisiae, there are indications that the morphology of the vacuole is variable and correlated with the cell cycle, with logarithmically growing cells having a multilobed, reticulated vacuole, while stationary phase cells contain a single large structure.
2007-03-13 GO:0060068 vagina development Added DEFINITION The reproductive developmental process whose specific outcome is the progression of the vagina over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2007-03-13 GO:0016456 X chromosome located dosage compensation complex, transcription activating Updated DEFINITION An RNA-protein complex localized to the X chromosome of males where it is required for the hyper-transcriptional activation of the X chromosome.
2007-03-13 GO:0033006 regulation of mast cell activation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of mast cell activation during an immune response.
2007-03-13 GO:0022414 reproductive process Updated DEFINITION A biological process that directly contributes to the process of producing new individuals by one or two organisms. The new individuals inherit some proportion of their genetic material from the parent or parents.
2007-03-13 GO:0060042 retina morphogenesis in camera-type eye Updated DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structure of the retina is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
2007-03-13 GO:0020008 rhoptry Updated DEFINITION A specialized secretory organelle, with a tubular or sacular shape, found in the apical complex.
2007-03-13 GO:0033016 rhoptry membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding a rhoptry.
2007-03-13 GO:0033018 sarcoplasmic reticulum lumen Added DEFINITION The volume enclosed by the membranes of the sarcoplasmic reticulum.
2007-03-13 GO:0033017 sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding the sarcoplasmic reticulum.
2007-03-13 GO:0032991 macromolecular complex Added DEFINITION A stable assembly of two or more macromolecules, i.e. proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates or lipids, in which the constituent parts function together.
2007-03-13 GO:0032984 macromolecular complex disassembly Added DEFINITION The disaggregation of a macromolecular complex into its constituent components.
2007-03-13 GO:0000329 fungal-type vacuole membrane Updated DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding a vacuole, the shape of which correlates with cell cycle phase. The membrane separates its contents from the cytoplasm of the cell.
2007-03-13 GO:0009705 plant-type vacuole membrane Updated DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding a vacuole that retains the same shape regardless of cell cycle phase. The membrane separates its contents from the cytoplasm of the cell.
2007-03-13 GO:0007591 molting cycle, chitin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The periodic shedding of part or all of a chitin-based cuticle, which is then replaced by a new cuticle.
2007-03-13 GO:0018996 molting cycle, collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The periodic shedding of part or all of a collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle, which is then replaced by a new collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle.
2007-03-13 GO:0018988 molting cycle, protein-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The periodic shedding of part or all of a cuticle, which is then replaced by a new cuticle. A cuticle is the outer layer of an animal which acts to prevent water loss.
2007-03-13 GO:0010259 multicellular organismal aging Updated DEFINITION The inherent decline of a multicellular organism over time, from the optimal fertility and viability of early maturity, that may precede death and may be preceded by other indications, such as sterility.
2007-03-13 GO:0033002 muscle cell proliferation Added DEFINITION The rapid expansion of a muscle cell population by cell division.
2007-03-13 GO:0052478 negative regulation by organism of defense-related symbiont cell wall callose deposition Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the deposition of callose by the symbiont in its cell walls, occurring as part of the defense response of the symbiont organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-03-13 GO:0052476 negative regulation by organism of defense-related symbiont MAP kinase-mediated signal transduction pathway Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of symbiont MAP kinase-mediated signal transduction pathways during the symbiont defense response. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-03-13 GO:0033004 negative regulation of mast cell activation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of mast cell activation.
2007-03-13 GO:0033007 negative regulation of mast cell activation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of mast cell activation during an immune response.
2007-03-13 GO:0032998 Fc-epsilon receptor I complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex composed of an Fc-epsilon RI alpha chain and an Fc-epsilon RI gamma chain dimer with or without an Fc-episilon RI beta chain and additional signaling components. The complex functions primarily as an activating receptor for IgE.
