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GO Term History: Displaying 500 audit records for all terms for the date 2006-05-04

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Introduction

This page displays the differences recorded in the full Gene Ontology OBO v1.2 file as audited by the UniProt-GOA database during its daily update cycle.
If there is any delay in uploading the current OBO file, the changes displayed and the date recorded for these changes may not correspond to when the changes to the OBO file were committed.

All changes

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2006-05-04 GO:0030309 poly-N-acetyllactosamine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving poly-N-acetyllactosamine, a carbohydrate composed of N-acetyllactosamine repeats (Gal-beta-1,4-GlcNAc-beta-1,3)n.
2006-05-04 GO:0043634 polyadenylation-dependent ncRNA catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of an RNA molecule, initiated by the enzymatic addition of a sequence of adenylyl residues (polyadenylation) at the 3' end the target RNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0006596 polyamine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of polyamines, any organic compound containing two or more amino groups.
2006-05-04 GO:0006598 polyamine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of polyamines, any organic compound containing two or more amino groups.
2006-05-04 GO:0006595 polyamine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving polyamines, any organic compound containing two or more amino groups.
2006-05-04 GO:0009241 polyisoprenoid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of polyisoprenoids, acyclic polymers containing a large number of isoprene subunits, usually unsaturated.
2006-05-04 GO:0042176 regulation of protein catabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein by the destruction of the native, active configuration, with or without the hydrolysis of peptide bonds.
2006-05-04 GO:0051246 regulation of protein metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving a protein.
2006-05-04 GO:0042068 regulation of pteridine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving pteridine.
2006-05-04 GO:0006141 regulation of purine nucleobase metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving purines.
2006-05-04 GO:0006142 regulation of pyrimidine nucleobase metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving pyrimidines.
2006-05-04 GO:0043463 regulation of rhamnose catabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of rhamnose, the hexose 6-deoxy-L-mannose.
2006-05-04 GO:0051252 regulation of RNA metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving RNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0050810 regulation of steroid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of steroids, compounds with a 1,2,cyclopentanoperhydrophenanthrene nucleus.
2006-05-04 GO:0019218 regulation of steroid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving steroids.
2006-05-04 GO:0031335 regulation of sulfur amino acid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving sulfur amino acids.
2006-05-04 GO:0042762 regulation of sulfur metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving sulfur, the nonmetallic element sulfur or compounds that contain sulfur.
2006-05-04 GO:0050758 regulation of thymidylate synthase biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the enzyme thymidylate synthase.
2006-05-04 GO:0045554 regulation of TRAIL biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of TRAIL, TNF-related apoptosis inducing ligand.
2006-05-04 GO:0045561 regulation of TRAIL receptor 1 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of TRAIL (TNF-related apoptosis inducing ligand) receptor 1.
2006-05-04 GO:0045562 regulation of TRAIL receptor 2 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of TRAIL (TNF-related apoptosis inducing ligand) receptor 2.
2006-05-04 GO:0045560 regulation of TRAIL receptor biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the TRAIL (TNF-related apoptosis inducing ligand) receptor.
2006-05-04 GO:0045662 negative regulation of myoblast differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of myoblast differentiation.
2006-05-04 GO:0030102 negative regulation of natural killer cell activity Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell activity.
2006-05-04 GO:0050925 negative regulation of negative chemotaxis Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of a motile cell or organism towards a lower concentration in a concentration gradient of a specific chemical.
2006-05-04 GO:0051395 negative regulation of nerve growth factor receptor activity Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the activity of the nerve growth factor receptor.
2006-05-04 GO:0051387 negative regulation of neurotrophin TRK receptor signaling pathway Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the activity of the nerve growth factor receptor signaling pathway.
2006-05-04 GO:0007406 negative regulation of neuroblast proliferation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the proliferation of neuroblasts.
2006-05-04 GO:0050768 negative regulation of neurogenesis Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of neurogenesis, the origin and formation of neurons.
2006-05-04 GO:0043524 negative regulation of neuron apoptotic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of cell death by apoptosis in neurons.
2006-05-04 GO:0045665 negative regulation of neuron differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of neuron differentiation.
2006-05-04 GO:0014043 negative regulation of neuron maturation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of neuron maturation.
2006-05-04 GO:0031645 negative regulation of neurological system process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of a neurophysiological process.
2006-05-04 GO:0046929 negative regulation of neurotransmitter secretion Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the regulated release of a neurotransmitter.
2006-05-04 GO:0051589 negative regulation of neurotransmitter transport Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of a neurotransmitter into, out of, within or between cells.
2006-05-04 GO:0051581 negative regulation of neurotransmitter uptake Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of a neurotransmitter into a neuron or glial cell.
2006-05-04 GO:0045659 negative regulation of neutrophil differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of neutrophil differentiation.
2006-05-04 GO:0042347 negative regulation of NF-kappaB import into nucleus Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the transfer of NF-kappaB, a transcription factor for eukaryotic RNA polymerase II promoters, from the cytoplasm into the nucleus, across the nuclear membrane.
2006-05-04 GO:0045019 negative regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of nitric oxide.
2006-05-04 GO:0051774 negative regulation of nitric-oxide synthase 2 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the enzyme nitric-oxide synthase 2.
2006-05-04 GO:0051771 negative regulation of nitric-oxide synthase biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the enzyme nitric-oxide synthase.
2006-05-04 GO:0051172 negative regulation of nitrogen compound metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving nitrogen or nitrogenous compounds.
2006-05-04 GO:0045847 negative regulation of nitrogen utilization Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of nitrogen utilization.
2006-05-04 GO:0051134 negative regulation of NK T cell activation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer T cell activation.
2006-05-04 GO:0051137 negative regulation of NK T cell differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer T cell differentiation.
2006-05-04 GO:0051141 negative regulation of NK T cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer T cell proliferation.
2006-05-04 GO:0043072 negative regulation of non-apoptotic programmed cell death Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of non-apoptotic programmed cell death, cell death resulting from activation of endogenous cellular processes, by a mechanism other than apoptosis.
2006-05-04 GO:0051622 negative regulation of norepinephrine uptake Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of norepinephrine into a cell.
2006-05-04 GO:0045746 negative regulation of Notch signaling pathway Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the Notch signaling pathway.
2006-05-04 GO:0051784 negative regulation of nuclear division Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of nuclear division, the partitioning of the nucleus and its genetic information.
2006-05-04 GO:0045934 negative regulation of nucleobase-containing compound metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving nucleobases, nucleosides, nucleotides and nucleic acids.
2006-05-04 GO:0046823 negative regulation of nucleocytoplasmic transport Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of substances between the cytoplasm and the nucleus.
2006-05-04 GO:0045978 negative regulation of nucleoside metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving nucleosides.
2006-05-04 GO:0030809 negative regulation of nucleotide biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of nucleotides.
2006-05-04 GO:0030812 negative regulation of nucleotide catabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of nucleotides.
2006-05-04 GO:0045980 negative regulation of nucleotide metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving nucleotides.
2006-05-04 GO:0045849 negative regulation of nurse cell apoptotic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of nurse cell apoptosis.
2006-05-04 GO:0042483 negative regulation of odontogenesis Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the formation and development of a tooth or teeth.
2006-05-04 GO:0042486 negative regulation of odontogenesis of calcareous or chitinous tooth Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the formation and development of a tooth, any hard calcareous or chitinous organ found in the mouth and used in feeding or procuring food, e.g. a mollusk or starfish tooth. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Protostomia (Protostomia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33317).
2006-05-04 GO:0042489 negative regulation of odontogenesis of dentin-containing tooth Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the formation and development of teeth, the hard, bony appendages which are borne on the jaws, or on other bones in the walls of the mouth or pharynx, as in, but not restricted to, the vertebrates (Vertebrata, ncbi_taxonomy_id:7742).
2006-05-04 GO:0048715 negative regulation of oligodendrocyte differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of oligodendrocyte differentiation.
2006-05-04 GO:0010236 plastoquinone biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of plastoquinone, a lipid-soluble electron-transporting coenzyme present in the chloroplast.
2006-05-04 GO:0006663 platelet activating factor biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of platelet activating factor, 1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphocholine, where alkyl = hexadecyl or octadecyl. Platelet activating factor is an inflammatory mediator released from a variety of cells in response to various stimuli.
2006-05-04 GO:0046469 platelet activating factor metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving platelet activating factor, 1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphocholine, where alkyl = hexadecyl or octadecyl. Platelet activating factor is an inflammatory mediator released from a variety of cells in response to various stimuli.
2006-05-04 GO:0042621 poly(3-hydroxyalkanoate) biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates), polyesters of 3-hydroxyacids produced as intracellular granules by a large variety of bacteria.
2006-05-04 GO:0042620 poly(3-hydroxyalkanoate) metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates), polyesters of 3-hydroxyacids produced as intracellular granules by a large variety of bacteria.
2006-05-04 GO:0042619 poly-hydroxybutyrate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of poly-hydroxybutyrate (PHB), a polymer of beta-hydroxybutyrate and a common storage material of prokaryotic cells.
2006-05-04 GO:0042618 poly-hydroxybutyrate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving poly-hydroxybutyrate (PHB), a polymer of beta-hydroxybutyrate and a common storage material of prokaryotic cells.
2006-05-04 GO:0030311 poly-N-acetyllactosamine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of poly-N-acetyllactosamine, a carbohydrate composed of N-acetyllactosamine repeats (Gal-beta-1,4-GlcNAc-beta-1,3)n.
2006-05-04 GO:0030310 poly-N-acetyllactosamine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of poly-N-acetyllactosamine, a carbohydrate composed of N-acetyllactosamine repeats (Gal-beta-1,4-GlcNAc-beta-1,3)n.
2006-05-04 GO:0009224 CMP biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of CMP, cytidine monophosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0006248 CMP catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of CMP, cytidine monophosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0046035 CMP metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving CMP, cytidine monophosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0006055 CMP-N-acetylneuraminate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of CMP-N-acetylneuraminate, a substance composed of 5-(acetylamino)-3,5-dideoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-non-3-ulosonic acid in glycosidic linkage with cytidine monophosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0046381 CMP-N-acetylneuraminate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving CMP-N-acetylneuraminate, a substance composed of 5-(acetylamino)-3,5-dideoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-non-3-ulosonic acid in glycosidic linkage with cytidine monophosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0009236 cobalamin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of cobalamin (vitamin B12), a water-soluble vitamin characterized by possession of a corrin nucleus containing a cobalt atom.
2006-05-04 GO:0042366 cobalamin catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of cobalamin (vitamin B12), a water-soluble vitamin characterized by possession of a corrin nucleus containing a cobalt atom.
2006-05-04 GO:0009235 cobalamin metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving cobalamin (vitamin B12), a water-soluble vitamin characterized by possession of a corrin nucleus containing a cobalt atom.
2006-05-04 GO:0050799 cocaine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of cocaine, an alkaloid obtained from the dried leaves of the shrub Erythroxylon coca. It is a cerebral stimulant and narcotic.
2006-05-04 GO:0050784 cocaine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of cocaine, an alkaloid obtained from the dried leaves of the shrub Erythroxylon coca. It is a cerebral stimulant and narcotic.
2006-05-04 GO:0050783 cocaine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving cocaine, an alkaloid obtained from the dried leaves of the shrub Erythroxylon coca. It is a cerebral stimulant and narcotic.
2006-05-04 GO:0015937 coenzyme A biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of coenzyme A, 3'-phosphoadenosine-(5')diphospho(4')pantatheine, an acyl carrier in many acylation and acyl-transfer reactions in which the intermediate is a thiol ester.
2006-05-04 GO:0015938 coenzyme A catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of coenzyme A, 3'-phosphoadenosine-(5')diphospho(4')pantatheine, an acyl carrier in many acylation and acyl-transfer reactions in which the intermediate is a thiol ester.
2006-05-04 GO:0015936 coenzyme A metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving coenzyme A, 3'-phosphoadenosine-(5')diphospho(4')pantatheine, an acyl carrier in many acylation and acyl-transfer reactions in which the intermediate is a thiol ester.
2006-05-04 GO:0046138 coenzyme and prosthetic group biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of coenzymes and prosthetic groups.
2006-05-04 GO:0046139 coenzyme and prosthetic group catabolic process Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of coenzymes and prosthetic groups.
2006-05-04 GO:0006731 coenzyme and prosthetic group metabolic process Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways involving coenzymes and prosthetic groups.
2006-05-04 GO:0019298 coenzyme B biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of coenzyme B (7-mercaptoheptanoylthreonine phosphate), a coenzyme involved in the utilization of methane by methanogenic prokaryotes.
2006-05-04 GO:0019297 coenzyme B metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving coenzyme B (7-mercaptoheptanoylthreonine phosphate), a coenzyme involved in the utilization of methane by methanogenic prokaryotes.
2006-05-04 GO:0009108 coenzyme biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of coenzymes, any of various nonprotein organic cofactors that are required, in addition to an enzyme and a substrate, for an enzymatic reaction to proceed.
2006-05-04 GO:0009109 coenzyme catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of coenzymes, any of various nonprotein organic cofactors that are required, in addition to an enzyme and a substrate, for an enzymatic reaction to proceed.
2006-05-04 GO:0019295 coenzyme M biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of coenzyme M (2-thioethansulfonate), a coenzyme involved in the utilization of methane by methanogenic prokaryotes.
2006-05-04 GO:0019296 coenzyme M metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving coenzyme M (2-thioethansulfonate), a coenzyme involved in the utilization of methane by methanogenic prokaryotes.
2006-05-04 GO:0006732 coenzyme metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving coenzymes, any of various nonprotein organic cofactors that are required, in addition to an enzyme and a substrate, for an enzymatic reaction to proceed.
2006-05-04 GO:0051188 cofactor biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a cofactor, a substance that is required for the activity of an enzyme or other protein.
2006-05-04 GO:0051187 cofactor catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a cofactor, a substance that is required for the activity of an enzyme or other protein.
2006-05-04 GO:0051186 cofactor metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a cofactor, a substance that is required for the activity of an enzyme or other protein. Cofactors may be inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in certain forms, or organic, in which case they are referred to as coenzymes. Cofactors may either be bound tightly to active sites or bind loosely with the substrate.
2006-05-04 GO:0009242 colanic acid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of colanic acid, a capsular bacterial polysaccharide.
2006-05-04 GO:0019580 galactarate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving galactarate, the anion of galactaric acid, the meso-aldaric acid derived from both D- and L-galactose.
2006-05-04 GO:0019403 galactitol biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of galactitol, the hexitol derived by the reduction of the aldehyde group of either D- or L-galactose.
2006-05-04 GO:0019404 galactitol catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of galactitol, the hexitol derived by the reduction of the aldehyde group of either D- or L-galactose.
2006-05-04 GO:0019402 galactitol metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving galactitol, the hexitol derived by the reduction of the aldehyde group of either D- or L-galactose.
2006-05-04 GO:0019375 galactolipid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of galactolipids, any glycolipid containing one of more residues of galactose and/or N-acetylgalactosamine.
2006-05-04 GO:0019376 galactolipid catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of galactolipids, any glycolipid containing one of more residues of galactose and/or N-acetylgalactosamine.
2006-05-04 GO:0019374 galactolipid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving galactolipids, any glycolipid containing one of more residues of galactose and/or N-acetylgalactosamine.
2006-05-04 GO:0051070 galactomannan biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of galactomannan, a polysaccharide composed of D-galactosyl and D-mannosyl. The mannosyl units form the backbone structure (a linear main chain) with the D-galactosyl as single side units.
2006-05-04 GO:0051682 galactomannan catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of galactomannan, a polysaccharide composed of D-galactosyl and D-mannosyl. The mannosyl units form the backbone structure (a linear main chain) with the D-galactosyl as single side units.
2006-05-04 GO:0051069 galactomannan metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving galactomannan, a polysaccharide composed of D-galactosyl and D-mannosyl. The mannosyl units form the backbone structure (a linear main chain) with the D-galactosyl as single side units.
2006-05-04 GO:0019584 galactonate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of galactonate, the anion of galactonic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0019583 galactonate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving galactonate, the anion of galactonic acid, an organic acid derived from the sugar galactose.
2006-05-04 GO:0006025 galactosaminoglycan biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of galactosaminoglycans, any of a group of polysaccharides that contain amino sugars derived from the galactose.
2006-05-04 GO:0006028 galactosaminoglycan catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of galactosaminoglycans, any of a group of polysaccharides that contain amino sugars derived from the galactose.
2006-05-04 GO:0046350 galactosaminoglycan metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving galactosaminoglycans, any one of a group of polysaccharides that contain amino sugars derived from the galactose.
2006-05-04 GO:0046369 galactose biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of galactose, the aldohexose galacto-hexose.
2006-05-04 GO:0019388 galactose catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of galactose, the aldohexose galacto-hexose.
2006-05-04 GO:0006012 galactose metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving galactose, the aldohexose galacto-hexose. D-galactose is widely distributed in combined form in plants, animals and microorganisms as a constituent of oligo- and polysaccharides; it also occurs in galactolipids and as its glucoside in lactose and melibiose.
2006-05-04 GO:0006682 galactosylceramide biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of galactosylceramides, any compound formed by the replacement of the glycosidic hydroxyl group of a cyclic form of galactose by a ceramide group.
2006-05-04 GO:0006683 galactosylceramide catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of galactosylceramides, any compound formed by the replacement of the glycosidic hydroxyl group of a cyclic form of galactose by a ceramide group.
2006-05-04 GO:0006681 galactosylceramide metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving galactosylceramides, any compound formed by the replacement of the glycosidic hydroxyl group of a cyclic form of galactose by a ceramide group.
2006-05-04 GO:0046397 galacturonate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of galacturonate, the anion of galacturonic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0019586 galacturonate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving galacturonate, the anion of galacturonic acid, the uronic acid formally derived from galactose by oxidation of the hydroxymethylene group at C-6 to a carboxyl group.
2006-05-04 GO:0046235 gallate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of gallate, the anion of gallic acid (3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid).
2006-05-04 GO:0019396 gallate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of gallate, the anion of gallic acid (3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid).
