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GO Term History: Displaying 225 audit records for all terms for the date 2005-09-20

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Introduction

This page displays the differences recorded in the full Gene Ontology OBO v1.2 file as audited by the UniProt-GOA database during its daily update cycle.
If there is any delay in uploading the current OBO file, the changes displayed and the date recorded for these changes may not correspond to when the changes to the OBO file were committed.

All changes

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2005-09-20 GO:0010039 response to iron ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an iron ion stimulus..
2005-09-20 GO:0010040 response to iron(II) ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an iron(II) ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0043157 response to cation stress Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of cation stress, an increase or decrease in the concentration of positively charged ions in the environment.
2005-09-20 GO:0010164 response to cesium ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cesium stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0042221 response to chemical Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a chemical stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0010200 response to chitin Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a chitin stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0010157 response to chlorate Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a chlorate stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0046687 response to chromate Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a chromate stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0042220 response to cocaine Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cocaine stimulus. Cocaine is a crystalline alkaloid obtained from the leaves of the coca plant.
2005-09-20 GO:0008341 obsolete response to cocaine (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A change in state or activity of a mature individual as the result of a cocaine stimulus. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2005-09-20 GO:0009409 response to cold Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cold stimulus, a temperature stimulus below the optimal temperature for that organism.
2005-09-20 GO:0046688 response to copper ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a copper ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0051412 response to corticosterone Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a corticosterone stimulus. Corticosterone is a 21 carbon steroid hormone of the corticosteroid type, produced in the cortex of the adrenal glands. In many species, corticosterone is the principal glucocorticoid, involved in regulation of fuel metabolism, immune reactions, and stress responses.
2005-09-20 GO:0043435 response to corticotropin-releasing hormone Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a corticotropin-releasing hormone stimulus. Corticotropin-releasing hormone is a peptide hormone involved in the stress response.
2005-09-20 GO:0051414 response to cortisol Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cortisol stimulus. Cortisol is the major natural glucocorticoid synthesized in the zona fasciculata of the adrenal cortex; it affects the metabolism of glucose, protein, and fats and has appreciable mineralocorticoid activity. It also regulates the immune system and affects many other functions.
2005-09-20 GO:0051413 response to cortisone Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cortisone stimulus. Cortisone is a natural glucocorticoid steroid hormone that is metabolically convertible to cortisol. Cortisone is synthesized from cholesterol in the cortex of the adrenal gland under the stimulation of adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH). The main physiological effect of cortisone is on carbohydrate metabolism; it can stimulate increased glucose release from the liver, increased liver glycogen synthesis, and decreased utilization of glucose by the tissues.
2005-09-20 GO:0046682 response to cyclodiene Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cyclodiene stimulus. A cyclodiene is any organic insecticide (as dieldrin or chlordane) with a chlorinated methylene group forming a bridge across a 6-membered carbon ring.
2005-09-20 GO:0046898 response to cycloheximide Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cycloheximide stimulus. Cycloheximide (actidione) is an antibiotic produced by some Streptomyces species which interferes with protein synthesis in eukaryotes.
2005-09-20 GO:0009735 response to cytokinin Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cytokinin stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0046680 response to DDT Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a DDT stimulus. DDT, dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane, is a chlorinated hydrocarbon pesticide moderately toxic to humans and other animals.
2005-09-20 GO:0030912 response to deep water Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a deep water stimulus, being immersed in standing deep water throughout the life cycle.
2005-09-20 GO:0009269 response to desiccation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a desiccation stimulus, extreme dryness resulting from the prolonged deprivation of water.
2005-09-20 GO:0006974 cellular response to DNA damage stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating damage to its DNA from environmental insults or errors during metabolism.
2005-09-20 GO:0042493 response to drug Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a drug stimulus. A drug is a substance used in the diagnosis, treatment or prevention of a disease.
2005-09-20 GO:0043331 response to dsRNA Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a double-stranded RNA stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0035075 response to ecdysone Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a ecdysone stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009719 response to endogenous stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an endogenous stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0010041 response to iron(III) ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an iron(III) ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009753 response to jasmonic acid Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a jasmonic acid stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0043201 response to leucine Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a leucine stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009642 response to light intensity Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a light intensity stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009416 response to light stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a light stimulus. Visible light is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength between 400nm and 700nm and can be detected by the human eye.
2005-09-20 GO:0006982 response to lipid hydroperoxide Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a lipid hydroperoxide stimulus. Lipid hydroperoxide is the highly reactive primary oxygenated products of polyunsaturated fatty acids.
2005-09-20 GO:0051385 response to mineralocorticoid Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a mineralocorticoid stimulus. Mineralocorticoids are hormonal C21 corticosteroids synthesized from cholesterol and characterized by their similarity to aldosterone. Mineralocorticoids act primarily on water and electrolyte balance.
2005-09-20 GO:0043278 response to morphine Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a morphine stimulus. Morphine is an opioid alkaloid, isolated from opium, with a complex ring structure.
2005-09-20 GO:0010046 response to mycotoxin Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a mycotoxin stimulus. A mycotoxin are a toxic chemical substance produced by fungi.
2005-09-20 GO:0009624 response to nematode Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a nematode.
2005-09-20 GO:0010244 response to low fluence blue light stimulus by blue low-fluence system Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a low fluence blue light stimulus. A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of perception of, or exposure to, low fluence (threshold = 10(-1) micromol m-2) of blue light. Excitation of the Blue Low Fluence (BLF)-System induces the transcription of a number of nuclear and plastid coded genes.
2005-09-20 GO:0010202 response to low fluence red light stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a low fluence red light stimulus. Low fluence red light is red light pulses followed by darkness, which occurs at red light levels of 0.001-0.1 mmol/m2/sec and is red/far-red reversible.
2005-09-20 GO:0010042 response to manganese ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a manganese ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009612 response to mechanical stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a mechanical stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0046689 response to mercury ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a mercury ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0010038 response to metal ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a metal ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0031427 response to methotrexate Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a methotrexate stimulus. Methotrexate is 4-amino-10-methylformic acid, a folic acid analogue that is a potent competitive inhibitor of dihydrofolate reductase.
2005-09-20 GO:0051595 response to methylglyoxal Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a methylglyoxal stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0051597 response to methylmercury Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a methylmercury stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0000749 response to pheromone involved in conjugation with cellular fusion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a pheromone stimulus during the process of conjugation with cellular fusion.
2005-09-20 GO:0000756 response to pheromone involved in conjugation with mutual genetic exchange Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a pheromone stimulus during the process of conjugation without cellular fusion.
2005-09-20 GO:0000765 response to pheromone involved in pheromone-induced unidirectional conjugation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a pheromone stimulus during the process of pheromone-induced unidirectional conjugation.
2005-09-20 GO:0009906 response to photoperiod, blue light Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a blue light (light with a wavelength of between 440 and 500nm) photoperiod stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009907 response to photoperiod, red light Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a red light (light with a wavelength of between 620 and 700nm) photoperiod stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0010238 response to proline Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a proline stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0001562 response to protozoan Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a protozoan.