2007-03-13 GO:0033000 Fc-gamma receptor I complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex composed of an Fc-gamma RI alpha chain and an Fc-epsilon RI gamma chain dimer with or without additional signaling components. The complex functions primarily as an activating receptor for IgG.
2007-03-13 GO:0033001 Fc-gamma receptor III complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex composed of an Fc-gamma RIII alpha chain and an Fc-epsilon RI gamma chain dimer with or without an Fc-epsilon RI beta chain and additional signaling components. The complex functions primarily as an activating receptor for IgG.
2007-03-13 GO:0010004 gastrulation involving germ band extension Updated DEFINITION A complex and coordinated series of cellular movements, including germ band extension, that occurs at the end of cleavage during embryonic development.
2007-03-13 GO:0001703 gastrulation with mouth forming first Updated DEFINITION A complex and coordinated series of cellular movements that occurs at the end of cleavage during embryonic development of most animals. In Protostomes the initial blastopore becomes the mouth and the anus forms second.
2007-03-13 GO:0001702 gastrulation with mouth forming second Updated DEFINITION A complex and coordinated series of cellular movements that occurs at the end of cleavage during embryonic development of most animals. In Deuterostomes the initial blastopore becomes the anus and the mouth forms second.
2007-03-13 GO:0006540 glutamate decarboxylation to succinate Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of succinate from glutamate. Also known as GABA (gamma-aminobutyrate) shunt since it channels glutamate into the TCA cycle bypassing two steps of that cycle. There are three enzymes involved in the GABA shunt: glutamate decarboxylase (GAD), GABA aminotransferase (GABA-TA), and succinate semialdehyde dehydrogenase (SSADH). These three enzymes acting in concert to convert glutamate into succinate. The GABA shunt is predominantly associated with neurotransmission in the mammalian brain. It is also present in nonneuronal cells, in plants, in unicellular eukaryotes, and in prokaryotes.
2007-03-13 GO:0002168 instar larval development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the larva over time, from its formation to the mature structure. This begins with the newly hatched first-instar larva, through its maturation to the end of the last larval stage.
2007-03-13 GO:0002165 instar larval or pupal development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the instar larva or pupa over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2007-03-13 GO:0048707 instar larval or pupal morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION The process, occurring during instar larval or pupal development, by which anatomical structures are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
2007-03-13 GO:0000328 fungal-type vacuole lumen Updated DEFINITION The volume enclosed within the vacuolar membrane of a vacuole, the shape of which correlates with cell cycle phase.
2007-03-13 GO:0000330 plant-type vacuole lumen Updated DEFINITION The volume enclosed within the vacuolar membrane of a vacuole that retains the same shape regardless of cell cycle phase.
2007-03-13 GO:0032996 Bcl3-Bcl10 complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex containing Bcl3 and Bcl10, which forms when Akt1 is activated by TNF-alpha to phosphorylate Bcl10; the Bcl3-Bcl10 complex is translocated to the nucleus.
2007-03-13 GO:0015721 bile acid and bile salt transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of bile acid and bile salts into, out of, within or between cells.
2007-03-13 GO:0032990 cell part morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of a cell part are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
2007-03-13 GO:0009920 cell plate formation involved in plant-type cell wall biogenesis Updated DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby the cell plate is formed at the equator of the spindle in the dividing cells during early telophase.
2007-03-13 GO:0032989 cellular component morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process by which cellular structures are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
2007-03-13 GO:0060067 cervix development Added DEFINITION The reproductive developmental process whose specific outcome is the progression of the cervix over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2007-03-13 GO:0040005 chitin-based cuticle attachment to epithelium Updated DEFINITION Attaching of a chitin-containing cuticle to the epithelium underlying it.
2007-03-13 GO:0001410 chlamydospore formation Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the chlamydospore over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Chlamydospores are thick-walled, spore-like cells borne on the ends of elongated cells attached to hyphae or pseudohyphae, seen in the species Candida albicans and Candida dubliniensis. Note that although these structures resemble the chlamydospores of other fungi, it is not known whether they are true spores, so this process is not currently considered an instance of spore formation.
