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GO Term History: Displaying 177 audit records for all terms for the date 2007-01-23

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Introduction

This page displays the differences recorded in the full Gene Ontology OBO v1.2 file as audited by the UniProt-GOA database during its daily update cycle.
If there is any delay in uploading the current OBO file, the changes displayed and the date recorded for these changes may not correspond to when the changes to the OBO file were committed.

All changes

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2007-01-23 GO:0051883 killing of cells in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process mediated by an organism that results in the death of cells in a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051806 entry into cell of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The invasion by an organism of a cell of a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0044409 entry into host Updated DEFINITION Penetration by an organism into the body, tissues, or cells of the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0044411 entry into host through host barriers Updated DEFINITION Penetration by an organism into its host organism via active breaching of the physical barriers of the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0044410 entry into host through natural portals Updated DEFINITION Penetration by an organism into its host organism via naturally occurring openings in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051828 entry into other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Penetration by an organism into the body, tissues, or cells of a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051830 entry into other organism through barriers of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Penetration by an organism into a second organism via active breaching of physical barriers, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051829 entry into other organism through natural portals involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Penetration by an organism into a second organism via naturally occurring openings in the second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0030683 evasion or tolerance by virus of host immune response Updated DEFINITION Any process, either active or passive, by which a virus avoids the effects of the host organism's immune response. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0019049 evasion or tolerance of host defenses by virus Updated DEFINITION Any process, either active or passive, by which a virus avoids or tolerates the effects of its host organism's defense(s). Host defenses may be induced by the presence of the virus or may be preformed (e.g. physical barriers). The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051807 evasion or tolerance of defense response of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process, either active or passive, by which an organism avoids or tolerates the effects of a second organism's defense response; the defense response is mounted by the second organism in response to the presence of the first organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051834 evasion or tolerance of defenses of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process, either active or passive, by which an organism avoids or tolerates the effects of a second organism's defense(s), where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction. Defenses may be induced by the presence of the organism or may be preformed (e.g. physical barriers).
2007-01-23 GO:0030682 evasion or tolerance of host defense response Updated DEFINITION Any process, either active or passive, by which an organism avoids or tolerates the effects of its host organism's defense response. The host defense response is mounted by the host in response to the presence of the organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0044415 evasion or tolerance of host defenses Updated DEFINITION Any process, either active or passive, by which an organism avoids or tolerates the effects of its host organism's defense(s). Host defenses may be induced by the presence of the organism or may be preformed (e.g. physical barriers). The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0032806 carboxy-terminal domain protein kinase complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that phosphorylates Ser2 and Ser5 of RNA polymerase II C-terminal domain repeats; in Saccharomyces the complex contains Ctk1p, Ctk2p, and Ctk3p.
2007-01-23 GO:0032809 neuronal cell body membrane Added DEFINITION The plasma membrane of a cell that bears surface projections such as axons, dendrites, cilia, or flagella, excluding the plasma membrane on cell projections.
2007-01-23 GO:0016465 chaperonin ATPase complex Updated DEFINITION Multisubunit protein complex with 2x7 (Type I, in most cells) or 2x8 (Type II, in Archaea) ATP-binding sites involved in maintaining an unfolded polypeptide structure before folding or to entry into mitochondria and chloroplasts.
2007-01-23 GO:0043327 chemotaxis to cAMP Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism in response to the presence of 3',5'-cAMP.
2007-01-23 GO:0043326 chemotaxis to folate Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism in response to the presence of folate.
2007-01-23 GO:0042333 chemotaxis to oxidizable substrate Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism in response to the presence of an oxidizable substrate, for example, fructose.
2007-01-23 GO:0051801 cytolysis in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The killing by an organism of a cell in a second organism by means of the rupture of cell membranes and the loss of cytoplasm, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0032497 detection of lipopolysaccharide Updated DEFINITION The series of events in which a lipopolysaccharide stimulus is received by a cell and converted into a molecular signal. Lipopolysaccharide is a major component of the cell wall of gram-negative bacteria.
2007-01-23 GO:0009602 detection of symbiont Updated DEFINITION The series of events in which a stimulus from a symbiont (an organism living in close physical association with an organism of a different species) is received and converted into a molecular signal. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0044004 disruption by symbiont of host cell Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism has a negative effect on the functioning of the host's cells. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051852 disruption by host of symbiont cells Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism has a negative effect on the functioning of the symbiont's cells. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051818 disruption of cells of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION A process by which an organism has a negative effect on the functioning of the second organism's cells, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051822 dissemination or transmission of organism from other organism by vector involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The movement of an organism from a second organism to another place in the environment by means of a vector, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction. The first organism may also move to a different organism, and the vector organism is often an insect or an animal.
2007-01-23 GO:0051821 dissemination or transmission of organism from other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The movement of an organism from a second organism to another place in the environment, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction. The first organism may also move to a different organism.
2007-01-23 GO:0032807 DNA ligase IV complex Added DEFINITION A eukaryotically conserved protein complex that contains DNA ligase IV and is involved in DNA repair by non-homologous end joining; in addition to the ligase, the complex also contains XRCC4 or a homolog, e.g. Saccharomyces Lif4p.
2007-01-23 GO:0000428 DNA-directed RNA polymerase complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that possesses DNA-directed RNA polymerase activity.
2007-01-23 GO:0032783 ELL-EAF complex Updated DEFINITION A heterodimeric protein complex that acts as an RNA polymerase II elongation factor; the complex is conserved from yeast to humans, and is present in S. pombe, but absent from S. cerevisiae.
2007-01-23 GO:0009790 embryo development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of an embryo from its formation until the end of its embryonic life stage. The end of the embryonic stage is organism-specific. For example, for mammals, the process would begin with zygote formation and end with birth. For insects, the process would begin at zygote formation and end with larval hatching. For plant zygotic embryos, this would be from zygote formation to the end of seed dormancy. For plant vegetative embryos, this would be from the initial determination of the cell or group of cells to form an embryo until the point when the embryo becomes independent of the parent plant.
2007-01-23 GO:0044002 acquisition of nutrients from host Updated DEFINITION The production of structures and/or molecules in an organism that are required for the acquisition and/or utilization of nutrients obtained from its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051816 acquisition of nutrients from other organism during symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The production of structures and/or molecules in an organism that are required for the acquisition and/or utilization of nutrients obtained from a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051850 acquisition of nutrients from symbiont Updated DEFINITION The production of structures and/or molecules in an organism that are required for the acquisition and/or utilization of nutrients obtained from its symbiont organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0042786 active evasion of host immune response via regulation of host antigen processing and presentation Updated DEFINITION Any mechanism of active immune avoidance which works by regulating the host's antigen processing or presentation pathways, e.g. by blocking any stage in MHC class II presentation. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051810 active evasion of immune response of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism avoids the immune response of a second organism which directly affects the second organism's immune system, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051813 active evasion of immune response of other organism via regulation of antigen processing and presentation in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism avoids the immune response of a second organism by regulating the second organism's antigen processing or presentation pathways, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051811 active evasion of immune response of other organism via regulation of complement system of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism avoids the immune response of a second organism by regulating the second organism's complement system, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051812 active evasion of immune response of other organism via regulation of cytokine network of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism avoids the immune response of a second organism by regulating the second organism's cytokine networks, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051849 active evasion of symbiont immune response via regulation of symbiont antigen processing and presentation Updated DEFINITION Any mechanism of active immune avoidance which works by regulating the symbiont's antigen processing or presentation pathways, e.g. by blocking any stage in MHC class II presentation. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051825 adhesion to other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The attachment of an organism to a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction. Adhesion may be via adhesion molecules, general stickiness etc., and may be either direct or indirect.
