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GO Term History: Displaying 65 audit records for all terms for the date 2006-02-11

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Introduction

This page displays the differences recorded in the full Gene Ontology OBO v1.2 file as audited by the UniProt-GOA database during its daily update cycle.
If there is any delay in uploading the current OBO file, the changes displayed and the date recorded for these changes may not correspond to when the changes to the OBO file were committed.

All changes

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2006-02-11 GO:0014019 neuroblast development Added TERM neuroblast development
2006-02-11 GO:0006964 positive regulation of biosynthetic process of antibacterial peptides active against Gram-negative bacteria Updated DEFINITION Any process that directly activates the synthesis of polypeptides with antibacterial activity against Gram negative bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0006965 positive regulation of biosynthetic process of antibacterial peptides active against Gram-positive bacteria Updated DEFINITION Any process that directly activates the synthesis of polypeptides with antibacterial activity against Gram positive bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0043192 ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter complex (sensu Bacteria and Archaea) Updated DEFINITION A complex for the transport of metabolites into and out of the cell, comprised of a permease domain integral to the plasma membrane, a membrane associated ATP-binding domain, and a periplasmic (in Gram negative organims) or membrane anchored (in Gram positive organisms) substrate-binding domain. The substrate-binding domain is not found in the efflux form. These domains can occur on one or more polypeptides. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Bacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2) and the taxon Archaea (Archaea, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2157).
2006-02-11 GO:0009275 Gram-positive-bacterium-type cell wall Updated DEFINITION A layer of peptidoglycan found outside of the cytoplasmic membrane. The peptidoglycan is relatively thick (approximately 40 nm) and retains the primary stain of the Gram procedure, thus cells appear blue after Gram stain. The cell walls often contain teichoic acids (acidic anionic polysaccharides) bound to the peptidoglycan. As in but not restricted to the Gram positive bacteria (Firmicutes, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1239).
2006-02-11 GO:0009280 cell wall inner membrane Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. In Gram negative bacteria the membrane that separates the cytoplasm from the murein sacculus.
2006-02-11 GO:0030064 cell wall inner membrane Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The peptidoglycan layer of the cell wall of Gram negative bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0050829 defense response to Gram-negative bacterium Updated DEFINITION Reactions triggered in response to the presence of Gram negative bacteria that act to protect the cell or organism.
2006-02-11 GO:0050830 defense response to Gram-positive bacterium Updated DEFINITION Reactions triggered in response to the presence of Gram positive bacteria that act to protect the cell or organism.
2006-02-11 GO:0019877 diaminopimelate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of diaminopimelate, both as an intermediate in lysine biosynthesis and as a component (as meso-diaminopimelate) of the peptidoglycan of Gram negative bacterial cell walls.
2006-02-11 GO:0046451 diaminopimelate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions involving diaminopimelate, the anion of the dicarboxylic acid 2,6-diaminoheptanedioic acid. It is an intermediate in lysine biosynthesis and as a component (as meso-diaminopimelate) of the peptidoglycan of Gram negative bacterial cell walls.
2006-02-11 GO:0046378 enterobacterial common antigen metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions involving enterobacterial common antigen, an acidic polysaccharide containing N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, N-acetyl-D-mannosaminouronic acid, and 4-acetamido-4,6-dideoxy-D-galactose. A major component of the cell wall outer membrane of Gram negative bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0031238 extrinsic to external side of plasma membrane, in periplasmic space (sensu ProteoBacteria) Updated DEFINITION Located in the periplasmic space and loosely bound to the surface of the plasma membrane that faces away from the cytoplasm, but not integrated into the hydrophobic region. As in, but not restricted to, the Gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-11 GO:0031244 extrinsic component of cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Loosely bound to one surface of the outer membrane, but not integrated into the hydrophobic region. As in, but not restricted to, the Gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-11 GO:0042894 fosmidomycin transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of fosmidomycin, a phosphonic acid derivative with potent activity against Gram negative organisms, into, out of, within or between cells.
2006-02-11 GO:0042898 fosmidomycin transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of fosmidomycin, a phosphonic acid derivative with potent activity against Gram negative organisms, into, out of, within or between cells.
2006-02-11 GO:0008225 Gram-negative antibacterial peptide activity Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Inhibits the growth of, or directly kills, Gram negative bacterial cells.
