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GO Term History: Displaying 247 audit records for all terms for the date 2004-02-24

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Introduction

This page displays the differences recorded in the full Gene Ontology OBO v1.2 file as audited by the UniProt-GOA database during its daily update cycle.
If there is any delay in uploading the current OBO file, the changes displayed and the date recorded for these changes may not correspond to when the changes to the OBO file were committed.

All changes

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2004-02-24 GO:0009543 chloroplast thylakoid lumen Updated DEFINITION A cavity enclosed within the thylakoid membrane. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2004-02-24 GO:0009535 chloroplast thylakoid membrane Updated DEFINITION The pigmented membrane of a thylakoid. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2004-02-24 GO:0007425 epithelial cell fate determination, open tracheal system Updated DEFINITION Events that cause relatively unspecialized cells to develop into tracheal cells. Once determination has taken place, a cell becomes committed to differentiate into a tracheal cell, regardless of its environment. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0007427 epithelial cell migration, open tracheal system Updated DEFINITION The orderly movement of tracheal cells during development of the tracheal system. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0007426 tracheal outgrowth, open tracheal system Updated DEFINITION The projection of tracheal branches of the respiratory system towards their target tissues. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0046846 tracheal placode cell fate determination (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION Assignment of tracheal cell fates to ectodermal cell clusters on each side of the embryo. Once determination has taken place, a cell becomes committed to differentiate into a tracheal placode cell, regardless of its environment. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0007424 open tracheal system development Updated DEFINITION Formation and organization of the respiratory system, a branched network of epithelial tubes that supplies oxygen to target tissues. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0007089 traversing start control point of mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Passage through a cell cycle control point late in G1 phase of the mitotic cell cycle just before entry into S phase; in most organisms studied, including budding yeast and animal cells, passage through start normally commits the cell to progressing through the entire cell cycle.
2004-02-24 GO:0010091 trichome branching Updated DEFINITION The processes involved in the formation of branches in plant hair cells (trichomes); as in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0010026 trichome differentiation Updated DEFINITION Differentiation of trichomes from a single epidermal cell; as in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0010090 trichome morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION The formation and development of hair cells (trichomes); as in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0045286 plasma membrane ubiquinol-cytochrome-c reductase complex Updated DEFINITION An enzyme complex that contains cytochrome b/b6 and cytochrome c1. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0000328 fungal-type vacuole lumen Updated DEFINITION The volume enclosed within the vacuolar membrane of the vacuole. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0000330 plant-type vacuole lumen Updated DEFINITION The volume enclosed within the vacuolar membrane; as in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0000329 fungal-type vacuole membrane Updated DEFINITION The lipid bilayer separating the vacuole from the cytoplasm of the cell. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0009705 plant-type vacuole membrane Updated DEFINITION The single cytoplasmic membrane enclosing the vacuole; as in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0000324 fungal-type vacuole Updated DEFINITION The vacuole is a large, membrane-bound organelle that functions as a reservoir for the storage of small molecules (including polyphosphate, amino acids, several divalent cations (eg. calcium), other ions, and other small molecules) as well as being the primary compartment for degradation. It is an acidic compartment, containing an ensemble of acid hydrolases. At least in S. cerevisiae, there are indications that the morphology of the vacuole is variable and correlated with the cell cycle, with logarithmically growing cells having a multilobed, reticulated vacuole, while stationary phase cells contain a single large structure. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0010003 gastrulation (sensu Mammalia) Updated DEFINITION The process of gastrulation, as in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0001703 gastrulation with mouth forming first Updated DEFINITION Gastrulation, as in, but not restricted to, the taxon Protostomia (Protostomia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33317).
2004-02-24 GO:0007484 imaginal disc-derived genitalia development Updated DEFINITION Formation and development of the genitals from the genital disc. As in, but not restricted to, the Holometabola (Endopterygota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33392).
2004-02-24 GO:0007153 germination (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Process of enzymatic breakdown of the ascus and remodeling of the thick spore wall that surrounds the haploid spore. Entry into the cell cycle and mitotic propagation follows germination. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0042002 hermaphrodite somatic sex determination (sensu Nematoda) Updated DEFINITION The determination of sex and sexual phenotypes in a hermaphroditic nematode's soma, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0000206 obsolete inactivation of MAPK during sporulation (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Downregulation of MAP kinase activity in the context of sporulation. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0001403 invasive growth in response to glucose limitation Updated DEFINITION A growth pattern exhibited by haploid cells under certain growth conditions, in which cells retain the typical axial budding pattern of haploids, but become elongated and fail to separate after division; during growth on a solid substrate, this results in penetration of cells into the agar medium. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0002119 nematode larval development Updated DEFINITION Development from the newly hatched first-stage larva to the end of the last larval stage (eg. fourth-stage in C. elegans) before molting to adulthood. As in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0016348 imaginal disc-derived leg joint morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION Formation and development of the leg joint. As in, but not restricted to, the Holometabola (Endopterygota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33392).
2004-02-24 GO:0007480 imaginal disc-derived leg morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION Formation and development of the leg. As in, but not restricted to, the Holometabola (Endopterygota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33392).
2004-02-24 GO:0009503 thylakoid light-harvesting complex Updated DEFINITION A thylakoid membrane complex of chlorophylls a and b together with chlorophyll a-b binding proteins. In addition, LHCs contain a number of other proteins, the function of which is speculative, together with accessory pigments. The LHCs capture and transfer energy to photosystems I and II. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2004-02-24 GO:0012511 monolayer-surrounded lipid storage body Updated DEFINITION A subcellular organelle of plant cells surrounded by 'half-unit' or a monolayer membrane instead of the more usual bilayer. A droplet of triacylglycerol surrounded by a monolayer of phospholipids, interacting with the triacylglycerols and the hydrophilic head groups facing the cytosol, and containing major protein components called oleosins. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2004-02-24 GO:0009930 longitudinal side of cell surface Updated DEFINITION The side of the cell parallel to the zygotic axis. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0030013 maintenance of cell polarity (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION The maintenance of established polarized cell growth patterns. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0043055 maintenance of dauer Updated DEFINITION Maintenance of a nematode during the facultative diapause of the dauer (enduring) larval stage. As in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0016350 maintenance of oocyte identity (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION The process required to ensure that development of the oocyte continues after oocyte specification. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0045496 male analia development Updated DEFINITION Formation and development of the analia from the genital disc in males. As in, but not restricted to, the Holometabola (Endopterygota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33392).
2004-02-24 GO:0016542 male courtship behavior (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION The actions of reactions of a male, for the purpose of attracting a sexual partner. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0016546 male courtship behavior, proboscis-mediated licking Updated DEFINITION The process during courtship where the male licks the genitalia of a stationary female fly with his proboscis. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0016543 male courtship behavior, orientation prior to leg tapping and wing vibration Updated DEFINITION The process during courtship, where the male orients towards a potential partner. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0045433 male courtship behavior, veined wing generated song production Updated DEFINITION The process during wing vibration where the male produces a species-specific acoustic signal called a love song. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0016544 male courtship behavior, tapping to detect pheromone Updated DEFINITION The process during courtship where the male taps the female with his frontal leg. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0048065 male courtship behavior, veined wing extension Updated DEFINITION The process during courtship where the male extends his wings. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0016545 male courtship behavior, veined wing vibration Updated DEFINITION The process during courtship where the male vibrates his wings. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0048234 male gamete generation (sensu Magnoliophyta) Updated DEFINITION The generation, maintenance, and proliferation of female gametes, as in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0007485 imaginal disc-derived male genitalia development Updated DEFINITION Formation and development of the genitals from the genital disc in males. As in, but not restricted to, the Holometabola (Endopterygota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33392).
2004-02-24 GO:0009971 anastral spindle assembly involved in male meiosis Updated DEFINITION The formation and maintenance of the spindle in meiosis in male organs. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2004-02-24 GO:0000202 obsolete MAPKKK cascade during sporulation (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION MAPKKK cascade involved in transduction of signal promoting sporulation. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0042003 masculinization of hermaphrodite soma Updated DEFINITION Promotion of male sex and sexual phenotypes in the hermaphroditic nematode soma. As in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0042006 masculinization of hermaphroditic germ-line Updated DEFINITION The determination of male sex and sexual phenotype in the germ-line of the hermaphrodite, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0008071 maternal determination of dorsal/ventral axis, ovarian follicular epithelium, soma encoded Updated DEFINITION Polarization of the follicle cells along the dorsal-ventral axis by a gene product encoded by somatic cells. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0000325 plant-type vacuole Updated DEFINITION Cells contain one or several vacuoles, that may have different functions from each other. Vacuoles have a diverse array of functions. They can act as a storage organelle for nutrients or waste products, as a degradative compartment, as a cost-effective way of increasing cell size, and as a homeostatic regulator controlling both turgor pressure and pH of the cytosol. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0010087 phloem or xylem histogenesis Updated DEFINITION The formation of the conducting tissues, as in, but not restricted to, the vascular plants (Tracheophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:8023).
2004-02-24 GO:0010051 xylem and phloem pattern formation Updated DEFINITION The processes that result in the patterning of the conducting tissues, as in, but not restricted to, the vascular plants (Tracheophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:8023).
2004-02-24 GO:0007305 vitelline membrane formation involved in chorion-containing eggshell formation Updated DEFINITION Construction of the vitelline membrane portion of an egg shell. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0040025 vulval development Updated DEFINITION Development of the vulva in the larva, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0010069 zygote asymmetric cytokinesis in embryo sac Updated DEFINITION The division of the zygote in a plane perpendicular to the long axis of the embryo sac to produce a larger basal cell near the micropyle and a small terminal cell close to what was the central cell and is now the developing endosperm. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0010004 gastrulation involving germ band extension Updated DEFINITION The process of gastrulation; as in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0048157 oogenesis (sensu Mammalia) Updated DEFINITION The complete process of formation and maturation of an ovum or female gamete from a primordial female germ cell. As in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0048158 oogonium stage Updated DEFINITION The stage in mammalian oogenesis when the primordial germ cell is hardly distinguishable from other cortical cells of the ovary. As in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0048166 mature follicle stage Updated DEFINITION The stage in oogenesis when the antrum is swollen with follicular fluid. The ovum is ready to erupt from the ovary and is arrested at metaphase of the second meiotic division. As in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0043076 megasporocyte nucleus Updated DEFINITION The nucleus of a megasporocyte, a diploid cell that undergoes meiosis to produce four megaspores, and its descendents. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2004-02-24 GO:0046699 metamorphosis (sensu Amphibia) Updated DEFINITION A change of shape or structure from one developmental stage to another, particularly the rapid post embryonic structural transformation from juvenile to adult form, eg. the transformation from tadpole to frog. As in, but not restricted to, the amphibia (Amphibia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:8292).