2007-01-23 GO:0009454 aerotaxis Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism in response to environmental oxygen.
2007-01-23 GO:0005627 ascus Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A sac-like fruiting body (ascomycete Fungi); contains ascospores (typically eight in number).
2007-01-23 GO:0043191 ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter complex (sensu Eukaryota) Updated DEFINITION ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter complex (sensu Eukarya) A complex for the transport of metabolites into and out of the cell, typically comprised of four domains; two membrane-associated domains and two ATP-binding domains at the intracellular face of the membrane, that form a central pore through the plasma membrane. Each of the four core domains may be encoded as a separate polypeptide or the domains can be fused in any one of a number of ways into multidomain polypeptides. As in, but not restricted to, the eukaryotes (Eukaryota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2759).
2007-01-23 GO:0051832 avoidance of defenses of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process, either constitutive or induced, by which an organism evades, minimizes, or suppresses the effects of a second organism's defense(s), where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0044413 avoidance of host defenses Updated DEFINITION Any process, either constitutive or induced, by which an organism evades, suppresses or tolerates the effects of its host organism's defense(s). Host defenses may be induced by the presence of the organism or may be preformed (e.g. physical barriers). The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0010120 camalexin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of camalexin, an indole phytoalexin.
2007-01-23 GO:0000705 achiasmate meiosis I Updated DEFINITION The first division of meiosis in which homologous chromosomes are paired and segregated from each other, occurring in the constitutive absence of chiasmata.
2007-01-23 GO:0032828 positive regulation of natural killer cell differentiation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell differentiation during an immune response.
2007-01-23 GO:0032819 positive regulation of natural killer cell proliferation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell proliferation.
2007-01-23 GO:0048060 negative gravitaxis Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism away from the source of gravity.
2007-01-23 GO:0001899 negative regulation of cytolysis by symbiont of host cells Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of cytolysis by that organism of cells in its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051840 negative regulation by host of cytolysis of symbiont cells Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of cytolysis by that organism of cells in its symbiont organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0050689 negative regulation of defense response to virus by host Updated DEFINITION Host processes that result in the inhibition of antiviral immune response mechanisms, thereby facilitating viral replication. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0032830 negative regulation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cell differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of differentiation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cells.
2007-01-23 GO:0032833 negative regulation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cell differentiation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of differentiation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cells during an immune response.
2007-01-23 GO:0051803 negative regulation of cytolysis in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of cytolysis by that organism of cells in a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051713 negative regulation of cytolysis in other organism Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the cytolysis of cells in another organism.
2007-01-23 GO:0032811 negative regulation of epinephrine secretion Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the regulated release of epinephrine.
2007-01-23 GO:0032804 negative regulation of low-density lipoprotein particle receptor catabolic process Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of low-density lipoprotein receptors.
2007-01-23 GO:0032815 negative regulation of natural killer cell activation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell activation.
2007-01-23 GO:0032824 negative regulation of natural killer cell differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell differentiation.
2007-01-23 GO:0032827 negative regulation of natural killer cell differentiation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell differentiation during an immune response.
2007-01-23 GO:0032818 negative regulation of natural killer cell proliferation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell proliferation.
2007-01-23 GO:0032821 negative regulation of natural killer cell proliferation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell proliferation during an immune response.
2007-01-23 GO:0030593 neutrophil chemotaxis Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a neutrophil cell, the most numerous polymorphonuclear leukocyte found in the blood, in response to an external stimulus, usually an infection or wounding.
2007-01-23 GO:0031617 NMS complex Updated DEFINITION A supercomplex formed by the association of two subcomplexes (known as MIND and Ndc80 in SchizoSaccharomyces) with additional proteins at the kinetochores of condensed nuclear chromosomes.
2007-01-23 GO:0060021 palate development Added DEFINITION The biological process whose specific outcome is the progression of the palate from an initial condition to its mature state. This process begins with the formation of the structure and ends with the mature structure. The palate is the partition that separates the nasal and oral cavities.
2007-01-23 GO:0042782 passive evasion of host immune response Updated DEFINITION Any mechanism of immune avoidance that does not directly interfere with the host immune system; for example, some viruses enter a state of latency where their protein production is drastically downregulated, meaning that they are not detected by the host immune system. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0032808 lacrimal gland development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the lacrimal gland over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The lacrimal gland produces secretions that lubricate and protect the cornea of the eye.
2007-01-23 GO:0048247 lymphocyte chemotaxis Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a lymphocyte in response to an external stimulus.
2007-01-23 GO:0030069 lysogeny Updated DEFINITION The incorporation of a bacteriophage genome into the genome of its bacterial host organism.
2007-01-23 GO:0016236 macroautophagy Updated DEFINITION The major inducible pathway for the general turnover of cytoplasmic constituents in eukaryotic cells, it is also responsible for the degradation of active cytoplasmic enzymes and organelles during nutrient starvation. Macroautophagy involves the formation of double-membrane bound autophagosomes which enclose the cytoplasmic constituent targeted for degradation in a membrane bound structure, which then fuse with the lysosome (or vacuole) releasing a single-membrane bound autophagic bodies which are then degraded within the lysosome (or vacuole). Though once thought to be a purely non-selective process, it appears that some types of macroautophagy, e.g. macropexophagy, macromitophagy, may involve selective targeting of the targets to be degraded.
2007-01-23 GO:0000423 macromitophagy Added DEFINITION Degradation of a mitochondrion by macroautophagy.
2007-01-23 GO:0000425 macropexophagy Added DEFINITION Degradation of a peroxisome by macropexophagy.
2007-01-23 GO:0016237 microautophagy Updated DEFINITION The transfer of cytosolic components into the lysosomal compartment by direct invagination of the lysosomal membrane without prior sequestration into an autophagosome. The engulfing membranes fuse, resulting in the lysosomal delivery of the cargo wrapped in a single membrane derived from the invaginated lysosomal membrane. In S. cerevisiae, the vacuole is the lysosomal compartment.
2007-01-23 GO:0000424 micromitophagy Added DEFINITION Degradation of a mitochondrion by microautophagy.
2007-01-23 GO:0000426 micropexophagy Added DEFINITION Degradation of a peroxisome by micropexophagy.
2007-01-23 GO:0051815 migration in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The directional movement of an organism from one place to another within a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0000422 mitochondrion degradation Added DEFINITION The process by which mitochondria are delivered to the vacuole and degraded in response to changing cellular conditions, autophagy of mitochondria.
2007-01-23 GO:0019054 modulation by virus of host process Updated DEFINITION The process in which a virus effects a change in the cellular pathways and activities of its host organism.
2007-01-23 GO:0044003 modification by symbiont of host morphology or physiology Updated DEFINITION The process by which an organism effects a change in the structure or processes of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051817 modification of morphology or physiology of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The process by which an organism effects a change in the structure or processes of a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051851 modification by host of symbiont morphology or physiology Updated DEFINITION The process by which an organism effects a change in the structure or processes of a symbiont organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051814 movement in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The process by which an organism or its progeny spreads from one location to another within a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0020012 evasion or tolerance of host immune response Updated DEFINITION Any process, either active or passive, by which an organism avoids the effects of the host organism's immune response. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051805 evasion or tolerance of immune response of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism avoids the immune response of a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051843 evasion or tolerance of symbiont defense response Updated DEFINITION Any process, either active or passive, by which an organism avoids or tolerates the effects of a symbiont organism's defense response. The symbiont defense response is mounted by the symbiont in response to the presence of the organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051860 evasion or tolerance of symbiont defenses Updated DEFINITION The process, either active or passive, by which an organism evades or tolerates the effects of the defense(s) or defense molecules of a symbiont organism. Symbiont defenses may be induced by the presence of the organism or may be preformed (e.g. physical barriers). The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051842 evasion or tolerance of symbiont immune response Updated DEFINITION Any process, either active or passive, by which an organism avoids the effects of the symbiont organism's immune response. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0035232 germ cell attraction Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of germ cells from their site of production to the gonad, through the attraction of cells towards their target.