2006-02-11 GO:0008368 Gram-negative bacterial binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any part of a Gram negative bacterial cell.
2006-02-11 GO:0051636 Gram-negative bacterial cell surface binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any component on the surface of a Gram negative bacterial cell.
2006-02-11 GO:0008224 Gram-positive antibacterial peptide activity Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Inhibits the growth of, or directly kills, Gram positive bacterial cells.
2006-02-11 GO:0051076 Gram-positive bacterial binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any part of a Gram positive bacterial cell.
2006-02-11 GO:0051637 Gram-positive bacterial cell surface binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any component on the surface of a Gram positive bacterium.
2006-02-11 GO:0045256 plasma membrane hydrogen-translocating F-type ATPase complex Added DEFINITION A multisubunit hydrogen-translocating F-type ATPase. F-type ATPases have 2 components, CF(1) - the catalytic core - and CF(0) - the membrane proton channel. CF(1) has five subunits: alpha(3), beta(3), gamma(1), delta(1), epsilon(1). CF(0) has three main subunits: a, b and c. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Bacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2006-02-11 GO:0045320 chloroplast proton-transporting ATP synthase complex Added DEFINITION A multisubunit hydrogen-translocating F-type ATPase. F-type ATPases have 2 components, CF(1) - the catalytic core - and CF(0) - the membrane proton channel. CF(1) has five subunits: alpha(3), beta(3), gamma(1), delta(1), epsilon(1). CF(0) has three main subunits: a, b and c. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2006-02-11 GO:0045203 integral component of cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Penetrating at least one phospholipid bilayer of the external outer membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer. As in, but not restricted to, the Gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-11 GO:0031239 intrinsic to external side of plasma membrane, in periplasmic space (sensu ProteoBacteria) Updated DEFINITION Located in the plasma membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane, with the bulk of the gene product located in the periplasmic space. As in, but not restricted to, the Gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-11 GO:0031230 intrinsic component of cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the outer membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane. As in, but not restricted to, the Gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-11 GO:0019294 keto-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of ketodeoxyoctanoate, 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-octaonate, an acid present in lipopolysaccharides of the outer membranes of some Gram negative bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0046400 keto-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions involving ketodeoxyoctanoate, 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-octaonate, an acid present in lipopolysaccharides of the outer membranes of some Gram negative bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0009103 lipopolysaccharide biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of lipopolysaccharides, any of a group of related, structurally complex components of the outer membrane of Gram negative bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0009104 lipopolysaccharide catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The breakdown into simpler components of lipopolysaccharides, any of a group of related, structurally complex components of the outer membrane of Gram negative bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0008653 lipopolysaccharide metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions involving lipopolysaccharides, any of a group of related, structurally complex components of the outer membrane of Gram negative bacteria. Lipopolysaccharides consist three covalently linked regions, lipid A, core oligosaccharide, and an O side chain. Lipid A is responsible for the toxicity of the lipopolysaccharide.
2006-02-11 GO:0014019 neuroblast development Added DEFINITION The process aimed at the progression of a neuroblast over time, from initial commitment of the cell to a specific state, to the mature neuroblast. It does not include processes where the neuroblast turns into a glial cell or a neuron.
2006-02-11 GO:0015920 lipopolysaccharide transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of lipopolysaccharides into, out of, within or between cells. A lipopolysaccharide is any of a group of related, structurally complex components of the outer membrane of Gram negative bacteria. Lipopolysaccharides consist three covalently linked regions, lipid A, core oligosaccharide, and an O side chain. Lipid A is responsible for the toxicity of the lipopolysaccharide.
2006-02-11 GO:0015221 lipopolysaccharide transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of lipopolysaccharides into, out of, within or between cells. A lipopolysaccharide is any of a group of related, structurally complex components of the outer membrane of Gram negative bacteria. Lipopolysaccharides consist three covalently linked regions, lipid A, core oligosaccharide, and an O side chain. Lipid A is responsible for the toxicity of the lipopolysaccharide.
2006-02-11 GO:0009278 murein sacculus Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A peptidoglycan polymer that forms the shape-determining structure of the cell all of Gram negative bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0014016 neuroblast differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a neuroblast. There are at least four stages through which the pluripotent cells of epiblast or blastula become neuroblasts.
