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GO Term History: Displaying 117 audit records for all terms for the date 2006-02-10

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Introduction

This page displays the differences recorded in the full Gene Ontology OBO v1.2 file as audited by the UniProt-GOA database during its daily update cycle.
If there is any delay in uploading the current OBO file, the changes displayed and the date recorded for these changes may not correspond to when the changes to the OBO file were committed.

All changes

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2006-02-10 GO:0051911 Methanosarcina-phenazine hydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: H2 + 2-(2,3-dihydropentaprenyloxy)phenazine = 2-dihydropentaprenyloxyphenazine.
2006-02-10 GO:0051870 methotrexate binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with methotrexate, an antineoplastic antimetabolite with immunosuppressant properties. It is an inhibitor of tetrahydrofolate reductase and prevents the formation of tetrahydrofolate, necessary for synthesis of thymidylate, an essential component of DNA.
2006-02-10 GO:0014005 microglia development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the microglial cell over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2006-02-10 GO:0048707 instar larval or pupal morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION The process, occurring during larval or pupal development, by which anatomical structures are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0051878 lateral element assembly Added DEFINITION The process by which lateral elements are formed. Axial elements form a proteinaceous core between the two sister chromatids of each chromosome; the two axial elements then connect along their entire lengths by fine fibers known as transverse filaments, forming the lateral elements.
2006-02-10 GO:0048127 maintenance of oocyte nucleus localization during oocyte axis determination (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION Maintenance of the oocyte nucleus in its anterior-dorsal position in the egg chamber during the establishment and maintenance of the axes of the oocyte. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0051906 maintenance of pigment granule location Added DEFINITION The processes by which a pigment granule is maintained in a location and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2006-02-10 GO:0048124 maternal determination of dorsal/ventral axis, oocyte, germ-line encoded (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION Polarization of the oocyte along the dorsal-ventral axis, by a gene product encoded by cells of the germ line. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0048125 maternal determination of dorsal/ventral axis, oocyte, soma encoded (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION Polarization of the oocyte along the dorsal-ventral axis, by a gene product encoded by somatic cells. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0051899 membrane depolarization Added DEFINITION The process in which membrane potential changes in the depolarizing direction from the resting potential, usually from negative to positive. For example, the initial depolarization during the rising phase of an action potential is in the direction from the negative resting potential towards the positive membrane potential that will be the peak of the action potential.
2006-02-10 GO:0051909 acetylenecarboxylate hydratase activity, producing 3-hydroxypropenoate Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3-hydroxypropenoate = propynoate + H2O.
2006-02-10 GO:0051880 G-quadruplex DNA binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with G-quadruplex DNA structures, in which groups of four guanines adopt a flat, cyclic Hoogsteen hydrogen-bonding arrangement known as a guanine tetrad. The stacking of guanine tetrads results in G-quadruplex DNA structures. G-quadruplex DNA can form under physiological conditions from some G-rich sequences, such as those found in telomeres, immunoglobulin switch regions, gene promoters, fragile X repeats, and the dimerization domain in the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) genome.
2006-02-10 GO:0051866 general adaptation syndrome Added DEFINITION General adaptation syndrome is the physiological changes in various organ systems of the body, especially the pituitary-endocrine system, in response to a wide range of strong external stimuli, both physiological and psychological. It is described as having three stages: alarm reaction, where the body detects the external stimulus; adaptation, where the body engages defensive countermeasures against the stressor; and exhaustion, where the body begins to run out of defenses.
2006-02-10 GO:0051867 general adaptation syndrome, behavioral process Added DEFINITION The behavioral processes that occur as part of the general adaptation syndrome, the physiological response of the body to a strong, stressful stimulus.
2006-02-10 GO:0051868 general adaptation syndrome, physiological process Added DEFINITION The physiological processes that occur as part of the general adaptation syndrome, the physiological response of the body to a strong, stressful stimulus.
2006-02-10 GO:0014009 glial cell proliferation Added DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of glial cells by cell division, resulting in the rapid expansion of their population. Glial cells exist throughout the nervous system, and include Schwann cells, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes among others.
2006-02-10 GO:0051910 heparitin sulfotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate + heparitin = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + N-sulfoheparitin.
2006-02-10 GO:0051864 histone demethylase activity (H3-K36 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: methyl-lysine + alpha-ketoglutarate + O2 = succinate + CO2 + formaldehyde + lysine. The methyl-lysine residue is at position 36 of histone 3.
2006-02-10 GO:0051879 Hsp90 protein binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with Hsp90 proteins, any of a group of heat shock proteins around 90kDa in size.
2006-02-10 GO:0045203 integral component of cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Penetrating at least one phospholipid bilayer of the external outer membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer. As in, but not restricted to, the gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-10 GO:0031239 intrinsic to external side of plasma membrane, in periplasmic space (sensu ProteoBacteria) Updated DEFINITION Located in the plasma membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane, with the bulk of the gene product located in the periplasmic space. As in, but not restricted to, the gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-10 GO:0031230 intrinsic component of cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the outer membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane. As in, but not restricted to, the gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-10 GO:0043616 keratinocyte proliferation Added DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of keratinocytes, resulting in the rapid expansion of a cell population. Keratinocytes are epidermal cells which synthesize keratin and undergo a characteristic change as they move upward from the basal layers of the epidermis to the cornified (horny) layer of the skin.
2006-02-10 GO:0002165 instar larval or pupal development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the larva or pupa over time, from its formation to the mature structure. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0043624 cellular protein complex disassembly Added DEFINITION The disaggregation of a protein complex into its constituent components, occurring at the level of an individual cell. Protein complexes may have other associated non-protein prosthetic groups, such as nucleic acids, metal ions or carbohydrate groups.
2006-02-10 GO:0043617 cellular response to sucrose starvation Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of deprivation of sucrose.
2006-02-10 GO:0035193 larval central nervous system remodeling Updated DEFINITION Reorganization of the preexisting, functional larval central nervous system into one that can serve the novel behavioral needs of the adult. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0051912 CoB--CoM heterodisulfide reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: coenzyme B + coenzyme M + methanophenazine = N-{7-[(2-sulfoethyl)dithio]heptanoyl}-3-O-phospho-L-threonine + dihydromethanophenazine.