2007-01-23 GO:0035233 germ cell repulsion Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of germ cells from their site of production to the gonad, through the repulsion of cells away from a tissue.
2007-01-23 GO:0032836 glomerular basement membrane development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the glomerular basement membrane over time, from its formation to the mature structure.The glomerular basement membrane is the basal laminal portion of the glomerulus which performs the actual filtration.
2007-01-23 GO:0044408 growth or development of symbiont on or near host Updated DEFINITION The increase in size or mass of an organism, or the progression of an organism from an initial condition to a later condition, occurring on or near the exterior of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051857 growth or development of organism on or near symbiont surface Updated DEFINITION The increase in size or mass of an organism, or the progression of an organism from an initial condition to a later condition, occurring on or near the exterior of its symbiont organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0044412 growth or development of symbiont in host Updated DEFINITION The increase in size or mass of an organism, or the progression of an organism from an initial condition to a later condition, occurring within the cells or tissues of the host organism. This may (but not necessarily) include a filamentous growth form, and also can include secretion of proteases and lipases to break down host tissue. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051827 growth or development on or near surface of other organism during symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The increase in size or mass of an organism, or the progression of an organism from an initial condition to a later condition, occurring on or near the exterior of a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051831 growth or development in other organism during symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The increase in size or mass of an organism, or the progression of an organism from an initial condition to a later condition, occurring within the cells or tissues of a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction. This may (but not necessarily) include a filamentous growth form, and also can include secretion of proteases and lipases to break down the tissue of the second organism.
2007-01-23 GO:0007482 haltere development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the haltere over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The haltere is the club-shaped 'balancers' found on each side of the metathorax among the true flies (Diptera). They are the much-modified hind wings.
2007-01-23 GO:0060022 hard palate development Added DEFINITION The biological process whose specific outcome is the progression of the hard palate from an initial condition to its mature state. This process begins with the formation of the structure and ends with the mature structure, whatever form that may be including its natural destruction. The hard palate is the anterior portion of the palate consisting of bone and mucous membranes.
2007-01-23 GO:0035301 Hedgehog signaling complex Updated DEFINITION A multiprotein complex that binds microtubules in a Hedgehog-dependent manner, and is required for signal transduction by members of the Hedgehog family of proteins. The core components of the complex are the serine/threonine protein kinase Fused, the kinesin motor protein Costal2 (Cos2), and a zinc finger transcription factor (Gli family members in humans, and Cubitus interruptus (Ci) in Drosophila).
2007-01-23 GO:0009700 indole phytoalexin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of indole phytoalexins, any indole compound produced by plants as part of their defense response.
2007-01-23 GO:0046216 indole phytoalexin catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of indole phytoalexins, any indole compound produced by plants as part of their defense response.
2007-01-23 GO:0046217 indole phytoalexin metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving indole phytoalexins, any indole compound produced by plants as part of their defense response.
2007-01-23 GO:0044416 induction by symbiont of host defense response Updated DEFINITION The activation by an organism of the defense response of the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051853 induction in symbiont of tumor, nodule, or growth Updated DEFINITION The process by which an associated organism causes the formation of an abnormal mass of cells in the symbiont organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051671 induction of autolysin activity in other organism Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism initiates the activity of the inactive enzyme autolysin in another organism. The autolysin enzyme belongs to, and is active in, the other organism.
2007-01-23 GO:0046730 induction of host immune response by virus Updated DEFINITION The induction by a virus of an immune response in the host organism.
2007-01-23 GO:0051820 induction of tumor, nodule, or growth containing transformed cells in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The process by which an organism causes the formation in a second organism of an abnormal growth whose cells have been transformed and continue to exist in the absence of the first organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051819 induction of tumor, nodule, or growth in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The process by which an organism causes the formation of an abnormal mass of cells in a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0030581 symbiont intracellular protein transport in host Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a symbiont's proteins within a cell of the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051708 intracellular protein transport in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of an organism's proteins within a cell of a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051808 translocation of peptides or proteins into other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of peptides or proteins produced by an organism to a location inside a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051844 translocation of peptides or proteins into symbiont Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of peptides or proteins produced by an organism to a location inside the symbiont organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0032810 sterol response element binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with the sterol response element (SRE), a nonpalindromic sequence found in the promoters of genes involved in lipid metabolism.
2007-01-23 GO:0010319 stromule Updated DEFINITION Thin filamentous structure extending from the surface of all plastid types examined so far, including chloroplast, proplastid, etioplast, leucoplast, amyloplast, and chromoplast. In general, stromules are more abundant in tissues containing non-green plastids, and in cells containing smaller plastids. The primary function of stromules is still unresolved, although the presence of stromules markedly increases the plastid surface area, potentially increasing transport to and from the cytosol. Other functions of stromules, such as transfer of macromolecules between plastids and starch granule formation in cereal endosperm, may be restricted to particular tissues and cell types.
2007-01-23 GO:0051833 suppression of defenses of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the defense(s) of a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction. Suppression occurs by active mechanisms that normally result in the shutting down of pathways in the second organism.
2007-01-23 GO:0044414 suppression of host defenses Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of host defense(s) by active mechanisms that normally result in the shutting down of a host pathway. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051859 suppression of symbiont defenses Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of symbiont defense(s) by active mechanisms that normally result in the shutting down of a symbiont pathway. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0044403 symbiosis, encompassing mutualism through parasitism Updated DEFINITION An interaction between two organisms living together in more or less intimate association. The term host is usually used for the larger (macro) of the two members of a symbiosis. The smaller (micro) member is called the symbiont organism. Microscopic symbionts are often referred to as endosymbionts. The various forms of symbiosis include parasitism, in which the association is disadvantageous or destructive to one of the organisms; mutualism, in which the association is advantageous, or often necessary to one or both and not harmful to either; and commensalism, in which one member of the association benefits while the other is not affected. However, mutualism, parasitism, and commensalism are often not discrete categories of interactions and should rather be perceived as a continuum of interaction ranging from parasitism to mutualism. In fact, the direction of a symbiotic interaction can change during the lifetime of the symbionts due to developmental changes as well as changes in the biotic/abiotic environment in which the interaction occurs.
2007-01-23 GO:0010198 synergid death Updated DEFINITION Synergid cells undergo degeneration and death in response to penetration by the pollen tube. It is an active process that involves a dramatic decrease in cell volume, collapse of the vacuoles, and complete disintegration of the plasma membrane and most organelles.
2007-01-23 GO:0042330 taxis Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism in response to an external stimulus.
2007-01-23 GO:0042334 taxis to electron acceptor Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism in response to the presence of an alternative electron acceptor, for example, nitrate.
2007-01-23 GO:0001966 thigmotaxis Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism in response to touch.
2007-01-23 GO:0051837 translocation of DNA into other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of DNA from an organism to a location inside a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051863 translocation of DNA into symbiont Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of DNA from an organism to a location inside the symbiont organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051836 translocation of molecules into other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a molecule(s) produced by an organism to a location inside a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051862 translocation of molecules into symbiont Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of molecule(s) produced by an organism to a location inside the symbiont organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0002101 tRNA wobble cytosine modification Added DEFINITION The process whereby a cytosine in position 34 of a tRNA is post-transcriptionally modified.
2007-01-23 GO:0002100 tRNA wobble adenosine to inosine editing Added DEFINITION The process whereby an adenosine in position 34 of a tRNA is post-transcriptionally corverted to inosine.