2006-02-11 GO:0014017 neuroblast fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process whereby the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will differentiate into a neuroblast.
2006-02-11 GO:0043580 periplasmic space organization Updated DEFINITION The assembly and arrangement of the periplasmic space, the region between the inner (cytoplasmic) and outer membrane in Gram negative bacteria, or the inner membrane and cell wall in fungi.
2006-02-11 GO:0042893 polymyxin transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of polymyxin, any of a group of related antibiotics produced by Bacillus polymyxa and active against most Gram negative bacteria, into, out of, within or between cells.
2006-02-11 GO:0042897 polymyxin transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of polymyxin, any of a group of related antibiotics produced by Bacillus polymyxa and active against most Gram negative bacteria, into, out of, within or between cells.
2006-02-11 GO:0015288 porin activity Updated DEFINITION Allows the energy independent passage of small (less than 1000 Da) solutes across a membrane. The transmembrane portions of porins consist exclusively of beta-strands which form a beta-barrel. They are found in the outer membranes of Gram negative bacteria, mitochondria, plastids and possibly acid-fast Gram positive bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0031522 cell envelope Sec protein transport complex Updated DEFINITION A transmembrane protein complex involved in the translocation of proteins across the cytoplasmic membrane. In Gram negative bacteria, Sec-translocated proteins are subsequently secreted via the type I, II, IV, or V secretion systems. Sec complex components include SecA,D,E,F,G,Y and YajC. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Bacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2006-02-11 GO:0015480 secretin (sensu Bacteria) Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Secretins are Gram negative bacterial outer membrane proteins that form multimeric pores through which macromolecules, usually proteins, can pass. Form homomultimeric ring structures, 10-20 subunits per complex, with large central pores (inner diameters of 5-10 nm).
2006-02-11 GO:0019350 teichoic acid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of teichoic acid, any polymer occurring in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram positive bacteria and containing chains of glycerol phosphate or ribitol phosphate residues.
2006-02-11 GO:0046374 teichoic acid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions involving teichoic acid, any polymer occurring in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram positive bacteria and containing chains of glycerol phosphate or ribitol phosphate residues.
2006-02-11 GO:0015777 teichoic acid transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of teichoic acid into, out of, within or between cells. Teichoic acid is any polymer occurring in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram positive bacteria and containing chains of glycerol phosphate or ribitol phosphate residues.
2006-02-11 GO:0015162 teichoic acid transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of teichoic acid into, out of, within or between cells. Teichoic acid is any polymer occurring in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram positive bacteria and containing chains of glycerol phosphate or ribitol phosphate residues.
2006-02-11 GO:0050845 teichuronic acid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of teichuronic acid, a polymer containing chains of uronic acids and N-acetylglucosamine found in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram positive bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0050846 teichuronic acid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions involving teichuronic acid, a polymer containing chains of uronic acids and N-acetylglucosamine found in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram positive bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0015904 tetracycline transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of tetracycline into, out of, within or between cells. Tetracycline is a broad spectrum antibiotic that blocks binding of aminoacyl tRNA to the ribosomes of both Gram positive and Gram negative organisms (and those of organelles).
2006-02-11 GO:0008493 tetracycline transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of tetracycline into, out of, within or between cells. Tetracycline is a broad spectrum antibiotic that blocks binding of aminoacyl tRNA to the ribosomes of both Gram positive and Gram negative organisms (and those of organelles).
2006-02-11 GO:0046819 protein secretion by the type V secretion system Updated DEFINITION A bacterial secretion system found in Gram negative bacteria (also known as the autotransporter system) in which the protein moiety mediating export through the outer membrane is contained within the precursor of the secreted protein itself. Such proteins have a tripartite unifying structure: the amino-terminal leader sequence, the secreted mature protein (passenger domain) and a carboxy-terminal (beta-) domain that forms a beta-barrel pore to allow secretion of the passenger protein. Proteins secreted in this way have been implicated as important or putative virulence factors in many Gram negative pathogens.
2006-02-11 GO:0014018 neuroblast fate specification Added DEFINITION The process whereby a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a neuroblast in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway. Upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed.