2006-05-04 GO:0019397 gallate catabolic process via 2-pyrone-4,6-dicarboxylate Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of gallate, the anion of gallic acid, via the intermediate 2-pyrone-4,6-dicarboxylate.
2006-05-04 GO:0019398 gallate catabolic process via gallate dioxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of gallate, the anion of gallic acid, via the intermediate 4-carboxy-2-hydroxhexa-2,3-dienedioate.
2006-05-04 GO:0018918 gallate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving gallate, the anion of gallic acid (3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid). The esters and polyesters are widely distributed in angiosperms.
2006-05-04 GO:0018919 gamma-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexachlorocyclohexane metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving gamma-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexachlorocyclohexane (also known as Lindane), the most common form of hexachlorohexane, a halogenated organic insecticide that has been used worldwide for agriculture and public health.
2006-05-04 GO:0009449 gamma-aminobutyric acid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA, 4-aminobutyrate), an amino acid which acts as a neurotransmitter in some organisms.
2006-05-04 GO:0009450 gamma-aminobutyric acid catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA, 4-aminobutyrate), an amino acid which acts as a neurotransmitter in some organisms.
2006-05-04 GO:0051174 regulation of phosphorus metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving phosphorus or compounds containing phosphorus.
2006-05-04 GO:0043286 regulation of poly(3-hydroxyalkanoate) biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates), polyesters of 3-hydroxyacids produced as intracellular granules by a large variety of bacteria.
2006-05-04 GO:0031392 regulation of prostaglandin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of prostaglandin.
2006-05-04 GO:0051199 regulation of prosthetic group metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving a prosthetic group.
2006-05-04 GO:0006417 regulation of translation Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0019653 anaerobic purine nucleobase catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The anaerobic chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of purines, yielding energy in the form of ATP.
2006-05-04 GO:0019304 anaerobic rhamnose catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of rhamnose, the hexose 6-deoxy-L-mannose, that occurs in the absence of oxygen.
2006-05-04 GO:0046253 anaerobic toluene biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of toluene, a volatile monoaromatic hydrocarbon found in crude petroleum and petroleum products, in the absence of oxygen.
2006-05-04 GO:0046254 anaerobic toluene catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of toluene, a volatile monoaromatic hydrocarbon found in crude petroleum and petroleum products, in the absence of oxygen.
2006-05-04 GO:0018971 anaerobic toluene metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving toluene, a volatile monoaromatic hydrocarbon found in crude petroleum and petroleum products, that occur in the absence of oxygen.
2006-05-04 GO:0031145 anaphase-promoting complex-dependent proteasomal ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein or peptide by hydrolysis of its peptide bonds, initiated by the covalent attachment of ubiquitin, with ubiquitin-protein ligation catalyzed by the anaphase-promoting complex, and mediated by the proteasome.
2006-05-04 GO:0006702 androgen biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of androgens, C19 steroid hormones that can stimulate the development of male sexual characteristics.
2006-05-04 GO:0006710 androgen catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of androgens, C19 steroid hormones that can stimulate the development of male sexual characteristics.
2006-05-04 GO:0008209 androgen metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving androgens, C19 steroid hormones that can stimulate the development of male sexual characteristics.
2006-05-04 GO:0002005 angiotensin catabolic process in blood Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of angiotensin in the blood.
2006-05-04 GO:0009718 anthocyanin-containing compound biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of anthocyanins, any member of a group of intensely colored soluble glycosides of anthocyanidins.
2006-05-04 GO:0043483 anthocyanin biosynthetic process involved in anthocyanin accumulation in response to UV light Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the pigment anthocyanin, occurring during anthocyanin accumulation in a tissue in response to a UV light stimulus.
2006-05-04 GO:0046284 anthocyanin-containing compound catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of anthocyanins, any member of a group of intensely colored soluble glycosides of anthocyanidins.
2006-05-04 GO:0046283 anthocyanin-containing compound metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving anthocyanins, any member of a group of intensely colored soluble glycosides of anthocyanidins that occur in plants. They are responsible from most of the scarlet, purple, mauve and blue coloring in higher plants, especially of flowers.
2006-05-04 GO:0043421 anthranilate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of anthranilate (2-aminobenzoate).
2006-05-04 GO:0043420 anthranilate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving anthranilate (2-aminobenzoate).
2006-05-04 GO:0017000 antibiotic biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of an antibiotic, a substance produced by or derived from certain fungi, bacteria, and other organisms, that can destroy or inhibit the growth of other microorganisms.
2006-05-04 GO:0017001 antibiotic catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of antibiotic, a substance produced by or derived from certain fungi, bacteria, and other organisms, that can destroy or inhibit the growth of other microorganisms.
2006-05-04 GO:0016999 antibiotic metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving an antibiotic, a substance produced by or derived from certain fungi, bacteria, and other organisms, that can destroy or inhibit the growth of other microorganisms.
2006-05-04 GO:0042868 antisense RNA metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving antisense RNA, an RNA molecule complementary in sequence to another RNA or DNA molecule, which, by binding the latter, acts to inhibit its function and/or completion of synthesis.
2006-05-04 GO:0043289 apocarotenoid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of apocarotenoids by the oxidative cleavage of carotenoids. Many apocarotenoids are biologically important e.g. retinal and abscisic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0043290 apocarotenoid catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of apocarotenoids, a class of compounds derived from the oxidative cleavage of carotenoids, many of which are biologically important e.g. retinal and abscisic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0043288 apocarotenoid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving apocarotenoids, a class of compounds derived from the oxidative cleavage of carotenoids, many of which are biologically important e.g. retinal and abscisic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0031222 arabinan catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of arabinan, a branched homopolymer of L-arabinose.
2006-05-04 GO:0031221 arabinan metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving arabinan, a branched homopolymer of L-arabinose.
2006-05-04 GO:0019567 arabinose biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of arabinose, arabino-pentose.
2006-05-04 GO:0019568 arabinose catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of arabinose, arabino-pentose.
2006-05-04 GO:0019566 arabinose metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving arabinose, arabino-pentose. L-Arabinose occurs both free, for example in the heartwood of many conifers, and in the combined state, as a constituent of plant hemicelluloses, bacterial polysaccharides etc. D-arabinose is a constituent of arabinonucleosides.
2006-05-04 GO:0051157 arabitol catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of arabitol, the pentitol derived from arabinose or lyxose by reduction of the aldehyde group.
2006-05-04 GO:0051161 arabitol metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving arabitol, the pentitol derived from arabinose or lyxose by reduction of the aldehyde group.
2006-05-04 GO:0019369 arachidonic acid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving arachidonic acid, a straight chain fatty acid with 20 carbon atoms and four double bonds per molecule. Arachidonic acid is the all-Z-(5,8,11,14)-isomer.
2006-05-04 GO:0006526 arginine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of arginine, 2-amino-5-guanidinopentanoic acid, a chiral alpha-amino acid found in peptide linkage in proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0042450 arginine biosynthetic process via ornithine Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of arginine (2-amino-5-guanidinopentanoic acid) via the intermediate compound ornithine.
2006-05-04 GO:0006527 arginine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of arginine, 2-amino-5-guanidinopentanoic acid, a chiral alpha-amino acid found in peptide linkage in proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0009159 deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with phosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009162 deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with phosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009202 deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with triphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009204 deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with triphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009200 deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with triphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009263 deoxyribonucleotide biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a deoxyribonucleotide, a compound consisting of deoxyribonucleoside (a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar) esterified with a phosphate moiety at either the 3' or 5'-hydroxyl group of its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009264 deoxyribonucleotide catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a deoxyribonucleotide, a compound consisting of deoxyribonucleoside (a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar) esterified with a phosphate moiety at either the 3' or 5'-hydroxyl group of its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009262 deoxyribonucleotide metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a deoxyribonucleotide, a compound consisting of deoxyribonucleoside (a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar) esterified with a phosphate moiety at either the 3' or 5'-hydroxyl group of its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0006017 deoxyribose 1,5-bisphosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of deoxyribose 1,5-bisphosphate, the diphosphorylated sugar 1,5-diphospho-2-deoxyribose.
2006-05-04 GO:0046387 deoxyribose 1,5-bisphosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving deoxyribose 1,5-bisphosphate, the diphosphorylated sugar 1,5-diphospho-2-deoxyribose.
2006-05-04 GO:0006018 2-deoxyribose 1-phosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of deoxyribose 1-phosphate, the phosphorylated sugar 1-phospho-2-deoxyribose.
2006-05-04 GO:0046388 deoxyribose 1-phosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving deoxyribose 1-phosphate, the phosphorylated sugar 1-phospho-2-deoxyribose.
2006-05-04 GO:0046389 deoxyribose 5-phosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving deoxyribose 5-phosphate, the phosphorylated sugar 5-phospho-2-deoxyribose.
2006-05-04 GO:0046186 acetaldehyde biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of acetaldehyde, a colorless, flammable liquid intermediate in the metabolism of alcohol.
2006-05-04 GO:0046187 acetaldehyde catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of acetaldehyde, a colorless, flammable liquid intermediate in the metabolism of alcohol.
2006-05-04 GO:0006117 acetaldehyde metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving acetaldehyde, a colorless, flammable liquid intermediate in the metabolism of alcohol.
2006-05-04 GO:0019413 acetate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of acetate, the anion of acetic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0019415 acetate biosynthetic process from carbon monoxide Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of acetate from other compounds, including carbon monoxide.
2006-05-04 GO:0019651 citrate catabolic process to diacetyl Updated DEFINITION The anaerobic chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of citrate to diacetyl, yielding energy in the form of ATP.
2006-05-04 GO:0006101 citrate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving citrate, 2-hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboyxlate. Citrate is widely distributed in nature and is an important intermediate in the TCA cycle and the glyoxylate cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0019240 citrulline biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of citrulline, N5-carbamoyl-L-ornithine, an alpha amino acid not found in proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0019241 citrulline catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of citrulline, N5-carbamoyl-L-ornithine, an alpha amino acid not found in proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0000052 citrulline metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving citrulline, N5-carbamoyl-L-ornithine, an alpha amino acid not found in proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0030276 clathrin binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a clathrin heavy or light chain, the main components of the coat of coated vesicles and coated pits, and which also occurs in synaptic vesicles.
2006-05-04 GO:0009213 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with triphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009211 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with triphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009221 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide, a compound consisting of nucleoside (a pyrimidine base linked to a deoxyribose sugar) esterified with a phosphate moiety at either the 3' or 5'-hydroxyl group of its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009223 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide, a compound consisting of nucleoside (a pyrimidine base linked to a deoxyribose sugar) esterified with a phosphate moiety at either the 3' or 5'-hydroxyl group of its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009219 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a pyrimidine deoxynucleotide, a compound consisting of nucleoside (a pyrimidine base linked to a deoxyribose sugar) esterified with a phosphate moiety at either the 3' or 5'-hydroxyl group of its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0043466 pyrimidine nucleobase fermentation Updated DEFINITION The anaerobic conversion of pyrimidines, yielding energy in the form of ATP.
2006-05-04 GO:0046134 pyrimidine nucleoside biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of one of a family of organic molecules consisting of a pyrimidine base covalently bonded to a sugar ribose (a ribonucleoside) or deoxyribose (a deoxyribonucleoside).
2006-05-04 GO:0046135 pyrimidine nucleoside catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of one of a family of organic molecules consisting of a pyrimidine base covalently bonded to a sugar ribose (a ribonucleoside) or deoxyribose (a deoxyribonucleoside).
2006-05-04 GO:0009139 pyrimidine nucleoside diphosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of pyrimidine nucleoside diphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a ribose or deoxyribose sugar esterified with diphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009140 pyrimidine nucleoside diphosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of pyrimidine nucleoside diphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a ribose or deoxyribose sugar esterified with diphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009138 pyrimidine nucleoside diphosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving pyrimidine nucleoside diphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a ribose or deoxyribose sugar esterified with diphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0006213 pyrimidine nucleoside metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving any pyrimidine nucleoside, one of a family of organic molecules consisting of a pyrimidine base covalently bonded to a sugar ribose (a ribonucleoside) or deoxyribose (a deoxyribonucleoside).
2006-05-04 GO:0009130 pyrimidine nucleoside monophosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of pyrimidine nucleoside monophosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a ribose or deoxyribose sugar esterified with phosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009131 pyrimidine nucleoside monophosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of pyrimidine nucleoside monophosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a ribose or deoxyribose sugar esterified with phosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0046147 tetrahydrobiopterin catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of tetrahydrobiopterin, the reduced form of biopterin (2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-(1,2-dihydroxypropyl)-pteridine). It functions as a hydroxylation coenzyme, e.g. in the conversion of phenylalanine to tyrosine.
2006-05-04 GO:0046146 tetrahydrobiopterin metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrahydrobiopterin, the reduced form of biopterin (2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-(1,2-dihydroxypropyl)-pteridine). It functions as a hydroxylation coenzyme, e.g. in the conversion of phenylalanine to tyrosine.
2006-05-04 GO:0046654 tetrahydrofolate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of tetrahydrofolate, 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolic acid, a folate derivative bearing additional hydrogens on the pterin moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0046653 tetrahydrofolate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrahydrofolate, 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolic acid, a folate derivative bearing additional hydrogens on the pterin moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0046901 tetrahydrofolylpolyglutamate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of tetrahydrofolylpolyglutamate, a folate derivative comprising tetrahydrofolate attached to a chain of glutamate residues.
2006-05-04 GO:0046900 tetrahydrofolylpolyglutamate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrahydrofolylpolyglutamate, a folate derivative comprising tetrahydrofolate attached to a chain of glutamate residues.
2006-05-04 GO:0018968 tetrahydrofuran metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrahydrofuran, a cyclic 4 carbon ether. It is one of the most polar ethers and is a widely used solvent for polar reagents. Since THF is very soluble in water and has a relatively low boiling point, significant amounts are often released into the environment, causing contamination problems.
2006-05-04 GO:0016109 tetraterpenoid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of tetraterpenoid compounds, terpenoids with eight isoprene units.
2006-05-04 GO:0016110 tetraterpenoid catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of tetraterpenoid compounds, terpenoids with eight isoprene units.
2006-05-04 GO:0016108 tetraterpenoid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetraterpenoid compounds, terpenoids with eight isoprene units.
2006-05-04 GO:0042724 thiamine-containing compound biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of thiamin (vitamin B1), and related compounds.
2006-05-04 GO:0042725 thiamine-containing compound catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of thiamin (vitamin B1), and compounds derived from it.
2006-05-04 GO:0042723 thiamine-containing compound metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving thiamin (vitamin B1), and compounds derived from it.
2006-05-04 GO:0009228 thiamine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of thiamin (vitamin B1), a water soluble vitamin present in fresh vegetables and meats, especially liver.
2006-05-04 GO:0009230 thiamine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of thiamin (vitamin B1), a water soluble vitamin present in fresh vegetables and meats, especially liver.
2006-05-04 GO:0009229 thiamine diphosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of thiamin diphosphate, a derivative of thiamin (vitamin B1) which acts as a coenzyme in a range of processes including the Krebs cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0042358 thiamine diphosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of thiamin diphosphate, a derivative of thiamin (vitamin B1) which acts as a coenzyme in a range of processes including the Krebs cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0042357 thiamine diphosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving thiamin diphosphate, a derivative of thiamin (vitamin B1) which acts as a coenzyme in a range of processes including the Krebs cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0006772 thiamine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving thiamin (vitamin B1), a water soluble vitamin present in fresh vegetables and meats, especially liver.
2006-05-04 GO:0046264 thiocyanate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of thiocyanate, any anion or salt of thiocyanic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0046265 thiocyanate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of thiocyanate, any anion of thiocyanic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0018969 thiocyanate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving thiocyanate, the anion of thiocyanic acid, a toxic cyanide derivative commonly formed as a by-product in the production of gas for fuel, coke, and substances for chemical industries.
2006-05-04 GO:0042964 thioredoxin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of thioredoxin, a small disulfide-containing redox protein that serves as a general protein disulfide oxidoreductase.
2006-05-04 GO:0009088 threonine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of threonine (2-amino-3-hydroxybutyric acid), a polar, uncharged, essential amino acid found in peptide linkage in proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0006567 threonine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of threonine (2-amino-3-hydroxybutyric acid), a polar, uncharged, essential amino acid found in peptide linkage in proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0019517 L-threonine catabolic process to D-lactate Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of threonine (2-amino-3-hydroxybutyric acid) to form the compound D-lactate.
2006-05-04 GO:0019518 L-threonine catabolic process to glycine Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of threonine (2-amino-3-hydroxybutyric acid) to form the compound pyruvate.
2006-05-04 GO:0006566 threonine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving threonine (2-amino-3-hydroxybutyric acid), a polar, uncharged, essential amino acid found in peptide linkage in proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0046105 thymidine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of thymidine, deoxyribosylthymine thymine 2-deoxyriboside, a deoxynucleoside very widely distributed but occurring almost entirely as phosphoric esters in deoxynucleotides and deoxyribonucleic acid, DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0006214 thymidine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of thymidine, deoxyribosylthymine thymine 2-deoxyriboside, a deoxynucleoside very widely distributed but occurring almost entirely as phosphoric esters in deoxynucleotides and deoxyribonucleic acid, DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0046104 thymidine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving thymidine, deoxyribosylthymine thymine 2-deoxyriboside, a deoxynucleoside very widely distributed but occurring almost entirely as phosphoric esters in deoxynucleotides and deoxyribonucleic acid, DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0046004 positive regulation of syncytial blastoderm mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of progression through the syncytial blastoderm mitotic cell cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0031394 positive regulation of prostaglandin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of prostaglandin.
2006-05-04 GO:0051200 positive regulation of prosthetic group metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving a prosthetic group.
2006-05-04 GO:0031954 positive regulation of protein autophosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the phosphorylation by a protein of one or more of its own residues.
2006-05-04 GO:0001934 positive regulation of protein phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of addition of phosphoric groups to amino acids within a protein.
2006-05-04 GO:0045727 positive regulation of translation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0045732 positive regulation of protein catabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein by the destruction of the native, active configuration, with or without the hydrolysis of peptide bonds.