2007-01-23 GO:0002097 tRNA wobble base modification Added DEFINITION The process whereby the nucleotide at position 34 in the anticodon of a tRNA is post-transcriptionally modified.
2007-01-23 GO:0002099 tRNA wobble guanine modification Added DEFINITION The process whereby a guanine in t position 34 of a tRNA is post-transcriptionally modified.
2007-01-23 GO:0002098 tRNA wobble uridine modification Added DEFINITION The process whereby a uridine in position 34 of a tRNA is post-transcriptionally modified.
2007-01-23 GO:0032813 tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily.
2007-01-23 GO:0032822 positive regulation of natural killer cell proliferation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell proliferation during an immune response.
2007-01-23 GO:0030253 protein secretion by the type I secretion system Updated DEFINITION The process by which proteins are secreted into the extracellular milieu via the type I secretion system; secretion occurs in a continuous process without the distinct presence of periplasmic intermediates and does not involve proteolytic processing of secreted proteins.
2007-01-23 GO:0015628 protein secretion by the type II secretion system Updated DEFINITION The process by which proteins are secreted across the outer membrane by the type II secretion system. Proteins using this pathway are first translocated across the plasma membrane via the Sec (general secretory) or Tat pathways.
2007-01-23 GO:0030254 protein secretion by the type III secretion system Updated DEFINITION The process by which proteins are transferred into the extracellular milieu or directly into host cells by the type III secretion system; secretion occurs in a continuous process without the distinct presence of periplasmic intermediates and does not involve proteolytic processing of secreted proteins.
2007-01-23 GO:0030255 protein secretion by the type IV secretion system Updated DEFINITION The process by which nucleoprotein DNA conjugation intermediates or proteins are transferred into the extracellular milieu or directly into host cells, via the type IV protein secretion system.
2007-01-23 GO:0046819 protein secretion by the type V secretion system Updated DEFINITION The process by which proteins mediate their own secretion across the outer membrane through a beta-barrel pore structure formed by the C-terminal domain of the protein precursor. Following passage across the outer membrane, the mature protein is released from the pore by an autocatalytic activity. Proteins secreted by the Type V system are first translocated across the plasma membrane by the Sec pathway.
2007-01-23 GO:0009372 quorum sensing Updated DEFINITION The process in which single-celled organisms, usually bacteria, monitor population density by detecting the concentration of small diffusible signal molecules.
2007-01-23 GO:0051824 recognition of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The specific processes that allow an organism to detect the presence of a second organism via physical or chemical signals, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0009455 redox taxis Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism in response to redox potential.
2007-01-23 GO:0001898 regulation of cytolysis by symbiont of host cells Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the cytolysis by that organism of cells in its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0032814 regulation of natural killer cell activation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell activation.
2007-01-23 GO:0032823 regulation of natural killer cell differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell differentiation.
2007-01-23 GO:0032826 regulation of natural killer cell differentiation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell differentiation during an immune response.
2007-01-23 GO:0032817 regulation of natural killer cell proliferation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell proliferation.
2007-01-23 GO:0032820 regulation of natural killer cell proliferation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell proliferation during an immune response.
2007-01-23 GO:0009608 response to symbiont Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a symbiont, an organism living with an organism of a different species in close physical association. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0019953 sexual reproduction Updated DEFINITION The regular alternation, in the life cycle of haplontic, diplontic and diplohaplontic organisms, of meiosis and fertilization which provides for the production offspring. In diplontic organisms there is a life cycle in which the products of meiosis behave directly as gametes, fusing to form a zygote from which the diploid, or sexually reproductive polyploid, adult organism will develop. In diplohaplontic organisms a haploid phase (gametophyte) exists in the life cycle between meiosis and fertilization (e.g. higher plants, many algae and Fungi); the products of meiosis are spores that develop as haploid individuals from which haploid gametes develop to form a diploid zygote; diplohaplontic organisms show an alternation of haploid and diploid generations. In haplontic organisms meiosis occurs in the zygote, giving rise to four haploid cells (e.g. many algae and protozoa), only the zygote is diploid and this may form a resistant spore, tiding organisms over hard times.
2007-01-23 GO:0060023 soft palate development Added DEFINITION The biological process whose specific outcome is the progression of the soft palate from an initial condition to its mature state. This process begins with the formation of the structure and ends with the mature structure, whatever form that may be including its natural destruction. The soft palate is the posterior portion of the palate extending from the posterior edge of the hard palate.
2007-01-23 GO:0046739 transport of virus in multicellular host Updated DEFINITION The dissemination of infectious virion particles within an infected host organism.
2007-01-23 GO:0051809 passive evasion of immune response of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism avoids the immune response of a second organism without directly interfering with the second organism's immune system, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0042597 periplasmic space Updated DEFINITION The region between the inner (cytoplasmic) and outer membrane (Gram-negative Bacteria) or inner membrane and cell wall (Fungi).
2007-01-23 GO:0042331 phototaxis Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism in response to light.
2007-01-23 GO:0009297 pilus assembly Updated DEFINITION The assembly of a pilus, a short filamentous structure on a bacterial cell, flagella-like in structure and generally present in many copies. Pili are variously involved in transfer of nucleic acids, adherence to surfaces, and formation of pellicles. Is required for bacterial conjugation and plays a role in adherence to surfaces (when it is called a fimbrium), and in the formation of pellicles.
2007-01-23 GO:0048061 positive gravitaxis Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism towards the source of gravity.
2007-01-23 GO:0051839 regulation by host of cytolysis of symbiont cells Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the cytolysis by that organism of cells in its symbiont organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0032829 regulation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cell differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of differentiation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cells.
2007-01-23 GO:0032832 regulation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cell differentiation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of differentiation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cells during an immune response.
2007-01-23 GO:0051802 regulation of cytolysis in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the cytolysis by that organism of cells in a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0031155 regulation of fruiting body development Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of fruiting body development.
2007-01-23 GO:0031156 regulation of sorocarp development Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of fruiting body development in cellular slime molds. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Dictyosteliida (Dictyosteliida, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33083).
2007-01-23 GO:0032803 regulation of low-density lipoprotein particle receptor catabolic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of low-density lipoprotein receptors.
2007-01-23 GO:0000427 plastid-encoded plastid RNA polymerase complex Added DEFINITION Plastid-encoded plastid RNA polymerases are plastid-encoded DNA-directed RNA polymerases that resemble eubacterial multisubunit RNA polymerases with a core composed of alpha, beta, and beta-prime subunits. Some forms contain multiple additional subunits. An additional sigma factor subunit is required for promoter recognition.
2007-01-23 GO:0002096 polkadots Added DEFINITION A punctate, filamentous structure composed of Bcl10 that appears in the cytoplasm of T-cells shortly after T-cell receptor stimulation. Polkadots stands for Punctate Oligomeric Killing and Activating DOmains Transducing Signals.
2007-01-23 GO:0001900 positive regulation of cytolysis by symbiont of host cells Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cytolysis by that organism of cells in its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051841 positive regulation by host of cytolysis of symbiont cells Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cytolysis by that organism of cells in its symbiont organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0032831 positive regulation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cell differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of differentiation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cells.
2007-01-23 GO:0032834 positive regulation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cell differentiation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of differentiation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cells during an immune response.
2007-01-23 GO:0051804 positive regulation of cytolysis in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cytolysis by that organism of cells in a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0032812 positive regulation of epinephrine secretion Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the regulated release of epinephrine.
2007-01-23 GO:0032805 positive regulation of low-density lipoprotein particle receptor catabolic process Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of low-density lipoprotein receptors.
2007-01-23 GO:0032816 positive regulation of natural killer cell activation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell activation.