2006-02-11 GO:0008755 O antigen polymerase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the polymerization of o-antigen chains. O-antigens are tetra and penta saccharide repeat units of the cell walls of Gram negative bacteria and are a component of lipopolysaccharide.
2006-02-11 GO:0019867 outer membrane Updated DEFINITION The external membrane of Gram negative bacteria or certain organelles such as mitochondria and chloroplasts; freely permeable to most ions and metabolites.
2006-02-11 GO:0009279 cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION A lipid bilayer that forms the outermost layer of the cell envelope; enriched in polysaccharide and protein; the outer leaflet of the membrane contains specific lipopolysaccharide structures. As in, but not restricted to, the Gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-11 GO:0043165 Gram-negative-bacterium-type cell outer membrane assembly Updated DEFINITION The assembly of an outer membrane, a lipid bilayer that forms the outermost layer of the cell envelope; enriched in polysaccharide and protein; the outer leaflet of the membrane contains specific lipopolysaccharide structures. As in, but not restricted to, the Gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-11 GO:0015440 peptide-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + peptide(in) = ADP + phosphate + peptide(out). Peptides exported include alpha-hemolysin, cyclolysin, colicin V and siderophores from Gram negative bacteria, and bacteriocin, subtilin, competence factor and pediocin from Gram positive bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0042597 periplasmic space Updated DEFINITION The region between the inner (cytoplasmic) and outer membrane (Gram negative bacteria) or inner membrane and cell wall (fungi).
2006-02-11 GO:0030288 outer membrane-bounded periplasmic space Updated DEFINITION The region between the inner (cytoplasmic) membrane and outer membrane. As in, but not restricted to, the Gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-11 GO:0009246 enterobacterial common antigen biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of the enterobacterial common antigen, an acidic polysaccharide containing N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, N-acetyl-D-mannosaminouronic acid, and 4-acetamido-4,6-dideoxy-D-galactose. A major component of the cell wall outer membrane of Gram negative bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0014016 neuroblast differentiation Added TERM neuroblast differentiation
2006-02-11 GO:0014017 neuroblast fate commitment Added TERM neuroblast fate commitment
2006-02-11 GO:0014018 neuroblast fate specification Added TERM neuroblast fate specification

Terms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2006-02-11 GO:0014019 neuroblast development Added TERM neuroblast development
2006-02-11 GO:0014016 neuroblast differentiation Added TERM neuroblast differentiation
2006-02-11 GO:0014017 neuroblast fate commitment Added TERM neuroblast fate commitment
2006-02-11 GO:0014018 neuroblast fate specification Added TERM neuroblast fate specification

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2006-02-11 GO:0006964 positive regulation of biosynthetic process of antibacterial peptides active against Gram-negative bacteria Updated DEFINITION Any process that directly activates the synthesis of polypeptides with antibacterial activity against Gram negative bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0006965 positive regulation of biosynthetic process of antibacterial peptides active against Gram-positive bacteria Updated DEFINITION Any process that directly activates the synthesis of polypeptides with antibacterial activity against Gram positive bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0043192 ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter complex (sensu Bacteria and Archaea) Updated DEFINITION A complex for the transport of metabolites into and out of the cell, comprised of a permease domain integral to the plasma membrane, a membrane associated ATP-binding domain, and a periplasmic (in Gram negative organims) or membrane anchored (in Gram positive organisms) substrate-binding domain. The substrate-binding domain is not found in the efflux form. These domains can occur on one or more polypeptides. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Bacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2) and the taxon Archaea (Archaea, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2157).
2006-02-11 GO:0009275 Gram-positive-bacterium-type cell wall Updated DEFINITION A layer of peptidoglycan found outside of the cytoplasmic membrane. The peptidoglycan is relatively thick (approximately 40 nm) and retains the primary stain of the Gram procedure, thus cells appear blue after Gram stain. The cell walls often contain teichoic acids (acidic anionic polysaccharides) bound to the peptidoglycan. As in but not restricted to the Gram positive bacteria (Firmicutes, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1239).
2006-02-11 GO:0009280 cell wall inner membrane Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. In Gram negative bacteria the membrane that separates the cytoplasm from the murein sacculus.