2006-05-04 GO:0031334 positive regulation of protein complex assembly Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of protein complex assembly.
2006-05-04 GO:0043243 positive regulation of protein complex disassembly Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of protein complex disassembly, the disaggregation of a protein complex into its constituent components.
2006-05-04 GO:0046827 positive regulation of protein export from nucleus Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of directed movement of proteins from the nucleus into the cytoplasm.
2006-05-04 GO:0042307 positive regulation of protein import into nucleus Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of movement of proteins from the cytoplasm into the nucleus.
2006-05-04 GO:0045860 positive regulation of protein kinase activity Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of protein kinase activity.
2006-05-04 GO:0051247 positive regulation of protein metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving a protein.
2006-05-04 GO:0031401 positive regulation of protein modification process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the covalent alteration of one or more amino acid residues within a protein.
2006-05-04 GO:0050714 positive regulation of protein secretion Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the regulated release of a protein from a cell or group of cells.
2006-05-04 GO:0051222 positive regulation of protein transport Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of a protein into, out of, within or between cells.
2006-05-04 GO:0031398 positive regulation of protein ubiquitination Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the addition of ubiquitin moieties to a protein.
2006-05-04 GO:0045862 positive regulation of proteolysis Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the hydrolysis of a peptide bond or bonds within a protein.
2006-05-04 GO:0031274 positive regulation of pseudopodium assembly Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the assembly of pseudopodia.
2006-05-04 GO:0045864 positive regulation of pteridine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving pteridine.
2006-05-04 GO:0045983 positive regulation of purine nucleobase metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving purine bases.
2006-05-04 GO:0045985 positive regulation of pyrimidine nucleobase metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving pyrimidine bases.
2006-05-04 GO:0045678 positive regulation of R7 cell differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of R7 differentiation.
2006-05-04 GO:0045681 positive regulation of R8 cell differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of R8 differentiation.
2006-05-04 GO:0046579 positive regulation of Ras protein signal transduction Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of Ras protein signal transduction.
2006-05-04 GO:0048260 positive regulation of receptor-mediated endocytosis Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of receptor mediated endocytosis, the uptake of external materials by cells, utilizing receptors to ensure specificity of transport.
2006-05-04 GO:0001921 positive regulation of receptor recycling Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of receptor recyling.
2006-05-04 GO:0045866 positive regulation of recombination within rDNA repeats Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of genetic recombination within the DNA of the genes coding for ribosomal RNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0050746 regulation of lipoprotein metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving lipoproteins, any conjugated, water-soluble protein in which the nonprotein moiety consists of a lipid or lipids.
2006-05-04 GO:0045714 regulation of low-density lipoprotein particle receptor biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of low-density lipoprotein receptors.
2006-05-04 GO:0048021 regulation of melanin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that alters the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of melanin.
2006-05-04 GO:0019222 regulation of metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways within a cell or an organism.
2006-05-04 GO:0045343 regulation of MHC class I biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of MHC class I.
2006-05-04 GO:0045346 regulation of MHC class II biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of MHC class II.
2006-05-04 GO:0045428 regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of nitric oxide.
2006-05-04 GO:0051772 regulation of nitric-oxide synthase 2 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the enzyme nitric-oxide synthase 2.
2006-05-04 GO:0051769 regulation of nitric-oxide synthase biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the enzyme nitric-oxide synthase.
2006-05-04 GO:0051171 regulation of nitrogen compound metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving nitrogen or nitrogenous compounds.
2006-05-04 GO:0019219 regulation of nucleobase-containing compound metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving nucleobases, nucleosides, nucleotides and nucleic acids.
2006-05-04 GO:0009118 regulation of nucleoside metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving nucleosides.
2006-05-04 GO:0030808 regulation of nucleotide biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of nucleotides.
2006-05-04 GO:0030811 regulation of nucleotide catabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of nucleotides.
2006-05-04 GO:0006140 regulation of nucleotide metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving nucleotides.
2006-05-04 GO:0044246 regulation of multicellular organismal metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of chemical reactions and pathways in multicellular organisms that occur at the tissue, organ, or organismal level.
2006-05-04 GO:0019220 regulation of phosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving phosphates.
2006-05-04 GO:0045828 positive regulation of isoprenoid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving isoprenoid.
2006-05-04 GO:0045830 positive regulation of isotype switching Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of isotype switching.
2006-05-04 GO:0048298 positive regulation of isotype switching to IgA isotypes Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of isotype switching to IgA isotypes.
2006-05-04 GO:0048301 positive regulation of isotype switching to IgD isotypes Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of isotype switching to IgD isotypes.
2006-05-04 GO:0048295 positive regulation of isotype switching to IgE isotypes Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of isotype switching to IgE isotypes.
2006-05-04 GO:0008614 pyridoxine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving pyridoxine, 2-methyl-3-hydroxy-4,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)pyridine, one of the vitamin B6 compounds. Pyridoxal, pyridoxamine and pyridoxine are collectively known as vitamin B6, and are efficiently converted to the biologically active form of vitamin B6, pyridoxal phosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0019856 pyrimidine nucleobase biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of pyrimidine bases, 1,3-diazine, organic nitrogenous bases.
2006-05-04 GO:0006208 pyrimidine nucleobase catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of pyrimidine bases, 1,3-diazine, organic nitrogenous bases.
2006-05-04 GO:0006206 pyrimidine nucleobase metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving pyrimidine bases, 1,3-diazine, organic nitrogenous bases.
2006-05-04 GO:0046126 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of any one of a family of organic molecules consisting of a pyrimidine base covalently bonded to a sugar deoxyribose (a deoxyribonucleoside).
2006-05-04 GO:0046127 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of any one of a family of organic molecules consisting of a pyrimidine base covalently bonded to a sugar deoxyribose (a deoxyribonucleoside).
2006-05-04 GO:0009197 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with diphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009198 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of pyrimidine nucleoside diphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a ribose or deoxyribose sugar esterified with diphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009196 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving pyrimidine deoxynucleoside diphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with diphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0046125 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving any one of a family of organic molecules consisting of a pyrimidine base covalently bonded to a sugar deoxyribose (a deoxyribonucleoside).
2006-05-04 GO:0009177 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of pyrimidine deoxynucleoside monophosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with phosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009178 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of pyrimidine deoxynucleoside monophosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with phosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009176 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving pyrimidine deoxynucleoside monophosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with phosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009212 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with triphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0019273 L-alanine biosynthetic process via ornithine Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-alanine, via the intermediate ornithine.
2006-05-04 GO:0042853 L-alanine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-alanine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0019481 L-alanine catabolic process, by transamination Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-alanine by transamination.
2006-05-04 GO:0018880 4-chlorobiphenyl metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving 4-chlorobiphenyl, a member of the polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) group of compounds, a very stable group of synthetic organic compounds composed of a biphenyl nucleus with 1-10 chlorine substituents. 4-chlorobiphenyl has been used as a model substrate to investigate PCB degradation.
2006-05-04 GO:0019472 4-hydroxyproline biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 4-hydroxyproline, C5H9NO3, a derivative of the amino acid proline.
2006-05-04 GO:0019470 4-hydroxyproline catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of 4-hydroxyproline, C5H9NO3, a derivative of the amino acid proline.
2006-05-04 GO:0019471 4-hydroxyproline metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving 4-hydroxyproline, C5H9NO3, a derivative of the amino acid proline. The presence of hydroxyproline is essential to produce stable triple helical tropocollagen, hence the problems caused by ascorbate deficiency in scurvy. This unusual amino acid is also present in considerable amounts in the major glycoprotein of primary plant cell walls.
2006-05-04 GO:0046195 4-nitrophenol biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 4-nitrophenol, a nitroaromatic compound which is used in the production of dyes, leather treatment agents, fungicides and as an intermediate in the production of the insecticide parathion.
2006-05-04 GO:0046196 4-nitrophenol catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of 4-nitrophenol, a nitroaromatic compound which is used in the production of dyes, leather treatment agents, fungicides and as an intermediate in the production of the insecticide parathion.
2006-05-04 GO:0018960 4-nitrophenol metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving 4-nitrophenol, a nitroaromatic compound which is used in the production of dyes, leather treatment agents, fungicides and as an intermediate in the production of the insecticide parathion.
2006-05-04 GO:0046261 4-nitrotoluene biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 4-nitrotoluene, 1-methyl-4-nitrobenzene.
2006-05-04 GO:0019258 4-nitrotoluene catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of 4-nitrotoluene, 1-methyl-4-nitrobenzene.
2006-05-04 GO:0019257 4-nitrotoluene metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving 4-nitrotoluene, 1-methyl-4-nitrobenzene. It is a light yellow liquid with a weak aromatic odor.
2006-05-04 GO:0046270 4-toluenecarboxylate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 4-toluenecarboxylate, 4-methylbenzenecarboxylate, the anion of carboxylic acid attached to a methylbenzene molecule.
2006-05-04 GO:0019612 4-toluenecarboxylate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of 4-toluenecarboxylate, 4-methylbenzenecarboxylate, the anion of carboxylic acid attached to a methylbenzene molecule.
2006-05-04 GO:0019611 4-toluenecarboxylate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving 4-toluenecarboxylate, 4-methylbenzenecarboxylate, the anion of carboxylic acid attached to a methylbenzene molecule.
2006-05-04 GO:0046082 5-methylcytosine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 5-methylcytosine, a methylated base of DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0006211 5-methylcytosine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of 5-methylcytosine, a methylated base of DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0019857 5-methylcytosine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving 5-methylcytosine, a methylated base of DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0006015 5-phosphoribose 1-diphosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 5-phosphoribose 1-diphosphate, also known as 5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0046391 5-phosphoribose 1-diphosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving 5-phosphoribose 1-diphosphate, also known as 5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0051680 6-alpha-maltosylglucose biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 6-alpha-maltosylglucose, also known as isopanose.
2006-05-04 GO:0051681 6-alpha-maltosylglucose catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of 6-alpha-maltosylglucose, also known as isopanose.
2006-05-04 GO:0051679 6-alpha-maltosylglucose metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving 6-alpha-maltosylglucose, also known as isopanose.
2006-05-04 GO:0046291 6-hydroxycineole biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 6-hydroxycineole (6-hydroxy-1,8-epoxy-p-menthane), a hydrocarbon with the formula C10H18O2.
2006-05-04 GO:0019639 6-hydroxycineole catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of 6-hydroxycineole (6-hydroxy-1,8-epoxy-p-menthane), a hydrocarbon with the formula C10H18O2.
2006-05-04 GO:0019638 6-hydroxycineole metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving 6-hydroxycineole (6-hydroxy-1,8-epoxy-p-menthane), a hydrocarbon with the formula C10H18O2.
2006-05-04 GO:0046118 7-methylguanosine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 7-methylguanosine, a modified nucleoside that forms a cap at the 5'-terminus of eukaryotic mRNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0046119 7-methylguanosine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of 7-methylguanosine, a modified nucleoside that forms a cap at the 5'-terminus of eukaryotic mRNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0008618 7-methylguanosine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving 7-methylguanosine, a modified nucleoside that forms a cap at the 5'-terminus of eukaryotic mRNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0042904 9-cis-retinoic acid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 9-cis-retinoic acid, a metabolically active vitamin A derivative.
2006-05-04 GO:0042905 9-cis-retinoic acid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving 9-cis-retinoic acid, a metabolically active vitamin A derivative.
2006-05-04 GO:0009688 abscisic acid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of abscisic acid, 5-(1-hydroxy-2,6,6,trimethyl-4-oxocyclohex-2-en-1-y1)-3-methylpenta-2,4-dienoic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0046345 abscisic acid catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of abscisic acid, 5-(1-hydroxy-2,6,6,trimethyl-4-oxocyclohex-2-en-1-y1)-3-methylpenta-2,4-dienoic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0009687 abscisic acid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving abscisic acid, 5-(1-hydroxy-2,6,6,trimethyl-4-oxocyclohex-2-en-1-y1)-3-methylpenta-2,4-dienoic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0046938 phytochelatin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of phytochelatins, any of a group of peptides that bind metals (Cd, Zn, Cu, Pb, Hg) in thiolate coordination complexes. The structure is of the type (gamma-glutamyl-cysteinyl)n-glycine, where n is 2 to 11.
2006-05-04 GO:0046937 phytochelatin metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving phytochelatins, any of a group of peptides that bind metals (Cd, Zn, Cu, Pb, Hg) in thiolate coordination complexes. The structure is of the type (gamma-glutamyl-cysteinyl)n-glycine, where n is 2 to 11.
2006-05-04 GO:0048543 phytochrome chromophore biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the phytochrome chromophore. The phytochrome chromophore is a linear tetrapyrrolic prosthetic group covalently attached to the large soluble protein phytochrome. Light absorption by the phytochrome chromophore triggers photoconversion between two spectrally distinct forms of the photoreceptor: Pr, the red light absorbing form, and Pfr, the far red light absorbing form.
2006-05-04 GO:0010024 phytochromobilin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of phytochromobilin, which involves the oxidative cleavage of heme by a heme oxygenase(HO) to form biliverdin IX alpha.
2006-05-04 GO:0051202 phytochromobilin metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving phytochromobilin, the linear tetrapyrrole chromophore required for plant phytochrome photoactivity.
2006-05-04 GO:0006671 phytosphingosine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving phytosphingosine, (2S,3S,4R)-2-amino-1,3,4-octadecanetriol, a constituent of many plant sphingolipids.
2006-05-04 GO:0016129 phytosteroid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of phytosteroids, steroids of higher plants differing from animal steroids C1 or C2 residues at C24 and/or a double bond at C22.
2006-05-04 GO:0016130 phytosteroid catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of phytosteroids, steroids of higher plants differing from animal steroids C1 or C2 residues at C24 and/or a double bond at C22.
2006-05-04 GO:0016128 phytosteroid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving phytosteroids, steroids of higher plants differing from animal steroids C1 or C2 residues at C24 and/or a double bond at C22.
2006-05-04 GO:0046148 pigment biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a pigment, any general or particular coloring matter in living organisms, e.g. melanin.
2006-05-04 GO:0043477 pigment biosynthetic process involved in pigment accumulation Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a pigment, any general or particular coloring matter in living organisms, occurring during pigment accumulation.
2006-05-04 GO:0048784 pigment biosynthetic process involved in pigment granule maturation Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a pigment, during the process by which a membrane bound organelle develops into a pigment granule. Maturation is a developmental process, independent of morphogenetic (shape) change, that is required for a cell or structure to attain its fully functional state.
2006-05-04 GO:0046149 pigment catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a pigment, any general or particular coloring matter in living organisms, e.g. melanin.
2006-05-04 GO:0042440 pigment metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving pigment, any general or particular coloring matter in living organisms, e.g. melanin.
2006-05-04 GO:0043324 pigment metabolic process involved in developmental pigmentation Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving pigment, any general or particular coloring matter in living organisms, e.g. melanin, occurring during the deposition of coloring matter in an organ or organism.
2006-05-04 GO:0043475 pigment metabolic process involved in pigment accumulation Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a pigment, any general or particular coloring matter in living organisms, occurring during pigment accumulation.
2006-05-04 GO:0043474 pigment metabolic process involved in pigmentation Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a pigment, any general or particular coloring matter in living organisms, occurring during the deposition or aggregation of pigment in an organism, tissue or cell.
2006-05-04 GO:0043119 positive regulation of physiological process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of a physiological process, a process specifically pertinent to the functioning of integrated living units: cells, tissues, organs, and organisms.
2006-05-04 GO:0050942 positive regulation of pigment cell differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of pigment cell differentiation.
2006-05-04 GO:0045615 positive regulation of plasmatocyte differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of plasmatocyte differentiation.
2006-05-04 GO:0045856 positive regulation of pole plasm oskar mRNA localization Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the process by which oskar mRNA is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2006-05-04 GO:0050927 positive regulation of positive chemotaxis Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of a motile cell or organism towards a higher concentration in a concentration gradient of a specific chemical.
2006-05-04 GO:0048582 positive regulation of post-embryonic development Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of post-embryonic development. Post-embryonic development is defined as the process whose specific outcome is the progression of the organism over time, from the completion of embryonic development to the mature structure.
2006-05-04 GO:0043268 positive regulation of potassium ion transport Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of potassium ions (K+) into, out of, within or between cells.
2006-05-04 GO:0043068 positive regulation of programmed cell death Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of programmed cell death, cell death resulting from activation of endogenous cellular processes.
2006-05-04 GO:0045787 positive regulation of cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of progression through the cell cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0051446 positive regulation of meiotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of progression through the meiotic cell cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0045931 positive regulation of mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of progression through the mitotic cell cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0046002 positive regulation of preblastoderm mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of progression through the preblastoderm mitotic cell cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0019682 glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate, an important intermediate in glycolysis.
2006-05-04 GO:0006114 glycerol biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glycerol, 1,2,3-propanetriol, a sweet, hygroscopic, viscous liquid, widely distributed in nature as a constituent of many lipids.
2006-05-04 GO:0046327 glycerol biosynthetic process from pyruvate Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glycerol, 1,2,3-propanetriol, from other compounds, including pyruvate.
2006-05-04 GO:0019563 glycerol catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of glycerol, 1,2,3-propanetriol, a sweet, hygroscopic, viscous liquid, widely distributed in nature as a constituent of many lipids.
2006-05-04 GO:0046504 glycerol ether biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glycerol ethers, any anhydride formed between two organic hydroxy compounds, one of which is glycerol.
2006-05-04 GO:0044269 glycerol ether catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of glycerol ethers, any anhydride formed between two organic hydroxy compounds, one of which is glycerol.
2006-05-04 GO:0006662 glycerol ether metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving glycerol ethers, any anhydride formed between two organic hydroxy compounds, one of which is glycerol.
2006-05-04 GO:0006071 glycerol metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving glycerol, 1,2,3-propanetriol, a sweet, hygroscopic, viscous liquid, widely distributed in nature as a constituent of many lipids.
2006-05-04 GO:0046167 glycerol-3-phosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glycerol-3-phosphate, a phosphoric monoester of glycerol.