2005-09-20 GO:0009618 response to pathogenic bacteria Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a pathogenic (disease-causing) bacterium.
2005-09-20 GO:0009621 response to pathogenic fungi Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a pathogenic (disease-causing) fungus.
2005-09-20 GO:0043019 response to pathogenic insect Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a pathogenic (disease-causing) insect.
2005-09-20 GO:0042833 response to pathogenic protozoa Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a pathogenic protozoan.
2005-09-20 GO:0010045 response to nickel cation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a nickel ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0035094 response to nicotine Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a nicotine stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0010167 response to nitrate Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a nitrate stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0051409 response to nitrosative stress Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a nitrosative stress stimulus. Nitrosative stress is a state often resulting from exposure to high levels of nitric oxide (NO) or the highly reactive oxidant peroxynitrite, which is produced following interaction of NO with superoxide anions.
2005-09-20 GO:0010201 response to continuous far red light stimulus by the high-irradiance response system Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a high irradiance stimulus, continuous exposure to low levels of far-red light for a prolonged period of time and is not far-red reversible.
2005-09-20 GO:0009644 response to high light intensity Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a high light intensity stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009725 response to hormone Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a hormone stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009270 response to humidity Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a humidity stimulus, moisture in the atmosphere.
2005-09-20 GO:0042542 response to hydrogen peroxide Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0051599 response to hydrostatic pressure Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a hydrostatic pressure stimulus. Hydrostatic pressure is the force acting on an object in a system where the fluid is at rest (as opposed to moving). The weight of the fluid above the object creates pressure on it.
2005-09-20 GO:0045471 response to ethanol Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an ethanol stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0045473 obsolete response to ethanol (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A change in state or activity of an insect (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an ethanol stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0045472 response to ether Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a ether stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0045474 obsolete response to ether (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A change in state or activity of an insect (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an ether stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009723 response to ethylene Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an ethylene (ethene) stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0043330 response to exogenous dsRNA Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an exogenous double-stranded RNA stimulus, which is usually indicative of a viral infection.
2005-09-20 GO:0043207 response to external biotic stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an external biotic stimulus, an external stimulus caused by, or produced by living things.
2005-09-20 GO:0009605 response to external stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an external stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009991 response to extracellular stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an extracellular stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0010218 response to far red light Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a far red light stimulus. Far red light has a wavelength of around 740nm.
2005-09-20 GO:0009413 response to flooding Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating flooding, short-term immersion in water.
2005-09-20 GO:0051593 response to folic acid Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a folic acid stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0050826 response to freezing Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a freezing stimulus, temperatures below 0 degrees Celsius.
2005-09-20 GO:0009750 response to fructose Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a fructose stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009620 response to fungus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a fungus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009739 response to gibberellin Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a gibberellic acid stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0051384 response to glucocorticoid Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a glucocorticoid stimulus. Glucocorticoids are hormonal C21 corticosteroids synthesized from cholesterol with the ability to bind with the cortisol receptor and trigger similar effects. Glucocorticoids act primarily on carbohydrate and protein metabolism, and have anti-inflammatory effects.
2005-09-20 GO:0009749 response to glucose Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a glucose stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009629 response to gravity Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a gravitational stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009408 response to heat Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a heat stimulus, a temperature stimulus above the optimal temperature for that organism.
2005-09-20 GO:0009412 obsolete response to heavy metal Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a heavy metal stimulus. Heavy metals are those metals that can form a coordination bond with a protein; this definition includes the following biologically relevant heavy metals: Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Mo, Ni, V, W, Zn.
2005-09-20 GO:0010226 response to lithium ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a lithium (Li+) ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0043460 obsolete response to long exposure to lithium ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a long or persistent exposure to a lithium ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0030939 obsolete response to long-day photoperiod Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a photoperiod, an intermittent cycle of light (day) and dark (night) photoperiod regimes, with the light phase being longer than the dark.
2005-09-20 GO:0009645 response to low light intensity stimulus Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a low light intensity stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0001666 response to hypoxia Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating lowered oxygen tension.
2005-09-20 GO:0010035 response to inorganic substance Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an inorganic substance stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009625 response to insect Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from an insect.
2005-09-20 GO:0017085 response to insecticide Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an insecticide stimulus. Insecticides are chemicals used to kill insects.
2005-09-20 GO:0010212 response to ionizing radiation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a ionizing radiation stimulus. Ionizing radiation is radiation with sufficient energy to remove electrons from atoms and may arise from spontaneous decay of unstable isotopes, resulting in alpha and beta particles and gamma rays. Ionizing radiation also includes X-rays.
2005-09-20 GO:0048150 behavioral response to ether Updated DEFINITION A change in the behavior of an organism as a result of an ether stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0046679 response to streptomycin Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a streptomycin stimulus. Streptomycin is a commonly used antibiotic in cell culture media which acts only on prokaryotes and blocks transition from initiation complex to chain elongating ribosome.
2005-09-20 GO:0006950 response to stress Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating the organism is under stress. The stress is usually, but not necessarily, exogenous (e.g. temperature, humidity, ionizing radiation).
2005-09-20 GO:0009744 response to sucrose Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a sucrose stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0000303 response to superoxide Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a superoxide stimulus. Superoxide is the anion, oxygen-, formed by addition of one electron to dioxygen (O2) or any compound containing the superoxide anion.
2005-09-20 GO:0009608 response to symbiont Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a symbiont, an organism living with an organism of a different species in close physical association.
2005-09-20 GO:0009609 response to symbiotic bacterium Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a symbiotic bacterium, a bacterium which live in close physical association with another organism.
2005-09-20 GO:0009610 response to symbiotic fungus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a symbiotic fungus, a fungus which live in close physical association with another organism.
2005-09-20 GO:0046690 response to tellurium ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a tellurium ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0046686 response to cadmium ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cadmium (Cd) ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0031000 response to caffeine Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a caffeine stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0051592 response to calcium ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a calcium ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0046681 response to carbamate Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a carbamate stimulus. Carbamates are a group of insecticides and parasiticides that act by inhibiting cholinesterase.
2005-09-20 GO:0009743 response to carbohydrate Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a carbohydrate stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0010037 response to carbon dioxide Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a carbon dioxide (CO2) stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009680 response to non-pathogenic bacteria Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a non-pathogenic bacterium.
2005-09-20 GO:0007584 response to nutrient Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a nutrient stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0010243 response to organonitrogen compound Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an organic nitrogen stimulus. Organic nitrogen is contained as amines in organic compounds such as amino acids and proteins.
2005-09-20 GO:0010033 response to organic substance Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an organic substance stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0046683 response to organophosphorus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an organophosphorus stimulus. Organophosphorus is a compound containing phosphorus bound to an organic molecule; several organophosphorus compounds are used as insecticides, and they are highly toxic cholinesterase inhibitors.
2005-09-20 GO:0006970 response to osmotic stress Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating an increase or decrease in the concentration of solutes outside the organism or cell.
2005-09-20 GO:0006979 response to oxidative stress Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of oxidative stress, a state often resulting from exposure to high levels of reactive oxygen species, e.g. superoxide anions, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and hydroxyl radicals.