2006-02-11 GO:0030064 cell wall inner membrane Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The peptidoglycan layer of the cell wall of Gram negative bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0050829 defense response to Gram-negative bacterium Updated DEFINITION Reactions triggered in response to the presence of Gram negative bacteria that act to protect the cell or organism.
2006-02-11 GO:0050830 defense response to Gram-positive bacterium Updated DEFINITION Reactions triggered in response to the presence of Gram positive bacteria that act to protect the cell or organism.
2006-02-11 GO:0019877 diaminopimelate biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of diaminopimelate, both as an intermediate in lysine biosynthesis and as a component (as meso-diaminopimelate) of the peptidoglycan of Gram negative bacterial cell walls.
2006-02-11 GO:0046451 diaminopimelate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions involving diaminopimelate, the anion of the dicarboxylic acid 2,6-diaminoheptanedioic acid. It is an intermediate in lysine biosynthesis and as a component (as meso-diaminopimelate) of the peptidoglycan of Gram negative bacterial cell walls.
2006-02-11 GO:0046378 enterobacterial common antigen metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions involving enterobacterial common antigen, an acidic polysaccharide containing N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, N-acetyl-D-mannosaminouronic acid, and 4-acetamido-4,6-dideoxy-D-galactose. A major component of the cell wall outer membrane of Gram negative bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0031238 extrinsic to external side of plasma membrane, in periplasmic space (sensu ProteoBacteria) Updated DEFINITION Located in the periplasmic space and loosely bound to the surface of the plasma membrane that faces away from the cytoplasm, but not integrated into the hydrophobic region. As in, but not restricted to, the Gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-11 GO:0031244 extrinsic component of cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Loosely bound to one surface of the outer membrane, but not integrated into the hydrophobic region. As in, but not restricted to, the Gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-11 GO:0042894 fosmidomycin transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of fosmidomycin, a phosphonic acid derivative with potent activity against Gram negative organisms, into, out of, within or between cells.
2006-02-11 GO:0042898 fosmidomycin transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of fosmidomycin, a phosphonic acid derivative with potent activity against Gram negative organisms, into, out of, within or between cells.
2006-02-11 GO:0008225 Gram-negative antibacterial peptide activity Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Inhibits the growth of, or directly kills, Gram negative bacterial cells.
2006-02-11 GO:0008368 Gram-negative bacterial binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any part of a Gram negative bacterial cell.
2006-02-11 GO:0051636 Gram-negative bacterial cell surface binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any component on the surface of a Gram negative bacterial cell.
2006-02-11 GO:0008224 Gram-positive antibacterial peptide activity Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Inhibits the growth of, or directly kills, Gram positive bacterial cells.
2006-02-11 GO:0051076 Gram-positive bacterial binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any part of a Gram positive bacterial cell.
2006-02-11 GO:0051637 Gram-positive bacterial cell surface binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any component on the surface of a Gram positive bacterium.
2006-02-11 GO:0045256 plasma membrane hydrogen-translocating F-type ATPase complex Added DEFINITION A multisubunit hydrogen-translocating F-type ATPase. F-type ATPases have 2 components, CF(1) - the catalytic core - and CF(0) - the membrane proton channel. CF(1) has five subunits: alpha(3), beta(3), gamma(1), delta(1), epsilon(1). CF(0) has three main subunits: a, b and c. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Bacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2006-02-11 GO:0045320 chloroplast proton-transporting ATP synthase complex Added DEFINITION A multisubunit hydrogen-translocating F-type ATPase. F-type ATPases have 2 components, CF(1) - the catalytic core - and CF(0) - the membrane proton channel. CF(1) has five subunits: alpha(3), beta(3), gamma(1), delta(1), epsilon(1). CF(0) has three main subunits: a, b and c. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2006-02-11 GO:0045203 integral component of cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Penetrating at least one phospholipid bilayer of the external outer membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer. As in, but not restricted to, the Gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-11 GO:0031239 intrinsic to external side of plasma membrane, in periplasmic space (sensu ProteoBacteria) Updated DEFINITION Located in the plasma membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane, with the bulk of the gene product located in the periplasmic space. As in, but not restricted to, the Gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-11 GO:0031230 intrinsic component of cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the outer membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane. As in, but not restricted to, the Gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-11 GO:0019294 keto-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of ketodeoxyoctanoate, 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-octaonate, an acid present in lipopolysaccharides of the outer membranes of some Gram negative bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0046400 keto-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions involving ketodeoxyoctanoate, 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-octaonate, an acid present in lipopolysaccharides of the outer membranes of some Gram negative bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0009103 lipopolysaccharide biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of lipopolysaccharides, any of a group of related, structurally complex components of the outer membrane of Gram negative bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0009104 lipopolysaccharide catabolic process Updated DEFINITION The breakdown into simpler components of lipopolysaccharides, any of a group of related, structurally complex components of the outer membrane of Gram negative bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0008653 lipopolysaccharide metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions involving lipopolysaccharides, any of a group of related, structurally complex components of the outer membrane of Gram negative bacteria. Lipopolysaccharides consist three covalently linked regions, lipid A, core oligosaccharide, and an O side chain. Lipid A is responsible for the toxicity of the lipopolysaccharide.