2007-03-13 GO:0040004 collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle attachment to epithelium Updated DEFINITION Attaching of a collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle to the epithelium underlying it.
2007-03-13 GO:0009567 double fertilization forming a zygote and endosperm Updated DEFINITION Fertilization where one of the two sperm nuclei from the pollen tube fuses with the egg nucleus to form a 2n zygote, and the other fuses with the two polar nuclei to form the 3n primary endosperm nucleus and then develops into the endosperm. The ploidy level of the 2n zygote and 3n primary endosperm nucleus is determined by the ploidy level of the parents involved.
2007-03-13 GO:0009677 double fertilization forming two zygotes Updated DEFINITION Rudimentary double fertilization where one of the two sperm nuclei from the pollen tube fuses with the egg nucleus to form a 2n zygote, and the other fuses with the ventral canal cell nucleus to form a second zygote, which soon degenerates.
2007-03-13 GO:0018990 ecdysis, chitin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The shedding of the old chitin-based cuticlar fragments during the molting cycle.
2007-03-13 GO:0042395 ecdysis, collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The shedding of the old collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle fragments during the molting cycle.
2007-03-13 GO:0042394 ecdysis, protein-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The shedding of the old protein-based cuticular fragments during the molting cycle.
2007-03-13 GO:0060059 embryonic retina morphogenesis in camera-type eye Added DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structure of the retina is generated and organized in a camera-type eye during the embryonic life stage . Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
2007-03-13 GO:0051842 evasion or tolerance of symbiont immune response Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Any process, either active or passive, by which an organism avoids the effects of the symbiont organism's immune response. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-03-13 GO:0060066 oviduct development Added DEFINITION The reproductive developmental process whose specific outcome is the progression of the fallopian tubes over time, from their formation to the mature structures.
2007-03-13 GO:0032997 Fc receptor complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex composed of a subunit or subunits capable of binding the Fc portion of an immunoglobulin with additional signaling components. The complex functions as a receptor for immunoglobulin.
2007-03-13 GO:0032999 Fc-alpha receptor I complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex composed of an Fc-alpha R alpha chain and an Fc-epsilon RI gamma chain dimer with or without additional signaling components. The complex functions primarily as an activating receptor for IgA.
2007-03-13 GO:0015011 nickel-tetrapyrrole coenzyme metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving an enzyme cofactor consisting of a tetrapyrrole structure containing nickel, such as the F-430 cofactor found in methyl-coenzyme M reductase.
2007-03-13 GO:0033009 nucleomorph Added DEFINITION A small, vestigial nucleus found in some plastids that derive from a eukaryotic endosymbiont. Observed in chlorarachniophytes and cryptomonads, which acquired their plastids from a green and red alga respectively.
2007-03-13 GO:0033010 paranodal junction Added DEFINITION A highly specialized junction found in vertebrates, which forms between a neuron and a glial cell, and has structural similarity to Drosophila septate junctions. It flanks the node of Ranvier in myelinated nerve and electrically isolates the myelinated from unmyelinated nerve segments and physically separates the voltage-gated sodium channels at the node from the cluster of potassium channels underneath the myelin sheath.
2007-03-13 GO:0033011 perinuclear theca Added DEFINITION A condensed cytoplasmic structure that covers the nucleus of mammalian spermatozoa except for a narrow zone around the insertion of the tail. It shows two distinct regions, a subacrosomal layer and, continuing caudally beyond the acrosomic system, the postacrosomal sheath. The perinuclear theca has been considered a cytoskeletal scaffold responsible for maintaining the overall architecture of the mature sperm head; however, recent studies indicate that the bulk of its constituent proteins are not traditional cytoskeletal proteins but rather a variety of cytosolic proteins.