2006-02-10 GO:0048761 collenchyma cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a collenchyma cell. This is a plant cell in which the primary cell walls are unevenly thickened, with most thickening occuring at the cell corners. Cells are living and able to grow, they are elongated, and lignin and secondary walls absent. Collenchyma cells make up collenchyma tissue which acts as a supporting tissue in growing shoots, leaves and petioles. This tissue is often arranged in cortical ribs, as seen prominently in celery and rhubarb petioles.
2006-02-10 GO:0048758 companion cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a companion cell. The companion cell is the specialized parenchyma cell associated with a sieve-tube member in angiosperm phloem and arising from the same mother cell as the sieve-tube member.
2006-02-10 GO:0043622 cortical microtubule organization Added DEFINITION The assembly and arrangement of structures formed of microtubules and associated proteins in the cell cortex, i.e. just beneath the plasma membrane of a cell.
2006-02-10 GO:0005842 cytosolic large ribosomal subunit (sensu Eukaryota) Updated DEFINITION The large subunit of a ribosome; has a sedimentation coefficient of 60S. As in, but not restricted to, the eukaryotes (Eukaryota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2759).
2006-02-10 GO:0051871 dihydrofolic acid binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with dihydrofolic acid, a folic acid in which the bicyclic pteridine structure is in the dihydro, partially reduced form; they are intermediates in folate metabolism and are reduced to their tetrahydro, reduced forms.
2006-02-10 GO:0051908 double-stranded DNA 5'-3' exodeoxyribonuclease activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the sequential cleavage of mononucleotides from a free 5' terminus of a double-stranded DNA molecule.
2006-02-10 GO:0048126 establishment of oocyte nucleus localization during oocyte axis determination (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION The re-positioning of the oocyte nucleus to a dorsal-anterior position in the egg chamber, an essential step in the establishment and maintenance of the dorsal/ventral axis of the oocyte. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0051905 establishment of pigment granule localization Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a pigment granule to a specific location.
2006-02-10 GO:0043615 astrocyte cell migration Added DEFINITION The orderly movement of astrocytes, class of large neuroglial (macroglial) cells in the central nervous system, the largest and most numerous neuroglial cells in the brain and spinal cord.
2006-02-10 GO:0014002 astrocyte development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the astrocyte over time, from its formation to the mature structure. An astrocyte is the most abundant type of glial cell. Astrocytes provide support for neurons and regulate the environment in which they function.
2006-02-10 GO:0014012 peripheral nervous system axon regeneration Added DEFINITION The regrowth of axons outside the central nervous system (outside the brain and spinal cord) following an axonal injury.
2006-02-10 GO:0048763 calcium-induced calcium release activity Added DEFINITION Release of calcium ions from an intracellular vesicle on induction by increased calcium concentration.
2006-02-10 GO:0009275 Gram-positive-bacterium-type cell wall Updated DEFINITION A layer of peptidoglycan found outside of the cytoplasmic membrane. The peptidoglycan is relatively thick (approximately 40 nm) and retains the primary stain of the Gram procedure, thus cells appear blue after Gram stain. The cell walls often contain teichoic acids (acidic anionic polysaccharides) bound to the peptidoglycan. as in but not restricted to the gram positive bacteria (Firmicutes, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1239).
2006-02-10 GO:0009276 Gram-negative-bacterium-type cell wall Updated DEFINITION The peptidoglycan layer of the Gram negative cell envelope. In Gram negative cells the peptidoglycan is relatively thin (approximately 2 nm) and is linked to the outer membrane by lipoproteins. In Gram negative cells the peptidoglycan is too thin to retain the primary stain in the Gram staining procedure and therefore cells appear red after Gram stain. As in but not restricted to the Gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-10 GO:0043164 Gram-negative-bacterium-type cell wall biogenesis Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of the cell wall, the rigid or semi-rigid envelope lying outside the cell membrane. As in, but not restricted to, the Gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-10 GO:0043623 cellular protein complex assembly Added DEFINITION The aggregation and bonding together of a set of components to form a protein complex, occurring at the level of an individual cell.
2006-02-10 GO:0007425 epithelial cell fate determination, open tracheal system Updated DEFINITION Process by which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a tracheal cell regardless of its environment; upon determination, the cell fate cannot be reversed. Tracheal cells are set aside as 10 clusters of approximately 80 cells on each side of the embryo (termed tracheal placodes). As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0048764 trichoblast maturation Added DEFINITION The process leading to the attainment of the full functional capacity of a trichoblast cell. This process is independent of morphogenetic change.
2006-02-10 GO:0048759 xylem vessel member cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a vessel member cell. A vessel member cell is one of the components of a vessel in the xylem. It is a dead cell with the wall between adjacent members being variously perforated and the walls that persist variously thickened.
2006-02-10 GO:0051874 sphinganine-1-phosphate catabolic process Added DEFINITION The breakdown into simpler components of sphinganine-1-phosphate, the phosphorylated derivative of D-erythro-2-amino-1,3-octadecanediol.
2006-02-10 GO:0051872 sphingosine catabolic process Added DEFINITION The breakdown into simpler components of sphingosine (sphing-4-enine), trans-D-erytho-2-amino-octadec-4-ene-1,3-diol, a long chain amino diol sphingoid base that occurs in most sphingolipids in animal tissues.
2006-02-10 GO:0048771 tissue remodeling Added DEFINITION The reorganization or renovation of existing tissues. This process can either change the characteristics of a tissue such as in blood vessel remodeling, or result in the dynamic equilibrium of a tissue such as in bone remodeling.
2006-02-10 GO:0014013 regulation of gliogenesis Added TERM regulation of gliogenesis
2006-02-10 GO:0014014 negative regulation of gliogenesis Added TERM negative regulation of gliogenesis
2006-02-10 GO:0014015 positive regulation of gliogenesis Added TERM positive regulation of gliogenesis
2006-02-10 GO:0051877 pigment granule aggregation in cell center Added DEFINITION The directed movement of dispersed pigment granules towards the center of the cell.
2006-02-10 GO:0051876 pigment granule dispersal Added DEFINITION The directed movement of pigment granules within a cell towards the cell periphery.
2006-02-10 GO:0051875 pigment granule localization Added DEFINITION The processes by which a pigment granule is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2006-02-10 GO:0014001 sclerenchyma cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a sclerenchyma cell. Plant cell type with thick lignified walls, normally dead at maturity and specialised for structural strength. Includes fibre cells, that are greatly elongated; and sclereids, that are more isodiametric. Intermediate types exist. Cells may or may not be devoid of protoplast at maturity. Cell form and size are variable.