2006-05-04 GO:0046168 glycerol-3-phosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of glycerol-3-phosphate, a phosphoric monoester of glycerol.
2006-05-04 GO:0006072 glycerol-3-phosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving glycerol-3-phosphate, a phosphoric monoester of glycerol.
2006-05-04 GO:0045017 glycerolipid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glycerolipids, any lipid with a glycerol backbone.
2006-05-04 GO:0046503 glycerolipid catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of glycerolipids, any lipid with a glycerol backbone.
2006-05-04 GO:0046486 glycerolipid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving glycerolipids, any lipid with a glycerol backbone. Diacylglycerol and phosphatidate are key lipid intermediates of glycerolipid biosynthesis.
2006-05-04 GO:0046474 glycerophospholipid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glycerophospholipids, any derivative of glycerophosphate that contains at least one O-acyl, O-alkyl, or O-alkenyl group attached to the glycerol residue.
2006-05-04 GO:0046475 glycerophospholipid catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of glycerophospholipids, any derivative of glycerophosphate that contains at least one O-acyl, O-alkyl, or O-alkenyl group attached to the glycerol residue.
2006-05-04 GO:0006650 glycerophospholipid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving glycerophospholipids, any derivative of glycerophosphate that contains at least one O-acyl, O-alkyl, or O-alkenyl group attached to the glycerol residue.
2006-05-04 GO:0031456 glycine betaine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glycine betaine, N-trimethylglycine.
2006-05-04 GO:0019285 glycine betaine biosynthetic process from choline Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of betaine (N-trimethylglycine) from the oxidation of choline.
2006-05-04 GO:0019286 glycine betaine biosynthetic process from glycine Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glycine betaine from other compounds, including glycine.
2006-05-04 GO:0031457 glycine betaine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of glycine betaine, N-trimethylglycine.
2006-05-04 GO:0031455 glycine betaine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving glycine betaine, N-trimethylglycine.
2006-05-04 GO:0006545 glycine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glycine, aminoethanoic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0019264 glycine biosynthetic process from serine Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glycine from other compounds, including serine.
2006-05-04 GO:0031658 negative regulation of cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity involved in G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of CDK activity during the G1/S transition of the cell cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0031659 positive regulation of cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity involved in G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of CDK activity during the G1/S transition of the cell cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0031661 negative regulation of cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity involved in G2/M transition of mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of CDK activity during the G2/M transition of the cell cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0031662 positive regulation of cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity involved in G2/M transition of mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of CDK activity during the G2/M transition of the cell cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0046357 galactarate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of galactarate, the anion of galactaric acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0046392 galactarate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of galactarate, the anion of galactaric acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0009694 jasmonic acid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving jasmonic acid, a fatty acid derivative with the formula (1R-(1 alpha, 2 beta(Z)))-3-oxo-2-(2-pentenyl)cyclopentaneacetic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0006718 juvenile hormone biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of juvenile hormones, the three sesquiterpenoid derivatives that function to maintain the larval state of insects at molting and that may be required for other processes, e.g. oogenesis.
2006-05-04 GO:0006719 juvenile hormone catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of juvenile hormones, the three sesquiterpenoid derivatives that function to maintain the larval state of insects at molting and that may be required for other processes, e.g. oogenesis.
2006-05-04 GO:0006716 juvenile hormone metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving juvenile hormones, the three sesquiterpenoid derivatives that function to maintain the larval state of insects at molting and that may be required for other processes, e.g. oogenesis.
2006-05-04 GO:0009248 K antigen biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a K antigen, a capsular polysaccharide antigen carried on the surface of bacterial capsules that masks somatic (O) antigens.
2006-05-04 GO:0046375 K antigen metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving K antigen, a capsular polysaccharide antigen carried on the surface of bacterial capsules that masks somatic (O) antigens.
2006-05-04 GO:0018146 keratan sulfate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of keratan sulfate, a glycosaminoglycan with repeat units consisting of beta-1,4-linked D-galactopyranosyl-beta-(1,4)-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine 6-sulfate and with variable amounts of fucose, sialic acid and mannose units; keratan sulfate chains are covalently linked by a glycosidic attachment through the trisaccharide galactosyl-galactosyl-xylose to peptidyl-threonine or serine residues.
2006-05-04 GO:0042340 keratan sulfate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of keratan sulfate, a glycosaminoglycan with repeat units consisting of beta-1,4-linked D-galactopyranosyl-beta-(1,4)-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine 6-sulfate and with variable amounts of fucose, sialic acid and mannose units; keratan sulfate chains are covalently linked by a glycosidic attachment through the trisaccharide galactosyl-galactosyl-xylose to peptidyl-threonine or serine residues.
2006-05-04 GO:0042339 keratan sulfate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving keratan sulfate, a glycosaminoglycan with repeat units consisting of beta-1,4-linked D-galactopyranosyl-beta-(1,4)-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine 6-sulfate and with variable amounts of fucose, sialic acid and mannose units; keratan sulfate chains are covalently linked by a glycosidic attachment through the trisaccharide galactosyl-galactosyl-xylose to peptidyl-threonine or serine residues.
2006-05-04 GO:0019294 keto-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ketodeoxyoctanoate, 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-octaonate, an acid present in lipopolysaccharides of the outer membranes of some Gram-negative bacteria.
2006-05-04 GO:0046400 keto-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving ketodeoxyoctanoate, 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-octaonate, an acid present in lipopolysaccharides of the outer membranes of some Gram-negative bacteria.
2006-05-04 GO:0046180 ketogluconate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ketogluconate, the anion of ketogluconic acid, an aldonic acid derived from glucose containing a ketonic carbonyl group.
2006-05-04 GO:0046181 ketogluconate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of ketogluconate, the anion of ketogluconic acid, an aldonic acid derived from glucose containing a ketonic carbonyl group.
2006-05-04 GO:0019522 ketogluconate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving ketogluconate, the anion of ketogluconic acid, an aldonic acid derived from glucose containing a ketonic carbonyl group.
2006-05-04 GO:0042181 ketone biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ketones, a class of organic compounds that contain the carbonyl group, CO, and in which the carbonyl group is bonded only to carbon atoms. The general formula for a ketone is RCOR, where R and R are alkyl or aryl groups.
2006-05-04 GO:0046951 ketone body biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ketone bodies, any one of the three substances: acetoacetate, D-3-hydroxybutyrate (beta-hydroxybutyrate) or acetone. Biosynthesis involves the formation of hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA, which is cleaved to acetate and acetyl-CoA.
2006-05-04 GO:0046952 ketone body catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of ketone bodies, any one of the three substances: acetoacetate, D-3-hydroxybutyrate (beta-hydroxybutyrate) or acetone. Ketone bodies can be used as an energy source as an alternative to glucose. Utilization of ketone bodies in peripheral tissues involves conversion of acetoacetate to acetoacetyl-CoA, which is then converted to two molecules of acetyl-CoA.
2006-05-04 GO:0046950 cellular ketone body metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving ketone bodies, any one of the three substances: acetoacetate, D-3-hydroxybutyrate (beta-hydroxybutyrate) or acetone. Although 3-hydroxybutyrate is not a ketone, it is classed as a ketone body because it exists in an equilibrium with acetoacetate. Ketone bodies may accumulate in excessive amounts in the body in starvation, diabetes mellitus or in other defects of carbohydrate metabolism.
2006-05-04 GO:0042182 ketone catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of ketones, a class of organic compounds that contain the carbonyl group, CO, and in which the carbonyl group is bonded only to carbon atoms. The general formula for a ketone is RCOR, where R and R are alkyl or aryl groups.
2006-05-04 GO:0042180 cellular ketone metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving any of a class of organic compounds that contain the carbonyl group, CO, and in which the carbonyl group is bonded only to carbon atoms. The general formula for a ketone is RCOR, where R and R are alkyl or aryl groups.
2006-05-04 GO:0019246 L(+)-lactate biosynthetic process from pyruvate Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L(+)lactate from other compounds, including pyruvate.
2006-05-04 GO:0042852 L-alanine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-alanine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0019272 L-alanine biosynthetic process from pyruvate Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of alanine from other compounds, including pyruvate.
2006-05-04 GO:0045392 positive regulation of interleukin-21 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-21.
2006-05-04 GO:0045395 positive regulation of interleukin-22 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-22.
2006-05-04 GO:0045398 positive regulation of interleukin-23 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-23.
2006-05-04 GO:0045536 positive regulation of interleukin-24 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-24.
2006-05-04 GO:0045537 positive regulation of interleukin-25 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-25.
2006-05-04 GO:0045538 positive regulation of interleukin-26 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-26.
2006-05-04 GO:0045539 positive regulation of interleukin-27 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-27.
2006-05-04 GO:0045401 positive regulation of interleukin-3 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-3.
2006-05-04 GO:0045404 positive regulation of interleukin-4 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-4.
2006-05-04 GO:0045407 positive regulation of interleukin-5 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-5.
2006-05-04 GO:0045410 positive regulation of interleukin-6 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-6.
2006-05-04 GO:0045413 positive regulation of interleukin-7 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-7.
2006-05-04 GO:0045416 positive regulation of interleukin-8 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-8.
2006-05-04 GO:0045419 positive regulation of interleukin-9 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-9.
2006-05-04 GO:0030844 positive regulation of intermediate filament depolymerization Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of intermediate filament depolymerization.
2006-05-04 GO:0030841 positive regulation of intermediate filament polymerization Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of intermediate filament polymerization.
2006-05-04 GO:0045826 positive regulation of intermediate filament polymerization and/or depolymerization Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of intermediate filament polymerization and/or depolymerization.
2006-05-04 GO:0048397 positive regulation of intermediate mesodermal cell fate determination Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of intermediate mesoderm cell fate determination.
2006-05-04 GO:0048400 positive regulation of intermediate mesodermal cell fate specification Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of intermediate mesoderm cell fate specification.
2006-05-04 GO:0043270 positive regulation of ion transport Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of charged atoms or small charged molecules into, out of, within or between cells.
2006-05-04 GO:0031587 positive regulation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-sensitive calcium-release channel activity Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the activity of the IP3 receptor.
2006-05-04 GO:0050945 positive regulation of iridophore differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of iridophore differentiation.
2006-05-04 GO:0006240 dCDP biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of dCDP, deoxycytidine 5'-diphosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0006251 dCDP catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of dCDP, deoxycytidine 5'-diphosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0046062 dCDP metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving dCDP, deoxycytidine 5'-diphosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0046064 dCMP biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of dCMP, deoxycytidine monophosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0006249 dCMP catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of dCMP, deoxycytidine monophosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0046063 dCMP metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving dCMP, deoxycytidine monophosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0006242 dCTP biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of dCTP, deoxycytidine triphosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0006253 dCTP catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of dCTP, deoxycytidine triphosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0046065 dCTP metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving dCTP, deoxycytidine triphosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0046091 deoxyadenosine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of deoxyadenosine, 2-deoxyribosyladenine, one of the four major nucleosides of DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0006157 deoxyadenosine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of deoxyadenosine, 2-deoxyribosyladenine, one of the four major nucleosides of DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0046090 deoxyadenosine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving deoxyadenosine, 2-deoxyribosyladenine, one of the four major nucleosides of DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0046093 deoxycytidine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of deoxycytidine, 2-deoxyribosylcytosine, one of the four major nucleosides of DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0006217 deoxycytidine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of deoxycytidine, 2-deoxyribosylcytosine, one of the four major nucleosides of DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0046092 deoxycytidine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving deoxycytidine, 2-deoxyribosylcytosine, one of the four major nucleosides of DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0042452 deoxyguanosine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of deoxyguanosine, a nucleoside consisting of the base guanine and the sugar deoxyribose.
2006-05-04 GO:0006161 deoxyguanosine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of deoxyguanosine, a nucleoside consisting of the base guanine and the sugar deoxyribose.
2006-05-04 GO:0042453 deoxyguanosine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving deoxyguanosine, a nucleoside consisting of the base guanine and the sugar deoxyribose.
2006-05-04 GO:0046095 deoxyinosine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of deoxyinosine, hypoxanthine deoxyriboside.
2006-05-04 GO:0006149 deoxyinosine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of deoxyinosine, hypoxanthine deoxyriboside.
2006-05-04 GO:0046094 deoxyinosine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving deoxyinosine, hypoxanthine deoxyriboside.
2006-05-04 GO:0046120 deoxyribonucleoside biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of any one of a family of organic molecules consisting of a purine or pyrimidine base covalently bonded to a sugar deoxyribose (a deoxyribonucleoside).
2006-05-04 GO:0046121 deoxyribonucleoside catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of any one of a family of organic molecules consisting of a purine or pyrimidine base covalently bonded to a sugar deoxyribose (a deoxyribonucleoside).
2006-05-04 GO:0009189 deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with diphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009192 deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with diphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009186 deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with diphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009120 deoxyribonucleoside metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving any one of a family of organic molecules consisting of a purine or pyrimidine base covalently bonded to a sugar deoxyribose (a deoxyribonucleoside).
2006-05-04 GO:0009157 deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with phosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0019671 glutamate catabolic process via mesaconate and citramalate Updated DEFINITION The anaerobic chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of glutamate via the intermediates mesaconate and S-citramalate, yielding energy in the form of ATP.
2006-05-04 GO:0006536 glutamate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving glutamate, the anion of 2-aminopentanedioic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0006542 glutamine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glutamine, 2-amino-4-carbamoylbutanoic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0006543 glutamine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of glutamine, 2-amino-4-carbamoylbutanoic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0009084 glutamine family amino acid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of amino acids of the glutamine family, comprising arginine, glutamate, glutamine and proline.
2006-05-04 GO:0009065 glutamine family amino acid catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of amino acids of the glutamine family, comprising arginine, glutamate, glutamine and proline.
2006-05-04 GO:0009064 glutamine family amino acid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving amino acids of the glutamine family, comprising arginine, glutamate, glutamine and proline.
2006-05-04 GO:0006541 glutamine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving glutamine, 2-amino-4-carbamoylbutanoic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0042965 glutaredoxin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a small disulfide-containing redox protein that serves as a glutathione-disulfide oxidoreductase.
2006-05-04 GO:0006750 glutathione biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glutathione, the tripeptide glutamylcysteinylglycine, which acts as a coenzyme for some enzymes and as an antioxidant in the protection of sulfhydryl groups in enzymes and other proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0006751 glutathione catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of glutathione, the tripeptide glutamylcysteinylglycine, which acts as a coenzyme for some enzymes and as an antioxidant in the protection of sulfhydryl groups in enzymes and other proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0006749 glutathione metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving glutathione, the tripeptide glutamylcysteinylglycine, which acts as a coenzyme for some enzymes and as an antioxidant in the protection of sulfhydryl groups in enzymes and other proteins; it has a specific role in the reduction of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and oxidized ascorbate, and it participates in the gamma-glutamyl cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0046166 glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate, an important intermediate in glycolysis.
2006-05-04 GO:0019683 glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate, an important intermediate in glycolysis.
2006-05-04 GO:0008654 phospholipid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of phospholipids, any lipid containing phosphoric acid as a mono- or diester.
2006-05-04 GO:0009395 phospholipid catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of phospholipids, any lipid containing phosphoric acid as a mono- or diester.
2006-05-04 GO:0006644 phospholipid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving phospholipids, any lipid containing phosphoric acid as a mono- or diester.
2006-05-04 GO:0019700 organic phosphonate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of phosphonates, any salt, anion, or ester of phosphonic acid (HPO(OH)2).
2006-05-04 GO:0019634 organic phosphonate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving phosphonates, any salt, anion, or ester of phosphonic acid (HPO(OH)2).
2006-05-04 GO:0019636 phosphonoacetate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving phosphonoacetate, C2H4PO5, a substance composed of an acetate and a phosphonic acid residue.
2006-05-04 GO:0006793 phosphorus metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving the nonmetallic element phosphorus or compounds that contain phosphorus, usually in the form of a phosphate group (PO4).
2006-05-04 GO:0046238 phthalate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of phthalate, any ester or salt of phthalic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0046239 phthalate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of phthalate, the anion of phthalic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0018963 phthalate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving phthalate, the anion of phthalic acid. Phthalic acid diesters are used industrially in the production of a variety of household and consumer goods including plastic polymers, lubricating oils, and carriers for perfumes in cosmetics, while phthalic acid itself is used industrially as a plasticizer. Terephthalate is used in the synthesis of polyethylene terephthalate (polyethene terephthlate, abbreviated PET or PETE), a plastic polymer with many commercial uses.
2006-05-04 GO:0042372 phylloquinone biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of phylloquinone, vitamin K1, a quinone-derived compound synthesized by green plants.
2006-05-04 GO:0042376 phylloquinone catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of phylloquinone, vitamin K1, a quinone-derived compound synthesized by green plants.
2006-05-04 GO:0042374 phylloquinone metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving phylloquinone, a quinone-derived compound synthesized by green plants. Phylloquinone has vitamin K activity and is known as vitamin K1.
2006-05-04 GO:0010264 myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of phytic acid, phytate/hexakisphosphate inositol, a regulator of intracellular signaling, a highly abundant animal anti-nutrient and a phosphate and mineral storage compound in plant seeds.
2006-05-04 GO:0019337 tetrachloroethylene catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of tetrachloroethylene, a derivative of ethene with the hydrogen atoms replaced by chlorines.
2006-05-04 GO:0018967 tetrachloroethylene metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrachloroethylene (tetrachloroethene), a derivative of ethene with the hydrogen atoms replaced by chlorines. Tetrachloroethene has been used primarily as a solvent in dry-cleaning industries and to a lesser extent as a degreasing solvent.
2006-05-04 GO:0006729 tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of tetrahydrobiopterin, the reduced form of biopterin (2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-(1,2-dihydroxypropyl)-pteridine). It functions as a hydroxylation coenzyme, e.g. in the conversion of phenylalanine to tyrosine.
2006-05-04 GO:0050899 nitrile catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a nitrile, an organic compound containing trivalent nitrogen attached to one carbon atom.