2007-01-23 GO:0032825 positive regulation of natural killer cell differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell differentiation.

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2007-01-23 GO:0051883 killing of cells in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process mediated by an organism that results in the death of cells in a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051806 entry into cell of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The invasion by an organism of a cell of a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0044409 entry into host Updated DEFINITION Penetration by an organism into the body, tissues, or cells of the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0044411 entry into host through host barriers Updated DEFINITION Penetration by an organism into its host organism via active breaching of the physical barriers of the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0044410 entry into host through natural portals Updated DEFINITION Penetration by an organism into its host organism via naturally occurring openings in the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051828 entry into other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Penetration by an organism into the body, tissues, or cells of a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051830 entry into other organism through barriers of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Penetration by an organism into a second organism via active breaching of physical barriers, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051829 entry into other organism through natural portals involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Penetration by an organism into a second organism via naturally occurring openings in the second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0030683 evasion or tolerance by virus of host immune response Updated DEFINITION Any process, either active or passive, by which a virus avoids the effects of the host organism's immune response. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0019049 evasion or tolerance of host defenses by virus Updated DEFINITION Any process, either active or passive, by which a virus avoids or tolerates the effects of its host organism's defense(s). Host defenses may be induced by the presence of the virus or may be preformed (e.g. physical barriers). The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051807 evasion or tolerance of defense response of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process, either active or passive, by which an organism avoids or tolerates the effects of a second organism's defense response; the defense response is mounted by the second organism in response to the presence of the first organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051834 evasion or tolerance of defenses of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process, either active or passive, by which an organism avoids or tolerates the effects of a second organism's defense(s), where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction. Defenses may be induced by the presence of the organism or may be preformed (e.g. physical barriers).
2007-01-23 GO:0030682 evasion or tolerance of host defense response Updated DEFINITION Any process, either active or passive, by which an organism avoids or tolerates the effects of its host organism's defense response. The host defense response is mounted by the host in response to the presence of the organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0044415 evasion or tolerance of host defenses Updated DEFINITION Any process, either active or passive, by which an organism avoids or tolerates the effects of its host organism's defense(s). Host defenses may be induced by the presence of the organism or may be preformed (e.g. physical barriers). The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0032806 carboxy-terminal domain protein kinase complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that phosphorylates Ser2 and Ser5 of RNA polymerase II C-terminal domain repeats; in Saccharomyces the complex contains Ctk1p, Ctk2p, and Ctk3p.
2007-01-23 GO:0032809 neuronal cell body membrane Added DEFINITION The plasma membrane of a cell that bears surface projections such as axons, dendrites, cilia, or flagella, excluding the plasma membrane on cell projections.
2007-01-23 GO:0016465 chaperonin ATPase complex Updated DEFINITION Multisubunit protein complex with 2x7 (Type I, in most cells) or 2x8 (Type II, in Archaea) ATP-binding sites involved in maintaining an unfolded polypeptide structure before folding or to entry into mitochondria and chloroplasts.
2007-01-23 GO:0043327 chemotaxis to cAMP Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism in response to the presence of 3',5'-cAMP.
2007-01-23 GO:0043326 chemotaxis to folate Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism in response to the presence of folate.
2007-01-23 GO:0042333 chemotaxis to oxidizable substrate Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism in response to the presence of an oxidizable substrate, for example, fructose.
2007-01-23 GO:0051801 cytolysis in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The killing by an organism of a cell in a second organism by means of the rupture of cell membranes and the loss of cytoplasm, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0032497 detection of lipopolysaccharide Updated DEFINITION The series of events in which a lipopolysaccharide stimulus is received by a cell and converted into a molecular signal. Lipopolysaccharide is a major component of the cell wall of gram-negative bacteria.
2007-01-23 GO:0009602 detection of symbiont Updated DEFINITION The series of events in which a stimulus from a symbiont (an organism living in close physical association with an organism of a different species) is received and converted into a molecular signal. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0044004 disruption by symbiont of host cell Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism has a negative effect on the functioning of the host's cells. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051852 disruption by host of symbiont cells Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism has a negative effect on the functioning of the symbiont's cells. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051818 disruption of cells of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION A process by which an organism has a negative effect on the functioning of the second organism's cells, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051822 dissemination or transmission of organism from other organism by vector involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The movement of an organism from a second organism to another place in the environment by means of a vector, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction. The first organism may also move to a different organism, and the vector organism is often an insect or an animal.
2007-01-23 GO:0051821 dissemination or transmission of organism from other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The movement of an organism from a second organism to another place in the environment, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction. The first organism may also move to a different organism.
2007-01-23 GO:0032807 DNA ligase IV complex Added DEFINITION A eukaryotically conserved protein complex that contains DNA ligase IV and is involved in DNA repair by non-homologous end joining; in addition to the ligase, the complex also contains XRCC4 or a homolog, e.g. Saccharomyces Lif4p.
2007-01-23 GO:0000428 DNA-directed RNA polymerase complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex that possesses DNA-directed RNA polymerase activity.
2007-01-23 GO:0032783 ELL-EAF complex Updated DEFINITION A heterodimeric protein complex that acts as an RNA polymerase II elongation factor; the complex is conserved from yeast to humans, and is present in S. pombe, but absent from S. cerevisiae.
2007-01-23 GO:0009790 embryo development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of an embryo from its formation until the end of its embryonic life stage. The end of the embryonic stage is organism-specific. For example, for mammals, the process would begin with zygote formation and end with birth. For insects, the process would begin at zygote formation and end with larval hatching. For plant zygotic embryos, this would be from zygote formation to the end of seed dormancy. For plant vegetative embryos, this would be from the initial determination of the cell or group of cells to form an embryo until the point when the embryo becomes independent of the parent plant.
2007-01-23 GO:0044002 acquisition of nutrients from host Updated DEFINITION The production of structures and/or molecules in an organism that are required for the acquisition and/or utilization of nutrients obtained from its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051816 acquisition of nutrients from other organism during symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The production of structures and/or molecules in an organism that are required for the acquisition and/or utilization of nutrients obtained from a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051850 acquisition of nutrients from symbiont Updated DEFINITION The production of structures and/or molecules in an organism that are required for the acquisition and/or utilization of nutrients obtained from its symbiont organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0042786 active evasion of host immune response via regulation of host antigen processing and presentation Updated DEFINITION Any mechanism of active immune avoidance which works by regulating the host's antigen processing or presentation pathways, e.g. by blocking any stage in MHC class II presentation. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051810 active evasion of immune response of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism avoids the immune response of a second organism which directly affects the second organism's immune system, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051813 active evasion of immune response of other organism via regulation of antigen processing and presentation in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism avoids the immune response of a second organism by regulating the second organism's antigen processing or presentation pathways, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051811 active evasion of immune response of other organism via regulation of complement system of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism avoids the immune response of a second organism by regulating the second organism's complement system, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051812 active evasion of immune response of other organism via regulation of cytokine network of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism avoids the immune response of a second organism by regulating the second organism's cytokine networks, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051849 active evasion of symbiont immune response via regulation of symbiont antigen processing and presentation Updated DEFINITION Any mechanism of active immune avoidance which works by regulating the symbiont's antigen processing or presentation pathways, e.g. by blocking any stage in MHC class II presentation. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051825 adhesion to other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The attachment of an organism to a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction. Adhesion may be via adhesion molecules, general stickiness etc., and may be either direct or indirect.
2007-01-23 GO:0009454 aerotaxis Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism in response to environmental oxygen.
2007-01-23 GO:0005627 ascus Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A sac-like fruiting body (ascomycete Fungi); contains ascospores (typically eight in number).