2007-03-13 GO:0007315 pole plasm assembly Updated DEFINITION Establishment of the specialized cytoplasm found at the poles of the egg.
2007-03-13 GO:0048113 pole plasm assembly (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION Establishment of the specialized cytoplasm found at the poles of the insect egg. The posterior pole plasm is both necessary and sufficient for the formation of germ cells.
2007-03-13 GO:0033012 porosome Added DEFINITION A permanent cup-shaped structure at the cell plasma membrane in secretory cells. Following a secretory stimulus, secretory vesicles transiently dock and fuse at the base of porosomes and release intravesicular contents dictated by the turgor pressure generated from the swelling of secretory vesicles.
2007-03-13 GO:0033005 positive regulation of mast cell activation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate, or extent of mast cell activation.

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2007-03-13 GO:0033008 positive regulation of mast cell activation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate, or extent of mast cell activation during an immune response.
2007-03-13 GO:0060060 post-embryonic retina morphogenesis in camera-type eye Added DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structure of the retina is generated and organized in a camera-type eye during the post-embryonic life stage . Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
2007-03-13 GO:0035210 prepupal development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the prepupa over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The prepupal stage is a life stage interposed between the larval and the pupal stages in insects which undergo a complete metamorphosis. The start of the pre-pupal stage is marked by pupariation, and the end is marked by pupation.
2007-03-13 GO:0040006 protein-based cuticle attachment to epithelium Updated DEFINITION Attaching of a protein-based cuticle to the epithelium underlying it.
2007-03-13 GO:0032992 protein-carbohydrate complex Added DEFINITION A macromolecular complex containing both protein and carbohydrate molecules.
2007-03-13 GO:0032985 protein-carbohydrate complex disassembly Added DEFINITION The disaggregation of a protein-carbohydrate complex into its constituent components.
2007-03-13 GO:0032993 protein-DNA complex Added DEFINITION A macromolecular complex containing both protein and DNA molecules.
2007-03-13 GO:0032986 protein-DNA complex disassembly Added DEFINITION The disaggregation of a protein-DNA complex into its constituent components.
2007-03-13 GO:0032994 protein-lipid complex Added DEFINITION A macromolecular complex containing both protein and lipid molecules.
2007-03-13 GO:0032987 protein-lipid complex disassembly Added DEFINITION The disaggregation of a protein-lipid complex into its constituent components.
2007-03-13 GO:0032988 ribonucleoprotein complex disassembly Added DEFINITION The disaggregation of a protein-RNA complex into its constituent components.
2007-03-13 GO:0035209 pupal development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the pupa over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The pupa is a dormant life stage interposed between the larval and the adult stages in insects which undergo a complete metamorphosis.
2007-03-13 GO:0032995 regulation of fungal-type cell wall biogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the chitin- and beta-glucan-containing cell wall.
2007-03-13 GO:0033003 regulation of mast cell activation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of mast cell activation.
2007-03-13 GO:0010223 secondary shoot formation Updated DEFINITION The process that gives rise to secondary (or auxiliary or axillary) shoots in plants. This process pertains to the initial formation of a structure from unspecified parts. These secondary shoots originate from secondary meristems initiated in the axils of leaf primordia. Axillary meristems function like the shoot apical meristem of the primary shoot initating the development of lateral organs.
2007-03-13 GO:0010149 senescence Updated DEFINITION A preprogrammed process that occurs in an organism that is associated with the dismantling of an anatomical structure and an overall decline in metabolism. This may include the breakdown of chloroplasts, membranes and other cellular components.
2007-03-13 GO:0010346 shoot axis formation Added DEFINITION The process that gives rise to a shoot. This process pertains to the initial formation of a structure from unspecified parts.
2007-03-13 GO:0007338 single fertilization Updated DEFINITION The union of male and female gametes to form a zygote.
2007-03-13 GO:0060061 Spemann organizer formation Added DEFINITION Formation of the specialized region on the dorsalmost side of the embryo that acts as the main signaling center establishing the vertebrate body plan.