2004-02-24 GO:0046698 metamorphosis (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION A change of shape or structure from one developmental stage to another, particularly the rapid post embryonic structural transformation from larva to adult form. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0043074 microsporocyte nucleus Updated DEFINITION The nucleus of the cell in which meiosis will occur, resulting in four microspores called pollen mother cell or microsporocyte. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2004-02-24 GO:0030472 mitotic spindle organization in nucleus Updated DEFINITION Formation and maintenance of the mitotic spindle. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0000071 mitotic spindle assembly (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Formation and maintenance of the mitotic spindle; an intranuclear process involving organization of microtubules and associated molecules into a spindle structure; includes attachment of chromosomes to the mitotic apparatus. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0030607 mitotic spindle orientation (sensu Fungi) Updated DEFINITION Determination of the orientation of the mitotic spindle. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0030609 mitotic spindle orientation (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Determination of the orientation of the mitotic spindle. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0030606 mitotic spindle positioning (sensu Fungi) Updated DEFINITION Determination of the intracellular position of the mitotic spindle. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0030608 mitotic spindle positioning (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Determination of the intracellular position of the mitotic spindle. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0048114 polar granule organization and biogenesis (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION Formation of the polar granules, organelles found in the pole plasm of cells that contain the necessary constituents for pole plasm assembly. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0040026 positive regulation of vulval development Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the rate of development of the vulva, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0009833 plant-type primary cell wall biogenesis Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of cell walls that form adjacent to the middle lamella following cell division and during cell expansion. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0048160 primary follicle stage Updated DEFINITION The stage in oogenesis when a single layer of cuboidal follicle cells surrounds the oocyte. The oocyte nucleus is large. As in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0007428 primary branching, open tracheal system Updated DEFINITION Formation of primary branches in the tracheal system. These form from small groups of cells that migrate out at specific positions, organizing into tubes as they migrate. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0000503 proteasome core complex (sensu Bacteria) Updated DEFINITION A multisubunit, barrel shaped protease complex. This complex consists of fourteen subunits of two distinct but related polypeptides. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0000504 obsolete proteasome regulatory particle (sensu Bacteria) Updated DEFINITION A multisubunit complex that recognizes and unfolds ubiquitinated proteins, and translocates them to the core complex in an ATP dependent manner. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0045260 plasma membrane proton-transporting ATP synthase complex Updated DEFINITION The enzyme that is responsible for the phosphorylation of ADP to ATP in mitochondria, during oxidative phosphorylation; it catalyzes the hydrolysis of ATP to ADP and orthophosphate. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0045262 plasma membrane proton-transporting ATP synthase complex, catalytic core F(1) Updated DEFINITION The catalytic sector of the mitochondrial hydrogen-transporting ATP synthase; it comprises the catalytic core and central stalk, and is peripherally associated with the mitochondrial inner membrane (GO:0005743) when the entire ATP synthase is assembled. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0045264 plasma membrane proton-transporting ATP synthase complex, coupling factor F(o) Updated DEFINITION All non-F1 subunits of the mitochondrial hydrogen-transporting ATP synthase, including integral and peripheral mitochondrial inner membrane proteins. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0045268 plasma membrane proton-transporting ATP synthase, catalytic core Updated DEFINITION The hexamer that possesses the catalytic activity of the mitochondrial hydrogen-transporting ATP synthase. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0045270 plasma membrane proton-transporting ATP synthase, central stalk Updated DEFINITION One of two stalks that connect the catalytic core of the hydrogen-transporting ATP synthase to the membrane-associated Fo proteins; rotates within the catalytic core during catalysis. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0045266 plasma membrane proton-transporting ATP synthase, stator stalk Updated DEFINITION One of two stalks that connect the catalytic core of the hydrogen-transporting ATP synthase to the membrane-associated F0 proteins; is thought to prevent futile rotation of the catalytic core. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0030589 pseudocleavage involved in syncytial blastoderm formation Updated DEFINITION Formation of furrows in the cytoplasm between nuclei during cell cycles in embryos in the syncytial blastoderm stage. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0030590 first cell cycle pseudocleavage Updated DEFINITION A process that occurs during the first cell cycle in an embryo, in which anterior cortical contractions culminate in a single partial constriction of the embryo called the pseudocleavage furrow. As in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0045249 cytosol pyruvate dehydrogenase (lipoamide) phosphatase complex Updated DEFINITION A complex of a regulatory and catalytic subunit that catalyzes the dephosphorylation and concomitant reactivation of the alpha subunit of the E1 component of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (GO:0005967). As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0045250 cytosolic pyruvate dehydrogenase complex Updated DEFINITION Complex that carries out the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate to form acetyl-CoA; comprises subunits possessing three catalytic activities: pyruvate dehydrogenase (E1), dihydrolipoamide S-acetyltransferase (E2), and dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (E3). Usually contains fewer subunits than its eukaryotic counterpart; for example, the E. coli complex contains 12 E1 dimers, 8 E2 trimers, and 6 E3 dimers arranged in highly symmetric cubic order. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0040028 regulation of vulval development Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of development of the vulva. As in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0045274 plasma membrane respiratory chain complex II Updated DEFINITION A part of the respiratory chain, containing the four polypeptide subunits of succinate dehydrogenase, flavin-adenine dinucleotide and iron-sulfur. Catalyzes the oxidation of succinate by ubiquinone. Connects the TCA cycle with the respiratory chain. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0045276 plasma membrane respiratory chain complex III Updated DEFINITION A part of the respiratory chain, containing about 10 polypeptide subunits including four redox centers: cytochrome b/b6, cytochrome c1 and an 2Fe-2S cluster. Catalyzes the oxidation of ubiquinol by oxidized cytochrome c1. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0045278 plasma membrane respiratory chain complex IV Updated DEFINITION A part of the respiratory chain, containing the 13 polypeptide subunits of cytochrome c oxidase, including cytochrome a and cytochrome a3. Catalyzes the oxidation of reduced cytochrome c by dioxygen (O2). As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0008341 obsolete response to cocaine (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A change in state or activity of a mature individual as the result of exposure to cocaine. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0030680 dimeric ribonuclease P complex Updated DEFINITION A ribonuclease P complex. Generally contains a single RNA molecule that is necessary and usually sufficient for catalysis, and a single protein molecule. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0048163 scattered antral spaces stage Updated DEFINITION The stage in oogenesis when antral spaces begin to form in the follicle cells. Mitochondria form centers for yolk concentration. As in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0009834 plant-type secondary cell wall biogenesis Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of inextensible cell walls that are formed between the plasma membrane and primary cell wall after cell expansion is complete. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0007429 secondary branching, open tracheal system Updated DEFINITION Sprouting of secondary branches in the tracheal system. These form from the tips of primary branches and are formed by individual cells that roll up into unicellular tubes. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0010149 obsolete senescence Updated DEFINITION The processes that occur in an organism near the end of its active life that is associated with the dismantling of cell components and membranes, loss of functional chloroplasts, and an overall decline in metabolism. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0000144 cellular bud neck septin ring Updated DEFINITION Composed of the conserved family of filament forming proteins called septins as well as septin-associated proteins, a septin ring initially forms in unbudded cells at the future site of bud emergence in close apposition to the cytoplasm face of plasma membrane. The ring expands into an hourglass shaped collar as the mother-bud neck develops during bud formation. The septin ring acts as a scaffold for other proteins that function at the bud neck and as a diffusion barrier to prevent the flow of some membrane proteins from the bud into the mother. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0030483 site of polarized growth (sensu Fungi) Updated DEFINITION A part of a cell where non-isotropic growth occurs. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0000134 site of polarized growth (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION A part of a cell where non-isotropic growth occurs. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0007102 spindle pole body and microtubule cycle (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION The dynamics of the spindle pole body and microtubule cytoskeleton during the cell cycle. Includes spindle pole body duplication and separation and formation and elongation of the mitotic spindle. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0007103 spindle pole body duplication associated with nuclear envelope Updated DEFINITION Construction of a new spindle pole body adjacent to the existing spindle pole body in the nuclear envelope; usually occurs about the time of bud emergence. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0000073 spindle pole body separation Updated DEFINITION A largely uncharacterized process involving the release of duplicated spindle pole bodies (SPBs) and their migration away from each other within the nuclear membrane. Duplicated SPBs are connected by a bridge structure that may be severed in order to release the SPBs from one another. Following liberation, SPBs diffuse through the nuclear membrane until they are across from each other. SPB separation must take place in order for a bipolar mitotic spindle to assemble. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0048236 plant-type sporogenesis Updated DEFINITION Development of the spore that gives rise to gametophytes. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0005619 ascospore wall Updated DEFINITION The specialized cell wall of the ascospore (spore). As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0007152 spore wall assembly (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Process by which the haploid spore nucleus becomes surrounded by a cell wall. This process includes encapsulation by a prospore membrane (originating from the spindle pole body) followed by transformation of the prospore membrane into a thick multilayer spore wall consisting of dityrosine, chitosan and an inner layer. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0007151 sporulation (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION A process where one diploid parent cell undergoes meiosis to form four haploid nuclei, each of which then becomes encased in a thick cell wall. These four spores are further enclosed in an ascus. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0008012 structural constituent of adult chitin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of the cuticle. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0005213 structural constituent of chorion Updated DEFINITION The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of a chorion. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0005214 structural constituent of chitin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of a cuticle. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0042329 structural constituent of collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of a cuticle. As in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0008010 structural constituent of chitin-based larval cuticle Updated DEFINITION The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of the cuticle of a larva. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0016490 structural constituent of peritrophic membrane Updated DEFINITION The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of the peritrophic membrane, a tubular sheath of cuticle that shields the epithelial cells of the midgut from the gut contents. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0008011 structural constituent of pupal chitin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of the cuticle of an pupa. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0008316 structural constituent of vitelline membrane Updated DEFINITION The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of the vitelline membrane of an egg. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0045282 plasma membrane succinate dehydrogenase complex Updated DEFINITION A multimeric complex which consists of flavoprotein (subunit A ; INTERPRO:003952), iron-sulfur protein (subunit B) and membrane-bound cytochrome b560 (subunit C; INTERPRO:000701). In some Archaea, the membrane-bound subunits (C or C and D) do not necessarily contain heme. Membrane-bound subunits can bind/react with quinones. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0045258 plasma membrane succinate dehydrogenase complex (ubiquinone) Updated DEFINITION The enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of succinate and ubiquinone to fumarate and ubiquinol; involved in aerobic respiration, repressed in anaerobic respiration. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0045138 nematode male tail tip morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION The morphogenesis of the tail tip to form a copulatory structure. The most posterior hypodermal cells in the tail define a specialized, sexually dimorphic compartment in which cells fuse and retract in the male, changing their shape from a tapered cone to a blunt dome. As in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0045246 cytosolic tricarboxylic acid cycle enzyme complex Updated DEFINITION Any of the heteromeric enzymes that act in the TCA cycle, as in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0007430 terminal branching, open tracheal system Updated DEFINITION Formation of terminal branches in the tracheal system. These are long cytoplasmic extensions that form fine tubules that transport oxygen directly to the tissues. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0009534 chloroplast thylakoid Updated DEFINITION Sac-like membranous structures (cisternae) in a chloroplast combined into stacks (grana) and present singly in the stroma (stroma thylakoids or frets) as interconnections between grana. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2004-02-24 GO:0045497 female analia development Updated DEFINITION Formation and development of the analia from the genital disc in females. As in, but not restricted to, the Holometabola (Endopterygota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33392).