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2006-05-04 GO:0030309 poly-N-acetyllactosamine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving poly-N-acetyllactosamine, a carbohydrate composed of N-acetyllactosamine repeats (Gal-beta-1,4-GlcNAc-beta-1,3)n.
2006-05-04 GO:0043634 polyadenylation-dependent ncRNA catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of an RNA molecule, initiated by the enzymatic addition of a sequence of adenylyl residues (polyadenylation) at the 3' end the target RNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0006596 polyamine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of polyamines, any organic compound containing two or more amino groups.
2006-05-04 GO:0006598 polyamine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of polyamines, any organic compound containing two or more amino groups.
2006-05-04 GO:0006595 polyamine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving polyamines, any organic compound containing two or more amino groups.
2006-05-04 GO:0009241 polyisoprenoid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of polyisoprenoids, acyclic polymers containing a large number of isoprene subunits, usually unsaturated.
2006-05-04 GO:0042176 regulation of protein catabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein by the destruction of the native, active configuration, with or without the hydrolysis of peptide bonds.
2006-05-04 GO:0051246 regulation of protein metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving a protein.
2006-05-04 GO:0042068 regulation of pteridine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving pteridine.
2006-05-04 GO:0006141 regulation of purine nucleobase metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving purines.
2006-05-04 GO:0006142 regulation of pyrimidine nucleobase metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving pyrimidines.
2006-05-04 GO:0043463 regulation of rhamnose catabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of rhamnose, the hexose 6-deoxy-L-mannose.
2006-05-04 GO:0051252 regulation of RNA metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving RNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0050810 regulation of steroid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of steroids, compounds with a 1,2,cyclopentanoperhydrophenanthrene nucleus.
2006-05-04 GO:0019218 regulation of steroid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving steroids.
2006-05-04 GO:0031335 regulation of sulfur amino acid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving sulfur amino acids.
2006-05-04 GO:0042762 regulation of sulfur metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving sulfur, the nonmetallic element sulfur or compounds that contain sulfur.
2006-05-04 GO:0050758 regulation of thymidylate synthase biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the enzyme thymidylate synthase.
2006-05-04 GO:0045554 regulation of TRAIL biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of TRAIL, TNF-related apoptosis inducing ligand.
2006-05-04 GO:0045561 regulation of TRAIL receptor 1 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of TRAIL (TNF-related apoptosis inducing ligand) receptor 1.
2006-05-04 GO:0045562 regulation of TRAIL receptor 2 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of TRAIL (TNF-related apoptosis inducing ligand) receptor 2.
2006-05-04 GO:0045560 regulation of TRAIL receptor biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the TRAIL (TNF-related apoptosis inducing ligand) receptor.
2006-05-04 GO:0045662 negative regulation of myoblast differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of myoblast differentiation.
2006-05-04 GO:0030102 negative regulation of natural killer cell activity Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer cell activity.
2006-05-04 GO:0050925 negative regulation of negative chemotaxis Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of a motile cell or organism towards a lower concentration in a concentration gradient of a specific chemical.
2006-05-04 GO:0051395 negative regulation of nerve growth factor receptor activity Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the activity of the nerve growth factor receptor.
2006-05-04 GO:0051387 negative regulation of neurotrophin TRK receptor signaling pathway Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the activity of the nerve growth factor receptor signaling pathway.
2006-05-04 GO:0007406 negative regulation of neuroblast proliferation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the proliferation of neuroblasts.
2006-05-04 GO:0050768 negative regulation of neurogenesis Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of neurogenesis, the origin and formation of neurons.
2006-05-04 GO:0043524 negative regulation of neuron apoptotic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of cell death by apoptosis in neurons.
2006-05-04 GO:0045665 negative regulation of neuron differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of neuron differentiation.
2006-05-04 GO:0014043 negative regulation of neuron maturation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of neuron maturation.
2006-05-04 GO:0031645 negative regulation of neurological system process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of a neurophysiological process.
2006-05-04 GO:0046929 negative regulation of neurotransmitter secretion Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the regulated release of a neurotransmitter.
2006-05-04 GO:0051589 negative regulation of neurotransmitter transport Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of a neurotransmitter into, out of, within or between cells.
2006-05-04 GO:0051581 negative regulation of neurotransmitter uptake Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of a neurotransmitter into a neuron or glial cell.
2006-05-04 GO:0045659 negative regulation of neutrophil differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of neutrophil differentiation.
2006-05-04 GO:0042347 negative regulation of NF-kappaB import into nucleus Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the transfer of NF-kappaB, a transcription factor for eukaryotic RNA polymerase II promoters, from the cytoplasm into the nucleus, across the nuclear membrane.
2006-05-04 GO:0045019 negative regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of nitric oxide.
2006-05-04 GO:0051774 negative regulation of nitric-oxide synthase 2 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the enzyme nitric-oxide synthase 2.
2006-05-04 GO:0051771 negative regulation of nitric-oxide synthase biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the enzyme nitric-oxide synthase.
2006-05-04 GO:0051172 negative regulation of nitrogen compound metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving nitrogen or nitrogenous compounds.
2006-05-04 GO:0045847 negative regulation of nitrogen utilization Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of nitrogen utilization.
2006-05-04 GO:0051134 negative regulation of NK T cell activation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer T cell activation.
2006-05-04 GO:0051137 negative regulation of NK T cell differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer T cell differentiation.
2006-05-04 GO:0051141 negative regulation of NK T cell proliferation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of natural killer T cell proliferation.
2006-05-04 GO:0043072 negative regulation of non-apoptotic programmed cell death Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of non-apoptotic programmed cell death, cell death resulting from activation of endogenous cellular processes, by a mechanism other than apoptosis.
2006-05-04 GO:0051622 negative regulation of norepinephrine uptake Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of norepinephrine into a cell.
2006-05-04 GO:0045746 negative regulation of Notch signaling pathway Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the Notch signaling pathway.
2006-05-04 GO:0051784 negative regulation of nuclear division Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of nuclear division, the partitioning of the nucleus and its genetic information.
2006-05-04 GO:0045934 negative regulation of nucleobase-containing compound metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving nucleobases, nucleosides, nucleotides and nucleic acids.
2006-05-04 GO:0046823 negative regulation of nucleocytoplasmic transport Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of substances between the cytoplasm and the nucleus.
2006-05-04 GO:0045978 negative regulation of nucleoside metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving nucleosides.
2006-05-04 GO:0030809 negative regulation of nucleotide biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of nucleotides.
2006-05-04 GO:0030812 negative regulation of nucleotide catabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of nucleotides.
2006-05-04 GO:0045980 negative regulation of nucleotide metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving nucleotides.
2006-05-04 GO:0045849 negative regulation of nurse cell apoptotic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of nurse cell apoptosis.
2006-05-04 GO:0042483 negative regulation of odontogenesis Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the formation and development of a tooth or teeth.
2006-05-04 GO:0042486 negative regulation of odontogenesis of calcareous or chitinous tooth Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the formation and development of a tooth, any hard calcareous or chitinous organ found in the mouth and used in feeding or procuring food, e.g. a mollusk or starfish tooth. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Protostomia (Protostomia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33317).
2006-05-04 GO:0042489 negative regulation of odontogenesis of dentin-containing tooth Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the formation and development of teeth, the hard, bony appendages which are borne on the jaws, or on other bones in the walls of the mouth or pharynx, as in, but not restricted to, the vertebrates (Vertebrata, ncbi_taxonomy_id:7742).
2006-05-04 GO:0048715 negative regulation of oligodendrocyte differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of oligodendrocyte differentiation.
2006-05-04 GO:0010236 plastoquinone biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of plastoquinone, a lipid-soluble electron-transporting coenzyme present in the chloroplast.
2006-05-04 GO:0006663 platelet activating factor biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of platelet activating factor, 1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphocholine, where alkyl = hexadecyl or octadecyl. Platelet activating factor is an inflammatory mediator released from a variety of cells in response to various stimuli.
2006-05-04 GO:0046469 platelet activating factor metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving platelet activating factor, 1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphocholine, where alkyl = hexadecyl or octadecyl. Platelet activating factor is an inflammatory mediator released from a variety of cells in response to various stimuli.
2006-05-04 GO:0042621 poly(3-hydroxyalkanoate) biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates), polyesters of 3-hydroxyacids produced as intracellular granules by a large variety of bacteria.
2006-05-04 GO:0042620 poly(3-hydroxyalkanoate) metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates), polyesters of 3-hydroxyacids produced as intracellular granules by a large variety of bacteria.
2006-05-04 GO:0042619 poly-hydroxybutyrate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of poly-hydroxybutyrate (PHB), a polymer of beta-hydroxybutyrate and a common storage material of prokaryotic cells.
2006-05-04 GO:0042618 poly-hydroxybutyrate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving poly-hydroxybutyrate (PHB), a polymer of beta-hydroxybutyrate and a common storage material of prokaryotic cells.
2006-05-04 GO:0030311 poly-N-acetyllactosamine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of poly-N-acetyllactosamine, a carbohydrate composed of N-acetyllactosamine repeats (Gal-beta-1,4-GlcNAc-beta-1,3)n.
2006-05-04 GO:0030310 poly-N-acetyllactosamine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of poly-N-acetyllactosamine, a carbohydrate composed of N-acetyllactosamine repeats (Gal-beta-1,4-GlcNAc-beta-1,3)n.
2006-05-04 GO:0009224 CMP biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of CMP, cytidine monophosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0006248 CMP catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of CMP, cytidine monophosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0046035 CMP metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving CMP, cytidine monophosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0006055 CMP-N-acetylneuraminate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of CMP-N-acetylneuraminate, a substance composed of 5-(acetylamino)-3,5-dideoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-non-3-ulosonic acid in glycosidic linkage with cytidine monophosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0046381 CMP-N-acetylneuraminate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving CMP-N-acetylneuraminate, a substance composed of 5-(acetylamino)-3,5-dideoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-non-3-ulosonic acid in glycosidic linkage with cytidine monophosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0009236 cobalamin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of cobalamin (vitamin B12), a water-soluble vitamin characterized by possession of a corrin nucleus containing a cobalt atom.
2006-05-04 GO:0042366 cobalamin catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of cobalamin (vitamin B12), a water-soluble vitamin characterized by possession of a corrin nucleus containing a cobalt atom.
2006-05-04 GO:0009235 cobalamin metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving cobalamin (vitamin B12), a water-soluble vitamin characterized by possession of a corrin nucleus containing a cobalt atom.
2006-05-04 GO:0050799 cocaine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of cocaine, an alkaloid obtained from the dried leaves of the shrub Erythroxylon coca. It is a cerebral stimulant and narcotic.
2006-05-04 GO:0050784 cocaine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of cocaine, an alkaloid obtained from the dried leaves of the shrub Erythroxylon coca. It is a cerebral stimulant and narcotic.
2006-05-04 GO:0050783 cocaine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving cocaine, an alkaloid obtained from the dried leaves of the shrub Erythroxylon coca. It is a cerebral stimulant and narcotic.
2006-05-04 GO:0015937 coenzyme A biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of coenzyme A, 3'-phosphoadenosine-(5')diphospho(4')pantatheine, an acyl carrier in many acylation and acyl-transfer reactions in which the intermediate is a thiol ester.
2006-05-04 GO:0015938 coenzyme A catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of coenzyme A, 3'-phosphoadenosine-(5')diphospho(4')pantatheine, an acyl carrier in many acylation and acyl-transfer reactions in which the intermediate is a thiol ester.
2006-05-04 GO:0015936 coenzyme A metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving coenzyme A, 3'-phosphoadenosine-(5')diphospho(4')pantatheine, an acyl carrier in many acylation and acyl-transfer reactions in which the intermediate is a thiol ester.
2006-05-04 GO:0046138 coenzyme and prosthetic group biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of coenzymes and prosthetic groups.
2006-05-04 GO:0046139 coenzyme and prosthetic group catabolic process Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of coenzymes and prosthetic groups.
2006-05-04 GO:0006731 coenzyme and prosthetic group metabolic process Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways involving coenzymes and prosthetic groups.
2006-05-04 GO:0019298 coenzyme B biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of coenzyme B (7-mercaptoheptanoylthreonine phosphate), a coenzyme involved in the utilization of methane by methanogenic prokaryotes.
2006-05-04 GO:0019297 coenzyme B metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving coenzyme B (7-mercaptoheptanoylthreonine phosphate), a coenzyme involved in the utilization of methane by methanogenic prokaryotes.
2006-05-04 GO:0009108 coenzyme biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of coenzymes, any of various nonprotein organic cofactors that are required, in addition to an enzyme and a substrate, for an enzymatic reaction to proceed.
2006-05-04 GO:0009109 coenzyme catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of coenzymes, any of various nonprotein organic cofactors that are required, in addition to an enzyme and a substrate, for an enzymatic reaction to proceed.
2006-05-04 GO:0019295 coenzyme M biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of coenzyme M (2-thioethansulfonate), a coenzyme involved in the utilization of methane by methanogenic prokaryotes.
2006-05-04 GO:0019296 coenzyme M metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving coenzyme M (2-thioethansulfonate), a coenzyme involved in the utilization of methane by methanogenic prokaryotes.
2006-05-04 GO:0006732 coenzyme metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving coenzymes, any of various nonprotein organic cofactors that are required, in addition to an enzyme and a substrate, for an enzymatic reaction to proceed.
2006-05-04 GO:0051188 cofactor biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a cofactor, a substance that is required for the activity of an enzyme or other protein.
2006-05-04 GO:0051187 cofactor catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a cofactor, a substance that is required for the activity of an enzyme or other protein.
2006-05-04 GO:0051186 cofactor metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a cofactor, a substance that is required for the activity of an enzyme or other protein. Cofactors may be inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in certain forms, or organic, in which case they are referred to as coenzymes. Cofactors may either be bound tightly to active sites or bind loosely with the substrate.
2006-05-04 GO:0009242 colanic acid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of colanic acid, a capsular bacterial polysaccharide.
2006-05-04 GO:0019580 galactarate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving galactarate, the anion of galactaric acid, the meso-aldaric acid derived from both D- and L-galactose.
2006-05-04 GO:0019403 galactitol biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of galactitol, the hexitol derived by the reduction of the aldehyde group of either D- or L-galactose.
2006-05-04 GO:0019404 galactitol catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of galactitol, the hexitol derived by the reduction of the aldehyde group of either D- or L-galactose.
2006-05-04 GO:0019402 galactitol metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving galactitol, the hexitol derived by the reduction of the aldehyde group of either D- or L-galactose.
2006-05-04 GO:0019375 galactolipid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of galactolipids, any glycolipid containing one of more residues of galactose and/or N-acetylgalactosamine.
2006-05-04 GO:0019376 galactolipid catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of galactolipids, any glycolipid containing one of more residues of galactose and/or N-acetylgalactosamine.
2006-05-04 GO:0019374 galactolipid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving galactolipids, any glycolipid containing one of more residues of galactose and/or N-acetylgalactosamine.
2006-05-04 GO:0051070 galactomannan biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of galactomannan, a polysaccharide composed of D-galactosyl and D-mannosyl. The mannosyl units form the backbone structure (a linear main chain) with the D-galactosyl as single side units.
2006-05-04 GO:0051682 galactomannan catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of galactomannan, a polysaccharide composed of D-galactosyl and D-mannosyl. The mannosyl units form the backbone structure (a linear main chain) with the D-galactosyl as single side units.
2006-05-04 GO:0051069 galactomannan metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving galactomannan, a polysaccharide composed of D-galactosyl and D-mannosyl. The mannosyl units form the backbone structure (a linear main chain) with the D-galactosyl as single side units.
2006-05-04 GO:0019584 galactonate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of galactonate, the anion of galactonic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0019583 galactonate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving galactonate, the anion of galactonic acid, an organic acid derived from the sugar galactose.
2006-05-04 GO:0006025 galactosaminoglycan biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of galactosaminoglycans, any of a group of polysaccharides that contain amino sugars derived from the galactose.
2006-05-04 GO:0006028 galactosaminoglycan catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of galactosaminoglycans, any of a group of polysaccharides that contain amino sugars derived from the galactose.
2006-05-04 GO:0046350 galactosaminoglycan metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving galactosaminoglycans, any one of a group of polysaccharides that contain amino sugars derived from the galactose.
2006-05-04 GO:0046369 galactose biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of galactose, the aldohexose galacto-hexose.
2006-05-04 GO:0019388 galactose catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of galactose, the aldohexose galacto-hexose.
2006-05-04 GO:0006012 galactose metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving galactose, the aldohexose galacto-hexose. D-galactose is widely distributed in combined form in plants, animals and microorganisms as a constituent of oligo- and polysaccharides; it also occurs in galactolipids and as its glucoside in lactose and melibiose.
2006-05-04 GO:0006682 galactosylceramide biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of galactosylceramides, any compound formed by the replacement of the glycosidic hydroxyl group of a cyclic form of galactose by a ceramide group.
2006-05-04 GO:0006683 galactosylceramide catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of galactosylceramides, any compound formed by the replacement of the glycosidic hydroxyl group of a cyclic form of galactose by a ceramide group.
2006-05-04 GO:0006681 galactosylceramide metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving galactosylceramides, any compound formed by the replacement of the glycosidic hydroxyl group of a cyclic form of galactose by a ceramide group.
2006-05-04 GO:0046397 galacturonate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of galacturonate, the anion of galacturonic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0019586 galacturonate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving galacturonate, the anion of galacturonic acid, the uronic acid formally derived from galactose by oxidation of the hydroxymethylene group at C-6 to a carboxyl group.
2006-05-04 GO:0046235 gallate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of gallate, the anion of gallic acid (3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid).
2006-05-04 GO:0019396 gallate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of gallate, the anion of gallic acid (3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid).
2006-05-04 GO:0019397 gallate catabolic process via 2-pyrone-4,6-dicarboxylate Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of gallate, the anion of gallic acid, via the intermediate 2-pyrone-4,6-dicarboxylate.
2006-05-04 GO:0019398 gallate catabolic process via gallate dioxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of gallate, the anion of gallic acid, via the intermediate 4-carboxy-2-hydroxhexa-2,3-dienedioate.