2007-03-13 GO:0060064 Spemann organizer formation at the anterior end of the primitive streak Added DEFINITION Formation of the specialized region at the anterior end of the primitive streak of the embryo that acts as the main signaling center establishing the body plan.
2007-03-13 GO:0060062 Spemann organizer formation at the dorsal lip of the blastopore Added DEFINITION Formation of the specialized region at the dorsal lip of the blatopore of the embryo that acts as the main signaling center establishing the vertebrate body plan.
2007-03-13 GO:0060063 Spemann organizer formation at the embryonic shield Added DEFINITION Formation of the specialized region of the embryonic shield of the embryo that acts as the main signaling center establishing the teleost body plan.
2007-03-13 GO:0016490 structural constituent of peritrophic membrane Updated DEFINITION The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of the peritrophic membrane, a tubular sheath of cuticle that shields the epithelial cells of the midgut from the gut contents.
2007-03-13 GO:0010345 suberin biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of suberin monomers and suberin polyesters. Suberin monomers are derived from fatty acids and trans-cinnamic acids. The monomers are then cross-linked with glycerols.
2007-03-13 GO:0033014 tetrapyrrole biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways leading to the formation of tetrapyrroles, natural pigments containing four pyrrole rings joined by one-carbon units linking position 2 of one pyrrole ring to position 5 of the next.
2007-03-13 GO:0033015 tetrapyrrole catabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways leading to the breakdown of tetrapyrroles, natural pigments containing four pyrrole rings joined by one-carbon units linking position 2 of one pyrrole ring to position 5 of the next.
2007-03-13 GO:0033013 tetrapyrrole metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrapyrroles, natural pigments containing four pyrrole rings joined by one-carbon units linking position 2 of one pyrrole ring to position 5 of the next.
2007-03-13 GO:0060065 uterus development Added DEFINITION The reproductive developmental process whose specific outcome is the progression of the uterus over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2007-03-13 GO:0005773 vacuole Updated DEFINITION A closed structure, found only in eukaryotic cells, that is completely surrounded by unit membrane and contains liquid material. Cells contain one or several vacuoles, that may have different functions from each other. Vacuoles have a diverse array of functions. They can act as a storage organelle for nutrients or waste products, as a degradative compartment, as a cost-effective way of increasing cell size, and as a homeostatic regulator controlling both turgor pressure and pH of the cytosol.
2007-03-13 GO:0000325 plant-type vacuole Updated DEFINITION A closed structure, found only in eukaryotic cells, that is completely surrounded by a unit membrane, contains liquid, and retains the same shape regardless of cell cycle phase.
2007-03-13 GO:0000324 fungal-type vacuole Updated DEFINITION The vacuole is a large, membrane-bound organelle that functions as a reservoir for the storage of small molecules (including polyphosphate, amino acids, several divalent cations (e.g. calcium), other ions, and other small molecules) as well as being the primary compartment for degradation. It is an acidic compartment, containing an ensemble of acid hydrolases. At least in S. cerevisiae, there are indications that the morphology of the vacuole is variable and correlated with the cell cycle, with logarithmically growing cells having a multilobed, reticulated vacuole, while stationary phase cells contain a single large structure.
2007-03-13 GO:0060068 vagina development Added DEFINITION The reproductive developmental process whose specific outcome is the progression of the vagina over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2007-03-13 GO:0016456 X chromosome located dosage compensation complex, transcription activating Updated DEFINITION An RNA-protein complex localized to the X chromosome of males where it is required for the hyper-transcriptional activation of the X chromosome.
2007-03-13 GO:0033006 regulation of mast cell activation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of mast cell activation during an immune response.
2007-03-13 GO:0022414 reproductive process Updated DEFINITION A biological process that directly contributes to the process of producing new individuals by one or two organisms. The new individuals inherit some proportion of their genetic material from the parent or parents.