2005-09-20 GO:0000305 response to oxygen radical Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an oxygen radical stimulus. An oxygen radical is any oxygen species that carries a free electron; examples include hydroxyl radicals and the superoxide anion.
2005-09-20 GO:0010193 response to ozone Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a ozone stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0048265 response to pain Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a pain stimulus. Pain stimuli cause activation of nociceptors, peripheral receptors for pain, include receptors which are sensitive to painful mechanical stimuli, extreme heat or cold, and chemical stimuli.
2005-09-20 GO:0009623 response to parasitic fungus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a parasitic fungus, a fungus which spends all or part of its life in or on another organism from which it obtains nourishment and/or protection.
2005-09-20 GO:0042828 response to pathogen Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a pathogen.
2005-09-20 GO:0009266 response to temperature stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a temperature stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009636 response to toxic substance Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a toxin stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0006986 response to unfolded protein Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an unfolded protein stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009411 response to UV Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an ultraviolet radiation (UV light) stimulus. Ultraviolet radiation is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength in the range of 10 to 380 nanometers.
2005-09-20 GO:0046684 response to pyrethroid Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a pyrethroid stimulus. Pyrethroids are a group of growth regulators, analogous to insect juvenile hormones, that interfere with the development of insect larvae and are used in the control of insects that are harmful in the adult stage.
2005-09-20 GO:0009314 response to radiation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an electromagnetic radiation stimulus. Electromagnetic radiation is a propagating wave in space with electric and magnetic components. These components oscillate at right angles to each other and to the direction of propagation.
2005-09-20 GO:0000302 response to reactive oxygen species Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a reactive oxygen species stimulus. Reactive oxygen species include singlet oxygen, superoxide, and oxygen free radicals.
2005-09-20 GO:0010114 response to red light Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a red light stimulus. Red light has a wavelength of between 620 and 700nm.
2005-09-20 GO:0009639 response to red or far red light Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a red or far red light stimulus. Red and far red light is that with a wavelength of above 620nm.
2005-09-20 GO:0009751 response to salicylic acid Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a salicylic acid stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009651 response to salt stress Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating an increase or decrease in the concentration of salt (particularly but not exclusively sodium and chloride ions) in the environment.
2005-09-20 GO:0043459 obsolete response to short exposure to lithium ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a single or short exposure to a lithium ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0030940 obsolete response to short-day photoperiod Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a photoperiod, an intermittent cycle of light (day) and dark (night) photoperiod regimes, with the dark phase being longer than the light.
2005-09-20 GO:0000304 response to singlet oxygen Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a singlet oxygen stimulus. Singlet oxygen is a dioxygen (O2) molecule in which two 2p electrons have similar spin. Singlet oxygen is more highly reactive than the form in which these electrons are of opposite spin, and it is produced in mutant chloroplasts lacking carotenoids and by leukocytes during metabolic burst.
2005-09-20 GO:0042594 response to starvation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a starvation stimulus, deprivation of nourishment.
2005-09-20 GO:0048545 response to steroid hormone Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a steroid hormone stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0006991 response to sterol depletion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating deprivation of sterols. Sterols are a group of steroids characterized by the presence of one or more hydroxyl groups and a hydrocarbon side-chain in the molecule.
2005-09-20 GO:0050896 response to stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0043434 response to peptide hormone Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a peptide hormone stimulus. A peptide hormone is any of a class of peptides that are secreted into the blood stream and have endocrine functions in living animals.
2005-09-20 GO:0009613 response to pest, pathogen or parasite Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a pathogen or a parasite.
2005-09-20 GO:0009268 response to pH Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a pH stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0019236 response to pheromone Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a pheromone stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0048685 negative regulation of collateral sprouting of intact axon in response to injury Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate of collateral sprouting of an intact axon as a result of injury to an axon.
2005-09-20 GO:0048585 negative regulation of response to stimulus Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate of a response to a stimulus. Response to stimulus is a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0048267 physiological response to pain Updated DEFINITION A change in the physiological state of an organism as a result of a pain stimulus. Pain stimuli cause activation of nociceptors, peripheral receptors for pain, include receptors which are sensitive to painful mechanical stimuli, extreme heat or cold, and chemical stimuli.
2005-09-20 GO:0043478 pigment accumulation in response to UV light Updated DEFINITION The aggregation of coloring matter in a particular location in an organism, tissue or cell, occurring in response to a UV light stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0043480 pigment accumulation in tissues Updated DEFINITION The aggregation of coloring matter in a particular location in a tissue, occurring in response to an external stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0043479 pigment accumulation in tissues in response to UV light Updated DEFINITION The aggregation of coloring matter in a particular location in a tissue, occurring in response to a UV light stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0048684 positive regulation of collateral sprouting of intact axon in response to injury Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the rate of collateral sprouting of an intact axon as a result of injury to an axon.
2005-09-20 GO:0048584 positive regulation of response to stimulus Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the rate of a response to a stimulus. Response to stimulus is a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0051604 protein maturation Added DEFINITION The process leading to the attainment of the full functional capacity of a protein.
2005-09-20 GO:0051603 proteolysis involved in cellular protein catabolic process Added DEFINITION The hydrolysis of a peptide bond or bonds within a protein during the breakdown of a protein into simpler components.
2005-09-20 GO:0051605 protein maturation by peptide bond cleavage Added DEFINITION The hydrolysis of a peptide bond or bonds within a protein during protein maturation, the process leading to the attainment of the full functional capacity of a protein.
2005-09-20 GO:0048683 regulation of collateral sprouting of intact axon in response to injury Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of collateral sprouting of an intact axon as a result of injury to an axon.
2005-09-20 GO:0009635 response to herbicide Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a herbicide stimulus. Herbicides are chemicals used to kill or control the growth of plants.
2005-09-20 GO:0009746 response to hexose Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a hexose stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0010188 response to microbial phytotoxin Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a microbial phytotoxin stimulus. A microbial phytotoxin is a chemical substance produced by microbes which is toxic to plants.
2005-09-20 GO:0001101 response to acid chemical Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an acid stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0043279 response to alkaloid Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an alkaloid stimulus. Alkaloids are a large group of nitrogenous substances found in naturally in plants, many of which have extracts that are pharmacologically active.
2005-09-20 GO:0010044 response to aluminum ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an aluminum ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0043200 response to amino acid Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an amino acid stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0046677 response to antibiotic Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an antibiotic stimulus. An antibiotic is a chemical substance produced by a microorganism which has the capacity to inhibit the growth of or to kill other microorganisms.
2005-09-20 GO:0046685 response to arsenic-containing substance Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an arsenic stimulus from compounds containing arsenic, including arsenates, arsenites, and arsenides.
2005-09-20 GO:0009733 response to auxin Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an auxin stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0048678 response to axon injury Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an axon injury stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009617 response to bacterium Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a bacterium.
2005-09-20 GO:0051602 response to electrical stimulus Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an electrical stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0046678 response to bacteriocin Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a bacteriocin stimulus. A bacteriocin is a protein substance released by certain bacteria that kills but does not lyse closely related strains of bacteria. Specific bacteriocins attach to specific receptors on cell walls and induce specific metabolic block, e.g. cessation of nucleic acid or protein synthesis of oxidative phosphorylation.