2006-02-10 GO:0031522 cell envelope Sec protein transport complex Updated DEFINITION A transmembrane protein complex involved in the translocation of proteins across the cytoplasmic membrane. In Gram-negative bacteria, Sec-translocated proteins are subsequently secreted via the type I, II, IV, or V secretion systems. Sec complex components include SecA,D,E,F,G,Y and YajC. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Bacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2006-02-10 GO:0032005 signal transduction involved in conjugation with cellular fusion Added DEFINITION The series of molecular signals that bring about the relay, amplification or dampening of a signal generated in response to a cue, such as starvation or pheromone exposure, in organisms that undergo conjugation with cellular fusion.
2006-02-10 GO:0048235 pollen sperm cell differentiation Updated DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a haploid sperm cell within the plant gametophyte. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2006-02-10 GO:0031238 extrinsic to external side of plasma membrane, in periplasmic space (sensu ProteoBacteria) Updated DEFINITION Located in the periplasmic space and loosely bound to the surface of the plasma membrane that faces away from the cytoplasm, but not integrated into the hydrophobic region. As in, but not restricted to, the gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-10 GO:0031244 extrinsic component of cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Loosely bound to one surface of the outer membrane, but not integrated into the hydrophobic region. As in, but not restricted to, the gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-10 GO:0007299 ovarian follicle cell-cell adhesion Updated DEFINITION The attachment of a somatic follicle cell to another somatic follicle cell or to its substratum, the germline cells. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0051865 protein autoubiquitination Added DEFINITION The ubiquitination by a protein of one or more of its own amino acid residues, or residues on an identical protein. Ubiquitination occurs on the lysine residue by formation of an isopeptide crosslink.
2006-02-10 GO:0043621 protein self-association Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a domain within the same polypeptide.
2006-02-10 GO:0010240 plastid pyruvate dehydrogenase complex Updated DEFINITION Complex that carries out the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate to form acetyl-CoA; comprises subunits possessing three catalytic activities: pyruvate dehydrogenase (E1), dihydrolipoamide S-acetyltransferase (E2), and dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (E3). This complex is found in plant plastids and is distinct from the one found in mitochondria. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2006-02-10 GO:0014013 regulation of gliogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of gliogenesis, the formation of mature glia.
2006-02-10 GO:0002036 regulation of L-glutamate transport Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of L-glutamate transport.
2006-02-10 GO:0014006 regulation of microglia differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of microglia differentiation, the process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a microglial cell.
2006-02-10 GO:0051900 regulation of mitochondrial depolarization Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the change in the membrane potential of the mitochondria from negative to positive.
2006-02-10 GO:0051881 regulation of mitochondrial membrane potential Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the establishment or extent of the mitochondrial membrane potential, the electric potential existing across the mitochondrial membrane arising from charges in the membrane itself and from the charges present in the media on either side of the membrane.
2006-02-10 GO:0032006 regulation of TOR signaling Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the TOR signaling pathway.
2006-02-10 GO:0043619 regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter in response to oxidative stress Added DEFINITION Modulation of the frequency, rate or extent of transcription from an from RNA polymerase II promoter as a result of a stimulus indicating the organism is under oxidative stress, a state often resulting from exposure to high levels of reactive oxygen species, e.g. superoxide anions, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and hydroxyl radicals.
2006-02-10 GO:0043618 regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter in response to stress Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of transcription from an RNA polymerase II promoter as a result of a stimulus indicating the organism is under stress. The stress is usually, but not necessarily, exogenous (e.g. temperature, humidity, ionizing radiation).
2006-02-10 GO:0043620 regulation of DNA-templated transcription in response to stress Added DEFINITION Modulation of the frequency, rate or extent of transcription as a result of a stimulus indicating the organism is under stress. The stress is usually, but not necessarily, exogenous (e.g. temperature, humidity, ionizing radiation).
2006-02-10 GO:0045271 respiratory chain complex I Added DEFINITION Respiratory chain complex I is an enzyme of the respiratory chain, consisting of at least 34 polypeptide chains. It is L-shaped, with a horizontal arm lying in the membrane and a vertical arm that projects into the matrix. The electrons of NADH enter the chain at this complex.
2006-02-10 GO:0042653 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I, membrane segment Added DEFINITION The membrane segment of respiratory chain complex I. Respiratory chain complex I is an enzyme of the respiratory chain, consisting of at least 34 polypeptide chains. The electrons of NADH enter the chain at this complex. The complete complex is L-shaped, with a horizontal arm lying in the membrane and a vertical arm that projects into the matrix. As in, but not restricted to, the eukaryotes (Eukaryota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2759).
2006-02-10 GO:0042652 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I, peripheral segment Added DEFINITION The peripheral segment of respiratory chain complex I. Respiratory chain complex I is an enzyme of the respiratory chain, consisting of at least 34 polypeptide chains. The electrons of NADH enter the chain at this complex. The complete complex is L-shaped, with a horizontal arm lying in the membrane and a vertical arm that projects into the matrix. As in, but not restricted to, the eukaryotes (Eukaryota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2759).
2006-02-10 GO:0005751 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex IV Updated DEFINITION A part of the respiratory chain, containing the 13 polypeptide subunits of cytochrome c oxidase, including cytochrome a and cytochrome a3. Catalyzes the oxidation of reduced cytochrome c by dioxygen (O2). Found in eukaryotes. As in, but not restricted to, the eukaryotes (Eukaryota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2759).
2006-02-10 GO:0048765 root hair cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a root hair cell.
2006-02-10 GO:0048768 root hair cell tip growth Added DEFINITION Localized growth of a plant root hair tip by extension of the cell wall.
2006-02-10 GO:0048767 root hair elongation Added DEFINITION The process by which the root hair grows longer.
2006-02-10 GO:0048766 root hair initiation Added DEFINITION The process by which a protrusion or bulge is formed at the site of plant root hair outgrowth.
2006-02-10 GO:0051903 S-(hydroxymethyl)glutathione dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-(hydroxymethyl)glutathione + NAD(P)+ = S-formylglutathione + NAD(P)H + H+.