2007-01-23 GO:0043191 ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter complex (sensu Eukaryota) Updated DEFINITION ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter complex (sensu Eukarya) A complex for the transport of metabolites into and out of the cell, typically comprised of four domains; two membrane-associated domains and two ATP-binding domains at the intracellular face of the membrane, that form a central pore through the plasma membrane. Each of the four core domains may be encoded as a separate polypeptide or the domains can be fused in any one of a number of ways into multidomain polypeptides. As in, but not restricted to, the eukaryotes (Eukaryota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2759).
2007-01-23 GO:0051832 avoidance of defenses of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process, either constitutive or induced, by which an organism evades, minimizes, or suppresses the effects of a second organism's defense(s), where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0044413 avoidance of host defenses Updated DEFINITION Any process, either constitutive or induced, by which an organism evades, suppresses or tolerates the effects of its host organism's defense(s). Host defenses may be induced by the presence of the organism or may be preformed (e.g. physical barriers). The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0010120 camalexin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of camalexin, an indole phytoalexin.
2007-01-23 GO:0000705 achiasmate meiosis I Updated DEFINITION The first division of meiosis in which homologous chromosomes are paired and segregated from each other, occurring in the constitutive absence of chiasmata.
2007-01-23 GO:0032828 positive regulation of natural killer cell differentiation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell differentiation during an immune response.
2007-01-23 GO:0032819 positive regulation of natural killer cell proliferation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell proliferation.
2007-01-23 GO:0048060 negative gravitaxis Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism away from the source of gravity.
2007-01-23 GO:0001899 negative regulation of cytolysis by symbiont of host cells Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of cytolysis by that organism of cells in its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051840 negative regulation by host of cytolysis of symbiont cells Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of cytolysis by that organism of cells in its symbiont organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0050689 negative regulation of defense response to virus by host Updated DEFINITION Host processes that result in the inhibition of antiviral immune response mechanisms, thereby facilitating viral replication. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0032830 negative regulation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cell differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of differentiation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cells.
2007-01-23 GO:0032833 negative regulation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cell differentiation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of differentiation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cells during an immune response.
2007-01-23 GO:0051803 negative regulation of cytolysis in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of cytolysis by that organism of cells in a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051713 negative regulation of cytolysis in other organism Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the cytolysis of cells in another organism.
2007-01-23 GO:0032811 negative regulation of epinephrine secretion Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the regulated release of epinephrine.
2007-01-23 GO:0032804 negative regulation of low-density lipoprotein particle receptor catabolic process Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of low-density lipoprotein receptors.
2007-01-23 GO:0032815 negative regulation of natural killer cell activation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell activation.
2007-01-23 GO:0032824 negative regulation of natural killer cell differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell differentiation.
2007-01-23 GO:0032827 negative regulation of natural killer cell differentiation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell differentiation during an immune response.
2007-01-23 GO:0032818 negative regulation of natural killer cell proliferation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell proliferation.
2007-01-23 GO:0032821 negative regulation of natural killer cell proliferation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell proliferation during an immune response.
2007-01-23 GO:0030593 neutrophil chemotaxis Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a neutrophil cell, the most numerous polymorphonuclear leukocyte found in the blood, in response to an external stimulus, usually an infection or wounding.
2007-01-23 GO:0031617 NMS complex Updated DEFINITION A supercomplex formed by the association of two subcomplexes (known as MIND and Ndc80 in SchizoSaccharomyces) with additional proteins at the kinetochores of condensed nuclear chromosomes.
2007-01-23 GO:0060021 palate development Added DEFINITION The biological process whose specific outcome is the progression of the palate from an initial condition to its mature state. This process begins with the formation of the structure and ends with the mature structure. The palate is the partition that separates the nasal and oral cavities.
2007-01-23 GO:0042782 passive evasion of host immune response Updated DEFINITION Any mechanism of immune avoidance that does not directly interfere with the host immune system; for example, some viruses enter a state of latency where their protein production is drastically downregulated, meaning that they are not detected by the host immune system. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0032808 lacrimal gland development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the lacrimal gland over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The lacrimal gland produces secretions that lubricate and protect the cornea of the eye.
2007-01-23 GO:0048247 lymphocyte chemotaxis Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a lymphocyte in response to an external stimulus.
2007-01-23 GO:0030069 lysogeny Updated DEFINITION The incorporation of a bacteriophage genome into the genome of its bacterial host organism.
2007-01-23 GO:0016236 macroautophagy Updated DEFINITION The major inducible pathway for the general turnover of cytoplasmic constituents in eukaryotic cells, it is also responsible for the degradation of active cytoplasmic enzymes and organelles during nutrient starvation. Macroautophagy involves the formation of double-membrane bound autophagosomes which enclose the cytoplasmic constituent targeted for degradation in a membrane bound structure, which then fuse with the lysosome (or vacuole) releasing a single-membrane bound autophagic bodies which are then degraded within the lysosome (or vacuole). Though once thought to be a purely non-selective process, it appears that some types of macroautophagy, e.g. macropexophagy, macromitophagy, may involve selective targeting of the targets to be degraded.
2007-01-23 GO:0000423 macromitophagy Added DEFINITION Degradation of a mitochondrion by macroautophagy.
2007-01-23 GO:0000425 macropexophagy Added DEFINITION Degradation of a peroxisome by macropexophagy.
2007-01-23 GO:0016237 microautophagy Updated DEFINITION The transfer of cytosolic components into the lysosomal compartment by direct invagination of the lysosomal membrane without prior sequestration into an autophagosome. The engulfing membranes fuse, resulting in the lysosomal delivery of the cargo wrapped in a single membrane derived from the invaginated lysosomal membrane. In S. cerevisiae, the vacuole is the lysosomal compartment.
2007-01-23 GO:0000424 micromitophagy Added DEFINITION Degradation of a mitochondrion by microautophagy.
2007-01-23 GO:0000426 micropexophagy Added DEFINITION Degradation of a peroxisome by micropexophagy.
2007-01-23 GO:0051815 migration in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The directional movement of an organism from one place to another within a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0000422 mitochondrion degradation Added DEFINITION The process by which mitochondria are delivered to the vacuole and degraded in response to changing cellular conditions, autophagy of mitochondria.
2007-01-23 GO:0019054 modulation by virus of host process Updated DEFINITION The process in which a virus effects a change in the cellular pathways and activities of its host organism.
2007-01-23 GO:0044003 modification by symbiont of host morphology or physiology Updated DEFINITION The process by which an organism effects a change in the structure or processes of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051817 modification of morphology or physiology of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The process by which an organism effects a change in the structure or processes of a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051851 modification by host of symbiont morphology or physiology Updated DEFINITION The process by which an organism effects a change in the structure or processes of a symbiont organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051814 movement in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The process by which an organism or its progeny spreads from one location to another within a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0020012 evasion or tolerance of host immune response Updated DEFINITION Any process, either active or passive, by which an organism avoids the effects of the host organism's immune response. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051805 evasion or tolerance of immune response of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism avoids the immune response of a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051843 evasion or tolerance of symbiont defense response Updated DEFINITION Any process, either active or passive, by which an organism avoids or tolerates the effects of a symbiont organism's defense response. The symbiont defense response is mounted by the symbiont in response to the presence of the organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051860 evasion or tolerance of symbiont defenses Updated DEFINITION The process, either active or passive, by which an organism evades or tolerates the effects of the defense(s) or defense molecules of a symbiont organism. Symbiont defenses may be induced by the presence of the organism or may be preformed (e.g. physical barriers). The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051842 evasion or tolerance of symbiont immune response Updated DEFINITION Any process, either active or passive, by which an organism avoids the effects of the symbiont organism's immune response. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0035232 germ cell attraction Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of germ cells from their site of production to the gonad, through the attraction of cells towards their target.