2005-09-20 GO:0009607 response to biotic stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a biotic (living) stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009637 response to blue light Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a blue light stimulus. Blue light has a wavelength of between 440 and 500nm.
2005-09-20 GO:0010036 response to boron-containing substance Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a boron stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009741 response to brassinosteroid Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a brassinosteroid stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0031001 response to brefeldin A Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a brefeldin A stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0035095 behavioral response to nicotine Updated DEFINITION A change in the behavior of an organism as a result of a nicotine stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0048266 behavioral response to pain Updated DEFINITION A change in the behavior of an organism as a result of a pain stimulus. Pain stimuli cause activation of nociceptors, peripheral receptors for pain, include receptors which are sensitive to painful mechanical stimuli, extreme heat or cold, and chemical stimuli.
2005-09-20 GO:0042630 behavioral response to water deprivation Updated DEFINITION A change in the behavior of an organism as a result of deprivation of water.
2005-09-20 GO:0030996 obsolete mitotic cell cycle arrest in response to nitrogen starvation Updated DEFINITION The processes that lead to a halt in cell cycle progression (cessation of cell cycle transitions) as a result of deprivation of nitrogen.
2005-09-20 GO:0000751 mitotic cell cycle arrest in response to pheromone Updated DEFINITION The processes that lead to a halt in cell cycle progression (cessation of cell cycle transitions) as a result of a pheromone stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0042149 cellular response to glucose starvation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of deprivation of glucose.
2005-09-20 GO:0010106 cellular response to iron ion starvation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of deprivation of iron ions.
2005-09-20 GO:0006995 cellular response to nitrogen starvation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of deprivation of nitrogen.
2005-09-20 GO:0016036 cellular response to phosphate starvation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of deprivation of phosphate.
2005-09-20 GO:0009267 cellular response to starvation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of deprivation of nourishment.
2005-09-20 GO:0009970 cellular response to sulfate starvation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of deprivation of sulfate.
2005-09-20 GO:0042631 cellular response to water deprivation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of deprivation of water.
2005-09-20 GO:0048673 collateral sprouting of intact axon in response to injury Updated DEFINITION The process by which outgrowths develop from the axons of intact undamaged neurons as a result of injury to an axon. The collateral sprouts typically appear from undamaged axons in a tissue which has had part of its nerve supply removed, and they can often innervate successfully any cells that have lost some or all of their original synaptic input.
2005-09-20 GO:0009819 drought recovery Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, gene expression, enzyme production, etc.) as a result of prolonged deprivation of water that restores that organism to a normal (non-stressed) condition.
2005-09-20 GO:0045311 invasive growth in response to pheromone Updated DEFINITION The growth of colonies in filamentous chains of cells as a result of a pheromone stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0006972 hyperosmotic response Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism or cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of perception of, or exposure to, a hyperosmotic environment, i.e. an environment with a higher concentration of solutes than the organism or cell.
2005-09-20 GO:0042538 hyperosmotic salinity response Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism or cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of perception of, or exposure to, an increase in the concentration of salt (particularly but not exclusively sodium and chloride ions) in the environment.
2005-09-20 GO:0006971 hypotonic response Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism or cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of perception of, or exposure to, a hypotonic environment, i.e. an environment with a lower concentration of solutes than the organism or cell.
2005-09-20 GO:0042539 hypotonic salinity response Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism or cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of perception of, or exposure to, an decrease in the concentration of salt (particularly but not exclusively sodium and chloride ions) in the environment.
2005-09-20 GO:0031558 obsolete induction of apoptosis in response to chemical stimulus Updated DEFINITION Any process that directly activates any of the steps required for cell death by apoptosis as a result of a chemical stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0031557 obsolete induction of programmed cell death in response to chemical stimulus Updated DEFINITION A process which directly activates any of the steps required for programmed cell death as a result of a chemical stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0048583 regulation of response to stimulus Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a response to a stimulus. Response to stimulus is a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009961 response to 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0051591 response to cAMP Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a 3',5'-cAMP stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009628 response to abiotic stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an abiotic (non-living) stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009737 response to abscisic acid Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an abscisic acid stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009646 response to absence of light Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an absence of light stimuli.
2005-09-20 GO:0010034 response to acetate Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an acetate stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0010224 response to UV-B Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a UV-B radiation stimulus. UV-B radiation (UV-B light) spans the wavelengths 290 to 320 nm.
2005-09-20 GO:0010225 response to UV-C Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a UV-C radiation stimulus. UV-C radiation (UV-C light) spans the wavelengths 100 to 290 nm.
2005-09-20 GO:0010203 response to very low fluence red light stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a very low fluence red light stimulus. Very low fluence red light is short pulses of very low fluence light followed by darkness, which occurs at light levels of less than 0.001 mmol/m2/sec red light and is not far-red reversible.
2005-09-20 GO:0009615 response to virus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a virus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009415 response to water Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a water stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009414 response to water deprivation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a water deprivation stimulus, prolonged deprivation of water.
2005-09-20 GO:0009611 response to wounding Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating damage to the organism.
2005-09-20 GO:0010165 response to X-ray Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of X-ray radiation. An X-ray is a form of electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength in the range of 10 nanometers to 100 picometers (corresponding to frequencies in the range 30 PHz to 3 EHz).
2005-09-20 GO:0009410 response to xenobiotic stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a xenobiotic compound stimulus. Xenobiotic compounds are compounds foreign to living organisms.
2005-09-20 GO:0001878 response to yeast Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a yeast species.
2005-09-20 GO:0010043 response to zinc ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a zinc ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0001306 age-dependent response to oxidative stress Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of oxidative stress, a state often resulting from exposure to high levels of reactive oxygen species, where the change varies according to the age of the cell or organism.
2005-09-20 GO:0001324 age-dependent response to oxidative stress involved in chronological cell aging Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism occurring in non-dividing cells as they age as a result of oxidative stress, where the change varies according to the age of the cell or organism.
2005-09-20 GO:0001322 age-dependent response to oxidative stress involved in replicative cell aging Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism occurring in dividing cells as they age as a result of oxidative stress, where the change varies according to the age of the cell or organism.
2005-09-20 GO:0001315 age-dependent response to reactive oxygen species Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of reactive oxygen species, where the change varies according to the age of the cell or organism.
2005-09-20 GO:0001320 age-dependent response to reactive oxygen species involved in chronological cell aging Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism occurring in non-dividing cells as they age as a result of reactive oxygen species, where the change varies according to the age of the cell or organism.
2005-09-20 GO:0001316 age-dependent response to reactive oxygen species involved in replicative cell aging Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism occurring during the process of replicative cell aging as a result of reactive oxygen species, where the change varies according to the age of the cell or organism.
2005-09-20 GO:0043481 anthocyanin accumulation in tissues in response to UV light Updated DEFINITION The aggregation of the pigment anthocyanin in a particular location in a tissue, occurring in response to a UV light stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0048148 behavioral response to cocaine Updated DEFINITION A change in the behavior of an organism as a result of a cocaine stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0048149 behavioral response to ethanol Updated DEFINITION A change in the behavior of an organism as a result of an ethanol stimulus.