2006-02-10 GO:0051907 S-(hydroxymethyl)glutathione synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-(hydroxymethyl)glutathione = glutathione + formaldehyde.
2006-02-10 GO:0048769 sarcomerogenesis Added DEFINITION The process by which sarcomeres are added in series within a fiber.
2006-02-10 GO:0014010 Schwann cell proliferation Added DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of Schwann cells, resulting in the rapid expansion of their population. Schwann cells are a type of glial cell in the peripheral nervous system.
2006-02-10 GO:0014011 Schwann cell proliferation involved in axon regeneration Added DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of Schwann cells by cell division, resulting in the rapid expansion of their population in response to an axonal lesion. The newly generated Schwann cells support subsequent axon regeneration in the peripheral nervous system.
2006-02-10 GO:0048757 pigment granule maturation Added DEFINITION Steps required to form a membrane bound organelle into a pigment granule containing pigment.
2006-02-10 GO:0051904 pigment granule transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of pigment granules into, out of, within or between cells.
2006-02-10 GO:0048113 pole plasm assembly (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION Establishment of the specialized cytoplasm found at the poles of the insect egg. The posterior pole plasm is both necessary and sufficient for the formation of germ cells. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0014015 positive regulation of gliogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the rate, frequency or extent of gliogenesis, the formation of mature glia.
2006-02-10 GO:0002038 positive regulation of L-glutamate transport Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the rate, frequency or extent of L-glutamate transport.
2006-02-10 GO:0014008 positive regulation of microglia differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of microglia differentiation, the process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a microglial cell.
2006-02-10 GO:0051901 positive regulation of mitochondrial depolarization Added DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the change in the membrane potential of the mitochondria from negative to positive.
2006-02-10 GO:0032008 positive regulation of TOR signaling Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the rate, frequency or extent of the TOR signaling pathway.
2006-02-10 GO:0014004 microglia differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a microglial cell. Microglia are glial cells that act as the immune cells of the central nervous system. They form part of the supporting structure of this system.
2006-02-10 GO:0051882 mitochondrial depolarization Added DEFINITION The process in which the membrane potential of the mitochondria changes in the depolarizing direction from the resting potential, from negative to positive.
2006-02-10 GO:0043614 multi-eIF complex Added DEFINITION A multifactor complex composed of multiple translation initiation factors and the initiatior tRNAiMet, which is ready to bind to the small (40S) ribosome to form the 43S preintiation complex. In S. cerevisiae, this complex is composed of eIF1, eIF2, eIF3, and eIF5.
2006-02-10 GO:0014014 negative regulation of gliogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate, frequency or extent of gliogenesis, the formation of mature glia.
2006-02-10 GO:0002037 negative regulation of L-glutamate transport Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate, frequency or extent of L-glutamate transport.
2006-02-10 GO:0014007 negative regulation of microglia differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of microglia differentiation, the process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a microglial cell.
2006-02-10 GO:0051902 negative regulation of mitochondrial depolarization Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the change in the membrane potential of the mitochondria from negative to positive.
2006-02-10 GO:0032007 negative regulation of TOR signaling Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate, frequency or extent of the TOR signaling pathway.
2006-02-10 GO:0007405 neuroblast proliferation Updated DEFINITION The rapid expansion of a neuroblast population by cell division. Neuroblasts are embryonic cells that develop into nerve cells or neurons.
2006-02-10 GO:0014003 oligodendrocyte development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the oligondendrocyte over time, from its formation to the mature structure. An oligodendrocyte is a type of glial cell involved in myelinating the axons of neurons in the central nervous system.
2006-02-10 GO:0048112 oocyte anterior/posterior axis determination (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION Polarization of the oocyte along its anterior-posterior axis. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557). In Drosophila, for example, this relies on the correct targeting of bicoid (bcd) and oskar (osk) mRNAs to opposite poles of the oocyte (anterior and posterior, respectively).
2006-02-10 GO:0048111 oocyte axis determination (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION The establishment, maintenance and elaboration of an axis in the oocyte. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0048123 oocyte dorsal/ventral axis determination (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION The establishment, maintenance and elaboration of the dorsal/ventral axis of the oocyte. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557). In Drosophila, formation of the oocyte dorsoventral axis occurs later in oogenesis, once the anteroposterior axis is established.
2006-02-10 GO:0048128 oocyte nucleus migration during oocyte axis determination (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of the oocyte nucleus from the extreme posterior of the cell to an asymmetric position in the anterior of the cell during the establishment and maintenance of the axes of the oocyte. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0009279 cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION A lipid bilayer that forms the outermost layer of the cell envelope; enriched in polysaccharide and protein; the outer leaflet of the membrane contains specific lipopolysaccharide structures. As in, but not restricted to, the gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-10 GO:0043165 Gram-negative-bacterium-type cell outer membrane assembly Updated DEFINITION The assembly of an outer membrane, a lipid bilayer that forms the outermost layer of the cell envelope; enriched in polysaccharide and protein; the outer leaflet of the membrane contains specific lipopolysaccharide structures. As in, but not restricted to, the gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-10 GO:0048760 plant parenchymal cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a parenchymal cell. Parenchymal cells are the most abundant and versatile cells in plants. They have very few distinguishing characteristics and botanists classify them as any cell type that cannot be assigned to any other structural or functional class. They can redifferentiate and dedifferentiate and are involved in storage, basic metabolism and other processes. The cells are polyhedral, typically with thin, non-lignified cellulose cell walls and nucleate living protoplasts. They vary in size, form, and wall structure.
2006-02-10 GO:0030288 outer membrane-bounded periplasmic space Updated DEFINITION The region between the inner (cytoplasmic) membrane and outer membrane. As in, but not restricted to, the gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-10 GO:0051869 physiological response to stimulus Added DEFINITION A change in the state or activity of those processes specifically pertinent to the functioning of integrated living units (cells, tissues, organs and organisms) as a result of a stimulus.
2006-02-10 GO:0048770 pigment granule Added DEFINITION A small, subcellular membrane-bound vesicle containing pigment and/or pigment precursor molecules. Pigment granules are derived from multiple sources including the endoplasmic reticulum, coated vesicles, lysosomes, and endosomes, making them specifically unique.
2006-02-10 GO:0048762 mesenchymal cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a mesenchymal cell.