2007-03-13 GO:0060042 retina morphogenesis in camera-type eye Updated DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structure of the retina is generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
2007-03-13 GO:0020008 rhoptry Updated DEFINITION A specialized secretory organelle, with a tubular or sacular shape, found in the apical complex.
2007-03-13 GO:0033016 rhoptry membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding a rhoptry.
2007-03-13 GO:0033018 sarcoplasmic reticulum lumen Added DEFINITION The volume enclosed by the membranes of the sarcoplasmic reticulum.
2007-03-13 GO:0033017 sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane Added DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding the sarcoplasmic reticulum.
2007-03-13 GO:0032991 macromolecular complex Added DEFINITION A stable assembly of two or more macromolecules, i.e. proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates or lipids, in which the constituent parts function together.
2007-03-13 GO:0032984 macromolecular complex disassembly Added DEFINITION The disaggregation of a macromolecular complex into its constituent components.
2007-03-13 GO:0000329 fungal-type vacuole membrane Updated DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding a vacuole, the shape of which correlates with cell cycle phase. The membrane separates its contents from the cytoplasm of the cell.
2007-03-13 GO:0009705 plant-type vacuole membrane Updated DEFINITION The lipid bilayer surrounding a vacuole that retains the same shape regardless of cell cycle phase. The membrane separates its contents from the cytoplasm of the cell.
2007-03-13 GO:0007591 molting cycle, chitin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The periodic shedding of part or all of a chitin-based cuticle, which is then replaced by a new cuticle.
2007-03-13 GO:0018996 molting cycle, collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The periodic shedding of part or all of a collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle, which is then replaced by a new collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle.
2007-03-13 GO:0018988 molting cycle, protein-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The periodic shedding of part or all of a cuticle, which is then replaced by a new cuticle. A cuticle is the outer layer of an animal which acts to prevent water loss.
2007-03-13 GO:0010259 multicellular organismal aging Updated DEFINITION The inherent decline of a multicellular organism over time, from the optimal fertility and viability of early maturity, that may precede death and may be preceded by other indications, such as sterility.
2007-03-13 GO:0033002 muscle cell proliferation Added DEFINITION The rapid expansion of a muscle cell population by cell division.
2007-03-13 GO:0052478 negative regulation by organism of defense-related symbiont cell wall callose deposition Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the deposition of callose by the symbiont in its cell walls, occurring as part of the defense response of the symbiont organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-03-13 GO:0052476 negative regulation by organism of defense-related symbiont MAP kinase-mediated signal transduction pathway Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of symbiont MAP kinase-mediated signal transduction pathways during the symbiont defense response. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-03-13 GO:0033004 negative regulation of mast cell activation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of mast cell activation.
2007-03-13 GO:0033007 negative regulation of mast cell activation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of mast cell activation during an immune response.
2007-03-13 GO:0032998 Fc-epsilon receptor I complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex composed of an Fc-epsilon RI alpha chain and an Fc-epsilon RI gamma chain dimer with or without an Fc-episilon RI beta chain and additional signaling components. The complex functions primarily as an activating receptor for IgE.
2007-03-13 GO:0033000 Fc-gamma receptor I complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex composed of an Fc-gamma RI alpha chain and an Fc-epsilon RI gamma chain dimer with or without additional signaling components. The complex functions primarily as an activating receptor for IgG.
2007-03-13 GO:0033001 Fc-gamma receptor III complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex composed of an Fc-gamma RIII alpha chain and an Fc-epsilon RI gamma chain dimer with or without an Fc-epsilon RI beta chain and additional signaling components. The complex functions primarily as an activating receptor for IgG.
2007-03-13 GO:0010004 gastrulation involving germ band extension Updated DEFINITION A complex and coordinated series of cellular movements, including germ band extension, that occurs at the end of cleavage during embryonic development.