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2005-09-20 GO:0010039 response to iron ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an iron ion stimulus..
2005-09-20 GO:0010040 response to iron(II) ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an iron(II) ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0043157 response to cation stress Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of cation stress, an increase or decrease in the concentration of positively charged ions in the environment.
2005-09-20 GO:0010164 response to cesium ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cesium stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0042221 response to chemical Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a chemical stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0010200 response to chitin Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a chitin stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0010157 response to chlorate Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a chlorate stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0046687 response to chromate Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a chromate stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0042220 response to cocaine Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cocaine stimulus. Cocaine is a crystalline alkaloid obtained from the leaves of the coca plant.
2005-09-20 GO:0008341 obsolete response to cocaine (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A change in state or activity of a mature individual as the result of a cocaine stimulus. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2005-09-20 GO:0009409 response to cold Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cold stimulus, a temperature stimulus below the optimal temperature for that organism.
2005-09-20 GO:0046688 response to copper ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a copper ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0051412 response to corticosterone Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a corticosterone stimulus. Corticosterone is a 21 carbon steroid hormone of the corticosteroid type, produced in the cortex of the adrenal glands. In many species, corticosterone is the principal glucocorticoid, involved in regulation of fuel metabolism, immune reactions, and stress responses.
2005-09-20 GO:0043435 response to corticotropin-releasing hormone Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a corticotropin-releasing hormone stimulus. Corticotropin-releasing hormone is a peptide hormone involved in the stress response.
2005-09-20 GO:0051414 response to cortisol Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cortisol stimulus. Cortisol is the major natural glucocorticoid synthesized in the zona fasciculata of the adrenal cortex; it affects the metabolism of glucose, protein, and fats and has appreciable mineralocorticoid activity. It also regulates the immune system and affects many other functions.
2005-09-20 GO:0051413 response to cortisone Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cortisone stimulus. Cortisone is a natural glucocorticoid steroid hormone that is metabolically convertible to cortisol. Cortisone is synthesized from cholesterol in the cortex of the adrenal gland under the stimulation of adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH). The main physiological effect of cortisone is on carbohydrate metabolism; it can stimulate increased glucose release from the liver, increased liver glycogen synthesis, and decreased utilization of glucose by the tissues.
2005-09-20 GO:0046682 response to cyclodiene Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cyclodiene stimulus. A cyclodiene is any organic insecticide (as dieldrin or chlordane) with a chlorinated methylene group forming a bridge across a 6-membered carbon ring.
2005-09-20 GO:0046898 response to cycloheximide Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cycloheximide stimulus. Cycloheximide (actidione) is an antibiotic produced by some Streptomyces species which interferes with protein synthesis in eukaryotes.
2005-09-20 GO:0009735 response to cytokinin Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cytokinin stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0046680 response to DDT Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a DDT stimulus. DDT, dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane, is a chlorinated hydrocarbon pesticide moderately toxic to humans and other animals.
2005-09-20 GO:0030912 response to deep water Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a deep water stimulus, being immersed in standing deep water throughout the life cycle.
2005-09-20 GO:0009269 response to desiccation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a desiccation stimulus, extreme dryness resulting from the prolonged deprivation of water.
2005-09-20 GO:0006974 cellular response to DNA damage stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating damage to its DNA from environmental insults or errors during metabolism.
2005-09-20 GO:0042493 response to drug Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a drug stimulus. A drug is a substance used in the diagnosis, treatment or prevention of a disease.
2005-09-20 GO:0043331 response to dsRNA Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a double-stranded RNA stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0035075 response to ecdysone Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a ecdysone stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009719 response to endogenous stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an endogenous stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0010041 response to iron(III) ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an iron(III) ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009753 response to jasmonic acid Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a jasmonic acid stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0043201 response to leucine Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a leucine stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009642 response to light intensity Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a light intensity stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009416 response to light stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a light stimulus. Visible light is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength between 400nm and 700nm and can be detected by the human eye.
2005-09-20 GO:0006982 response to lipid hydroperoxide Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a lipid hydroperoxide stimulus. Lipid hydroperoxide is the highly reactive primary oxygenated products of polyunsaturated fatty acids.
2005-09-20 GO:0051385 response to mineralocorticoid Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a mineralocorticoid stimulus. Mineralocorticoids are hormonal C21 corticosteroids synthesized from cholesterol and characterized by their similarity to aldosterone. Mineralocorticoids act primarily on water and electrolyte balance.
2005-09-20 GO:0043278 response to morphine Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a morphine stimulus. Morphine is an opioid alkaloid, isolated from opium, with a complex ring structure.
2005-09-20 GO:0010046 response to mycotoxin Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a mycotoxin stimulus. A mycotoxin are a toxic chemical substance produced by fungi.
2005-09-20 GO:0009624 response to nematode Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a nematode.
2005-09-20 GO:0010244 response to low fluence blue light stimulus by blue low-fluence system Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a low fluence blue light stimulus. A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of perception of, or exposure to, low fluence (threshold = 10(-1) micromol m-2) of blue light. Excitation of the Blue Low Fluence (BLF)-System induces the transcription of a number of nuclear and plastid coded genes.
2005-09-20 GO:0010202 response to low fluence red light stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a low fluence red light stimulus. Low fluence red light is red light pulses followed by darkness, which occurs at red light levels of 0.001-0.1 mmol/m2/sec and is red/far-red reversible.
2005-09-20 GO:0010042 response to manganese ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a manganese ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009612 response to mechanical stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a mechanical stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0046689 response to mercury ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a mercury ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0010038 response to metal ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a metal ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0031427 response to methotrexate Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a methotrexate stimulus. Methotrexate is 4-amino-10-methylformic acid, a folic acid analogue that is a potent competitive inhibitor of dihydrofolate reductase.
2005-09-20 GO:0051595 response to methylglyoxal Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a methylglyoxal stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0051597 response to methylmercury Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a methylmercury stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0000749 response to pheromone involved in conjugation with cellular fusion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a pheromone stimulus during the process of conjugation with cellular fusion.
2005-09-20 GO:0000756 response to pheromone involved in conjugation with mutual genetic exchange Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a pheromone stimulus during the process of conjugation without cellular fusion.
2005-09-20 GO:0000765 response to pheromone involved in pheromone-induced unidirectional conjugation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a pheromone stimulus during the process of pheromone-induced unidirectional conjugation.
2005-09-20 GO:0009906 response to photoperiod, blue light Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a blue light (light with a wavelength of between 440 and 500nm) photoperiod stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009907 response to photoperiod, red light Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a red light (light with a wavelength of between 620 and 700nm) photoperiod stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0010238 response to proline Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a proline stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0001562 response to protozoan Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a protozoan.
2005-09-20 GO:0009618 response to pathogenic bacteria Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a pathogenic (disease-causing) bacterium.
2005-09-20 GO:0009621 response to pathogenic fungi Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a pathogenic (disease-causing) fungus.
2005-09-20 GO:0043019 response to pathogenic insect Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a pathogenic (disease-causing) insect.