Terms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2006-02-10 GO:0014013 regulation of gliogenesis Added TERM regulation of gliogenesis
2006-02-10 GO:0014014 negative regulation of gliogenesis Added TERM negative regulation of gliogenesis
2006-02-10 GO:0014015 positive regulation of gliogenesis Added TERM positive regulation of gliogenesis

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2006-02-10 GO:0051911 Methanosarcina-phenazine hydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: H2 + 2-(2,3-dihydropentaprenyloxy)phenazine = 2-dihydropentaprenyloxyphenazine.
2006-02-10 GO:0051870 methotrexate binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with methotrexate, an antineoplastic antimetabolite with immunosuppressant properties. It is an inhibitor of tetrahydrofolate reductase and prevents the formation of tetrahydrofolate, necessary for synthesis of thymidylate, an essential component of DNA.
2006-02-10 GO:0014005 microglia development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the microglial cell over time, from its formation to the mature structure.
2006-02-10 GO:0048707 instar larval or pupal morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION The process, occurring during larval or pupal development, by which anatomical structures are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0051878 lateral element assembly Added DEFINITION The process by which lateral elements are formed. Axial elements form a proteinaceous core between the two sister chromatids of each chromosome; the two axial elements then connect along their entire lengths by fine fibers known as transverse filaments, forming the lateral elements.
2006-02-10 GO:0048127 maintenance of oocyte nucleus localization during oocyte axis determination (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION Maintenance of the oocyte nucleus in its anterior-dorsal position in the egg chamber during the establishment and maintenance of the axes of the oocyte. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0051906 maintenance of pigment granule location Added DEFINITION The processes by which a pigment granule is maintained in a location and prevented from moving elsewhere.
2006-02-10 GO:0048124 maternal determination of dorsal/ventral axis, oocyte, germ-line encoded (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION Polarization of the oocyte along the dorsal-ventral axis, by a gene product encoded by cells of the germ line. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0048125 maternal determination of dorsal/ventral axis, oocyte, soma encoded (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION Polarization of the oocyte along the dorsal-ventral axis, by a gene product encoded by somatic cells. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0051899 membrane depolarization Added DEFINITION The process in which membrane potential changes in the depolarizing direction from the resting potential, usually from negative to positive. For example, the initial depolarization during the rising phase of an action potential is in the direction from the negative resting potential towards the positive membrane potential that will be the peak of the action potential.
2006-02-10 GO:0051909 acetylenecarboxylate hydratase activity, producing 3-hydroxypropenoate Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3-hydroxypropenoate = propynoate + H2O.
2006-02-10 GO:0051880 G-quadruplex DNA binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with G-quadruplex DNA structures, in which groups of four guanines adopt a flat, cyclic Hoogsteen hydrogen-bonding arrangement known as a guanine tetrad. The stacking of guanine tetrads results in G-quadruplex DNA structures. G-quadruplex DNA can form under physiological conditions from some G-rich sequences, such as those found in telomeres, immunoglobulin switch regions, gene promoters, fragile X repeats, and the dimerization domain in the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) genome.
2006-02-10 GO:0051866 general adaptation syndrome Added DEFINITION General adaptation syndrome is the physiological changes in various organ systems of the body, especially the pituitary-endocrine system, in response to a wide range of strong external stimuli, both physiological and psychological. It is described as having three stages: alarm reaction, where the body detects the external stimulus; adaptation, where the body engages defensive countermeasures against the stressor; and exhaustion, where the body begins to run out of defenses.
2006-02-10 GO:0051867 general adaptation syndrome, behavioral process Added DEFINITION The behavioral processes that occur as part of the general adaptation syndrome, the physiological response of the body to a strong, stressful stimulus.
2006-02-10 GO:0051868 general adaptation syndrome, physiological process Added DEFINITION The physiological processes that occur as part of the general adaptation syndrome, the physiological response of the body to a strong, stressful stimulus.
2006-02-10 GO:0014009 glial cell proliferation Added DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of glial cells by cell division, resulting in the rapid expansion of their population. Glial cells exist throughout the nervous system, and include Schwann cells, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes among others.
2006-02-10 GO:0051910 heparitin sulfotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate + heparitin = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + N-sulfoheparitin.
2006-02-10 GO:0051864 histone demethylase activity (H3-K36 specific) Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: methyl-lysine + alpha-ketoglutarate + O2 = succinate + CO2 + formaldehyde + lysine. The methyl-lysine residue is at position 36 of histone 3.
2006-02-10 GO:0051879 Hsp90 protein binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with Hsp90 proteins, any of a group of heat shock proteins around 90kDa in size.
2006-02-10 GO:0045203 integral component of cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Penetrating at least one phospholipid bilayer of the external outer membrane. May also refer to the state of being buried in the bilayer with no exposure outside the bilayer. As in, but not restricted to, the gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-10 GO:0031239 intrinsic to external side of plasma membrane, in periplasmic space (sensu ProteoBacteria) Updated DEFINITION Located in the plasma membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane, with the bulk of the gene product located in the periplasmic space. As in, but not restricted to, the gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-10 GO:0031230 intrinsic component of cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Located in the outer membrane such that some covalently attached portion of the gene product spans or is embedded in one or both leaflets of the membrane. As in, but not restricted to, the gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-10 GO:0043616 keratinocyte proliferation Added DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of keratinocytes, resulting in the rapid expansion of a cell population. Keratinocytes are epidermal cells which synthesize keratin and undergo a characteristic change as they move upward from the basal layers of the epidermis to the cornified (horny) layer of the skin.
2006-02-10 GO:0002165 instar larval or pupal development Updated DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the larva or pupa over time, from its formation to the mature structure. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0043624 cellular protein complex disassembly Added DEFINITION The disaggregation of a protein complex into its constituent components, occurring at the level of an individual cell. Protein complexes may have other associated non-protein prosthetic groups, such as nucleic acids, metal ions or carbohydrate groups.
2006-02-10 GO:0043617 cellular response to sucrose starvation Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of deprivation of sucrose.
2006-02-10 GO:0035193 larval central nervous system remodeling Updated DEFINITION Reorganization of the preexisting, functional larval central nervous system into one that can serve the novel behavioral needs of the adult. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0051912 CoB--CoM heterodisulfide reductase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: coenzyme B + coenzyme M + methanophenazine = N-{7-[(2-sulfoethyl)dithio]heptanoyl}-3-O-phospho-L-threonine + dihydromethanophenazine.