2006-05-04 GO:0018918 gallate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving gallate, the anion of gallic acid (3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid). The esters and polyesters are widely distributed in angiosperms.
2006-05-04 GO:0018919 gamma-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexachlorocyclohexane metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving gamma-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexachlorocyclohexane (also known as Lindane), the most common form of hexachlorohexane, a halogenated organic insecticide that has been used worldwide for agriculture and public health.
2006-05-04 GO:0009449 gamma-aminobutyric acid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA, 4-aminobutyrate), an amino acid which acts as a neurotransmitter in some organisms.
2006-05-04 GO:0009450 gamma-aminobutyric acid catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA, 4-aminobutyrate), an amino acid which acts as a neurotransmitter in some organisms.
2006-05-04 GO:0051174 regulation of phosphorus metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving phosphorus or compounds containing phosphorus.
2006-05-04 GO:0043286 regulation of poly(3-hydroxyalkanoate) biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates), polyesters of 3-hydroxyacids produced as intracellular granules by a large variety of bacteria.
2006-05-04 GO:0031392 regulation of prostaglandin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of prostaglandin.
2006-05-04 GO:0051199 regulation of prosthetic group metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving a prosthetic group.
2006-05-04 GO:0006417 regulation of translation Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0019653 anaerobic purine nucleobase catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The anaerobic chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of purines, yielding energy in the form of ATP.
2006-05-04 GO:0019304 anaerobic rhamnose catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of rhamnose, the hexose 6-deoxy-L-mannose, that occurs in the absence of oxygen.
2006-05-04 GO:0046253 anaerobic toluene biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of toluene, a volatile monoaromatic hydrocarbon found in crude petroleum and petroleum products, in the absence of oxygen.
2006-05-04 GO:0046254 anaerobic toluene catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of toluene, a volatile monoaromatic hydrocarbon found in crude petroleum and petroleum products, in the absence of oxygen.
2006-05-04 GO:0018971 anaerobic toluene metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving toluene, a volatile monoaromatic hydrocarbon found in crude petroleum and petroleum products, that occur in the absence of oxygen.
2006-05-04 GO:0031145 anaphase-promoting complex-dependent proteasomal ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein or peptide by hydrolysis of its peptide bonds, initiated by the covalent attachment of ubiquitin, with ubiquitin-protein ligation catalyzed by the anaphase-promoting complex, and mediated by the proteasome.
2006-05-04 GO:0006702 androgen biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of androgens, C19 steroid hormones that can stimulate the development of male sexual characteristics.
2006-05-04 GO:0006710 androgen catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of androgens, C19 steroid hormones that can stimulate the development of male sexual characteristics.
2006-05-04 GO:0008209 androgen metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving androgens, C19 steroid hormones that can stimulate the development of male sexual characteristics.
2006-05-04 GO:0002005 angiotensin catabolic process in blood Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of angiotensin in the blood.
2006-05-04 GO:0009718 anthocyanin-containing compound biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of anthocyanins, any member of a group of intensely colored soluble glycosides of anthocyanidins.
2006-05-04 GO:0043483 anthocyanin biosynthetic process involved in anthocyanin accumulation in response to UV light Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the pigment anthocyanin, occurring during anthocyanin accumulation in a tissue in response to a UV light stimulus.
2006-05-04 GO:0046284 anthocyanin-containing compound catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of anthocyanins, any member of a group of intensely colored soluble glycosides of anthocyanidins.
2006-05-04 GO:0046283 anthocyanin-containing compound metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving anthocyanins, any member of a group of intensely colored soluble glycosides of anthocyanidins that occur in plants. They are responsible from most of the scarlet, purple, mauve and blue coloring in higher plants, especially of flowers.
2006-05-04 GO:0043421 anthranilate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of anthranilate (2-aminobenzoate).
2006-05-04 GO:0043420 anthranilate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving anthranilate (2-aminobenzoate).
2006-05-04 GO:0017000 antibiotic biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of an antibiotic, a substance produced by or derived from certain fungi, bacteria, and other organisms, that can destroy or inhibit the growth of other microorganisms.
2006-05-04 GO:0017001 antibiotic catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of antibiotic, a substance produced by or derived from certain fungi, bacteria, and other organisms, that can destroy or inhibit the growth of other microorganisms.
2006-05-04 GO:0016999 antibiotic metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving an antibiotic, a substance produced by or derived from certain fungi, bacteria, and other organisms, that can destroy or inhibit the growth of other microorganisms.
2006-05-04 GO:0042868 antisense RNA metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving antisense RNA, an RNA molecule complementary in sequence to another RNA or DNA molecule, which, by binding the latter, acts to inhibit its function and/or completion of synthesis.
2006-05-04 GO:0043289 apocarotenoid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of apocarotenoids by the oxidative cleavage of carotenoids. Many apocarotenoids are biologically important e.g. retinal and abscisic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0043290 apocarotenoid catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of apocarotenoids, a class of compounds derived from the oxidative cleavage of carotenoids, many of which are biologically important e.g. retinal and abscisic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0043288 apocarotenoid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving apocarotenoids, a class of compounds derived from the oxidative cleavage of carotenoids, many of which are biologically important e.g. retinal and abscisic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0031222 arabinan catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of arabinan, a branched homopolymer of L-arabinose.
2006-05-04 GO:0031221 arabinan metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving arabinan, a branched homopolymer of L-arabinose.
2006-05-04 GO:0019567 arabinose biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of arabinose, arabino-pentose.
2006-05-04 GO:0019568 arabinose catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of arabinose, arabino-pentose.
2006-05-04 GO:0019566 arabinose metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving arabinose, arabino-pentose. L-Arabinose occurs both free, for example in the heartwood of many conifers, and in the combined state, as a constituent of plant hemicelluloses, bacterial polysaccharides etc. D-arabinose is a constituent of arabinonucleosides.
2006-05-04 GO:0051157 arabitol catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of arabitol, the pentitol derived from arabinose or lyxose by reduction of the aldehyde group.
2006-05-04 GO:0051161 arabitol metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving arabitol, the pentitol derived from arabinose or lyxose by reduction of the aldehyde group.
2006-05-04 GO:0019369 arachidonic acid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving arachidonic acid, a straight chain fatty acid with 20 carbon atoms and four double bonds per molecule. Arachidonic acid is the all-Z-(5,8,11,14)-isomer.
2006-05-04 GO:0006526 arginine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of arginine, 2-amino-5-guanidinopentanoic acid, a chiral alpha-amino acid found in peptide linkage in proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0042450 arginine biosynthetic process via ornithine Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of arginine (2-amino-5-guanidinopentanoic acid) via the intermediate compound ornithine.
2006-05-04 GO:0006527 arginine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of arginine, 2-amino-5-guanidinopentanoic acid, a chiral alpha-amino acid found in peptide linkage in proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0009159 deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with phosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009162 deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with phosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009202 deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with triphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009204 deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with triphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009200 deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with triphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009263 deoxyribonucleotide biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a deoxyribonucleotide, a compound consisting of deoxyribonucleoside (a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar) esterified with a phosphate moiety at either the 3' or 5'-hydroxyl group of its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009264 deoxyribonucleotide catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a deoxyribonucleotide, a compound consisting of deoxyribonucleoside (a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar) esterified with a phosphate moiety at either the 3' or 5'-hydroxyl group of its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009262 deoxyribonucleotide metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a deoxyribonucleotide, a compound consisting of deoxyribonucleoside (a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar) esterified with a phosphate moiety at either the 3' or 5'-hydroxyl group of its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0006017 deoxyribose 1,5-bisphosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of deoxyribose 1,5-bisphosphate, the diphosphorylated sugar 1,5-diphospho-2-deoxyribose.
2006-05-04 GO:0046387 deoxyribose 1,5-bisphosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving deoxyribose 1,5-bisphosphate, the diphosphorylated sugar 1,5-diphospho-2-deoxyribose.
2006-05-04 GO:0006018 2-deoxyribose 1-phosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of deoxyribose 1-phosphate, the phosphorylated sugar 1-phospho-2-deoxyribose.
2006-05-04 GO:0046388 deoxyribose 1-phosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving deoxyribose 1-phosphate, the phosphorylated sugar 1-phospho-2-deoxyribose.
2006-05-04 GO:0046389 deoxyribose 5-phosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving deoxyribose 5-phosphate, the phosphorylated sugar 5-phospho-2-deoxyribose.
2006-05-04 GO:0046186 acetaldehyde biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of acetaldehyde, a colorless, flammable liquid intermediate in the metabolism of alcohol.
2006-05-04 GO:0046187 acetaldehyde catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of acetaldehyde, a colorless, flammable liquid intermediate in the metabolism of alcohol.
2006-05-04 GO:0006117 acetaldehyde metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving acetaldehyde, a colorless, flammable liquid intermediate in the metabolism of alcohol.
2006-05-04 GO:0019413 acetate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of acetate, the anion of acetic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0019415 acetate biosynthetic process from carbon monoxide Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of acetate from other compounds, including carbon monoxide.
2006-05-04 GO:0019651 citrate catabolic process to diacetyl Updated DEFINITION The anaerobic chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of citrate to diacetyl, yielding energy in the form of ATP.
2006-05-04 GO:0006101 citrate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving citrate, 2-hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboyxlate. Citrate is widely distributed in nature and is an important intermediate in the TCA cycle and the glyoxylate cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0019240 citrulline biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of citrulline, N5-carbamoyl-L-ornithine, an alpha amino acid not found in proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0019241 citrulline catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of citrulline, N5-carbamoyl-L-ornithine, an alpha amino acid not found in proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0000052 citrulline metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving citrulline, N5-carbamoyl-L-ornithine, an alpha amino acid not found in proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0030276 clathrin binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a clathrin heavy or light chain, the main components of the coat of coated vesicles and coated pits, and which also occurs in synaptic vesicles.
2006-05-04 GO:0009213 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with triphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009211 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with triphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009221 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide, a compound consisting of nucleoside (a pyrimidine base linked to a deoxyribose sugar) esterified with a phosphate moiety at either the 3' or 5'-hydroxyl group of its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009223 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide, a compound consisting of nucleoside (a pyrimidine base linked to a deoxyribose sugar) esterified with a phosphate moiety at either the 3' or 5'-hydroxyl group of its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009219 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a pyrimidine deoxynucleotide, a compound consisting of nucleoside (a pyrimidine base linked to a deoxyribose sugar) esterified with a phosphate moiety at either the 3' or 5'-hydroxyl group of its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0043466 pyrimidine nucleobase fermentation Updated DEFINITION The anaerobic conversion of pyrimidines, yielding energy in the form of ATP.
2006-05-04 GO:0046134 pyrimidine nucleoside biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of one of a family of organic molecules consisting of a pyrimidine base covalently bonded to a sugar ribose (a ribonucleoside) or deoxyribose (a deoxyribonucleoside).
2006-05-04 GO:0046135 pyrimidine nucleoside catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of one of a family of organic molecules consisting of a pyrimidine base covalently bonded to a sugar ribose (a ribonucleoside) or deoxyribose (a deoxyribonucleoside).
2006-05-04 GO:0009139 pyrimidine nucleoside diphosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of pyrimidine nucleoside diphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a ribose or deoxyribose sugar esterified with diphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009140 pyrimidine nucleoside diphosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of pyrimidine nucleoside diphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a ribose or deoxyribose sugar esterified with diphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009138 pyrimidine nucleoside diphosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving pyrimidine nucleoside diphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a ribose or deoxyribose sugar esterified with diphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0006213 pyrimidine nucleoside metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving any pyrimidine nucleoside, one of a family of organic molecules consisting of a pyrimidine base covalently bonded to a sugar ribose (a ribonucleoside) or deoxyribose (a deoxyribonucleoside).
2006-05-04 GO:0009130 pyrimidine nucleoside monophosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of pyrimidine nucleoside monophosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a ribose or deoxyribose sugar esterified with phosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009131 pyrimidine nucleoside monophosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of pyrimidine nucleoside monophosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a ribose or deoxyribose sugar esterified with phosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0046147 tetrahydrobiopterin catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of tetrahydrobiopterin, the reduced form of biopterin (2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-(1,2-dihydroxypropyl)-pteridine). It functions as a hydroxylation coenzyme, e.g. in the conversion of phenylalanine to tyrosine.
2006-05-04 GO:0046146 tetrahydrobiopterin metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrahydrobiopterin, the reduced form of biopterin (2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-(1,2-dihydroxypropyl)-pteridine). It functions as a hydroxylation coenzyme, e.g. in the conversion of phenylalanine to tyrosine.
2006-05-04 GO:0046654 tetrahydrofolate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of tetrahydrofolate, 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolic acid, a folate derivative bearing additional hydrogens on the pterin moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0046653 tetrahydrofolate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrahydrofolate, 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolic acid, a folate derivative bearing additional hydrogens on the pterin moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0046901 tetrahydrofolylpolyglutamate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of tetrahydrofolylpolyglutamate, a folate derivative comprising tetrahydrofolate attached to a chain of glutamate residues.
2006-05-04 GO:0046900 tetrahydrofolylpolyglutamate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrahydrofolylpolyglutamate, a folate derivative comprising tetrahydrofolate attached to a chain of glutamate residues.
2006-05-04 GO:0018968 tetrahydrofuran metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrahydrofuran, a cyclic 4 carbon ether. It is one of the most polar ethers and is a widely used solvent for polar reagents. Since THF is very soluble in water and has a relatively low boiling point, significant amounts are often released into the environment, causing contamination problems.
2006-05-04 GO:0016109 tetraterpenoid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of tetraterpenoid compounds, terpenoids with eight isoprene units.
2006-05-04 GO:0016110 tetraterpenoid catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of tetraterpenoid compounds, terpenoids with eight isoprene units.
2006-05-04 GO:0016108 tetraterpenoid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetraterpenoid compounds, terpenoids with eight isoprene units.
2006-05-04 GO:0042724 thiamine-containing compound biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of thiamin (vitamin B1), and related compounds.
2006-05-04 GO:0042725 thiamine-containing compound catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of thiamin (vitamin B1), and compounds derived from it.
2006-05-04 GO:0042723 thiamine-containing compound metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving thiamin (vitamin B1), and compounds derived from it.
2006-05-04 GO:0009228 thiamine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of thiamin (vitamin B1), a water soluble vitamin present in fresh vegetables and meats, especially liver.
2006-05-04 GO:0009230 thiamine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of thiamin (vitamin B1), a water soluble vitamin present in fresh vegetables and meats, especially liver.
2006-05-04 GO:0009229 thiamine diphosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of thiamin diphosphate, a derivative of thiamin (vitamin B1) which acts as a coenzyme in a range of processes including the Krebs cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0042358 thiamine diphosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of thiamin diphosphate, a derivative of thiamin (vitamin B1) which acts as a coenzyme in a range of processes including the Krebs cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0042357 thiamine diphosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving thiamin diphosphate, a derivative of thiamin (vitamin B1) which acts as a coenzyme in a range of processes including the Krebs cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0006772 thiamine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving thiamin (vitamin B1), a water soluble vitamin present in fresh vegetables and meats, especially liver.
2006-05-04 GO:0046264 thiocyanate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of thiocyanate, any anion or salt of thiocyanic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0046265 thiocyanate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of thiocyanate, any anion of thiocyanic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0018969 thiocyanate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving thiocyanate, the anion of thiocyanic acid, a toxic cyanide derivative commonly formed as a by-product in the production of gas for fuel, coke, and substances for chemical industries.
2006-05-04 GO:0042964 thioredoxin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of thioredoxin, a small disulfide-containing redox protein that serves as a general protein disulfide oxidoreductase.
2006-05-04 GO:0009088 threonine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of threonine (2-amino-3-hydroxybutyric acid), a polar, uncharged, essential amino acid found in peptide linkage in proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0006567 threonine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of threonine (2-amino-3-hydroxybutyric acid), a polar, uncharged, essential amino acid found in peptide linkage in proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0019517 L-threonine catabolic process to D-lactate Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of threonine (2-amino-3-hydroxybutyric acid) to form the compound D-lactate.
2006-05-04 GO:0019518 L-threonine catabolic process to glycine Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of threonine (2-amino-3-hydroxybutyric acid) to form the compound pyruvate.
2006-05-04 GO:0006566 threonine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving threonine (2-amino-3-hydroxybutyric acid), a polar, uncharged, essential amino acid found in peptide linkage in proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0046105 thymidine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of thymidine, deoxyribosylthymine thymine 2-deoxyriboside, a deoxynucleoside very widely distributed but occurring almost entirely as phosphoric esters in deoxynucleotides and deoxyribonucleic acid, DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0006214 thymidine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of thymidine, deoxyribosylthymine thymine 2-deoxyriboside, a deoxynucleoside very widely distributed but occurring almost entirely as phosphoric esters in deoxynucleotides and deoxyribonucleic acid, DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0046104 thymidine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving thymidine, deoxyribosylthymine thymine 2-deoxyriboside, a deoxynucleoside very widely distributed but occurring almost entirely as phosphoric esters in deoxynucleotides and deoxyribonucleic acid, DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0046004 positive regulation of syncytial blastoderm mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of progression through the syncytial blastoderm mitotic cell cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0031394 positive regulation of prostaglandin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of prostaglandin.
2006-05-04 GO:0051200 positive regulation of prosthetic group metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving a prosthetic group.
2006-05-04 GO:0031954 positive regulation of protein autophosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the phosphorylation by a protein of one or more of its own residues.
2006-05-04 GO:0001934 positive regulation of protein phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of addition of phosphoric groups to amino acids within a protein.
2006-05-04 GO:0045727 positive regulation of translation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0045732 positive regulation of protein catabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein by the destruction of the native, active configuration, with or without the hydrolysis of peptide bonds.
2006-05-04 GO:0031334 positive regulation of protein complex assembly Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of protein complex assembly.
2006-05-04 GO:0043243 positive regulation of protein complex disassembly Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of protein complex disassembly, the disaggregation of a protein complex into its constituent components.
2006-05-04 GO:0046827 positive regulation of protein export from nucleus Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of directed movement of proteins from the nucleus into the cytoplasm.