2005-09-20 GO:0042833 response to pathogenic protozoa Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a pathogenic protozoan.
2005-09-20 GO:0010045 response to nickel cation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a nickel ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0035094 response to nicotine Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a nicotine stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0010167 response to nitrate Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a nitrate stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0051409 response to nitrosative stress Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a nitrosative stress stimulus. Nitrosative stress is a state often resulting from exposure to high levels of nitric oxide (NO) or the highly reactive oxidant peroxynitrite, which is produced following interaction of NO with superoxide anions.
2005-09-20 GO:0010201 response to continuous far red light stimulus by the high-irradiance response system Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a high irradiance stimulus, continuous exposure to low levels of far-red light for a prolonged period of time and is not far-red reversible.
2005-09-20 GO:0009644 response to high light intensity Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a high light intensity stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009725 response to hormone Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a hormone stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009270 response to humidity Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a humidity stimulus, moisture in the atmosphere.
2005-09-20 GO:0042542 response to hydrogen peroxide Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0051599 response to hydrostatic pressure Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a hydrostatic pressure stimulus. Hydrostatic pressure is the force acting on an object in a system where the fluid is at rest (as opposed to moving). The weight of the fluid above the object creates pressure on it.
2005-09-20 GO:0045471 response to ethanol Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an ethanol stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0045473 obsolete response to ethanol (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A change in state or activity of an insect (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an ethanol stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0045472 response to ether Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a ether stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0045474 obsolete response to ether (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A change in state or activity of an insect (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an ether stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009723 response to ethylene Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an ethylene (ethene) stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0043330 response to exogenous dsRNA Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an exogenous double-stranded RNA stimulus, which is usually indicative of a viral infection.
2005-09-20 GO:0043207 response to external biotic stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an external biotic stimulus, an external stimulus caused by, or produced by living things.
2005-09-20 GO:0009605 response to external stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an external stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009991 response to extracellular stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an extracellular stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0010218 response to far red light Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a far red light stimulus. Far red light has a wavelength of around 740nm.
2005-09-20 GO:0009413 response to flooding Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating flooding, short-term immersion in water.
2005-09-20 GO:0051593 response to folic acid Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a folic acid stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0050826 response to freezing Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a freezing stimulus, temperatures below 0 degrees Celsius.
2005-09-20 GO:0009750 response to fructose Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a fructose stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009620 response to fungus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a fungus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009739 response to gibberellin Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a gibberellic acid stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0051384 response to glucocorticoid Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a glucocorticoid stimulus. Glucocorticoids are hormonal C21 corticosteroids synthesized from cholesterol with the ability to bind with the cortisol receptor and trigger similar effects. Glucocorticoids act primarily on carbohydrate and protein metabolism, and have anti-inflammatory effects.
2005-09-20 GO:0009749 response to glucose Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a glucose stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009629 response to gravity Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a gravitational stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009408 response to heat Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a heat stimulus, a temperature stimulus above the optimal temperature for that organism.
2005-09-20 GO:0009412 obsolete response to heavy metal Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a heavy metal stimulus. Heavy metals are those metals that can form a coordination bond with a protein; this definition includes the following biologically relevant heavy metals: Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Mo, Ni, V, W, Zn.
2005-09-20 GO:0010226 response to lithium ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a lithium (Li+) ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0043460 obsolete response to long exposure to lithium ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a long or persistent exposure to a lithium ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0030939 obsolete response to long-day photoperiod Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a photoperiod, an intermittent cycle of light (day) and dark (night) photoperiod regimes, with the light phase being longer than the dark.
2005-09-20 GO:0009645 response to low light intensity stimulus Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a low light intensity stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0001666 response to hypoxia Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating lowered oxygen tension.
2005-09-20 GO:0010035 response to inorganic substance Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an inorganic substance stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009625 response to insect Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from an insect.
2005-09-20 GO:0017085 response to insecticide Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an insecticide stimulus. Insecticides are chemicals used to kill insects.
2005-09-20 GO:0010212 response to ionizing radiation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a ionizing radiation stimulus. Ionizing radiation is radiation with sufficient energy to remove electrons from atoms and may arise from spontaneous decay of unstable isotopes, resulting in alpha and beta particles and gamma rays. Ionizing radiation also includes X-rays.
2005-09-20 GO:0048150 behavioral response to ether Updated DEFINITION A change in the behavior of an organism as a result of an ether stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0046679 response to streptomycin Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a streptomycin stimulus. Streptomycin is a commonly used antibiotic in cell culture media which acts only on prokaryotes and blocks transition from initiation complex to chain elongating ribosome.
2005-09-20 GO:0006950 response to stress Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating the organism is under stress. The stress is usually, but not necessarily, exogenous (e.g. temperature, humidity, ionizing radiation).
2005-09-20 GO:0009744 response to sucrose Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a sucrose stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0000303 response to superoxide Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a superoxide stimulus. Superoxide is the anion, oxygen-, formed by addition of one electron to dioxygen (O2) or any compound containing the superoxide anion.
2005-09-20 GO:0009608 response to symbiont Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a symbiont, an organism living with an organism of a different species in close physical association.
2005-09-20 GO:0009609 response to symbiotic bacterium Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a symbiotic bacterium, a bacterium which live in close physical association with another organism.
2005-09-20 GO:0009610 response to symbiotic fungus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a symbiotic fungus, a fungus which live in close physical association with another organism.
2005-09-20 GO:0046690 response to tellurium ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a tellurium ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0046686 response to cadmium ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cadmium (Cd) ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0031000 response to caffeine Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a caffeine stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0051592 response to calcium ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a calcium ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0046681 response to carbamate Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a carbamate stimulus. Carbamates are a group of insecticides and parasiticides that act by inhibiting cholinesterase.
2005-09-20 GO:0009743 response to carbohydrate Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a carbohydrate stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0010037 response to carbon dioxide Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a carbon dioxide (CO2) stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009680 response to non-pathogenic bacteria Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a non-pathogenic bacterium.
2005-09-20 GO:0007584 response to nutrient Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a nutrient stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0010243 response to organonitrogen compound Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an organic nitrogen stimulus. Organic nitrogen is contained as amines in organic compounds such as amino acids and proteins.
2005-09-20 GO:0010033 response to organic substance Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an organic substance stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0046683 response to organophosphorus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an organophosphorus stimulus. Organophosphorus is a compound containing phosphorus bound to an organic molecule; several organophosphorus compounds are used as insecticides, and they are highly toxic cholinesterase inhibitors.
2005-09-20 GO:0006970 response to osmotic stress Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating an increase or decrease in the concentration of solutes outside the organism or cell.
2005-09-20 GO:0006979 response to oxidative stress Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of oxidative stress, a state often resulting from exposure to high levels of reactive oxygen species, e.g. superoxide anions, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and hydroxyl radicals.
2005-09-20 GO:0000305 response to oxygen radical Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an oxygen radical stimulus. An oxygen radical is any oxygen species that carries a free electron; examples include hydroxyl radicals and the superoxide anion.