2006-02-10 GO:0048761 collenchyma cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a collenchyma cell. This is a plant cell in which the primary cell walls are unevenly thickened, with most thickening occuring at the cell corners. Cells are living and able to grow, they are elongated, and lignin and secondary walls absent. Collenchyma cells make up collenchyma tissue which acts as a supporting tissue in growing shoots, leaves and petioles. This tissue is often arranged in cortical ribs, as seen prominently in celery and rhubarb petioles.
2006-02-10 GO:0048758 companion cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a companion cell. The companion cell is the specialized parenchyma cell associated with a sieve-tube member in angiosperm phloem and arising from the same mother cell as the sieve-tube member.
2006-02-10 GO:0043622 cortical microtubule organization Added DEFINITION The assembly and arrangement of structures formed of microtubules and associated proteins in the cell cortex, i.e. just beneath the plasma membrane of a cell.
2006-02-10 GO:0005842 cytosolic large ribosomal subunit (sensu Eukaryota) Updated DEFINITION The large subunit of a ribosome; has a sedimentation coefficient of 60S. As in, but not restricted to, the eukaryotes (Eukaryota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2759).
2006-02-10 GO:0051871 dihydrofolic acid binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with dihydrofolic acid, a folic acid in which the bicyclic pteridine structure is in the dihydro, partially reduced form; they are intermediates in folate metabolism and are reduced to their tetrahydro, reduced forms.
2006-02-10 GO:0051908 double-stranded DNA 5'-3' exodeoxyribonuclease activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the sequential cleavage of mononucleotides from a free 5' terminus of a double-stranded DNA molecule.
2006-02-10 GO:0048126 establishment of oocyte nucleus localization during oocyte axis determination (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION The re-positioning of the oocyte nucleus to a dorsal-anterior position in the egg chamber, an essential step in the establishment and maintenance of the dorsal/ventral axis of the oocyte. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0051905 establishment of pigment granule localization Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a pigment granule to a specific location.
2006-02-10 GO:0043615 astrocyte cell migration Added DEFINITION The orderly movement of astrocytes, class of large neuroglial (macroglial) cells in the central nervous system, the largest and most numerous neuroglial cells in the brain and spinal cord.
2006-02-10 GO:0014002 astrocyte development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the astrocyte over time, from its formation to the mature structure. An astrocyte is the most abundant type of glial cell. Astrocytes provide support for neurons and regulate the environment in which they function.
2006-02-10 GO:0014012 peripheral nervous system axon regeneration Added DEFINITION The regrowth of axons outside the central nervous system (outside the brain and spinal cord) following an axonal injury.
2006-02-10 GO:0048763 calcium-induced calcium release activity Added DEFINITION Release of calcium ions from an intracellular vesicle on induction by increased calcium concentration.
2006-02-10 GO:0009275 Gram-positive-bacterium-type cell wall Updated DEFINITION A layer of peptidoglycan found outside of the cytoplasmic membrane. The peptidoglycan is relatively thick (approximately 40 nm) and retains the primary stain of the Gram procedure, thus cells appear blue after Gram stain. The cell walls often contain teichoic acids (acidic anionic polysaccharides) bound to the peptidoglycan. as in but not restricted to the gram positive bacteria (Firmicutes, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1239).
2006-02-10 GO:0009276 Gram-negative-bacterium-type cell wall Updated DEFINITION The peptidoglycan layer of the Gram negative cell envelope. In Gram negative cells the peptidoglycan is relatively thin (approximately 2 nm) and is linked to the outer membrane by lipoproteins. In Gram negative cells the peptidoglycan is too thin to retain the primary stain in the Gram staining procedure and therefore cells appear red after Gram stain. As in but not restricted to the Gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-10 GO:0043164 Gram-negative-bacterium-type cell wall biogenesis Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of the cell wall, the rigid or semi-rigid envelope lying outside the cell membrane. As in, but not restricted to, the Gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-10 GO:0043623 cellular protein complex assembly Added DEFINITION The aggregation and bonding together of a set of components to form a protein complex, occurring at the level of an individual cell.
2006-02-10 GO:0007425 epithelial cell fate determination, open tracheal system Updated DEFINITION Process by which a cell becomes capable of differentiating autonomously into a tracheal cell regardless of its environment; upon determination, the cell fate cannot be reversed. Tracheal cells are set aside as 10 clusters of approximately 80 cells on each side of the embryo (termed tracheal placodes). As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0048764 trichoblast maturation Added DEFINITION The process leading to the attainment of the full functional capacity of a trichoblast cell. This process is independent of morphogenetic change.
2006-02-10 GO:0048759 xylem vessel member cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a vessel member cell. A vessel member cell is one of the components of a vessel in the xylem. It is a dead cell with the wall between adjacent members being variously perforated and the walls that persist variously thickened.
2006-02-10 GO:0051874 sphinganine-1-phosphate catabolic process Added DEFINITION The breakdown into simpler components of sphinganine-1-phosphate, the phosphorylated derivative of D-erythro-2-amino-1,3-octadecanediol.
2006-02-10 GO:0051872 sphingosine catabolic process Added DEFINITION The breakdown into simpler components of sphingosine (sphing-4-enine), trans-D-erytho-2-amino-octadec-4-ene-1,3-diol, a long chain amino diol sphingoid base that occurs in most sphingolipids in animal tissues.
2006-02-10 GO:0048771 tissue remodeling Added DEFINITION The reorganization or renovation of existing tissues. This process can either change the characteristics of a tissue such as in blood vessel remodeling, or result in the dynamic equilibrium of a tissue such as in bone remodeling.
2006-02-10 GO:0051877 pigment granule aggregation in cell center Added DEFINITION The directed movement of dispersed pigment granules towards the center of the cell.
2006-02-10 GO:0051876 pigment granule dispersal Added DEFINITION The directed movement of pigment granules within a cell towards the cell periphery.
2006-02-10 GO:0051875 pigment granule localization Added DEFINITION The processes by which a pigment granule is transported to, and/or maintained in, a specific location within the cell.
2006-02-10 GO:0014001 sclerenchyma cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a sclerenchyma cell. Plant cell type with thick lignified walls, normally dead at maturity and specialised for structural strength. Includes fibre cells, that are greatly elongated; and sclereids, that are more isodiametric. Intermediate types exist. Cells may or may not be devoid of protoplast at maturity. Cell form and size are variable.