2007-01-23 GO:0035233 germ cell repulsion Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of germ cells from their site of production to the gonad, through the repulsion of cells away from a tissue.
2007-01-23 GO:0032836 glomerular basement membrane development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the glomerular basement membrane over time, from its formation to the mature structure.The glomerular basement membrane is the basal laminal portion of the glomerulus which performs the actual filtration.
2007-01-23 GO:0044408 growth or development of symbiont on or near host Updated DEFINITION The increase in size or mass of an organism, or the progression of an organism from an initial condition to a later condition, occurring on or near the exterior of its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051857 growth or development of organism on or near symbiont surface Updated DEFINITION The increase in size or mass of an organism, or the progression of an organism from an initial condition to a later condition, occurring on or near the exterior of its symbiont organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0044412 growth or development of symbiont in host Updated DEFINITION The increase in size or mass of an organism, or the progression of an organism from an initial condition to a later condition, occurring within the cells or tissues of the host organism. This may (but not necessarily) include a filamentous growth form, and also can include secretion of proteases and lipases to break down host tissue. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051827 growth or development on or near surface of other organism during symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The increase in size or mass of an organism, or the progression of an organism from an initial condition to a later condition, occurring on or near the exterior of a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051831 growth or development in other organism during symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The increase in size or mass of an organism, or the progression of an organism from an initial condition to a later condition, occurring within the cells or tissues of a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction. This may (but not necessarily) include a filamentous growth form, and also can include secretion of proteases and lipases to break down the tissue of the second organism.
2007-01-23 GO:0007482 haltere development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the haltere over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The haltere is the club-shaped 'balancers' found on each side of the metathorax among the true flies (Diptera). They are the much-modified hind wings.
2007-01-23 GO:0060022 hard palate development Added DEFINITION The biological process whose specific outcome is the progression of the hard palate from an initial condition to its mature state. This process begins with the formation of the structure and ends with the mature structure, whatever form that may be including its natural destruction. The hard palate is the anterior portion of the palate consisting of bone and mucous membranes.
2007-01-23 GO:0035301 Hedgehog signaling complex Updated DEFINITION A multiprotein complex that binds microtubules in a Hedgehog-dependent manner, and is required for signal transduction by members of the Hedgehog family of proteins. The core components of the complex are the serine/threonine protein kinase Fused, the kinesin motor protein Costal2 (Cos2), and a zinc finger transcription factor (Gli family members in humans, and Cubitus interruptus (Ci) in Drosophila).
2007-01-23 GO:0009700 indole phytoalexin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of indole phytoalexins, any indole compound produced by plants as part of their defense response.
2007-01-23 GO:0046216 indole phytoalexin catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of indole phytoalexins, any indole compound produced by plants as part of their defense response.
2007-01-23 GO:0046217 indole phytoalexin metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving indole phytoalexins, any indole compound produced by plants as part of their defense response.
2007-01-23 GO:0044416 induction by symbiont of host defense response Updated DEFINITION The activation by an organism of the defense response of the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051853 induction in symbiont of tumor, nodule, or growth Updated DEFINITION The process by which an associated organism causes the formation of an abnormal mass of cells in the symbiont organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051671 induction of autolysin activity in other organism Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism initiates the activity of the inactive enzyme autolysin in another organism. The autolysin enzyme belongs to, and is active in, the other organism.
2007-01-23 GO:0046730 induction of host immune response by virus Updated DEFINITION The induction by a virus of an immune response in the host organism.
2007-01-23 GO:0051820 induction of tumor, nodule, or growth containing transformed cells in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The process by which an organism causes the formation in a second organism of an abnormal growth whose cells have been transformed and continue to exist in the absence of the first organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051819 induction of tumor, nodule, or growth in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The process by which an organism causes the formation of an abnormal mass of cells in a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0030581 symbiont intracellular protein transport in host Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a symbiont's proteins within a cell of the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051708 intracellular protein transport in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of an organism's proteins within a cell of a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051808 translocation of peptides or proteins into other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of peptides or proteins produced by an organism to a location inside a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051844 translocation of peptides or proteins into symbiont Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of peptides or proteins produced by an organism to a location inside the symbiont organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0032810 sterol response element binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with the sterol response element (SRE), a nonpalindromic sequence found in the promoters of genes involved in lipid metabolism.
2007-01-23 GO:0010319 stromule Updated DEFINITION Thin filamentous structure extending from the surface of all plastid types examined so far, including chloroplast, proplastid, etioplast, leucoplast, amyloplast, and chromoplast. In general, stromules are more abundant in tissues containing non-green plastids, and in cells containing smaller plastids. The primary function of stromules is still unresolved, although the presence of stromules markedly increases the plastid surface area, potentially increasing transport to and from the cytosol. Other functions of stromules, such as transfer of macromolecules between plastids and starch granule formation in cereal endosperm, may be restricted to particular tissues and cell types.
2007-01-23 GO:0051833 suppression of defenses of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the defense(s) of a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction. Suppression occurs by active mechanisms that normally result in the shutting down of pathways in the second organism.
2007-01-23 GO:0044414 suppression of host defenses Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of host defense(s) by active mechanisms that normally result in the shutting down of a host pathway. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051859 suppression of symbiont defenses Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of symbiont defense(s) by active mechanisms that normally result in the shutting down of a symbiont pathway. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0044403 symbiosis, encompassing mutualism through parasitism Updated DEFINITION An interaction between two organisms living together in more or less intimate association. The term host is usually used for the larger (macro) of the two members of a symbiosis. The smaller (micro) member is called the symbiont organism. Microscopic symbionts are often referred to as endosymbionts. The various forms of symbiosis include parasitism, in which the association is disadvantageous or destructive to one of the organisms; mutualism, in which the association is advantageous, or often necessary to one or both and not harmful to either; and commensalism, in which one member of the association benefits while the other is not affected. However, mutualism, parasitism, and commensalism are often not discrete categories of interactions and should rather be perceived as a continuum of interaction ranging from parasitism to mutualism. In fact, the direction of a symbiotic interaction can change during the lifetime of the symbionts due to developmental changes as well as changes in the biotic/abiotic environment in which the interaction occurs.
2007-01-23 GO:0010198 synergid death Updated DEFINITION Synergid cells undergo degeneration and death in response to penetration by the pollen tube. It is an active process that involves a dramatic decrease in cell volume, collapse of the vacuoles, and complete disintegration of the plasma membrane and most organelles.
2007-01-23 GO:0042330 taxis Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism in response to an external stimulus.
2007-01-23 GO:0042334 taxis to electron acceptor Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism in response to the presence of an alternative electron acceptor, for example, nitrate.
2007-01-23 GO:0001966 thigmotaxis Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism in response to touch.
2007-01-23 GO:0051837 translocation of DNA into other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of DNA from an organism to a location inside a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051863 translocation of DNA into symbiont Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of DNA from an organism to a location inside the symbiont organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051836 translocation of molecules into other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a molecule(s) produced by an organism to a location inside a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051862 translocation of molecules into symbiont Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of molecule(s) produced by an organism to a location inside the symbiont organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0002101 tRNA wobble cytosine modification Added DEFINITION The process whereby a cytosine in position 34 of a tRNA is post-transcriptionally modified.
2007-01-23 GO:0002100 tRNA wobble adenosine to inosine editing Added DEFINITION The process whereby an adenosine in position 34 of a tRNA is post-transcriptionally corverted to inosine.
2007-01-23 GO:0002097 tRNA wobble base modification Added DEFINITION The process whereby the nucleotide at position 34 in the anticodon of a tRNA is post-transcriptionally modified.
2007-01-23 GO:0002099 tRNA wobble guanine modification Added DEFINITION The process whereby a guanine in t position 34 of a tRNA is post-transcriptionally modified.