2005-09-20 GO:0010193 response to ozone Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a ozone stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0048265 response to pain Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a pain stimulus. Pain stimuli cause activation of nociceptors, peripheral receptors for pain, include receptors which are sensitive to painful mechanical stimuli, extreme heat or cold, and chemical stimuli.
2005-09-20 GO:0009623 response to parasitic fungus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a parasitic fungus, a fungus which spends all or part of its life in or on another organism from which it obtains nourishment and/or protection.
2005-09-20 GO:0042828 response to pathogen Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a pathogen.
2005-09-20 GO:0009266 response to temperature stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a temperature stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009636 response to toxic substance Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a toxin stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0006986 response to unfolded protein Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an unfolded protein stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009411 response to UV Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an ultraviolet radiation (UV light) stimulus. Ultraviolet radiation is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength in the range of 10 to 380 nanometers.
2005-09-20 GO:0046684 response to pyrethroid Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a pyrethroid stimulus. Pyrethroids are a group of growth regulators, analogous to insect juvenile hormones, that interfere with the development of insect larvae and are used in the control of insects that are harmful in the adult stage.
2005-09-20 GO:0009314 response to radiation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an electromagnetic radiation stimulus. Electromagnetic radiation is a propagating wave in space with electric and magnetic components. These components oscillate at right angles to each other and to the direction of propagation.
2005-09-20 GO:0000302 response to reactive oxygen species Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a reactive oxygen species stimulus. Reactive oxygen species include singlet oxygen, superoxide, and oxygen free radicals.
2005-09-20 GO:0010114 response to red light Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a red light stimulus. Red light has a wavelength of between 620 and 700nm.
2005-09-20 GO:0009639 response to red or far red light Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a red or far red light stimulus. Red and far red light is that with a wavelength of above 620nm.
2005-09-20 GO:0009751 response to salicylic acid Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a salicylic acid stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009651 response to salt stress Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating an increase or decrease in the concentration of salt (particularly but not exclusively sodium and chloride ions) in the environment.
2005-09-20 GO:0043459 obsolete response to short exposure to lithium ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a single or short exposure to a lithium ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0030940 obsolete response to short-day photoperiod Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a photoperiod, an intermittent cycle of light (day) and dark (night) photoperiod regimes, with the dark phase being longer than the light.
2005-09-20 GO:0000304 response to singlet oxygen Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a singlet oxygen stimulus. Singlet oxygen is a dioxygen (O2) molecule in which two 2p electrons have similar spin. Singlet oxygen is more highly reactive than the form in which these electrons are of opposite spin, and it is produced in mutant chloroplasts lacking carotenoids and by leukocytes during metabolic burst.
2005-09-20 GO:0042594 response to starvation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a starvation stimulus, deprivation of nourishment.
2005-09-20 GO:0048545 response to steroid hormone Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a steroid hormone stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0006991 response to sterol depletion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating deprivation of sterols. Sterols are a group of steroids characterized by the presence of one or more hydroxyl groups and a hydrocarbon side-chain in the molecule.
2005-09-20 GO:0050896 response to stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0043434 response to peptide hormone Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a peptide hormone stimulus. A peptide hormone is any of a class of peptides that are secreted into the blood stream and have endocrine functions in living animals.
2005-09-20 GO:0009613 response to pest, pathogen or parasite Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a pathogen or a parasite.
2005-09-20 GO:0009268 response to pH Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a pH stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0019236 response to pheromone Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a pheromone stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0048685 negative regulation of collateral sprouting of intact axon in response to injury Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate of collateral sprouting of an intact axon as a result of injury to an axon.
2005-09-20 GO:0048585 negative regulation of response to stimulus Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate of a response to a stimulus. Response to stimulus is a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0048267 physiological response to pain Updated DEFINITION A change in the physiological state of an organism as a result of a pain stimulus. Pain stimuli cause activation of nociceptors, peripheral receptors for pain, include receptors which are sensitive to painful mechanical stimuli, extreme heat or cold, and chemical stimuli.
2005-09-20 GO:0043478 pigment accumulation in response to UV light Updated DEFINITION The aggregation of coloring matter in a particular location in an organism, tissue or cell, occurring in response to a UV light stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0043480 pigment accumulation in tissues Updated DEFINITION The aggregation of coloring matter in a particular location in a tissue, occurring in response to an external stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0043479 pigment accumulation in tissues in response to UV light Updated DEFINITION The aggregation of coloring matter in a particular location in a tissue, occurring in response to a UV light stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0048684 positive regulation of collateral sprouting of intact axon in response to injury Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the rate of collateral sprouting of an intact axon as a result of injury to an axon.
2005-09-20 GO:0048584 positive regulation of response to stimulus Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates, maintains or increases the rate of a response to a stimulus. Response to stimulus is a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0051604 protein maturation Added DEFINITION The process leading to the attainment of the full functional capacity of a protein.
2005-09-20 GO:0051603 proteolysis involved in cellular protein catabolic process Added DEFINITION The hydrolysis of a peptide bond or bonds within a protein during the breakdown of a protein into simpler components.
2005-09-20 GO:0051605 protein maturation by peptide bond cleavage Added DEFINITION The hydrolysis of a peptide bond or bonds within a protein during protein maturation, the process leading to the attainment of the full functional capacity of a protein.
2005-09-20 GO:0048683 regulation of collateral sprouting of intact axon in response to injury Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of collateral sprouting of an intact axon as a result of injury to an axon.
2005-09-20 GO:0009635 response to herbicide Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a herbicide stimulus. Herbicides are chemicals used to kill or control the growth of plants.
2005-09-20 GO:0009746 response to hexose Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a hexose stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0010188 response to microbial phytotoxin Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a microbial phytotoxin stimulus. A microbial phytotoxin is a chemical substance produced by microbes which is toxic to plants.
2005-09-20 GO:0001101 response to acid chemical Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an acid stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0043279 response to alkaloid Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an alkaloid stimulus. Alkaloids are a large group of nitrogenous substances found in naturally in plants, many of which have extracts that are pharmacologically active.
2005-09-20 GO:0010044 response to aluminum ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an aluminum ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0043200 response to amino acid Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an amino acid stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0046677 response to antibiotic Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an antibiotic stimulus. An antibiotic is a chemical substance produced by a microorganism which has the capacity to inhibit the growth of or to kill other microorganisms.
2005-09-20 GO:0046685 response to arsenic-containing substance Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an arsenic stimulus from compounds containing arsenic, including arsenates, arsenites, and arsenides.
2005-09-20 GO:0009733 response to auxin Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an auxin stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0048678 response to axon injury Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an axon injury stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009617 response to bacterium Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a bacterium.
2005-09-20 GO:0051602 response to electrical stimulus Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an electrical stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0046678 response to bacteriocin Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a bacteriocin stimulus. A bacteriocin is a protein substance released by certain bacteria that kills but does not lyse closely related strains of bacteria. Specific bacteriocins attach to specific receptors on cell walls and induce specific metabolic block, e.g. cessation of nucleic acid or protein synthesis of oxidative phosphorylation.
2005-09-20 GO:0009607 response to biotic stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a biotic (living) stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009637 response to blue light Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a blue light stimulus. Blue light has a wavelength of between 440 and 500nm.