2004-02-24 GO:0048233 female gamete generation (sensu Magnoliophyta) Updated DEFINITION The generation, maintenance, and proliferation of female gametes, as in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0007486 imaginal disc-derived female genitalia development Updated DEFINITION Formation and development of the genitals from the genital disc in females. As in, but not restricted to, the Holometabola (Endopterygota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33392).
2004-02-24 GO:0030708 germarium-derived female germ-line cyst encapsulation Updated DEFINITION Formation of a single follicular epithelium around the germ-line derived cells of a cyst formed in the female gonad. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0030727 germarium-derived female germ-line cyst formation Updated DEFINITION Formation of a cluster of germ-line cells, in the female gonad, derived from a single founder cell (cystoblast). As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0048141 female germ-line stem cell division (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION The asymmetric division of a germline stem cell in the ovary, to produce a new stem cell and a cystoblast. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0040024 dauer larval development Updated DEFINITION Development through the facultative diapause of the dauer (enduring) larval stage, with specialized traits adapted for dispersal and long-term survival, with elevated stress resistance and without feeding, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0048164 distinct antral spaces stage Updated DEFINITION The stage in oogenesis when the antral spaces become distinct and the first polar body forms. As in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0008069 dorsal/ventral axis specification, ovarian follicular epithelium Updated DEFINITION Polarization of the follicle cells along the dorsal/ventral axis. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0042715 dosage compensation complex assembly involved in dosage compensation by hypoactivation of X chromosome Updated DEFINITION The processes by which the complex that mediates dosage compensation is assembled on both X chromosomes in the monogametic sex, ultimately resulting in a two-fold reduction in transcription from these chromosomes, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0009567 double fertilization forming a zygote and endosperm Updated DEFINITION Fertilization where one of the two sperm nuclei from the pollen tube fuses with the egg nucleus to form a 2n zygote, and the other fuses with the two polar nuclei to form the 3n primary endosperm nucleus and then develops into the endosperm. The ploidy level of the 2n zygote and 3n primary endosperm nucleus is determined by the ploidy level of the parents involved. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0048161 double layer follicle stage Updated DEFINITION The stage in oogenesis when a double layer of distinct follicle cells surrounds the oocyte. As in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0018990 ecdysis, chitin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The shedding of the old cuticular fragments during the molting cycle. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0042395 ecdysis, collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The shedding of the old cuticular fragments during the molting cycle, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0043054 dauer exit Updated DEFINITION Exit from the facultative diapause of the dauer (enduring) larval stage, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0042004 feminization of hermaphrodite soma Updated DEFINITION Promotion of female sex and sexual phenotypes in the hermaphroditic soma, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0040022 feminization of hermaphroditic germ-line Updated DEFINITION The determination of female sex and sexual phenotype in the germ-line of the hermaphrodite, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0009425 bacterial-type flagellum basal body Updated DEFINITION One of the three major substructures of the flagellum; a structure consisting of a rod, a series of rings, the Mot proteins, the switch complex and the flagellum-specific export apparatus. The rings anchor the flagellum to the cytoplasmic membrane (MS ring), the peptidoglycan (P ring) and the outer membrane (L ring). As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009433 bacterial-type flagellum basal body, C ring Updated DEFINITION Cytoplasmic ring located at the base of the flagellar basal body; acts as a rotor; includes three switch proteins, which generate torque and can change their conformational state in a bimodal fashion, so that the motor direction can switch between clockwise and counterclockwise. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009426 bacterial-type flagellum basal body, distal rod Updated DEFINITION The portion of the central rod of the flagellar basal body that is distal to the cell membrane; spans most of the distance between the inner and outer membranes. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009427 bacterial-type flagellum basal body, distal rod, L ring Updated DEFINITION One of the rings of the flagellar basal body; anchors the basal body to the outer membrane. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009428 bacterial-type flagellum basal body, distal rod, P ring Updated DEFINITION One of the rings of the flagellar basal body; anchors the basal body to the peptidoglycan layer. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009431 bacterial-type flagellum basal body, MS ring Updated DEFINITION One of the rings of the flagellar basal body; a double-flanged ring that anchors the basal body to the cytoplasmic membrane. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009429 bacterial-type flagellum basal body, proximal rod Updated DEFINITION The portion of the central rod of the flagellar basal body that is proximal to the cell membrane; proximal rod connects the distal rod to the flagellar motor. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0030694 bacterial-type flagellum basal body, rod Updated DEFINITION The central portion of the flagellar basal body, which spans the periplasm and threads through the rings. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009420 bacterial-type flagellum filament Updated DEFINITION The long (approximately 20 nm), thin external structure of the flagellum, which acts as a propeller. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009421 bacterial-type flagellum filament cap Updated DEFINITION The proteinaceous structure at the distal tip of the flagellar filament. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009424 bacterial-type flagellum hook Updated DEFINITION The portion of the flagellum that connects the filament to the basal body. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009422 bacterial-type flagellum hook-filament junction Updated DEFINITION The region of the flagellum where the hook and filament meet. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009288 bacterial-type flagellum Updated DEFINITION A 20 nm diameter filament composed of subunits of flagellin driven passively at its base by a motor powered by the transmembrane proton potential. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0000501 flocculation via cell wall protein-carbohydrate interaction Updated DEFINITION Mannose sensitive, non sexual aggregation of cells mediated by protein-carbohydrate (flocculin-mannan) interaction present in the cell wall. This process is pH and calcium dependent and reversible. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0007297 ovarian follicle cell migration Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of follicle cells that takes place during oogenesis. During egg chamber formation, follicle cells migrate to envelop the germ-line cysts and move in between cysts. At stage 10B, follicle cells migrate centripetally between the nurse cells and the oocyte, enclosing the anterior of the egg. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0030583 myxococcal fruiting body development Updated DEFINITION Formation of a fruiting body by aggregation of individual cells; a starvation response observed in myxobacteria. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0030584 sporocarp development Updated DEFINITION Formation of a spore-bearing structure. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0000905 sporocarp development involved in asexual reproduction Updated DEFINITION The formation of a spore-bearing structure by fungus where spores will arise from asexual reproduction. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0000909 sporocarp development involved in sexual reproduction Updated DEFINITION The formation of a spore-bearing structure by fungus where spores will arise from sexual reproduction. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0045284 plasma membrane fumarate reductase complex Updated DEFINITION A membrane-bound flavoenzyme complex consisting of four subunits, A, B, C, and D. A and B comprise the membrane-extrinsic catalytic domain and C (INTERPRO:003510; INTERPRO:00224) and D (INTERPRO:003418) link the catalytic centers to the electron-transport chain. This family consists of the 13 kDa hydrophobic subunit D. This component may be required to anchor the catalytic components of the fumarate reductase complex to the cytoplasmic membrane. Fumarate reductase couples the reduction of fumarate to succinate to the oxidation of quinol to quinone, in a reaction opposite to that catalyzed by the related complex II of the respiratory chain (succinate dehydrogenase-(ubiquinone); GO:0008177; GO:0008136). As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0048165 fused antrum stage Updated DEFINITION The stage in oogenesis when the antral spaces fuse to form a single antral space. The oocyte is suspended in the cumulus oophorous and the first polar body in the perivitelline space. As in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0009552 gamete generation (sensu Magnoliophyta) Updated DEFINITION The generation, maintenance, and proliferation of gametes, as in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0048229 gametophyte development Updated DEFINITION Development of the gamete-producing individual or phase in the life cycle having alternation of generations. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0000928 gamma-tubulin small complex, spindle pole body Updated DEFINITION A complex composed of two gamma-tubulin molecules and conserved non-tubulin proteins isolated by fractionation from cells. The complex, approximately 6S-9S, is analogous to the small complex in animal cells but contains fewer subunits, and is not thought to multimerize into larger functional units, like complexes in those organisms. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0001702 gastrulation with mouth forming second Updated DEFINITION Gastrulation, as in, but not restricted to, the taxon Deuterostomia (Deuterostomia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33511).