2006-02-11 GO:0014019 neuroblast development Added DEFINITION The process aimed at the progression of a neuroblast over time, from initial commitment of the cell to a specific state, to the mature neuroblast. It does not include processes where the neuroblast turns into a glial cell or a neuron.
2006-02-11 GO:0015920 lipopolysaccharide transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of lipopolysaccharides into, out of, within or between cells. A lipopolysaccharide is any of a group of related, structurally complex components of the outer membrane of Gram negative bacteria. Lipopolysaccharides consist three covalently linked regions, lipid A, core oligosaccharide, and an O side chain. Lipid A is responsible for the toxicity of the lipopolysaccharide.
2006-02-11 GO:0015221 lipopolysaccharide transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of lipopolysaccharides into, out of, within or between cells. A lipopolysaccharide is any of a group of related, structurally complex components of the outer membrane of Gram negative bacteria. Lipopolysaccharides consist three covalently linked regions, lipid A, core oligosaccharide, and an O side chain. Lipid A is responsible for the toxicity of the lipopolysaccharide.
2006-02-11 GO:0009278 murein sacculus Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A peptidoglycan polymer that forms the shape-determining structure of the cell all of Gram negative bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0014016 neuroblast differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a neuroblast. There are at least four stages through which the pluripotent cells of epiblast or blastula become neuroblasts.
2006-02-11 GO:0014017 neuroblast fate commitment Added DEFINITION The process whereby the developmental fate of a cell becomes restricted such that it will differentiate into a neuroblast.
2006-02-11 GO:0043580 periplasmic space organization Updated DEFINITION The assembly and arrangement of the periplasmic space, the region between the inner (cytoplasmic) and outer membrane in Gram negative bacteria, or the inner membrane and cell wall in fungi.
2006-02-11 GO:0042893 polymyxin transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of polymyxin, any of a group of related antibiotics produced by Bacillus polymyxa and active against most Gram negative bacteria, into, out of, within or between cells.
2006-02-11 GO:0042897 polymyxin transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of polymyxin, any of a group of related antibiotics produced by Bacillus polymyxa and active against most Gram negative bacteria, into, out of, within or between cells.
2006-02-11 GO:0015288 porin activity Updated DEFINITION Allows the energy independent passage of small (less than 1000 Da) solutes across a membrane. The transmembrane portions of porins consist exclusively of beta-strands which form a beta-barrel. They are found in the outer membranes of Gram negative bacteria, mitochondria, plastids and possibly acid-fast Gram positive bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0031522 cell envelope Sec protein transport complex Updated DEFINITION A transmembrane protein complex involved in the translocation of proteins across the cytoplasmic membrane. In Gram negative bacteria, Sec-translocated proteins are subsequently secreted via the type I, II, IV, or V secretion systems. Sec complex components include SecA,D,E,F,G,Y and YajC. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Bacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2006-02-11 GO:0015480 secretin (sensu Bacteria) Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Secretins are Gram negative bacterial outer membrane proteins that form multimeric pores through which macromolecules, usually proteins, can pass. Form homomultimeric ring structures, 10-20 subunits per complex, with large central pores (inner diameters of 5-10 nm).
2006-02-11 GO:0019350 teichoic acid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of teichoic acid, any polymer occurring in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram positive bacteria and containing chains of glycerol phosphate or ribitol phosphate residues.