2005-09-20 GO:0010036 response to boron-containing substance Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a boron stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009741 response to brassinosteroid Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a brassinosteroid stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0031001 response to brefeldin A Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a brefeldin A stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0035095 behavioral response to nicotine Updated DEFINITION A change in the behavior of an organism as a result of a nicotine stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0048266 behavioral response to pain Updated DEFINITION A change in the behavior of an organism as a result of a pain stimulus. Pain stimuli cause activation of nociceptors, peripheral receptors for pain, include receptors which are sensitive to painful mechanical stimuli, extreme heat or cold, and chemical stimuli.
2005-09-20 GO:0042630 behavioral response to water deprivation Updated DEFINITION A change in the behavior of an organism as a result of deprivation of water.
2005-09-20 GO:0030996 obsolete mitotic cell cycle arrest in response to nitrogen starvation Updated DEFINITION The processes that lead to a halt in cell cycle progression (cessation of cell cycle transitions) as a result of deprivation of nitrogen.
2005-09-20 GO:0000751 mitotic cell cycle arrest in response to pheromone Updated DEFINITION The processes that lead to a halt in cell cycle progression (cessation of cell cycle transitions) as a result of a pheromone stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0042149 cellular response to glucose starvation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of deprivation of glucose.
2005-09-20 GO:0010106 cellular response to iron ion starvation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of deprivation of iron ions.
2005-09-20 GO:0006995 cellular response to nitrogen starvation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of deprivation of nitrogen.
2005-09-20 GO:0016036 cellular response to phosphate starvation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of deprivation of phosphate.
2005-09-20 GO:0009267 cellular response to starvation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of deprivation of nourishment.
2005-09-20 GO:0009970 cellular response to sulfate starvation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of deprivation of sulfate.
2005-09-20 GO:0042631 cellular response to water deprivation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of deprivation of water.
2005-09-20 GO:0048673 collateral sprouting of intact axon in response to injury Updated DEFINITION The process by which outgrowths develop from the axons of intact undamaged neurons as a result of injury to an axon. The collateral sprouts typically appear from undamaged axons in a tissue which has had part of its nerve supply removed, and they can often innervate successfully any cells that have lost some or all of their original synaptic input.
2005-09-20 GO:0009819 drought recovery Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, gene expression, enzyme production, etc.) as a result of prolonged deprivation of water that restores that organism to a normal (non-stressed) condition.
2005-09-20 GO:0045311 invasive growth in response to pheromone Updated DEFINITION The growth of colonies in filamentous chains of cells as a result of a pheromone stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0006972 hyperosmotic response Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism or cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of perception of, or exposure to, a hyperosmotic environment, i.e. an environment with a higher concentration of solutes than the organism or cell.
2005-09-20 GO:0042538 hyperosmotic salinity response Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism or cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of perception of, or exposure to, an increase in the concentration of salt (particularly but not exclusively sodium and chloride ions) in the environment.
2005-09-20 GO:0006971 hypotonic response Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism or cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of perception of, or exposure to, a hypotonic environment, i.e. an environment with a lower concentration of solutes than the organism or cell.
2005-09-20 GO:0042539 hypotonic salinity response Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism or cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of perception of, or exposure to, an decrease in the concentration of salt (particularly but not exclusively sodium and chloride ions) in the environment.
2005-09-20 GO:0031558 obsolete induction of apoptosis in response to chemical stimulus Updated DEFINITION Any process that directly activates any of the steps required for cell death by apoptosis as a result of a chemical stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0031557 obsolete induction of programmed cell death in response to chemical stimulus Updated DEFINITION A process which directly activates any of the steps required for programmed cell death as a result of a chemical stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0048583 regulation of response to stimulus Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a response to a stimulus. Response to stimulus is a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009961 response to 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0051591 response to cAMP Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a 3',5'-cAMP stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009628 response to abiotic stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an abiotic (non-living) stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009737 response to abscisic acid Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an abscisic acid stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009646 response to absence of light Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an absence of light stimuli.
2005-09-20 GO:0010034 response to acetate Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an acetate stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0010224 response to UV-B Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a UV-B radiation stimulus. UV-B radiation (UV-B light) spans the wavelengths 290 to 320 nm.
2005-09-20 GO:0010225 response to UV-C Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a UV-C radiation stimulus. UV-C radiation (UV-C light) spans the wavelengths 100 to 290 nm.
2005-09-20 GO:0010203 response to very low fluence red light stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a very low fluence red light stimulus. Very low fluence red light is short pulses of very low fluence light followed by darkness, which occurs at light levels of less than 0.001 mmol/m2/sec red light and is not far-red reversible.
2005-09-20 GO:0009615 response to virus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a virus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009415 response to water Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a water stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0009414 response to water deprivation Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a water deprivation stimulus, prolonged deprivation of water.
2005-09-20 GO:0009611 response to wounding Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating damage to the organism.
2005-09-20 GO:0010165 response to X-ray Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of X-ray radiation. An X-ray is a form of electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength in the range of 10 nanometers to 100 picometers (corresponding to frequencies in the range 30 PHz to 3 EHz).
2005-09-20 GO:0009410 response to xenobiotic stimulus Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a xenobiotic compound stimulus. Xenobiotic compounds are compounds foreign to living organisms.
2005-09-20 GO:0001878 response to yeast Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus from a yeast species.
2005-09-20 GO:0010043 response to zinc ion Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a zinc ion stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0001306 age-dependent response to oxidative stress Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of oxidative stress, a state often resulting from exposure to high levels of reactive oxygen species, where the change varies according to the age of the cell or organism.
2005-09-20 GO:0001324 age-dependent response to oxidative stress involved in chronological cell aging Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism occurring in non-dividing cells as they age as a result of oxidative stress, where the change varies according to the age of the cell or organism.
2005-09-20 GO:0001322 age-dependent response to oxidative stress involved in replicative cell aging Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism occurring in dividing cells as they age as a result of oxidative stress, where the change varies according to the age of the cell or organism.
2005-09-20 GO:0001315 age-dependent response to reactive oxygen species Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of reactive oxygen species, where the change varies according to the age of the cell or organism.
2005-09-20 GO:0001320 age-dependent response to reactive oxygen species involved in chronological cell aging Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism occurring in non-dividing cells as they age as a result of reactive oxygen species, where the change varies according to the age of the cell or organism.
2005-09-20 GO:0001316 age-dependent response to reactive oxygen species involved in replicative cell aging Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of a cell or an organism occurring during the process of replicative cell aging as a result of reactive oxygen species, where the change varies according to the age of the cell or organism.
2005-09-20 GO:0043481 anthocyanin accumulation in tissues in response to UV light Updated DEFINITION The aggregation of the pigment anthocyanin in a particular location in a tissue, occurring in response to a UV light stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0048148 behavioral response to cocaine Updated DEFINITION A change in the behavior of an organism as a result of a cocaine stimulus.
2005-09-20 GO:0048149 behavioral response to ethanol Updated DEFINITION A change in the behavior of an organism as a result of an ethanol stimulus.
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