2004-02-24 GO:0045272 plasma membrane respiratory chain complex I Updated DEFINITION A part of the respiratory chain, containing about 25 different polypeptide subunits, including NADH dehydrogenase (ubiquinone), flavin mononucleotide and several different iron-sulfur clusters containing non-heme iron; the iron undergoes oxidation-reduction between Fe(II) and Fe(III). Catalyzes proton translocation linked to the oxidation of NADH by ubiquinone. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0046619 optic placode formation involved in camera-type eye formation Updated DEFINITION Establishment and formation of the optic placode, paired ectodermal placodes that become invaginated to form the embryonic lens vesicles. As in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0030707 ovarian follicle cell development Updated DEFINITION The collection of processes that occur during oogenesis involving the ovarian follicle cells, somatic cells which surround the germ cells of an ovary. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0001542 ovulation from ovarian follicle Updated DEFINITION Processes leading to rupture the of the follicle releasing the central located oocyte. As in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0045248 cytosolic oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex Updated DEFINITION A complex of multiple copies of three enzymatic components: oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (lipoamide) ; GO:0004591 ; EC:1.2.4.2 (E1), dihydrolipoamide S-succinyltransferase ; GO:0004149 ; EC:2.3.1.61 (E2) and dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase ; GO:0004148 ; EC:1.8.1.4 (E3); catalyzes the overall conversion of 2-oxoglutarate to succinyl-CoA and carbon dioxide (CO2) within the mitochondrial matrix (GO:0005759). As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0030287 cell wall-bounded periplasmic space Updated DEFINITION The region between the plasma membrane and the cell wall. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0030605 mitotic spindle positioning or orientation (sensu Fungi) Updated DEFINITION Determination of the intracellular position and orientation of the mitotic spindle. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0030610 mitotic spindle positioning and orientation (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Determination of the intracellular position and orientation of the mitotic spindle. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0007591 molting cycle, chitin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The periodic shedding of part or all of a cuticle, which is then replaced by a new cuticle. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0018996 molting cycle, collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The periodic shedding of part or all of a cuticle, which is then replaced by a new cuticle, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0048162 multi-layer follicle stage Updated DEFINITION The stage in oogenesis when many layers of follicle cells surround the oocyte. There is a yolk nucleus (Balbiani's Body) near the germinal vesicle. As in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0040027 negative regulation of vulval development Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate of development of the vulva, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0000065 nuclear migration (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION A microtubule-based process in which the nucleus moves within the cell; karyogamy and mitosis both require nuclear movement. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0000207 obsolete nuclear translocation of MAPK during sporulation (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Movement of a MAP kinase to the nucleus in the context of sporulation. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0007300 ovarian nurse cell to oocyte transport Updated DEFINITION Transfer of constituents synthesized in the nurse cells to the oocyte, through the ring canals, as the egg chamber is growing. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0007294 germarium-derived oocyte fate determination Updated DEFINITION Process involved in cell fate commitment. One of the cells of the female cyst will become committed to develop into an oocyte; the remaining 15 cells become nurse cells. Once determination has taken place, a cell becomes committed to differentiate into an oocyte. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0048110 oocyte construction (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION The synthesis, deposition, and organization of a cell of an ovary that can then undergo meiosis and form an ovum. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0030706 germarium-derived oocyte differentiation Updated DEFINITION The process by which one immature cystocyte of the germ-line cyst develops into an oocyte. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0030715 oocyte growth in germarium-derived egg chamber Updated DEFINITION The increase in volume of an oocyte during the growth phase of the egg chamber. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0048130 oocyte microtubule cytoskeleton organization (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION Formation and maintenance of a polarized microtubule array originating from a microtubule-organizing center (MTOC) in the oocyte. The MTOC nucleates a microtubule network that extends through the ring canals into the 15 nurse cells of the cyst. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0048129 oocyte microtubule cytoskeleton polarization (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION Establishment and maintenance of an axis of polarity of the oocyte microtubule network such that the minus and plus ends of the microtubules of the mid stage oocyte are positioned along the anterior cortex and at the posterior pole, respectively. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0009993 oogenesis (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION The complete process of formation and maturation of an ovum or female gamete from a primordial female germ cell. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0001702 gastrulation with mouth forming second Updated TERM gastrulation (sensu Deuterostomia)
2004-02-24 GO:0007089 traversing start control point of mitotic cell cycle Updated TERM traversing start control point of mitotic cell cycle
2004-02-24 GO:0030482 actin cable Updated DEFINITION A long bundle of actin filaments found in cells. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0000141 actin cable (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION A long bundle of actin filaments found in fungal cells. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0030478 actin cap Updated DEFINITION Polarized accumulation of cytoskeletal proteins (including F-actin) and regulatory proteins in a cell. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0000143 actin cap (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Polarized accumulation of cytoskeletal proteins (including F-actin) and regulatory proteins. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0030479 actin cortical patch Updated DEFINITION Discrete actin-containing structure found at the plasma membrane in cells. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0005857 actin cortical patch (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Discrete actin-containing structure found at the plasma membrane. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0000205 obsolete activation of MAPK during sporulation (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Upregulation of MAP kinase activity in the context of sporulation. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0000204 obsolete activation of MAPKK during sporulation (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Upregulation of a MAP kinase kinase in the context of sporulation. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0000203 obsolete activation of MAPKKK during sporulation (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Upregulation of MAPKKK activity in the context of sporulation. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0008365 adult chitin-based cuticle development Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of the cuticle of the adult. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0035018 adult chitin-based cuticle pattern formation Updated DEFINITION The processes that give rise to the patterns of cell differentiation that will arise in the adult cuticle. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0048068 adult cuticle pigmentation (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION Establishment of the adult pattern of pigmentation in the cuticle of an organism. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0007487 analia development Updated DEFINITION Formation and development of the analia from the genital disc. As in, but not restricted to, the Holometabola (Endopterygota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33392).
2004-02-24 GO:0042774 plasma membrane ATP synthesis coupled electron transport Updated DEFINITION The transfer of electrons through a series of electron donors and acceptors, generating energy that is ultimately used for synthesis of ATP in the plasma membrane. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0042777 plasma membrane ATP synthesis coupled proton transport Updated DEFINITION The transport of protons across a membrane to generate an electrochemical gradient (proton-motive force) that powers ATP synthesis. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009831 plant-type cell wall modification involved in multidimensional cell growth Updated DEFINITION The series of events that occur during cell expansion that result in chemical or structural changes to existing cell walls. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0009797 cellularization (sensu Magnoliophyta) Updated DEFINITION The separation of a multi-nucleate cell into individual cells each surrounded by a plasma membrane and a complete or rudimentary cell wall. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0006347 chromatin silencing at HML and HMR (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Repression of transcription at silent mating-type loci by the formation of heterochromatin. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0030480 contractile ring (sensu Fungi) Updated DEFINITION The contractile ring formed by a dividing cell. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0000142 cellular bud neck contractile ring Updated DEFINITION A cytoskeletal structure composed of actin filaments and myosin that forms beneath the plasma membrane at the mother-bud neck after mitosis. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0010005 cortical microtubule, transverse to long axis Updated DEFINITION Arrays of microtubules underlying and connected to the plasma membrane of plant cells, in the cortical cytosol, oriented mainly with their axes transverse to the long axis of the cell(and root). It influences the direction of cellulose microfibril deposition. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2004-02-24 GO:0040003 chitin-based cuticle development Updated DEFINITION Synthesis and deposition of a noncellular, hardened, or membranous secretion from an epithelial sheet. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0040002 collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle development Updated DEFINITION Synthesis and deposition of a noncellular, hardened, or membranous secretion from an epithelial sheet, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0042337 cuticle development involved in chitin-based cuticle molting cycle Updated DEFINITION The synthesis and deposition of a noncellular, hardened, or membranous secretion from an epithelial sheet, occurring as part of the molting cycle. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0042338 cuticle development involved in collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle molting cycle Updated DEFINITION Synthesis and deposition of a noncellular, hardened, or membranous secretion from an epithelial sheet, occurring as part of the molting cycle, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0040005 chitin-based cuticle attachment to epithelium Updated DEFINITION Attaching of a cuticle to the epithelium underlying it. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0040004 collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle attachment to epithelium Updated DEFINITION Attaching of a cuticle to the epithelium underlying it, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0048142 germarium-derived cystoblast division Updated DEFINITION The four rounds of incomplete mitosis undergone by the cystoblast to form a 16-cell cyst. Within the cyst, one cell differentiates into an oocyte while the rest become nurse cells. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0000911 cytokinesis by cell plate formation Updated DEFINITION The process of dividing the cytoplasm of a parent cell where a structure forms in the cytoplasm and grows until reaching the plasma membrane, thereby completely separating the cytoplasms of adjacent progeny cells. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2004-02-24 GO:0000345 cytosolic DNA-directed RNA polymerase complex Updated DEFINITION The eubacterial DNA-directed RNA polymerase is a multisubunit complex with a core composed of the essential subunits beta-prime, beta, and two copies of alpha and a fifth nonessential subunit called omega. An additional subunit, a sigma factor, is required for promoter recognition and specificity. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009282 cytosolic large ribosomal subunit (sensu Bacteria) Updated DEFINITION The large subunit of a ribosome; has a sedimentation coefficient of 50S. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009281 cytosolic ribosome (sensu Bacteria) Updated DEFINITION The cytosolic ribosome (70S) comprises a large (50S) subunit and a small (30S) subunit. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009283 cytosolic small ribosomal subunit (sensu Bacteria) Updated DEFINITION The small subunit of a ribosome; has a sedimentation coefficient of 30S. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0043053 dauer entry Updated DEFINITION Entry into the facultative diapause of the dauer (enduring) larval stage, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0007298 border follicle cell migration Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of the border cells through the nurse cells to reach the oocyte. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0046845 branched duct epithelial cell fate determination, open tracheal system Updated DEFINITION Determination of tracheal cell fate within the tracheal placode. Tracheal placode cells are distinct from neighboring ectodermal cells, but prior to induction of specific cell fates there appears no distinction between cells within the early placode. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0030113 capsule (sensu Bacteria) Updated DEFINITION A protective structure surrounding some cells attached externally to the cell wall, often, but not always, constructed of polysaccharides. Capsules play an important role in pathogenicity, preventing phagocytosis by eukaryotic cells. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0042604 capsule (sensu Fungi) Updated DEFINITION A protective structure attached externally to the cell wall and composed primarily of polysaccharides. Capsules play an important role in pathogenicity, preventing phagocytosis by eukaryotic cells. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0009920 cell plate formation involved in plant-type cell wall biogenesis Updated DEFINITION The processes involved in the formation of the cell plate at the equator of the spindle in the dividing cells during early telophase. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0009928 cell surface (sensu Magnoliophyta) Updated DEFINITION The external part of the cell wall and/or plasma membrane. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0009274 peptidoglycan-based cell wall Updated DEFINITION A protective structure outside the cytoplasmic membrane composed of peptidoglycan, a molecule made up of a glycan (sugar) backbone of repetitively alternating N-acetylglucosamine and N-acetylmuramic acid with short, attached, cross-linked peptide chains containing unusual amino acids; also called murein. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009277 fungal-type cell wall Updated DEFINITION A rigid yet dynamic structure surrounding the plasma membrane that affords protection from stresses and contributes to cell morphogenesis. Major components are glycoproteins and peptidoglycans including mannoproteins, glucans and sometimes chitin. Enzymes involved in cell wall biosynthesis are also found in the cell wall. Note that some forms of fungi develop a capsule outside of the cell wall under certain circumstances; this is considered a separate structure. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0009505 plant-type cell wall Updated DEFINITION A more or less rigid membrane enclosing the protoplast of a cell and composed of cellulose and other organic and inorganic substances. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0009273 peptidoglycan-based cell wall biogenesis Updated DEFINITION The formation, from simpler components, of the cell wall. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009272 fungal-type cell wall biogenesis Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of the cell wall. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0009832 plant-type cell wall biogenesis Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of the cell wall, as in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0009828 plant-type cell wall loosening Updated DEFINITION The series of events causing chemical and structural alterations of an existing cell wall that results in greater extensibility of the wall. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0009827 plant-type cell wall modification Updated DEFINITION The series of events leading to chemical and structural alterations of an existing cell wall that can result in loosening, increased extensibility or disassembly. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0043082 megagametophyte egg cell nucleus Updated DEFINITION The nucleus of a plant egg cell, the female gamete, at the micropylar end of the embryo and its descendents. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2004-02-24 GO:0007293 germarium-derived egg chamber formation Updated DEFINITION Construction of a stage-1 egg chamber in the anterior part of the germarium, from the progeny of germ-line and somatic stem cells. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0007295 growth of a germarium-derived egg chamber Updated DEFINITION Growth of the egg chamber between the time it leaves the germarium and the onset of vitellogenesis. During this time both nurse cells and the oocyte undergo developmental changes including nuclear organization and cytoplasmic growth. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0007304 chorion-containing eggshell formation Updated DEFINITION The construction of an eggshell. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0030381 chorion-containing eggshell pattern formation Updated DEFINITION The processes that result in the patterns of cell differentiation that will arise in the eggshell. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0045247 cytosolic electron transfer flavoprotein complex Updated DEFINITION A protein complex containing flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) that, together with an acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, forms a system that oxidizes an acyl-CoA molecule and reduces ubiquinone and other acceptors. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0001700 embryonic development via the syncytial blastoderm Updated DEFINITION The embryonic development that ends with the hatching of the first instar larva from the eggshell. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0009793 embryo development ending in seed dormancy Updated DEFINITION The embryonic development that ends with seed dormancy, as in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0001701 in utero embryonic development Updated DEFINITION The embryonic development which ends at birth, as in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0030012 establishment and/or maintenance of cell polarity (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION The specification or maintenance of polarized cell growth patterns. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0000283 establishment of cell polarity (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION The specification of polarized cell growth patterns. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0048196 obsolete plant extracellular matrix Updated DEFINITION The matrix external to the cell, composed of the cell wall and middle lamella. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0001747 eye development (sensu Mammalia) Updated DEFINITION The formation and development of the eye, as in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0007590 obsolete fat body metabolic process (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and physical changes involving the fat body. A fat body is a fat-containing cellular structure which serves as an energy reserve. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).

Terms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2004-02-24 GO:0001702 gastrulation with mouth forming second Updated TERM gastrulation (sensu Deuterostomia)
2004-02-24 GO:0007089 traversing start control point of mitotic cell cycle Updated TERM traversing start control point of mitotic cell cycle

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2004-02-24 GO:0009543 chloroplast thylakoid lumen Updated DEFINITION A cavity enclosed within the thylakoid membrane. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2004-02-24 GO:0009535 chloroplast thylakoid membrane Updated DEFINITION The pigmented membrane of a thylakoid. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2004-02-24 GO:0007425 epithelial cell fate determination, open tracheal system Updated DEFINITION Events that cause relatively unspecialized cells to develop into tracheal cells. Once determination has taken place, a cell becomes committed to differentiate into a tracheal cell, regardless of its environment. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0007427 epithelial cell migration, open tracheal system Updated DEFINITION The orderly movement of tracheal cells during development of the tracheal system. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0007426 tracheal outgrowth, open tracheal system Updated DEFINITION The projection of tracheal branches of the respiratory system towards their target tissues. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0046846 tracheal placode cell fate determination (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION Assignment of tracheal cell fates to ectodermal cell clusters on each side of the embryo. Once determination has taken place, a cell becomes committed to differentiate into a tracheal placode cell, regardless of its environment. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0007424 open tracheal system development Updated DEFINITION Formation and organization of the respiratory system, a branched network of epithelial tubes that supplies oxygen to target tissues. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0007089 traversing start control point of mitotic cell cycle Updated DEFINITION Passage through a cell cycle control point late in G1 phase of the mitotic cell cycle just before entry into S phase; in most organisms studied, including budding yeast and animal cells, passage through start normally commits the cell to progressing through the entire cell cycle.
2004-02-24 GO:0010091 trichome branching Updated DEFINITION The processes involved in the formation of branches in plant hair cells (trichomes); as in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0010026 trichome differentiation Updated DEFINITION Differentiation of trichomes from a single epidermal cell; as in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0010090 trichome morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION The formation and development of hair cells (trichomes); as in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0045286 plasma membrane ubiquinol-cytochrome-c reductase complex Updated DEFINITION An enzyme complex that contains cytochrome b/b6 and cytochrome c1. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0000328 fungal-type vacuole lumen Updated DEFINITION The volume enclosed within the vacuolar membrane of the vacuole. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0000330 plant-type vacuole lumen Updated DEFINITION The volume enclosed within the vacuolar membrane; as in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0000329 fungal-type vacuole membrane Updated DEFINITION The lipid bilayer separating the vacuole from the cytoplasm of the cell. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0009705 plant-type vacuole membrane Updated DEFINITION The single cytoplasmic membrane enclosing the vacuole; as in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0000324 fungal-type vacuole Updated DEFINITION The vacuole is a large, membrane-bound organelle that functions as a reservoir for the storage of small molecules (including polyphosphate, amino acids, several divalent cations (eg. calcium), other ions, and other small molecules) as well as being the primary compartment for degradation. It is an acidic compartment, containing an ensemble of acid hydrolases. At least in S. cerevisiae, there are indications that the morphology of the vacuole is variable and correlated with the cell cycle, with logarithmically growing cells having a multilobed, reticulated vacuole, while stationary phase cells contain a single large structure. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0010003 gastrulation (sensu Mammalia) Updated DEFINITION The process of gastrulation, as in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0001703 gastrulation with mouth forming first Updated DEFINITION Gastrulation, as in, but not restricted to, the taxon Protostomia (Protostomia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33317).
2004-02-24 GO:0007484 imaginal disc-derived genitalia development Updated DEFINITION Formation and development of the genitals from the genital disc. As in, but not restricted to, the Holometabola (Endopterygota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33392).
2004-02-24 GO:0007153 germination (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Process of enzymatic breakdown of the ascus and remodeling of the thick spore wall that surrounds the haploid spore. Entry into the cell cycle and mitotic propagation follows germination. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0042002 hermaphrodite somatic sex determination (sensu Nematoda) Updated DEFINITION The determination of sex and sexual phenotypes in a hermaphroditic nematode's soma, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0000206 obsolete inactivation of MAPK during sporulation (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Downregulation of MAP kinase activity in the context of sporulation. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0001403 invasive growth in response to glucose limitation Updated DEFINITION A growth pattern exhibited by haploid cells under certain growth conditions, in which cells retain the typical axial budding pattern of haploids, but become elongated and fail to separate after division; during growth on a solid substrate, this results in penetration of cells into the agar medium. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0002119 nematode larval development Updated DEFINITION Development from the newly hatched first-stage larva to the end of the last larval stage (eg. fourth-stage in C. elegans) before molting to adulthood. As in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0016348 imaginal disc-derived leg joint morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION Formation and development of the leg joint. As in, but not restricted to, the Holometabola (Endopterygota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33392).
2004-02-24 GO:0007480 imaginal disc-derived leg morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION Formation and development of the leg. As in, but not restricted to, the Holometabola (Endopterygota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33392).
2004-02-24 GO:0009503 thylakoid light-harvesting complex Updated DEFINITION A thylakoid membrane complex of chlorophylls a and b together with chlorophyll a-b binding proteins. In addition, LHCs contain a number of other proteins, the function of which is speculative, together with accessory pigments. The LHCs capture and transfer energy to photosystems I and II. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2004-02-24 GO:0012511 monolayer-surrounded lipid storage body Updated DEFINITION A subcellular organelle of plant cells surrounded by 'half-unit' or a monolayer membrane instead of the more usual bilayer. A droplet of triacylglycerol surrounded by a monolayer of phospholipids, interacting with the triacylglycerols and the hydrophilic head groups facing the cytosol, and containing major protein components called oleosins. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2004-02-24 GO:0009930 longitudinal side of cell surface Updated DEFINITION The side of the cell parallel to the zygotic axis. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0030013 maintenance of cell polarity (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION The maintenance of established polarized cell growth patterns. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0043055 maintenance of dauer Updated DEFINITION Maintenance of a nematode during the facultative diapause of the dauer (enduring) larval stage. As in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0016350 maintenance of oocyte identity (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION The process required to ensure that development of the oocyte continues after oocyte specification. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0045496 male analia development Updated DEFINITION Formation and development of the analia from the genital disc in males. As in, but not restricted to, the Holometabola (Endopterygota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33392).