2006-02-11 GO:0046374 teichoic acid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions involving teichoic acid, any polymer occurring in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram positive bacteria and containing chains of glycerol phosphate or ribitol phosphate residues.
2006-02-11 GO:0015777 teichoic acid transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of teichoic acid into, out of, within or between cells. Teichoic acid is any polymer occurring in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram positive bacteria and containing chains of glycerol phosphate or ribitol phosphate residues.
2006-02-11 GO:0015162 teichoic acid transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of teichoic acid into, out of, within or between cells. Teichoic acid is any polymer occurring in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram positive bacteria and containing chains of glycerol phosphate or ribitol phosphate residues.
2006-02-11 GO:0050845 teichuronic acid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of teichuronic acid, a polymer containing chains of uronic acids and N-acetylglucosamine found in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram positive bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0050846 teichuronic acid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions involving teichuronic acid, a polymer containing chains of uronic acids and N-acetylglucosamine found in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram positive bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0015904 tetracycline transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of tetracycline into, out of, within or between cells. Tetracycline is a broad spectrum antibiotic that blocks binding of aminoacyl tRNA to the ribosomes of both Gram positive and Gram negative organisms (and those of organelles).
2006-02-11 GO:0008493 tetracycline transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of tetracycline into, out of, within or between cells. Tetracycline is a broad spectrum antibiotic that blocks binding of aminoacyl tRNA to the ribosomes of both Gram positive and Gram negative organisms (and those of organelles).
2006-02-11 GO:0046819 protein secretion by the type V secretion system Updated DEFINITION A bacterial secretion system found in Gram negative bacteria (also known as the autotransporter system) in which the protein moiety mediating export through the outer membrane is contained within the precursor of the secreted protein itself. Such proteins have a tripartite unifying structure: the amino-terminal leader sequence, the secreted mature protein (passenger domain) and a carboxy-terminal (beta-) domain that forms a beta-barrel pore to allow secretion of the passenger protein. Proteins secreted in this way have been implicated as important or putative virulence factors in many Gram negative pathogens.
2006-02-11 GO:0014018 neuroblast fate specification Added DEFINITION The process whereby a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a neuroblast in an environment that is neutral with respect to the developmental pathway. Upon specification, the cell fate can be reversed.
2006-02-11 GO:0008755 O antigen polymerase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the polymerization of o-antigen chains. O-antigens are tetra and penta saccharide repeat units of the cell walls of Gram negative bacteria and are a component of lipopolysaccharide.
2006-02-11 GO:0019867 outer membrane Updated DEFINITION The external membrane of Gram negative bacteria or certain organelles such as mitochondria and chloroplasts; freely permeable to most ions and metabolites.
2006-02-11 GO:0009279 cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION A lipid bilayer that forms the outermost layer of the cell envelope; enriched in polysaccharide and protein; the outer leaflet of the membrane contains specific lipopolysaccharide structures. As in, but not restricted to, the Gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-11 GO:0043165 Gram-negative-bacterium-type cell outer membrane assembly Updated DEFINITION The assembly of an outer membrane, a lipid bilayer that forms the outermost layer of the cell envelope; enriched in polysaccharide and protein; the outer leaflet of the membrane contains specific lipopolysaccharide structures. As in, but not restricted to, the Gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-11 GO:0015440 peptide-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + peptide(in) = ADP + phosphate + peptide(out). Peptides exported include alpha-hemolysin, cyclolysin, colicin V and siderophores from Gram negative bacteria, and bacteriocin, subtilin, competence factor and pediocin from Gram positive bacteria.
2006-02-11 GO:0042597 periplasmic space Updated DEFINITION The region between the inner (cytoplasmic) and outer membrane (Gram negative bacteria) or inner membrane and cell wall (fungi).
2006-02-11 GO:0030288 outer membrane-bounded periplasmic space Updated DEFINITION The region between the inner (cytoplasmic) membrane and outer membrane. As in, but not restricted to, the Gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-11 GO:0009246 enterobacterial common antigen biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of the enterobacterial common antigen, an acidic polysaccharide containing N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, N-acetyl-D-mannosaminouronic acid, and 4-acetamido-4,6-dideoxy-D-galactose. A major component of the cell wall outer membrane of Gram negative bacteria.
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