2006-05-04 GO:0042307 positive regulation of protein import into nucleus Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of movement of proteins from the cytoplasm into the nucleus.
2006-05-04 GO:0045860 positive regulation of protein kinase activity Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of protein kinase activity.
2006-05-04 GO:0051247 positive regulation of protein metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving a protein.
2006-05-04 GO:0031401 positive regulation of protein modification process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the covalent alteration of one or more amino acid residues within a protein.
2006-05-04 GO:0050714 positive regulation of protein secretion Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the regulated release of a protein from a cell or group of cells.
2006-05-04 GO:0051222 positive regulation of protein transport Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of a protein into, out of, within or between cells.
2006-05-04 GO:0031398 positive regulation of protein ubiquitination Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the addition of ubiquitin moieties to a protein.
2006-05-04 GO:0045862 positive regulation of proteolysis Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the hydrolysis of a peptide bond or bonds within a protein.
2006-05-04 GO:0031274 positive regulation of pseudopodium assembly Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the assembly of pseudopodia.
2006-05-04 GO:0045864 positive regulation of pteridine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving pteridine.
2006-05-04 GO:0045983 positive regulation of purine nucleobase metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving purine bases.
2006-05-04 GO:0045985 positive regulation of pyrimidine nucleobase metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving pyrimidine bases.
2006-05-04 GO:0045678 positive regulation of R7 cell differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of R7 differentiation.
2006-05-04 GO:0045681 positive regulation of R8 cell differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of R8 differentiation.
2006-05-04 GO:0046579 positive regulation of Ras protein signal transduction Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of Ras protein signal transduction.
2006-05-04 GO:0048260 positive regulation of receptor-mediated endocytosis Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of receptor mediated endocytosis, the uptake of external materials by cells, utilizing receptors to ensure specificity of transport.
2006-05-04 GO:0001921 positive regulation of receptor recycling Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of receptor recyling.
2006-05-04 GO:0045866 positive regulation of recombination within rDNA repeats Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of genetic recombination within the DNA of the genes coding for ribosomal RNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0050746 regulation of lipoprotein metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving lipoproteins, any conjugated, water-soluble protein in which the nonprotein moiety consists of a lipid or lipids.
2006-05-04 GO:0045714 regulation of low-density lipoprotein particle receptor biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of low-density lipoprotein receptors.
2006-05-04 GO:0048021 regulation of melanin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that alters the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of melanin.
2006-05-04 GO:0019222 regulation of metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways within a cell or an organism.
2006-05-04 GO:0045343 regulation of MHC class I biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of MHC class I.
2006-05-04 GO:0045346 regulation of MHC class II biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of MHC class II.
2006-05-04 GO:0045428 regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of nitric oxide.
2006-05-04 GO:0051772 regulation of nitric-oxide synthase 2 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the enzyme nitric-oxide synthase 2.
2006-05-04 GO:0051769 regulation of nitric-oxide synthase biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the enzyme nitric-oxide synthase.
2006-05-04 GO:0051171 regulation of nitrogen compound metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving nitrogen or nitrogenous compounds.
2006-05-04 GO:0019219 regulation of nucleobase-containing compound metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving nucleobases, nucleosides, nucleotides and nucleic acids.
2006-05-04 GO:0009118 regulation of nucleoside metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving nucleosides.
2006-05-04 GO:0030808 regulation of nucleotide biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of nucleotides.
2006-05-04 GO:0030811 regulation of nucleotide catabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of nucleotides.
2006-05-04 GO:0006140 regulation of nucleotide metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving nucleotides.
2006-05-04 GO:0044246 regulation of multicellular organismal metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of chemical reactions and pathways in multicellular organisms that occur at the tissue, organ, or organismal level.
2006-05-04 GO:0019220 regulation of phosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving phosphates.
2006-05-04 GO:0045828 positive regulation of isoprenoid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving isoprenoid.
2006-05-04 GO:0045830 positive regulation of isotype switching Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of isotype switching.
2006-05-04 GO:0048298 positive regulation of isotype switching to IgA isotypes Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of isotype switching to IgA isotypes.
2006-05-04 GO:0048301 positive regulation of isotype switching to IgD isotypes Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of isotype switching to IgD isotypes.
2006-05-04 GO:0048295 positive regulation of isotype switching to IgE isotypes Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of isotype switching to IgE isotypes.
2006-05-04 GO:0008614 pyridoxine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving pyridoxine, 2-methyl-3-hydroxy-4,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)pyridine, one of the vitamin B6 compounds. Pyridoxal, pyridoxamine and pyridoxine are collectively known as vitamin B6, and are efficiently converted to the biologically active form of vitamin B6, pyridoxal phosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0019856 pyrimidine nucleobase biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of pyrimidine bases, 1,3-diazine, organic nitrogenous bases.
2006-05-04 GO:0006208 pyrimidine nucleobase catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of pyrimidine bases, 1,3-diazine, organic nitrogenous bases.
2006-05-04 GO:0006206 pyrimidine nucleobase metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving pyrimidine bases, 1,3-diazine, organic nitrogenous bases.
2006-05-04 GO:0046126 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of any one of a family of organic molecules consisting of a pyrimidine base covalently bonded to a sugar deoxyribose (a deoxyribonucleoside).
2006-05-04 GO:0046127 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of any one of a family of organic molecules consisting of a pyrimidine base covalently bonded to a sugar deoxyribose (a deoxyribonucleoside).
2006-05-04 GO:0009197 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with diphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009198 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of pyrimidine nucleoside diphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a ribose or deoxyribose sugar esterified with diphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009196 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving pyrimidine deoxynucleoside diphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with diphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0046125 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving any one of a family of organic molecules consisting of a pyrimidine base covalently bonded to a sugar deoxyribose (a deoxyribonucleoside).
2006-05-04 GO:0009177 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of pyrimidine deoxynucleoside monophosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with phosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009178 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of pyrimidine deoxynucleoside monophosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with phosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009176 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving pyrimidine deoxynucleoside monophosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with phosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009212 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a pyrimidine base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with triphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0019273 L-alanine biosynthetic process via ornithine Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-alanine, via the intermediate ornithine.
2006-05-04 GO:0042853 L-alanine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-alanine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0019481 L-alanine catabolic process, by transamination Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of L-alanine by transamination.
2006-05-04 GO:0018880 4-chlorobiphenyl metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving 4-chlorobiphenyl, a member of the polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) group of compounds, a very stable group of synthetic organic compounds composed of a biphenyl nucleus with 1-10 chlorine substituents. 4-chlorobiphenyl has been used as a model substrate to investigate PCB degradation.
2006-05-04 GO:0019472 4-hydroxyproline biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 4-hydroxyproline, C5H9NO3, a derivative of the amino acid proline.
2006-05-04 GO:0019470 4-hydroxyproline catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of 4-hydroxyproline, C5H9NO3, a derivative of the amino acid proline.
2006-05-04 GO:0019471 4-hydroxyproline metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving 4-hydroxyproline, C5H9NO3, a derivative of the amino acid proline. The presence of hydroxyproline is essential to produce stable triple helical tropocollagen, hence the problems caused by ascorbate deficiency in scurvy. This unusual amino acid is also present in considerable amounts in the major glycoprotein of primary plant cell walls.
2006-05-04 GO:0046195 4-nitrophenol biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 4-nitrophenol, a nitroaromatic compound which is used in the production of dyes, leather treatment agents, fungicides and as an intermediate in the production of the insecticide parathion.
2006-05-04 GO:0046196 4-nitrophenol catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of 4-nitrophenol, a nitroaromatic compound which is used in the production of dyes, leather treatment agents, fungicides and as an intermediate in the production of the insecticide parathion.
2006-05-04 GO:0018960 4-nitrophenol metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving 4-nitrophenol, a nitroaromatic compound which is used in the production of dyes, leather treatment agents, fungicides and as an intermediate in the production of the insecticide parathion.
2006-05-04 GO:0046261 4-nitrotoluene biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 4-nitrotoluene, 1-methyl-4-nitrobenzene.
2006-05-04 GO:0019258 4-nitrotoluene catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of 4-nitrotoluene, 1-methyl-4-nitrobenzene.
2006-05-04 GO:0019257 4-nitrotoluene metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving 4-nitrotoluene, 1-methyl-4-nitrobenzene. It is a light yellow liquid with a weak aromatic odor.
2006-05-04 GO:0046270 4-toluenecarboxylate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 4-toluenecarboxylate, 4-methylbenzenecarboxylate, the anion of carboxylic acid attached to a methylbenzene molecule.
2006-05-04 GO:0019612 4-toluenecarboxylate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of 4-toluenecarboxylate, 4-methylbenzenecarboxylate, the anion of carboxylic acid attached to a methylbenzene molecule.
2006-05-04 GO:0019611 4-toluenecarboxylate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving 4-toluenecarboxylate, 4-methylbenzenecarboxylate, the anion of carboxylic acid attached to a methylbenzene molecule.
2006-05-04 GO:0046082 5-methylcytosine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 5-methylcytosine, a methylated base of DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0006211 5-methylcytosine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of 5-methylcytosine, a methylated base of DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0019857 5-methylcytosine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving 5-methylcytosine, a methylated base of DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0006015 5-phosphoribose 1-diphosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 5-phosphoribose 1-diphosphate, also known as 5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0046391 5-phosphoribose 1-diphosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving 5-phosphoribose 1-diphosphate, also known as 5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0051680 6-alpha-maltosylglucose biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 6-alpha-maltosylglucose, also known as isopanose.
2006-05-04 GO:0051681 6-alpha-maltosylglucose catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of 6-alpha-maltosylglucose, also known as isopanose.
2006-05-04 GO:0051679 6-alpha-maltosylglucose metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving 6-alpha-maltosylglucose, also known as isopanose.
2006-05-04 GO:0046291 6-hydroxycineole biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 6-hydroxycineole (6-hydroxy-1,8-epoxy-p-menthane), a hydrocarbon with the formula C10H18O2.
2006-05-04 GO:0019639 6-hydroxycineole catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of 6-hydroxycineole (6-hydroxy-1,8-epoxy-p-menthane), a hydrocarbon with the formula C10H18O2.
2006-05-04 GO:0019638 6-hydroxycineole metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving 6-hydroxycineole (6-hydroxy-1,8-epoxy-p-menthane), a hydrocarbon with the formula C10H18O2.
2006-05-04 GO:0046118 7-methylguanosine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 7-methylguanosine, a modified nucleoside that forms a cap at the 5'-terminus of eukaryotic mRNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0046119 7-methylguanosine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of 7-methylguanosine, a modified nucleoside that forms a cap at the 5'-terminus of eukaryotic mRNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0008618 7-methylguanosine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving 7-methylguanosine, a modified nucleoside that forms a cap at the 5'-terminus of eukaryotic mRNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0042904 9-cis-retinoic acid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 9-cis-retinoic acid, a metabolically active vitamin A derivative.
2006-05-04 GO:0042905 9-cis-retinoic acid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving 9-cis-retinoic acid, a metabolically active vitamin A derivative.
2006-05-04 GO:0009688 abscisic acid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of abscisic acid, 5-(1-hydroxy-2,6,6,trimethyl-4-oxocyclohex-2-en-1-y1)-3-methylpenta-2,4-dienoic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0046345 abscisic acid catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of abscisic acid, 5-(1-hydroxy-2,6,6,trimethyl-4-oxocyclohex-2-en-1-y1)-3-methylpenta-2,4-dienoic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0009687 abscisic acid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving abscisic acid, 5-(1-hydroxy-2,6,6,trimethyl-4-oxocyclohex-2-en-1-y1)-3-methylpenta-2,4-dienoic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0046938 phytochelatin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of phytochelatins, any of a group of peptides that bind metals (Cd, Zn, Cu, Pb, Hg) in thiolate coordination complexes. The structure is of the type (gamma-glutamyl-cysteinyl)n-glycine, where n is 2 to 11.
2006-05-04 GO:0046937 phytochelatin metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving phytochelatins, any of a group of peptides that bind metals (Cd, Zn, Cu, Pb, Hg) in thiolate coordination complexes. The structure is of the type (gamma-glutamyl-cysteinyl)n-glycine, where n is 2 to 11.
2006-05-04 GO:0048543 phytochrome chromophore biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the phytochrome chromophore. The phytochrome chromophore is a linear tetrapyrrolic prosthetic group covalently attached to the large soluble protein phytochrome. Light absorption by the phytochrome chromophore triggers photoconversion between two spectrally distinct forms of the photoreceptor: Pr, the red light absorbing form, and Pfr, the far red light absorbing form.
2006-05-04 GO:0010024 phytochromobilin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of phytochromobilin, which involves the oxidative cleavage of heme by a heme oxygenase(HO) to form biliverdin IX alpha.
2006-05-04 GO:0051202 phytochromobilin metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving phytochromobilin, the linear tetrapyrrole chromophore required for plant phytochrome photoactivity.
2006-05-04 GO:0006671 phytosphingosine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving phytosphingosine, (2S,3S,4R)-2-amino-1,3,4-octadecanetriol, a constituent of many plant sphingolipids.
2006-05-04 GO:0016129 phytosteroid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of phytosteroids, steroids of higher plants differing from animal steroids C1 or C2 residues at C24 and/or a double bond at C22.
2006-05-04 GO:0016130 phytosteroid catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of phytosteroids, steroids of higher plants differing from animal steroids C1 or C2 residues at C24 and/or a double bond at C22.
2006-05-04 GO:0016128 phytosteroid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving phytosteroids, steroids of higher plants differing from animal steroids C1 or C2 residues at C24 and/or a double bond at C22.
2006-05-04 GO:0046148 pigment biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a pigment, any general or particular coloring matter in living organisms, e.g. melanin.
2006-05-04 GO:0043477 pigment biosynthetic process involved in pigment accumulation Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a pigment, any general or particular coloring matter in living organisms, occurring during pigment accumulation.
2006-05-04 GO:0048784 pigment biosynthetic process involved in pigment granule maturation Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a pigment, during the process by which a membrane bound organelle develops into a pigment granule. Maturation is a developmental process, independent of morphogenetic (shape) change, that is required for a cell or structure to attain its fully functional state.
2006-05-04 GO:0046149 pigment catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a pigment, any general or particular coloring matter in living organisms, e.g. melanin.
2006-05-04 GO:0042440 pigment metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving pigment, any general or particular coloring matter in living organisms, e.g. melanin.
2006-05-04 GO:0043324 pigment metabolic process involved in developmental pigmentation Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving pigment, any general or particular coloring matter in living organisms, e.g. melanin, occurring during the deposition of coloring matter in an organ or organism.
2006-05-04 GO:0043475 pigment metabolic process involved in pigment accumulation Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a pigment, any general or particular coloring matter in living organisms, occurring during pigment accumulation.
2006-05-04 GO:0043474 pigment metabolic process involved in pigmentation Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a pigment, any general or particular coloring matter in living organisms, occurring during the deposition or aggregation of pigment in an organism, tissue or cell.
2006-05-04 GO:0043119 positive regulation of physiological process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of a physiological process, a process specifically pertinent to the functioning of integrated living units: cells, tissues, organs, and organisms.
2006-05-04 GO:0050942 positive regulation of pigment cell differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of pigment cell differentiation.
2006-05-04 GO:0045615 positive regulation of plasmatocyte differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of plasmatocyte differentiation.
2006-05-04 GO:0045856 positive regulation of pole plasm oskar mRNA localization Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the process by which oskar mRNA is transported to, or maintained in, the oocyte pole plasm.
2006-05-04 GO:0050927 positive regulation of positive chemotaxis Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of a motile cell or organism towards a higher concentration in a concentration gradient of a specific chemical.
2006-05-04 GO:0048582 positive regulation of post-embryonic development Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of post-embryonic development. Post-embryonic development is defined as the process whose specific outcome is the progression of the organism over time, from the completion of embryonic development to the mature structure.
2006-05-04 GO:0043268 positive regulation of potassium ion transport Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of potassium ions (K+) into, out of, within or between cells.
2006-05-04 GO:0043068 positive regulation of programmed cell death Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of programmed cell death, cell death resulting from activation of endogenous cellular processes.
2006-05-04 GO:0045787 positive regulation of cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of progression through the cell cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0051446 positive regulation of meiotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of progression through the meiotic cell cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0045931 positive regulation of mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of progression through the mitotic cell cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0046002 positive regulation of preblastoderm mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of progression through the preblastoderm mitotic cell cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0019682 glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate, an important intermediate in glycolysis.
2006-05-04 GO:0006114 glycerol biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glycerol, 1,2,3-propanetriol, a sweet, hygroscopic, viscous liquid, widely distributed in nature as a constituent of many lipids.
2006-05-04 GO:0046327 glycerol biosynthetic process from pyruvate Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glycerol, 1,2,3-propanetriol, from other compounds, including pyruvate.
2006-05-04 GO:0019563 glycerol catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of glycerol, 1,2,3-propanetriol, a sweet, hygroscopic, viscous liquid, widely distributed in nature as a constituent of many lipids.
2006-05-04 GO:0046504 glycerol ether biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glycerol ethers, any anhydride formed between two organic hydroxy compounds, one of which is glycerol.
2006-05-04 GO:0044269 glycerol ether catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of glycerol ethers, any anhydride formed between two organic hydroxy compounds, one of which is glycerol.
2006-05-04 GO:0006662 glycerol ether metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving glycerol ethers, any anhydride formed between two organic hydroxy compounds, one of which is glycerol.
2006-05-04 GO:0006071 glycerol metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving glycerol, 1,2,3-propanetriol, a sweet, hygroscopic, viscous liquid, widely distributed in nature as a constituent of many lipids.
2006-05-04 GO:0046167 glycerol-3-phosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glycerol-3-phosphate, a phosphoric monoester of glycerol.
2006-05-04 GO:0046168 glycerol-3-phosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of glycerol-3-phosphate, a phosphoric monoester of glycerol.
2006-05-04 GO:0006072 glycerol-3-phosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving glycerol-3-phosphate, a phosphoric monoester of glycerol.
2006-05-04 GO:0045017 glycerolipid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glycerolipids, any lipid with a glycerol backbone.