2006-02-10 GO:0031522 cell envelope Sec protein transport complex Updated DEFINITION A transmembrane protein complex involved in the translocation of proteins across the cytoplasmic membrane. In Gram-negative bacteria, Sec-translocated proteins are subsequently secreted via the type I, II, IV, or V secretion systems. Sec complex components include SecA,D,E,F,G,Y and YajC. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Bacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2006-02-10 GO:0032005 signal transduction involved in conjugation with cellular fusion Added DEFINITION The series of molecular signals that bring about the relay, amplification or dampening of a signal generated in response to a cue, such as starvation or pheromone exposure, in organisms that undergo conjugation with cellular fusion.
2006-02-10 GO:0048235 pollen sperm cell differentiation Updated DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a haploid sperm cell within the plant gametophyte. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2006-02-10 GO:0031238 extrinsic to external side of plasma membrane, in periplasmic space (sensu ProteoBacteria) Updated DEFINITION Located in the periplasmic space and loosely bound to the surface of the plasma membrane that faces away from the cytoplasm, but not integrated into the hydrophobic region. As in, but not restricted to, the gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-10 GO:0031244 extrinsic component of cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION Loosely bound to one surface of the outer membrane, but not integrated into the hydrophobic region. As in, but not restricted to, the gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-10 GO:0007299 ovarian follicle cell-cell adhesion Updated DEFINITION The attachment of a somatic follicle cell to another somatic follicle cell or to its substratum, the germline cells. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0051865 protein autoubiquitination Added DEFINITION The ubiquitination by a protein of one or more of its own amino acid residues, or residues on an identical protein. Ubiquitination occurs on the lysine residue by formation of an isopeptide crosslink.
2006-02-10 GO:0043621 protein self-association Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a domain within the same polypeptide.
2006-02-10 GO:0010240 plastid pyruvate dehydrogenase complex Updated DEFINITION Complex that carries out the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate to form acetyl-CoA; comprises subunits possessing three catalytic activities: pyruvate dehydrogenase (E1), dihydrolipoamide S-acetyltransferase (E2), and dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (E3). This complex is found in plant plastids and is distinct from the one found in mitochondria. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2006-02-10 GO:0014013 regulation of gliogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of gliogenesis, the formation of mature glia.
2006-02-10 GO:0002036 regulation of L-glutamate transport Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of L-glutamate transport.
2006-02-10 GO:0014006 regulation of microglia differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of microglia differentiation, the process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a microglial cell.
2006-02-10 GO:0051900 regulation of mitochondrial depolarization Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the change in the membrane potential of the mitochondria from negative to positive.
2006-02-10 GO:0051881 regulation of mitochondrial membrane potential Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the establishment or extent of the mitochondrial membrane potential, the electric potential existing across the mitochondrial membrane arising from charges in the membrane itself and from the charges present in the media on either side of the membrane.
2006-02-10 GO:0032006 regulation of TOR signaling Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the TOR signaling pathway.
2006-02-10 GO:0043619 regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter in response to oxidative stress Added DEFINITION Modulation of the frequency, rate or extent of transcription from an from RNA polymerase II promoter as a result of a stimulus indicating the organism is under oxidative stress, a state often resulting from exposure to high levels of reactive oxygen species, e.g. superoxide anions, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and hydroxyl radicals.
2006-02-10 GO:0043618 regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter in response to stress Added DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of transcription from an RNA polymerase II promoter as a result of a stimulus indicating the organism is under stress. The stress is usually, but not necessarily, exogenous (e.g. temperature, humidity, ionizing radiation).
2006-02-10 GO:0043620 regulation of DNA-templated transcription in response to stress Added DEFINITION Modulation of the frequency, rate or extent of transcription as a result of a stimulus indicating the organism is under stress. The stress is usually, but not necessarily, exogenous (e.g. temperature, humidity, ionizing radiation).
2006-02-10 GO:0045271 respiratory chain complex I Added DEFINITION Respiratory chain complex I is an enzyme of the respiratory chain, consisting of at least 34 polypeptide chains. It is L-shaped, with a horizontal arm lying in the membrane and a vertical arm that projects into the matrix. The electrons of NADH enter the chain at this complex.
2006-02-10 GO:0042653 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I, membrane segment Added DEFINITION The membrane segment of respiratory chain complex I. Respiratory chain complex I is an enzyme of the respiratory chain, consisting of at least 34 polypeptide chains. The electrons of NADH enter the chain at this complex. The complete complex is L-shaped, with a horizontal arm lying in the membrane and a vertical arm that projects into the matrix. As in, but not restricted to, the eukaryotes (Eukaryota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2759).
2006-02-10 GO:0042652 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I, peripheral segment Added DEFINITION The peripheral segment of respiratory chain complex I. Respiratory chain complex I is an enzyme of the respiratory chain, consisting of at least 34 polypeptide chains. The electrons of NADH enter the chain at this complex. The complete complex is L-shaped, with a horizontal arm lying in the membrane and a vertical arm that projects into the matrix. As in, but not restricted to, the eukaryotes (Eukaryota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2759).
2006-02-10 GO:0005751 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex IV Updated DEFINITION A part of the respiratory chain, containing the 13 polypeptide subunits of cytochrome c oxidase, including cytochrome a and cytochrome a3. Catalyzes the oxidation of reduced cytochrome c by dioxygen (O2). Found in eukaryotes. As in, but not restricted to, the eukaryotes (Eukaryota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2759).
2006-02-10 GO:0048765 root hair cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a root hair cell.
2006-02-10 GO:0048768 root hair cell tip growth Added DEFINITION Localized growth of a plant root hair tip by extension of the cell wall.
2006-02-10 GO:0048767 root hair elongation Added DEFINITION The process by which the root hair grows longer.
2006-02-10 GO:0048766 root hair initiation Added DEFINITION The process by which a protrusion or bulge is formed at the site of plant root hair outgrowth.
2006-02-10 GO:0051903 S-(hydroxymethyl)glutathione dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-(hydroxymethyl)glutathione + NAD(P)+ = S-formylglutathione + NAD(P)H + H+.
2006-02-10 GO:0051907 S-(hydroxymethyl)glutathione synthase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-(hydroxymethyl)glutathione = glutathione + formaldehyde.