2007-01-23 GO:0002098 tRNA wobble uridine modification Added DEFINITION The process whereby a uridine in position 34 of a tRNA is post-transcriptionally modified.
2007-01-23 GO:0032813 tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily.
2007-01-23 GO:0032822 positive regulation of natural killer cell proliferation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell proliferation during an immune response.
2007-01-23 GO:0030253 protein secretion by the type I secretion system Updated DEFINITION The process by which proteins are secreted into the extracellular milieu via the type I secretion system; secretion occurs in a continuous process without the distinct presence of periplasmic intermediates and does not involve proteolytic processing of secreted proteins.
2007-01-23 GO:0015628 protein secretion by the type II secretion system Updated DEFINITION The process by which proteins are secreted across the outer membrane by the type II secretion system. Proteins using this pathway are first translocated across the plasma membrane via the Sec (general secretory) or Tat pathways.
2007-01-23 GO:0030254 protein secretion by the type III secretion system Updated DEFINITION The process by which proteins are transferred into the extracellular milieu or directly into host cells by the type III secretion system; secretion occurs in a continuous process without the distinct presence of periplasmic intermediates and does not involve proteolytic processing of secreted proteins.
2007-01-23 GO:0030255 protein secretion by the type IV secretion system Updated DEFINITION The process by which nucleoprotein DNA conjugation intermediates or proteins are transferred into the extracellular milieu or directly into host cells, via the type IV protein secretion system.
2007-01-23 GO:0046819 protein secretion by the type V secretion system Updated DEFINITION The process by which proteins mediate their own secretion across the outer membrane through a beta-barrel pore structure formed by the C-terminal domain of the protein precursor. Following passage across the outer membrane, the mature protein is released from the pore by an autocatalytic activity. Proteins secreted by the Type V system are first translocated across the plasma membrane by the Sec pathway.
2007-01-23 GO:0009372 quorum sensing Updated DEFINITION The process in which single-celled organisms, usually bacteria, monitor population density by detecting the concentration of small diffusible signal molecules.
2007-01-23 GO:0051824 recognition of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION The specific processes that allow an organism to detect the presence of a second organism via physical or chemical signals, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0009455 redox taxis Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism in response to redox potential.
2007-01-23 GO:0001898 regulation of cytolysis by symbiont of host cells Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the cytolysis by that organism of cells in its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0032814 regulation of natural killer cell activation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell activation.
2007-01-23 GO:0032823 regulation of natural killer cell differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell differentiation.
2007-01-23 GO:0032826 regulation of natural killer cell differentiation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell differentiation during an immune response.
2007-01-23 GO:0032817 regulation of natural killer cell proliferation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell proliferation.
2007-01-23 GO:0032820 regulation of natural killer cell proliferation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell proliferation during an immune response.
2007-01-23 GO:0009608 response to symbiont Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a symbiont, an organism living with an organism of a different species in close physical association. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0019953 sexual reproduction Updated DEFINITION The regular alternation, in the life cycle of haplontic, diplontic and diplohaplontic organisms, of meiosis and fertilization which provides for the production offspring. In diplontic organisms there is a life cycle in which the products of meiosis behave directly as gametes, fusing to form a zygote from which the diploid, or sexually reproductive polyploid, adult organism will develop. In diplohaplontic organisms a haploid phase (gametophyte) exists in the life cycle between meiosis and fertilization (e.g. higher plants, many algae and Fungi); the products of meiosis are spores that develop as haploid individuals from which haploid gametes develop to form a diploid zygote; diplohaplontic organisms show an alternation of haploid and diploid generations. In haplontic organisms meiosis occurs in the zygote, giving rise to four haploid cells (e.g. many algae and protozoa), only the zygote is diploid and this may form a resistant spore, tiding organisms over hard times.
2007-01-23 GO:0060023 soft palate development Added DEFINITION The biological process whose specific outcome is the progression of the soft palate from an initial condition to its mature state. This process begins with the formation of the structure and ends with the mature structure, whatever form that may be including its natural destruction. The soft palate is the posterior portion of the palate extending from the posterior edge of the hard palate.
2007-01-23 GO:0046739 transport of virus in multicellular host Updated DEFINITION The dissemination of infectious virion particles within an infected host organism.
2007-01-23 GO:0051809 passive evasion of immune response of other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism avoids the immune response of a second organism without directly interfering with the second organism's immune system, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0042597 periplasmic space Updated DEFINITION The region between the inner (cytoplasmic) and outer membrane (Gram-negative Bacteria) or inner membrane and cell wall (Fungi).
2007-01-23 GO:0042331 phototaxis Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism in response to light.
2007-01-23 GO:0009297 pilus assembly Updated DEFINITION The assembly of a pilus, a short filamentous structure on a bacterial cell, flagella-like in structure and generally present in many copies. Pili are variously involved in transfer of nucleic acids, adherence to surfaces, and formation of pellicles. Is required for bacterial conjugation and plays a role in adherence to surfaces (when it is called a fimbrium), and in the formation of pellicles.
2007-01-23 GO:0048061 positive gravitaxis Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a motile cell or organism towards the source of gravity.
2007-01-23 GO:0051839 regulation by host of cytolysis of symbiont cells Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the cytolysis by that organism of cells in its symbiont organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0032829 regulation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cell differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of differentiation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cells.
2007-01-23 GO:0032832 regulation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cell differentiation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of differentiation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cells during an immune response.
2007-01-23 GO:0051802 regulation of cytolysis in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the cytolysis by that organism of cells in a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0031155 regulation of fruiting body development Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of fruiting body development.
2007-01-23 GO:0031156 regulation of sorocarp development Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of fruiting body development in cellular slime molds. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Dictyosteliida (Dictyosteliida, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33083).
2007-01-23 GO:0032803 regulation of low-density lipoprotein particle receptor catabolic process Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of low-density lipoprotein receptors.
2007-01-23 GO:0000427 plastid-encoded plastid RNA polymerase complex Added DEFINITION Plastid-encoded plastid RNA polymerases are plastid-encoded DNA-directed RNA polymerases that resemble eubacterial multisubunit RNA polymerases with a core composed of alpha, beta, and beta-prime subunits. Some forms contain multiple additional subunits. An additional sigma factor subunit is required for promoter recognition.
2007-01-23 GO:0002096 polkadots Added DEFINITION A punctate, filamentous structure composed of Bcl10 that appears in the cytoplasm of T-cells shortly after T-cell receptor stimulation. Polkadots stands for Punctate Oligomeric Killing and Activating DOmains Transducing Signals.
2007-01-23 GO:0001900 positive regulation of cytolysis by symbiont of host cells Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cytolysis by that organism of cells in its host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0051841 positive regulation by host of cytolysis of symbiont cells Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cytolysis by that organism of cells in its symbiont organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0032831 positive regulation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cell differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of differentiation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cells.
2007-01-23 GO:0032834 positive regulation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cell differentiation involved in immune response Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of differentiation of CD4-positive, CD25-positive, alpha-beta regulatory T cells during an immune response.
2007-01-23 GO:0051804 positive regulation of cytolysis in other organism involved in symbiotic interaction Updated DEFINITION Any process by which an organism activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of cytolysis by that organism of cells in a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction.
2007-01-23 GO:0032812 positive regulation of epinephrine secretion Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the regulated release of epinephrine.
2007-01-23 GO:0032805 positive regulation of low-density lipoprotein particle receptor catabolic process Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of low-density lipoprotein receptors.
2007-01-23 GO:0032816 positive regulation of natural killer cell activation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell activation.
2007-01-23 GO:0032825 positive regulation of natural killer cell differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell differentiation.
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