2007-03-13 GO:0001703 gastrulation with mouth forming first Updated DEFINITION A complex and coordinated series of cellular movements that occurs at the end of cleavage during embryonic development of most animals. In Protostomes the initial blastopore becomes the mouth and the anus forms second.
2007-03-13 GO:0001702 gastrulation with mouth forming second Updated DEFINITION A complex and coordinated series of cellular movements that occurs at the end of cleavage during embryonic development of most animals. In Deuterostomes the initial blastopore becomes the anus and the mouth forms second.
2007-03-13 GO:0006540 glutamate decarboxylation to succinate Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of succinate from glutamate. Also known as GABA (gamma-aminobutyrate) shunt since it channels glutamate into the TCA cycle bypassing two steps of that cycle. There are three enzymes involved in the GABA shunt: glutamate decarboxylase (GAD), GABA aminotransferase (GABA-TA), and succinate semialdehyde dehydrogenase (SSADH). These three enzymes acting in concert to convert glutamate into succinate. The GABA shunt is predominantly associated with neurotransmission in the mammalian brain. It is also present in nonneuronal cells, in plants, in unicellular eukaryotes, and in prokaryotes.
2007-03-13 GO:0002168 instar larval development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the larva over time, from its formation to the mature structure. This begins with the newly hatched first-instar larva, through its maturation to the end of the last larval stage.
2007-03-13 GO:0002165 instar larval or pupal development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the instar larva or pupa over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2007-03-13 GO:0048707 instar larval or pupal morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION The process, occurring during instar larval or pupal development, by which anatomical structures are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
2007-03-13 GO:0000328 fungal-type vacuole lumen Updated DEFINITION The volume enclosed within the vacuolar membrane of a vacuole, the shape of which correlates with cell cycle phase.
2007-03-13 GO:0000330 plant-type vacuole lumen Updated DEFINITION The volume enclosed within the vacuolar membrane of a vacuole that retains the same shape regardless of cell cycle phase.
2007-03-13 GO:0032996 Bcl3-Bcl10 complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex containing Bcl3 and Bcl10, which forms when Akt1 is activated by TNF-alpha to phosphorylate Bcl10; the Bcl3-Bcl10 complex is translocated to the nucleus.
2007-03-13 GO:0015721 bile acid and bile salt transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of bile acid and bile salts into, out of, within or between cells.
2007-03-13 GO:0032990 cell part morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structures of a cell part are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
2007-03-13 GO:0009920 cell plate formation involved in plant-type cell wall biogenesis Updated DEFINITION The cell cycle process whereby the cell plate is formed at the equator of the spindle in the dividing cells during early telophase.
2007-03-13 GO:0032989 cellular component morphogenesis Added DEFINITION The process by which cellular structures are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
2007-03-13 GO:0060067 cervix development Added DEFINITION The reproductive developmental process whose specific outcome is the progression of the cervix over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2007-03-13 GO:0040005 chitin-based cuticle attachment to epithelium Updated DEFINITION Attaching of a chitin-containing cuticle to the epithelium underlying it.
2007-03-13 GO:0001410 chlamydospore formation Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the chlamydospore over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Chlamydospores are thick-walled, spore-like cells borne on the ends of elongated cells attached to hyphae or pseudohyphae, seen in the species Candida albicans and Candida dubliniensis. Note that although these structures resemble the chlamydospores of other fungi, it is not known whether they are true spores, so this process is not currently considered an instance of spore formation.
2007-03-13 GO:0040004 collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle attachment to epithelium Updated DEFINITION Attaching of a collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle to the epithelium underlying it.
2007-03-13 GO:0009567 double fertilization forming a zygote and endosperm Updated DEFINITION Fertilization where one of the two sperm nuclei from the pollen tube fuses with the egg nucleus to form a 2n zygote, and the other fuses with the two polar nuclei to form the 3n primary endosperm nucleus and then develops into the endosperm. The ploidy level of the 2n zygote and 3n primary endosperm nucleus is determined by the ploidy level of the parents involved.