2006-02-10 GO:0048769 sarcomerogenesis Added DEFINITION The process by which sarcomeres are added in series within a fiber.
2006-02-10 GO:0014010 Schwann cell proliferation Added DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of Schwann cells, resulting in the rapid expansion of their population. Schwann cells are a type of glial cell in the peripheral nervous system.
2006-02-10 GO:0014011 Schwann cell proliferation involved in axon regeneration Added DEFINITION The multiplication or reproduction of Schwann cells by cell division, resulting in the rapid expansion of their population in response to an axonal lesion. The newly generated Schwann cells support subsequent axon regeneration in the peripheral nervous system.
2006-02-10 GO:0048757 pigment granule maturation Added DEFINITION Steps required to form a membrane bound organelle into a pigment granule containing pigment.
2006-02-10 GO:0051904 pigment granule transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of pigment granules into, out of, within or between cells.
2006-02-10 GO:0048113 pole plasm assembly (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION Establishment of the specialized cytoplasm found at the poles of the insect egg. The posterior pole plasm is both necessary and sufficient for the formation of germ cells. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0014015 positive regulation of gliogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the rate, frequency or extent of gliogenesis, the formation of mature glia.
2006-02-10 GO:0002038 positive regulation of L-glutamate transport Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the rate, frequency or extent of L-glutamate transport.
2006-02-10 GO:0014008 positive regulation of microglia differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of microglia differentiation, the process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a microglial cell.
2006-02-10 GO:0051901 positive regulation of mitochondrial depolarization Added DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the change in the membrane potential of the mitochondria from negative to positive.
2006-02-10 GO:0032008 positive regulation of TOR signaling Added DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the rate, frequency or extent of the TOR signaling pathway.
2006-02-10 GO:0014004 microglia differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a microglial cell. Microglia are glial cells that act as the immune cells of the central nervous system. They form part of the supporting structure of this system.
2006-02-10 GO:0051882 mitochondrial depolarization Added DEFINITION The process in which the membrane potential of the mitochondria changes in the depolarizing direction from the resting potential, from negative to positive.
2006-02-10 GO:0043614 multi-eIF complex Added DEFINITION A multifactor complex composed of multiple translation initiation factors and the initiatior tRNAiMet, which is ready to bind to the small (40S) ribosome to form the 43S preintiation complex. In S. cerevisiae, this complex is composed of eIF1, eIF2, eIF3, and eIF5.
2006-02-10 GO:0014014 negative regulation of gliogenesis Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate, frequency or extent of gliogenesis, the formation of mature glia.
2006-02-10 GO:0002037 negative regulation of L-glutamate transport Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate, frequency or extent of L-glutamate transport.
2006-02-10 GO:0014007 negative regulation of microglia differentiation Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of microglia differentiation, the process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a microglial cell.
2006-02-10 GO:0051902 negative regulation of mitochondrial depolarization Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the change in the membrane potential of the mitochondria from negative to positive.
2006-02-10 GO:0032007 negative regulation of TOR signaling Added DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate, frequency or extent of the TOR signaling pathway.
2006-02-10 GO:0007405 neuroblast proliferation Updated DEFINITION The rapid expansion of a neuroblast population by cell division. Neuroblasts are embryonic cells that develop into nerve cells or neurons.
2006-02-10 GO:0014003 oligodendrocyte development Added DEFINITION The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the oligondendrocyte over time, from its formation to the mature structure. An oligodendrocyte is a type of glial cell involved in myelinating the axons of neurons in the central nervous system.
2006-02-10 GO:0048112 oocyte anterior/posterior axis determination (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION Polarization of the oocyte along its anterior-posterior axis. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557). In Drosophila, for example, this relies on the correct targeting of bicoid (bcd) and oskar (osk) mRNAs to opposite poles of the oocyte (anterior and posterior, respectively).
2006-02-10 GO:0048111 oocyte axis determination (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION The establishment, maintenance and elaboration of an axis in the oocyte. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0048123 oocyte dorsal/ventral axis determination (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION The establishment, maintenance and elaboration of the dorsal/ventral axis of the oocyte. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557). In Drosophila, formation of the oocyte dorsoventral axis occurs later in oogenesis, once the anteroposterior axis is established.
2006-02-10 GO:0048128 oocyte nucleus migration during oocyte axis determination (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of the oocyte nucleus from the extreme posterior of the cell to an asymmetric position in the anterior of the cell during the establishment and maintenance of the axes of the oocyte. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2006-02-10 GO:0009279 cell outer membrane Updated DEFINITION A lipid bilayer that forms the outermost layer of the cell envelope; enriched in polysaccharide and protein; the outer leaflet of the membrane contains specific lipopolysaccharide structures. As in, but not restricted to, the gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-10 GO:0043165 Gram-negative-bacterium-type cell outer membrane assembly Updated DEFINITION The assembly of an outer membrane, a lipid bilayer that forms the outermost layer of the cell envelope; enriched in polysaccharide and protein; the outer leaflet of the membrane contains specific lipopolysaccharide structures. As in, but not restricted to, the gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-10 GO:0048760 plant parenchymal cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a parenchymal cell. Parenchymal cells are the most abundant and versatile cells in plants. They have very few distinguishing characteristics and botanists classify them as any cell type that cannot be assigned to any other structural or functional class. They can redifferentiate and dedifferentiate and are involved in storage, basic metabolism and other processes. The cells are polyhedral, typically with thin, non-lignified cellulose cell walls and nucleate living protoplasts. They vary in size, form, and wall structure.
2006-02-10 GO:0030288 outer membrane-bounded periplasmic space Updated DEFINITION The region between the inner (cytoplasmic) membrane and outer membrane. As in, but not restricted to, the gram negative bacteria (Proteobacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:1224).
2006-02-10 GO:0051869 physiological response to stimulus Added DEFINITION A change in the state or activity of those processes specifically pertinent to the functioning of integrated living units (cells, tissues, organs and organisms) as a result of a stimulus.
2006-02-10 GO:0048770 pigment granule Added DEFINITION A small, subcellular membrane-bound vesicle containing pigment and/or pigment precursor molecules. Pigment granules are derived from multiple sources including the endoplasmic reticulum, coated vesicles, lysosomes, and endosomes, making them specifically unique.
2006-02-10 GO:0048762 mesenchymal cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of a mesenchymal cell.
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