2006-05-04 GO:0046503 glycerolipid catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of glycerolipids, any lipid with a glycerol backbone.
2006-05-04 GO:0046486 glycerolipid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving glycerolipids, any lipid with a glycerol backbone. Diacylglycerol and phosphatidate are key lipid intermediates of glycerolipid biosynthesis.
2006-05-04 GO:0046474 glycerophospholipid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glycerophospholipids, any derivative of glycerophosphate that contains at least one O-acyl, O-alkyl, or O-alkenyl group attached to the glycerol residue.
2006-05-04 GO:0046475 glycerophospholipid catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of glycerophospholipids, any derivative of glycerophosphate that contains at least one O-acyl, O-alkyl, or O-alkenyl group attached to the glycerol residue.
2006-05-04 GO:0006650 glycerophospholipid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving glycerophospholipids, any derivative of glycerophosphate that contains at least one O-acyl, O-alkyl, or O-alkenyl group attached to the glycerol residue.
2006-05-04 GO:0031456 glycine betaine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glycine betaine, N-trimethylglycine.
2006-05-04 GO:0019285 glycine betaine biosynthetic process from choline Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of betaine (N-trimethylglycine) from the oxidation of choline.
2006-05-04 GO:0019286 glycine betaine biosynthetic process from glycine Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glycine betaine from other compounds, including glycine.
2006-05-04 GO:0031457 glycine betaine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of glycine betaine, N-trimethylglycine.
2006-05-04 GO:0031455 glycine betaine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving glycine betaine, N-trimethylglycine.
2006-05-04 GO:0006545 glycine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glycine, aminoethanoic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0019264 glycine biosynthetic process from serine Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glycine from other compounds, including serine.
2006-05-04 GO:0031658 negative regulation of cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity involved in G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of CDK activity during the G1/S transition of the cell cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0031659 positive regulation of cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity involved in G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of CDK activity during the G1/S transition of the cell cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0031661 negative regulation of cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity involved in G2/M transition of mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of CDK activity during the G2/M transition of the cell cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0031662 positive regulation of cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase activity involved in G2/M transition of mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of CDK activity during the G2/M transition of the cell cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0046357 galactarate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of galactarate, the anion of galactaric acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0046392 galactarate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of galactarate, the anion of galactaric acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0009694 jasmonic acid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving jasmonic acid, a fatty acid derivative with the formula (1R-(1 alpha, 2 beta(Z)))-3-oxo-2-(2-pentenyl)cyclopentaneacetic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0006718 juvenile hormone biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of juvenile hormones, the three sesquiterpenoid derivatives that function to maintain the larval state of insects at molting and that may be required for other processes, e.g. oogenesis.
2006-05-04 GO:0006719 juvenile hormone catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of juvenile hormones, the three sesquiterpenoid derivatives that function to maintain the larval state of insects at molting and that may be required for other processes, e.g. oogenesis.
2006-05-04 GO:0006716 juvenile hormone metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving juvenile hormones, the three sesquiterpenoid derivatives that function to maintain the larval state of insects at molting and that may be required for other processes, e.g. oogenesis.
2006-05-04 GO:0009248 K antigen biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a K antigen, a capsular polysaccharide antigen carried on the surface of bacterial capsules that masks somatic (O) antigens.
2006-05-04 GO:0046375 K antigen metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving K antigen, a capsular polysaccharide antigen carried on the surface of bacterial capsules that masks somatic (O) antigens.
2006-05-04 GO:0018146 keratan sulfate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of keratan sulfate, a glycosaminoglycan with repeat units consisting of beta-1,4-linked D-galactopyranosyl-beta-(1,4)-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine 6-sulfate and with variable amounts of fucose, sialic acid and mannose units; keratan sulfate chains are covalently linked by a glycosidic attachment through the trisaccharide galactosyl-galactosyl-xylose to peptidyl-threonine or serine residues.
2006-05-04 GO:0042340 keratan sulfate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of keratan sulfate, a glycosaminoglycan with repeat units consisting of beta-1,4-linked D-galactopyranosyl-beta-(1,4)-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine 6-sulfate and with variable amounts of fucose, sialic acid and mannose units; keratan sulfate chains are covalently linked by a glycosidic attachment through the trisaccharide galactosyl-galactosyl-xylose to peptidyl-threonine or serine residues.
2006-05-04 GO:0042339 keratan sulfate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving keratan sulfate, a glycosaminoglycan with repeat units consisting of beta-1,4-linked D-galactopyranosyl-beta-(1,4)-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine 6-sulfate and with variable amounts of fucose, sialic acid and mannose units; keratan sulfate chains are covalently linked by a glycosidic attachment through the trisaccharide galactosyl-galactosyl-xylose to peptidyl-threonine or serine residues.
2006-05-04 GO:0019294 keto-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ketodeoxyoctanoate, 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-octaonate, an acid present in lipopolysaccharides of the outer membranes of some Gram-negative bacteria.
2006-05-04 GO:0046400 keto-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving ketodeoxyoctanoate, 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-octaonate, an acid present in lipopolysaccharides of the outer membranes of some Gram-negative bacteria.
2006-05-04 GO:0046180 ketogluconate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ketogluconate, the anion of ketogluconic acid, an aldonic acid derived from glucose containing a ketonic carbonyl group.
2006-05-04 GO:0046181 ketogluconate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of ketogluconate, the anion of ketogluconic acid, an aldonic acid derived from glucose containing a ketonic carbonyl group.
2006-05-04 GO:0019522 ketogluconate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving ketogluconate, the anion of ketogluconic acid, an aldonic acid derived from glucose containing a ketonic carbonyl group.
2006-05-04 GO:0042181 ketone biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ketones, a class of organic compounds that contain the carbonyl group, CO, and in which the carbonyl group is bonded only to carbon atoms. The general formula for a ketone is RCOR, where R and R are alkyl or aryl groups.
2006-05-04 GO:0046951 ketone body biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ketone bodies, any one of the three substances: acetoacetate, D-3-hydroxybutyrate (beta-hydroxybutyrate) or acetone. Biosynthesis involves the formation of hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA, which is cleaved to acetate and acetyl-CoA.
2006-05-04 GO:0046952 ketone body catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of ketone bodies, any one of the three substances: acetoacetate, D-3-hydroxybutyrate (beta-hydroxybutyrate) or acetone. Ketone bodies can be used as an energy source as an alternative to glucose. Utilization of ketone bodies in peripheral tissues involves conversion of acetoacetate to acetoacetyl-CoA, which is then converted to two molecules of acetyl-CoA.
2006-05-04 GO:0046950 cellular ketone body metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving ketone bodies, any one of the three substances: acetoacetate, D-3-hydroxybutyrate (beta-hydroxybutyrate) or acetone. Although 3-hydroxybutyrate is not a ketone, it is classed as a ketone body because it exists in an equilibrium with acetoacetate. Ketone bodies may accumulate in excessive amounts in the body in starvation, diabetes mellitus or in other defects of carbohydrate metabolism.
2006-05-04 GO:0042182 ketone catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of ketones, a class of organic compounds that contain the carbonyl group, CO, and in which the carbonyl group is bonded only to carbon atoms. The general formula for a ketone is RCOR, where R and R are alkyl or aryl groups.
2006-05-04 GO:0042180 cellular ketone metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving any of a class of organic compounds that contain the carbonyl group, CO, and in which the carbonyl group is bonded only to carbon atoms. The general formula for a ketone is RCOR, where R and R are alkyl or aryl groups.
2006-05-04 GO:0019246 L(+)-lactate biosynthetic process from pyruvate Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L(+)lactate from other compounds, including pyruvate.
2006-05-04 GO:0042852 L-alanine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of L-alanine, the levorotatory isomer of 2-aminopropanoic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0019272 L-alanine biosynthetic process from pyruvate Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of alanine from other compounds, including pyruvate.
2006-05-04 GO:0045392 positive regulation of interleukin-21 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-21.
2006-05-04 GO:0045395 positive regulation of interleukin-22 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-22.
2006-05-04 GO:0045398 positive regulation of interleukin-23 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-23.
2006-05-04 GO:0045536 positive regulation of interleukin-24 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-24.
2006-05-04 GO:0045537 positive regulation of interleukin-25 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-25.
2006-05-04 GO:0045538 positive regulation of interleukin-26 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-26.
2006-05-04 GO:0045539 positive regulation of interleukin-27 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-27.
2006-05-04 GO:0045401 positive regulation of interleukin-3 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-3.
2006-05-04 GO:0045404 positive regulation of interleukin-4 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-4.
2006-05-04 GO:0045407 positive regulation of interleukin-5 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-5.
2006-05-04 GO:0045410 positive regulation of interleukin-6 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-6.
2006-05-04 GO:0045413 positive regulation of interleukin-7 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-7.
2006-05-04 GO:0045416 positive regulation of interleukin-8 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-8.
2006-05-04 GO:0045419 positive regulation of interleukin-9 biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of interleukin-9.
2006-05-04 GO:0030844 positive regulation of intermediate filament depolymerization Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of intermediate filament depolymerization.
2006-05-04 GO:0030841 positive regulation of intermediate filament polymerization Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of intermediate filament polymerization.
2006-05-04 GO:0045826 positive regulation of intermediate filament polymerization and/or depolymerization Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of intermediate filament polymerization and/or depolymerization.
2006-05-04 GO:0048397 positive regulation of intermediate mesodermal cell fate determination Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of intermediate mesoderm cell fate determination.
2006-05-04 GO:0048400 positive regulation of intermediate mesodermal cell fate specification Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of intermediate mesoderm cell fate specification.
2006-05-04 GO:0043270 positive regulation of ion transport Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of charged atoms or small charged molecules into, out of, within or between cells.
2006-05-04 GO:0031587 positive regulation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-sensitive calcium-release channel activity Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the activity of the IP3 receptor.
2006-05-04 GO:0050945 positive regulation of iridophore differentiation Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of iridophore differentiation.
2006-05-04 GO:0006240 dCDP biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of dCDP, deoxycytidine 5'-diphosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0006251 dCDP catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of dCDP, deoxycytidine 5'-diphosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0046062 dCDP metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving dCDP, deoxycytidine 5'-diphosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0046064 dCMP biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of dCMP, deoxycytidine monophosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0006249 dCMP catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of dCMP, deoxycytidine monophosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0046063 dCMP metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving dCMP, deoxycytidine monophosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0006242 dCTP biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of dCTP, deoxycytidine triphosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0006253 dCTP catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of dCTP, deoxycytidine triphosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0046065 dCTP metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving dCTP, deoxycytidine triphosphate.
2006-05-04 GO:0046091 deoxyadenosine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of deoxyadenosine, 2-deoxyribosyladenine, one of the four major nucleosides of DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0006157 deoxyadenosine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of deoxyadenosine, 2-deoxyribosyladenine, one of the four major nucleosides of DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0046090 deoxyadenosine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving deoxyadenosine, 2-deoxyribosyladenine, one of the four major nucleosides of DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0046093 deoxycytidine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of deoxycytidine, 2-deoxyribosylcytosine, one of the four major nucleosides of DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0006217 deoxycytidine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of deoxycytidine, 2-deoxyribosylcytosine, one of the four major nucleosides of DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0046092 deoxycytidine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving deoxycytidine, 2-deoxyribosylcytosine, one of the four major nucleosides of DNA.
2006-05-04 GO:0042452 deoxyguanosine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of deoxyguanosine, a nucleoside consisting of the base guanine and the sugar deoxyribose.
2006-05-04 GO:0006161 deoxyguanosine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of deoxyguanosine, a nucleoside consisting of the base guanine and the sugar deoxyribose.
2006-05-04 GO:0042453 deoxyguanosine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving deoxyguanosine, a nucleoside consisting of the base guanine and the sugar deoxyribose.
2006-05-04 GO:0046095 deoxyinosine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of deoxyinosine, hypoxanthine deoxyriboside.
2006-05-04 GO:0006149 deoxyinosine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of deoxyinosine, hypoxanthine deoxyriboside.
2006-05-04 GO:0046094 deoxyinosine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving deoxyinosine, hypoxanthine deoxyriboside.
2006-05-04 GO:0046120 deoxyribonucleoside biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of any one of a family of organic molecules consisting of a purine or pyrimidine base covalently bonded to a sugar deoxyribose (a deoxyribonucleoside).
2006-05-04 GO:0046121 deoxyribonucleoside catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of any one of a family of organic molecules consisting of a purine or pyrimidine base covalently bonded to a sugar deoxyribose (a deoxyribonucleoside).
2006-05-04 GO:0009189 deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with diphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009192 deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with diphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009186 deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving a deoxyribonucleoside diphosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with diphosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0009120 deoxyribonucleoside metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving any one of a family of organic molecules consisting of a purine or pyrimidine base covalently bonded to a sugar deoxyribose (a deoxyribonucleoside).
2006-05-04 GO:0009157 deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate, a glycosamine consisting of a base linked to a deoxyribose sugar esterified with phosphate on its glycose moiety.
2006-05-04 GO:0019671 glutamate catabolic process via mesaconate and citramalate Updated DEFINITION The anaerobic chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of glutamate via the intermediates mesaconate and S-citramalate, yielding energy in the form of ATP.
2006-05-04 GO:0006536 glutamate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving glutamate, the anion of 2-aminopentanedioic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0006542 glutamine biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glutamine, 2-amino-4-carbamoylbutanoic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0006543 glutamine catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of glutamine, 2-amino-4-carbamoylbutanoic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0009084 glutamine family amino acid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of amino acids of the glutamine family, comprising arginine, glutamate, glutamine and proline.
2006-05-04 GO:0009065 glutamine family amino acid catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of amino acids of the glutamine family, comprising arginine, glutamate, glutamine and proline.
2006-05-04 GO:0009064 glutamine family amino acid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving amino acids of the glutamine family, comprising arginine, glutamate, glutamine and proline.
2006-05-04 GO:0006541 glutamine metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving glutamine, 2-amino-4-carbamoylbutanoic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0042965 glutaredoxin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a small disulfide-containing redox protein that serves as a glutathione-disulfide oxidoreductase.
2006-05-04 GO:0006750 glutathione biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glutathione, the tripeptide glutamylcysteinylglycine, which acts as a coenzyme for some enzymes and as an antioxidant in the protection of sulfhydryl groups in enzymes and other proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0006751 glutathione catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of glutathione, the tripeptide glutamylcysteinylglycine, which acts as a coenzyme for some enzymes and as an antioxidant in the protection of sulfhydryl groups in enzymes and other proteins.
2006-05-04 GO:0006749 glutathione metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving glutathione, the tripeptide glutamylcysteinylglycine, which acts as a coenzyme for some enzymes and as an antioxidant in the protection of sulfhydryl groups in enzymes and other proteins; it has a specific role in the reduction of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and oxidized ascorbate, and it participates in the gamma-glutamyl cycle.
2006-05-04 GO:0046166 glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate, an important intermediate in glycolysis.
2006-05-04 GO:0019683 glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate, an important intermediate in glycolysis.
2006-05-04 GO:0008654 phospholipid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of phospholipids, any lipid containing phosphoric acid as a mono- or diester.
2006-05-04 GO:0009395 phospholipid catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of phospholipids, any lipid containing phosphoric acid as a mono- or diester.
2006-05-04 GO:0006644 phospholipid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving phospholipids, any lipid containing phosphoric acid as a mono- or diester.
2006-05-04 GO:0019700 organic phosphonate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of phosphonates, any salt, anion, or ester of phosphonic acid (HPO(OH)2).
2006-05-04 GO:0019634 organic phosphonate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving phosphonates, any salt, anion, or ester of phosphonic acid (HPO(OH)2).
2006-05-04 GO:0019636 phosphonoacetate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving phosphonoacetate, C2H4PO5, a substance composed of an acetate and a phosphonic acid residue.
2006-05-04 GO:0006793 phosphorus metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving the nonmetallic element phosphorus or compounds that contain phosphorus, usually in the form of a phosphate group (PO4).
2006-05-04 GO:0046238 phthalate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of phthalate, any ester or salt of phthalic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0046239 phthalate catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of phthalate, the anion of phthalic acid.
2006-05-04 GO:0018963 phthalate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving phthalate, the anion of phthalic acid. Phthalic acid diesters are used industrially in the production of a variety of household and consumer goods including plastic polymers, lubricating oils, and carriers for perfumes in cosmetics, while phthalic acid itself is used industrially as a plasticizer. Terephthalate is used in the synthesis of polyethylene terephthalate (polyethene terephthlate, abbreviated PET or PETE), a plastic polymer with many commercial uses.
2006-05-04 GO:0042372 phylloquinone biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of phylloquinone, vitamin K1, a quinone-derived compound synthesized by green plants.
2006-05-04 GO:0042376 phylloquinone catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of phylloquinone, vitamin K1, a quinone-derived compound synthesized by green plants.
2006-05-04 GO:0042374 phylloquinone metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving phylloquinone, a quinone-derived compound synthesized by green plants. Phylloquinone has vitamin K activity and is known as vitamin K1.
2006-05-04 GO:0010264 myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of phytic acid, phytate/hexakisphosphate inositol, a regulator of intracellular signaling, a highly abundant animal anti-nutrient and a phosphate and mineral storage compound in plant seeds.
2006-05-04 GO:0019337 tetrachloroethylene catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of tetrachloroethylene, a derivative of ethene with the hydrogen atoms replaced by chlorines.
2006-05-04 GO:0018967 tetrachloroethylene metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways involving tetrachloroethylene (tetrachloroethene), a derivative of ethene with the hydrogen atoms replaced by chlorines. Tetrachloroethene has been used primarily as a solvent in dry-cleaning industries and to a lesser extent as a degreasing solvent.
2006-05-04 GO:0006729 tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of tetrahydrobiopterin, the reduced form of biopterin (2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-(1,2-dihydroxypropyl)-pteridine). It functions as a hydroxylation coenzyme, e.g. in the conversion of phenylalanine to tyrosine.
2006-05-04 GO:0050899 nitrile catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a nitrile, an organic compound containing trivalent nitrogen attached to one carbon atom.
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