2007-03-13 GO:0009677 double fertilization forming two zygotes Updated DEFINITION Rudimentary double fertilization where one of the two sperm nuclei from the pollen tube fuses with the egg nucleus to form a 2n zygote, and the other fuses with the ventral canal cell nucleus to form a second zygote, which soon degenerates.
2007-03-13 GO:0018990 ecdysis, chitin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The shedding of the old chitin-based cuticlar fragments during the molting cycle.
2007-03-13 GO:0042395 ecdysis, collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The shedding of the old collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle fragments during the molting cycle.
2007-03-13 GO:0042394 ecdysis, protein-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The shedding of the old protein-based cuticular fragments during the molting cycle.
2007-03-13 GO:0060059 embryonic retina morphogenesis in camera-type eye Added DEFINITION The process by which the anatomical structure of the retina is generated and organized in a camera-type eye during the embryonic life stage . Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form.
2007-03-13 GO:0051842 evasion or tolerance of symbiont immune response Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Any process, either active or passive, by which an organism avoids the effects of the symbiont organism's immune response. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-03-13 GO:0060066 oviduct development Added DEFINITION The reproductive developmental process whose specific outcome is the progression of the fallopian tubes over time, from their formation to the mature structures.
2007-03-13 GO:0032997 Fc receptor complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex composed of a subunit or subunits capable of binding the Fc portion of an immunoglobulin with additional signaling components. The complex functions as a receptor for immunoglobulin.
2007-03-13 GO:0032999 Fc-alpha receptor I complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex composed of an Fc-alpha R alpha chain and an Fc-epsilon RI gamma chain dimer with or without additional signaling components. The complex functions primarily as an activating receptor for IgA.
2007-03-13 GO:0015011 nickel-tetrapyrrole coenzyme metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving an enzyme cofactor consisting of a tetrapyrrole structure containing nickel, such as the F-430 cofactor found in methyl-coenzyme M reductase.
2007-03-13 GO:0033009 nucleomorph Added DEFINITION A small, vestigial nucleus found in some plastids that derive from a eukaryotic endosymbiont. Observed in chlorarachniophytes and cryptomonads, which acquired their plastids from a green and red alga respectively.
2007-03-13 GO:0033010 paranodal junction Added DEFINITION A highly specialized junction found in vertebrates, which forms between a neuron and a glial cell, and has structural similarity to Drosophila septate junctions. It flanks the node of Ranvier in myelinated nerve and electrically isolates the myelinated from unmyelinated nerve segments and physically separates the voltage-gated sodium channels at the node from the cluster of potassium channels underneath the myelin sheath.
2007-03-13 GO:0033011 perinuclear theca Added DEFINITION A condensed cytoplasmic structure that covers the nucleus of mammalian spermatozoa except for a narrow zone around the insertion of the tail. It shows two distinct regions, a subacrosomal layer and, continuing caudally beyond the acrosomic system, the postacrosomal sheath. The perinuclear theca has been considered a cytoskeletal scaffold responsible for maintaining the overall architecture of the mature sperm head; however, recent studies indicate that the bulk of its constituent proteins are not traditional cytoskeletal proteins but rather a variety of cytosolic proteins.
2007-03-13 GO:0007315 pole plasm assembly Updated DEFINITION Establishment of the specialized cytoplasm found at the poles of the egg.
2007-03-13 GO:0048113 pole plasm assembly (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION Establishment of the specialized cytoplasm found at the poles of the insect egg. The posterior pole plasm is both necessary and sufficient for the formation of germ cells.
2007-03-13 GO:0033012 porosome Added DEFINITION A permanent cup-shaped structure at the cell plasma membrane in secretory cells. Following a secretory stimulus, secretory vesicles transiently dock and fuse at the base of porosomes and release intravesicular contents dictated by the turgor pressure generated from the swelling of secretory vesicles.
2007-03-13 GO:0033005 positive regulation of mast cell activation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate, or extent of mast cell activation.
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