2004-02-24 GO:0016542 male courtship behavior (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION The actions of reactions of a male, for the purpose of attracting a sexual partner. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0016546 male courtship behavior, proboscis-mediated licking Updated DEFINITION The process during courtship where the male licks the genitalia of a stationary female fly with his proboscis. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0016543 male courtship behavior, orientation prior to leg tapping and wing vibration Updated DEFINITION The process during courtship, where the male orients towards a potential partner. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0045433 male courtship behavior, veined wing generated song production Updated DEFINITION The process during wing vibration where the male produces a species-specific acoustic signal called a love song. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0016544 male courtship behavior, tapping to detect pheromone Updated DEFINITION The process during courtship where the male taps the female with his frontal leg. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0048065 male courtship behavior, veined wing extension Updated DEFINITION The process during courtship where the male extends his wings. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0016545 male courtship behavior, veined wing vibration Updated DEFINITION The process during courtship where the male vibrates his wings. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0048234 male gamete generation (sensu Magnoliophyta) Updated DEFINITION The generation, maintenance, and proliferation of female gametes, as in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0007485 imaginal disc-derived male genitalia development Updated DEFINITION Formation and development of the genitals from the genital disc in males. As in, but not restricted to, the Holometabola (Endopterygota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33392).
2004-02-24 GO:0009971 anastral spindle assembly involved in male meiosis Updated DEFINITION The formation and maintenance of the spindle in meiosis in male organs. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2004-02-24 GO:0000202 obsolete MAPKKK cascade during sporulation (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION MAPKKK cascade involved in transduction of signal promoting sporulation. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0042003 masculinization of hermaphrodite soma Updated DEFINITION Promotion of male sex and sexual phenotypes in the hermaphroditic nematode soma. As in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0042006 masculinization of hermaphroditic germ-line Updated DEFINITION The determination of male sex and sexual phenotype in the germ-line of the hermaphrodite, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0008071 maternal determination of dorsal/ventral axis, ovarian follicular epithelium, soma encoded Updated DEFINITION Polarization of the follicle cells along the dorsal-ventral axis by a gene product encoded by somatic cells. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0000325 plant-type vacuole Updated DEFINITION Cells contain one or several vacuoles, that may have different functions from each other. Vacuoles have a diverse array of functions. They can act as a storage organelle for nutrients or waste products, as a degradative compartment, as a cost-effective way of increasing cell size, and as a homeostatic regulator controlling both turgor pressure and pH of the cytosol. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0010087 phloem or xylem histogenesis Updated DEFINITION The formation of the conducting tissues, as in, but not restricted to, the vascular plants (Tracheophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:8023).
2004-02-24 GO:0010051 xylem and phloem pattern formation Updated DEFINITION The processes that result in the patterning of the conducting tissues, as in, but not restricted to, the vascular plants (Tracheophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:8023).
2004-02-24 GO:0007305 vitelline membrane formation involved in chorion-containing eggshell formation Updated DEFINITION Construction of the vitelline membrane portion of an egg shell. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0040025 vulval development Updated DEFINITION Development of the vulva in the larva, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0010069 zygote asymmetric cytokinesis in embryo sac Updated DEFINITION The division of the zygote in a plane perpendicular to the long axis of the embryo sac to produce a larger basal cell near the micropyle and a small terminal cell close to what was the central cell and is now the developing endosperm. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0010004 gastrulation involving germ band extension Updated DEFINITION The process of gastrulation; as in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0048157 oogenesis (sensu Mammalia) Updated DEFINITION The complete process of formation and maturation of an ovum or female gamete from a primordial female germ cell. As in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0048158 oogonium stage Updated DEFINITION The stage in mammalian oogenesis when the primordial germ cell is hardly distinguishable from other cortical cells of the ovary. As in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0048166 mature follicle stage Updated DEFINITION The stage in oogenesis when the antrum is swollen with follicular fluid. The ovum is ready to erupt from the ovary and is arrested at metaphase of the second meiotic division. As in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0043076 megasporocyte nucleus Updated DEFINITION The nucleus of a megasporocyte, a diploid cell that undergoes meiosis to produce four megaspores, and its descendents. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2004-02-24 GO:0046699 metamorphosis (sensu Amphibia) Updated DEFINITION A change of shape or structure from one developmental stage to another, particularly the rapid post embryonic structural transformation from juvenile to adult form, eg. the transformation from tadpole to frog. As in, but not restricted to, the amphibia (Amphibia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:8292).
2004-02-24 GO:0046698 metamorphosis (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION A change of shape or structure from one developmental stage to another, particularly the rapid post embryonic structural transformation from larva to adult form. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0043074 microsporocyte nucleus Updated DEFINITION The nucleus of the cell in which meiosis will occur, resulting in four microspores called pollen mother cell or microsporocyte. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2004-02-24 GO:0030472 mitotic spindle organization in nucleus Updated DEFINITION Formation and maintenance of the mitotic spindle. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0000071 mitotic spindle assembly (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Formation and maintenance of the mitotic spindle; an intranuclear process involving organization of microtubules and associated molecules into a spindle structure; includes attachment of chromosomes to the mitotic apparatus. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0030607 mitotic spindle orientation (sensu Fungi) Updated DEFINITION Determination of the orientation of the mitotic spindle. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0030609 mitotic spindle orientation (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Determination of the orientation of the mitotic spindle. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0030606 mitotic spindle positioning (sensu Fungi) Updated DEFINITION Determination of the intracellular position of the mitotic spindle. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0030608 mitotic spindle positioning (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Determination of the intracellular position of the mitotic spindle. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0048114 polar granule organization and biogenesis (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION Formation of the polar granules, organelles found in the pole plasm of cells that contain the necessary constituents for pole plasm assembly. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0040026 positive regulation of vulval development Updated DEFINITION Any process that activates or increases the rate of development of the vulva, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0009833 plant-type primary cell wall biogenesis Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of cell walls that form adjacent to the middle lamella following cell division and during cell expansion. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0048160 primary follicle stage Updated DEFINITION The stage in oogenesis when a single layer of cuboidal follicle cells surrounds the oocyte. The oocyte nucleus is large. As in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0007428 primary branching, open tracheal system Updated DEFINITION Formation of primary branches in the tracheal system. These form from small groups of cells that migrate out at specific positions, organizing into tubes as they migrate. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0000503 proteasome core complex (sensu Bacteria) Updated DEFINITION A multisubunit, barrel shaped protease complex. This complex consists of fourteen subunits of two distinct but related polypeptides. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0000504 obsolete proteasome regulatory particle (sensu Bacteria) Updated DEFINITION A multisubunit complex that recognizes and unfolds ubiquitinated proteins, and translocates them to the core complex in an ATP dependent manner. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0045260 plasma membrane proton-transporting ATP synthase complex Updated DEFINITION The enzyme that is responsible for the phosphorylation of ADP to ATP in mitochondria, during oxidative phosphorylation; it catalyzes the hydrolysis of ATP to ADP and orthophosphate. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0045262 plasma membrane proton-transporting ATP synthase complex, catalytic core F(1) Updated DEFINITION The catalytic sector of the mitochondrial hydrogen-transporting ATP synthase; it comprises the catalytic core and central stalk, and is peripherally associated with the mitochondrial inner membrane (GO:0005743) when the entire ATP synthase is assembled. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0045264 plasma membrane proton-transporting ATP synthase complex, coupling factor F(o) Updated DEFINITION All non-F1 subunits of the mitochondrial hydrogen-transporting ATP synthase, including integral and peripheral mitochondrial inner membrane proteins. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0045268 plasma membrane proton-transporting ATP synthase, catalytic core Updated DEFINITION The hexamer that possesses the catalytic activity of the mitochondrial hydrogen-transporting ATP synthase. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0045270 plasma membrane proton-transporting ATP synthase, central stalk Updated DEFINITION One of two stalks that connect the catalytic core of the hydrogen-transporting ATP synthase to the membrane-associated Fo proteins; rotates within the catalytic core during catalysis. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0045266 plasma membrane proton-transporting ATP synthase, stator stalk Updated DEFINITION One of two stalks that connect the catalytic core of the hydrogen-transporting ATP synthase to the membrane-associated F0 proteins; is thought to prevent futile rotation of the catalytic core. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0030589 pseudocleavage involved in syncytial blastoderm formation Updated DEFINITION Formation of furrows in the cytoplasm between nuclei during cell cycles in embryos in the syncytial blastoderm stage. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0030590 first cell cycle pseudocleavage Updated DEFINITION A process that occurs during the first cell cycle in an embryo, in which anterior cortical contractions culminate in a single partial constriction of the embryo called the pseudocleavage furrow. As in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0045249 cytosol pyruvate dehydrogenase (lipoamide) phosphatase complex Updated DEFINITION A complex of a regulatory and catalytic subunit that catalyzes the dephosphorylation and concomitant reactivation of the alpha subunit of the E1 component of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (GO:0005967). As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0045250 cytosolic pyruvate dehydrogenase complex Updated DEFINITION Complex that carries out the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate to form acetyl-CoA; comprises subunits possessing three catalytic activities: pyruvate dehydrogenase (E1), dihydrolipoamide S-acetyltransferase (E2), and dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (E3). Usually contains fewer subunits than its eukaryotic counterpart; for example, the E. coli complex contains 12 E1 dimers, 8 E2 trimers, and 6 E3 dimers arranged in highly symmetric cubic order. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0040028 regulation of vulval development Updated DEFINITION Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of development of the vulva. As in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0045274 plasma membrane respiratory chain complex II Updated DEFINITION A part of the respiratory chain, containing the four polypeptide subunits of succinate dehydrogenase, flavin-adenine dinucleotide and iron-sulfur. Catalyzes the oxidation of succinate by ubiquinone. Connects the TCA cycle with the respiratory chain. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0045276 plasma membrane respiratory chain complex III Updated DEFINITION A part of the respiratory chain, containing about 10 polypeptide subunits including four redox centers: cytochrome b/b6, cytochrome c1 and an 2Fe-2S cluster. Catalyzes the oxidation of ubiquinol by oxidized cytochrome c1. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0045278 plasma membrane respiratory chain complex IV Updated DEFINITION A part of the respiratory chain, containing the 13 polypeptide subunits of cytochrome c oxidase, including cytochrome a and cytochrome a3. Catalyzes the oxidation of reduced cytochrome c by dioxygen (O2). As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0008341 obsolete response to cocaine (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A change in state or activity of a mature individual as the result of exposure to cocaine. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0030680 dimeric ribonuclease P complex Updated DEFINITION A ribonuclease P complex. Generally contains a single RNA molecule that is necessary and usually sufficient for catalysis, and a single protein molecule. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0048163 scattered antral spaces stage Updated DEFINITION The stage in oogenesis when antral spaces begin to form in the follicle cells. Mitochondria form centers for yolk concentration. As in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0009834 plant-type secondary cell wall biogenesis Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of inextensible cell walls that are formed between the plasma membrane and primary cell wall after cell expansion is complete. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0007429 secondary branching, open tracheal system Updated DEFINITION Sprouting of secondary branches in the tracheal system. These form from the tips of primary branches and are formed by individual cells that roll up into unicellular tubes. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0010149 obsolete senescence Updated DEFINITION The processes that occur in an organism near the end of its active life that is associated with the dismantling of cell components and membranes, loss of functional chloroplasts, and an overall decline in metabolism. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0000144 cellular bud neck septin ring Updated DEFINITION Composed of the conserved family of filament forming proteins called septins as well as septin-associated proteins, a septin ring initially forms in unbudded cells at the future site of bud emergence in close apposition to the cytoplasm face of plasma membrane. The ring expands into an hourglass shaped collar as the mother-bud neck develops during bud formation. The septin ring acts as a scaffold for other proteins that function at the bud neck and as a diffusion barrier to prevent the flow of some membrane proteins from the bud into the mother. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0030483 site of polarized growth (sensu Fungi) Updated DEFINITION A part of a cell where non-isotropic growth occurs. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0000134 site of polarized growth (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION A part of a cell where non-isotropic growth occurs. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0007102 spindle pole body and microtubule cycle (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION The dynamics of the spindle pole body and microtubule cytoskeleton during the cell cycle. Includes spindle pole body duplication and separation and formation and elongation of the mitotic spindle. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0007103 spindle pole body duplication associated with nuclear envelope Updated DEFINITION Construction of a new spindle pole body adjacent to the existing spindle pole body in the nuclear envelope; usually occurs about the time of bud emergence. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0000073 spindle pole body separation Updated DEFINITION A largely uncharacterized process involving the release of duplicated spindle pole bodies (SPBs) and their migration away from each other within the nuclear membrane. Duplicated SPBs are connected by a bridge structure that may be severed in order to release the SPBs from one another. Following liberation, SPBs diffuse through the nuclear membrane until they are across from each other. SPB separation must take place in order for a bipolar mitotic spindle to assemble. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0048236 plant-type sporogenesis Updated DEFINITION Development of the spore that gives rise to gametophytes. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0005619 ascospore wall Updated DEFINITION The specialized cell wall of the ascospore (spore). As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0007152 spore wall assembly (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Process by which the haploid spore nucleus becomes surrounded by a cell wall. This process includes encapsulation by a prospore membrane (originating from the spindle pole body) followed by transformation of the prospore membrane into a thick multilayer spore wall consisting of dityrosine, chitosan and an inner layer. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0007151 sporulation (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION A process where one diploid parent cell undergoes meiosis to form four haploid nuclei, each of which then becomes encased in a thick cell wall. These four spores are further enclosed in an ascus. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0008012 structural constituent of adult chitin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of the cuticle. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0005213 structural constituent of chorion Updated DEFINITION The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of a chorion. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0005214 structural constituent of chitin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of a cuticle. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0042329 structural constituent of collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of a cuticle. As in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0008010 structural constituent of chitin-based larval cuticle Updated DEFINITION The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of the cuticle of a larva. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0016490 structural constituent of peritrophic membrane Updated DEFINITION The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of the peritrophic membrane, a tubular sheath of cuticle that shields the epithelial cells of the midgut from the gut contents. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0008011 structural constituent of pupal chitin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of the cuticle of an pupa. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0008316 structural constituent of vitelline membrane Updated DEFINITION The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of the vitelline membrane of an egg. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0045282 plasma membrane succinate dehydrogenase complex Updated DEFINITION A multimeric complex which consists of flavoprotein (subunit A ; INTERPRO:003952), iron-sulfur protein (subunit B) and membrane-bound cytochrome b560 (subunit C; INTERPRO:000701). In some Archaea, the membrane-bound subunits (C or C and D) do not necessarily contain heme. Membrane-bound subunits can bind/react with quinones. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0045258 plasma membrane succinate dehydrogenase complex (ubiquinone) Updated DEFINITION The enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of succinate and ubiquinone to fumarate and ubiquinol; involved in aerobic respiration, repressed in anaerobic respiration. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0045138 nematode male tail tip morphogenesis Updated DEFINITION The morphogenesis of the tail tip to form a copulatory structure. The most posterior hypodermal cells in the tail define a specialized, sexually dimorphic compartment in which cells fuse and retract in the male, changing their shape from a tapered cone to a blunt dome. As in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0045246 cytosolic tricarboxylic acid cycle enzyme complex Updated DEFINITION Any of the heteromeric enzymes that act in the TCA cycle, as in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0007430 terminal branching, open tracheal system Updated DEFINITION Formation of terminal branches in the tracheal system. These are long cytoplasmic extensions that form fine tubules that transport oxygen directly to the tissues. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0009534 chloroplast thylakoid Updated DEFINITION Sac-like membranous structures (cisternae) in a chloroplast combined into stacks (grana) and present singly in the stroma (stroma thylakoids or frets) as interconnections between grana. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2004-02-24 GO:0045497 female analia development Updated DEFINITION Formation and development of the analia from the genital disc in females. As in, but not restricted to, the Holometabola (Endopterygota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33392).
2004-02-24 GO:0048233 female gamete generation (sensu Magnoliophyta) Updated DEFINITION The generation, maintenance, and proliferation of female gametes, as in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0007486 imaginal disc-derived female genitalia development Updated DEFINITION Formation and development of the genitals from the genital disc in females. As in, but not restricted to, the Holometabola (Endopterygota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33392).
2004-02-24 GO:0030708 germarium-derived female germ-line cyst encapsulation Updated DEFINITION Formation of a single follicular epithelium around the germ-line derived cells of a cyst formed in the female gonad. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0030727 germarium-derived female germ-line cyst formation Updated DEFINITION Formation of a cluster of germ-line cells, in the female gonad, derived from a single founder cell (cystoblast). As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0048141 female germ-line stem cell division (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION The asymmetric division of a germline stem cell in the ovary, to produce a new stem cell and a cystoblast. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0040024 dauer larval development Updated DEFINITION Development through the facultative diapause of the dauer (enduring) larval stage, with specialized traits adapted for dispersal and long-term survival, with elevated stress resistance and without feeding, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0048164 distinct antral spaces stage Updated DEFINITION The stage in oogenesis when the antral spaces become distinct and the first polar body forms. As in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0008069 dorsal/ventral axis specification, ovarian follicular epithelium Updated DEFINITION Polarization of the follicle cells along the dorsal/ventral axis. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0042715 dosage compensation complex assembly involved in dosage compensation by hypoactivation of X chromosome Updated DEFINITION The processes by which the complex that mediates dosage compensation is assembled on both X chromosomes in the monogametic sex, ultimately resulting in a two-fold reduction in transcription from these chromosomes, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0009567 double fertilization forming a zygote and endosperm Updated DEFINITION Fertilization where one of the two sperm nuclei from the pollen tube fuses with the egg nucleus to form a 2n zygote, and the other fuses with the two polar nuclei to form the 3n primary endosperm nucleus and then develops into the endosperm. The ploidy level of the 2n zygote and 3n primary endosperm nucleus is determined by the ploidy level of the parents involved. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0048161 double layer follicle stage Updated DEFINITION The stage in oogenesis when a double layer of distinct follicle cells surrounds the oocyte. As in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0018990 ecdysis, chitin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The shedding of the old cuticular fragments during the molting cycle. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0042395 ecdysis, collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The shedding of the old cuticular fragments during the molting cycle, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0043054 dauer exit Updated DEFINITION Exit from the facultative diapause of the dauer (enduring) larval stage, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0042004 feminization of hermaphrodite soma Updated DEFINITION Promotion of female sex and sexual phenotypes in the hermaphroditic soma, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0040022 feminization of hermaphroditic germ-line Updated DEFINITION The determination of female sex and sexual phenotype in the germ-line of the hermaphrodite, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0009425 bacterial-type flagellum basal body Updated DEFINITION One of the three major substructures of the flagellum; a structure consisting of a rod, a series of rings, the Mot proteins, the switch complex and the flagellum-specific export apparatus. The rings anchor the flagellum to the cytoplasmic membrane (MS ring), the peptidoglycan (P ring) and the outer membrane (L ring). As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009433 bacterial-type flagellum basal body, C ring Updated DEFINITION Cytoplasmic ring located at the base of the flagellar basal body; acts as a rotor; includes three switch proteins, which generate torque and can change their conformational state in a bimodal fashion, so that the motor direction can switch between clockwise and counterclockwise. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009426 bacterial-type flagellum basal body, distal rod Updated DEFINITION The portion of the central rod of the flagellar basal body that is distal to the cell membrane; spans most of the distance between the inner and outer membranes. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009427 bacterial-type flagellum basal body, distal rod, L ring Updated DEFINITION One of the rings of the flagellar basal body; anchors the basal body to the outer membrane. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009428 bacterial-type flagellum basal body, distal rod, P ring Updated DEFINITION One of the rings of the flagellar basal body; anchors the basal body to the peptidoglycan layer. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009431 bacterial-type flagellum basal body, MS ring Updated DEFINITION One of the rings of the flagellar basal body; a double-flanged ring that anchors the basal body to the cytoplasmic membrane. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009429 bacterial-type flagellum basal body, proximal rod Updated DEFINITION The portion of the central rod of the flagellar basal body that is proximal to the cell membrane; proximal rod connects the distal rod to the flagellar motor. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0030694 bacterial-type flagellum basal body, rod Updated DEFINITION The central portion of the flagellar basal body, which spans the periplasm and threads through the rings. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009420 bacterial-type flagellum filament Updated DEFINITION The long (approximately 20 nm), thin external structure of the flagellum, which acts as a propeller. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009421 bacterial-type flagellum filament cap Updated DEFINITION The proteinaceous structure at the distal tip of the flagellar filament. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009424 bacterial-type flagellum hook Updated DEFINITION The portion of the flagellum that connects the filament to the basal body. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009422 bacterial-type flagellum hook-filament junction Updated DEFINITION The region of the flagellum where the hook and filament meet. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009288 bacterial-type flagellum Updated DEFINITION A 20 nm diameter filament composed of subunits of flagellin driven passively at its base by a motor powered by the transmembrane proton potential. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0000501 flocculation via cell wall protein-carbohydrate interaction Updated DEFINITION Mannose sensitive, non sexual aggregation of cells mediated by protein-carbohydrate (flocculin-mannan) interaction present in the cell wall. This process is pH and calcium dependent and reversible. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0007297 ovarian follicle cell migration Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of follicle cells that takes place during oogenesis. During egg chamber formation, follicle cells migrate to envelop the germ-line cysts and move in between cysts. At stage 10B, follicle cells migrate centripetally between the nurse cells and the oocyte, enclosing the anterior of the egg. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0030583 myxococcal fruiting body development Updated DEFINITION Formation of a fruiting body by aggregation of individual cells; a starvation response observed in myxobacteria. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0030584 sporocarp development Updated DEFINITION Formation of a spore-bearing structure. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0000905 sporocarp development involved in asexual reproduction Updated DEFINITION The formation of a spore-bearing structure by fungus where spores will arise from asexual reproduction. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0000909 sporocarp development involved in sexual reproduction Updated DEFINITION The formation of a spore-bearing structure by fungus where spores will arise from sexual reproduction. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0045284 plasma membrane fumarate reductase complex Updated DEFINITION A membrane-bound flavoenzyme complex consisting of four subunits, A, B, C, and D. A and B comprise the membrane-extrinsic catalytic domain and C (INTERPRO:003510; INTERPRO:00224) and D (INTERPRO:003418) link the catalytic centers to the electron-transport chain. This family consists of the 13 kDa hydrophobic subunit D. This component may be required to anchor the catalytic components of the fumarate reductase complex to the cytoplasmic membrane. Fumarate reductase couples the reduction of fumarate to succinate to the oxidation of quinol to quinone, in a reaction opposite to that catalyzed by the related complex II of the respiratory chain (succinate dehydrogenase-(ubiquinone); GO:0008177; GO:0008136). As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0048165 fused antrum stage Updated DEFINITION The stage in oogenesis when the antral spaces fuse to form a single antral space. The oocyte is suspended in the cumulus oophorous and the first polar body in the perivitelline space. As in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0009552 gamete generation (sensu Magnoliophyta) Updated DEFINITION The generation, maintenance, and proliferation of gametes, as in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0048229 gametophyte development Updated DEFINITION Development of the gamete-producing individual or phase in the life cycle having alternation of generations. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0000928 gamma-tubulin small complex, spindle pole body Updated DEFINITION A complex composed of two gamma-tubulin molecules and conserved non-tubulin proteins isolated by fractionation from cells. The complex, approximately 6S-9S, is analogous to the small complex in animal cells but contains fewer subunits, and is not thought to multimerize into larger functional units, like complexes in those organisms. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0001702 gastrulation with mouth forming second Updated DEFINITION Gastrulation, as in, but not restricted to, the taxon Deuterostomia (Deuterostomia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33511).
2004-02-24 GO:0045272 plasma membrane respiratory chain complex I Updated DEFINITION A part of the respiratory chain, containing about 25 different polypeptide subunits, including NADH dehydrogenase (ubiquinone), flavin mononucleotide and several different iron-sulfur clusters containing non-heme iron; the iron undergoes oxidation-reduction between Fe(II) and Fe(III). Catalyzes proton translocation linked to the oxidation of NADH by ubiquinone. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0046619 optic placode formation involved in camera-type eye formation Updated DEFINITION Establishment and formation of the optic placode, paired ectodermal placodes that become invaginated to form the embryonic lens vesicles. As in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0030707 ovarian follicle cell development Updated DEFINITION The collection of processes that occur during oogenesis involving the ovarian follicle cells, somatic cells which surround the germ cells of an ovary. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0001542 ovulation from ovarian follicle Updated DEFINITION Processes leading to rupture the of the follicle releasing the central located oocyte. As in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0045248 cytosolic oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex Updated DEFINITION A complex of multiple copies of three enzymatic components: oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (lipoamide) ; GO:0004591 ; EC:1.2.4.2 (E1), dihydrolipoamide S-succinyltransferase ; GO:0004149 ; EC:2.3.1.61 (E2) and dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase ; GO:0004148 ; EC:1.8.1.4 (E3); catalyzes the overall conversion of 2-oxoglutarate to succinyl-CoA and carbon dioxide (CO2) within the mitochondrial matrix (GO:0005759). As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0030287 cell wall-bounded periplasmic space Updated DEFINITION The region between the plasma membrane and the cell wall. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0030605 mitotic spindle positioning or orientation (sensu Fungi) Updated DEFINITION Determination of the intracellular position and orientation of the mitotic spindle. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0030610 mitotic spindle positioning and orientation (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Determination of the intracellular position and orientation of the mitotic spindle. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0007591 molting cycle, chitin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The periodic shedding of part or all of a cuticle, which is then replaced by a new cuticle. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0018996 molting cycle, collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle Updated DEFINITION The periodic shedding of part or all of a cuticle, which is then replaced by a new cuticle, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0048162 multi-layer follicle stage Updated DEFINITION The stage in oogenesis when many layers of follicle cells surround the oocyte. There is a yolk nucleus (Balbiani's Body) near the germinal vesicle. As in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0040027 negative regulation of vulval development Updated DEFINITION Any process that stops, prevents or reduces the rate of development of the vulva, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0000065 nuclear migration (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION A microtubule-based process in which the nucleus moves within the cell; karyogamy and mitosis both require nuclear movement. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0000207 obsolete nuclear translocation of MAPK during sporulation (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Movement of a MAP kinase to the nucleus in the context of sporulation. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0007300 ovarian nurse cell to oocyte transport Updated DEFINITION Transfer of constituents synthesized in the nurse cells to the oocyte, through the ring canals, as the egg chamber is growing. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0007294 germarium-derived oocyte fate determination Updated DEFINITION Process involved in cell fate commitment. One of the cells of the female cyst will become committed to develop into an oocyte; the remaining 15 cells become nurse cells. Once determination has taken place, a cell becomes committed to differentiate into an oocyte. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0048110 oocyte construction (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION The synthesis, deposition, and organization of a cell of an ovary that can then undergo meiosis and form an ovum. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0030706 germarium-derived oocyte differentiation Updated DEFINITION The process by which one immature cystocyte of the germ-line cyst develops into an oocyte. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0030715 oocyte growth in germarium-derived egg chamber Updated DEFINITION The increase in volume of an oocyte during the growth phase of the egg chamber. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0048130 oocyte microtubule cytoskeleton organization (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION Formation and maintenance of a polarized microtubule array originating from a microtubule-organizing center (MTOC) in the oocyte. The MTOC nucleates a microtubule network that extends through the ring canals into the 15 nurse cells of the cyst. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0048129 oocyte microtubule cytoskeleton polarization (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION Establishment and maintenance of an axis of polarity of the oocyte microtubule network such that the minus and plus ends of the microtubules of the mid stage oocyte are positioned along the anterior cortex and at the posterior pole, respectively. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0009993 oogenesis (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION The complete process of formation and maturation of an ovum or female gamete from a primordial female germ cell. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0030482 actin cable Updated DEFINITION A long bundle of actin filaments found in cells. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0000141 actin cable (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION A long bundle of actin filaments found in fungal cells. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0030478 actin cap Updated DEFINITION Polarized accumulation of cytoskeletal proteins (including F-actin) and regulatory proteins in a cell. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0000143 actin cap (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Polarized accumulation of cytoskeletal proteins (including F-actin) and regulatory proteins. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0030479 actin cortical patch Updated DEFINITION Discrete actin-containing structure found at the plasma membrane in cells. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0005857 actin cortical patch (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Discrete actin-containing structure found at the plasma membrane. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0000205 obsolete activation of MAPK during sporulation (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Upregulation of MAP kinase activity in the context of sporulation. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0000204 obsolete activation of MAPKK during sporulation (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Upregulation of a MAP kinase kinase in the context of sporulation. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0000203 obsolete activation of MAPKKK during sporulation (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Upregulation of MAPKKK activity in the context of sporulation. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0008365 adult chitin-based cuticle development Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of the cuticle of the adult. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0035018 adult chitin-based cuticle pattern formation Updated DEFINITION The processes that give rise to the patterns of cell differentiation that will arise in the adult cuticle. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0048068 adult cuticle pigmentation (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION Establishment of the adult pattern of pigmentation in the cuticle of an organism. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0007487 analia development Updated DEFINITION Formation and development of the analia from the genital disc. As in, but not restricted to, the Holometabola (Endopterygota, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33392).
2004-02-24 GO:0042774 plasma membrane ATP synthesis coupled electron transport Updated DEFINITION The transfer of electrons through a series of electron donors and acceptors, generating energy that is ultimately used for synthesis of ATP in the plasma membrane. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0042777 plasma membrane ATP synthesis coupled proton transport Updated DEFINITION The transport of protons across a membrane to generate an electrochemical gradient (proton-motive force) that powers ATP synthesis. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009831 plant-type cell wall modification involved in multidimensional cell growth Updated DEFINITION The series of events that occur during cell expansion that result in chemical or structural changes to existing cell walls. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0009797 cellularization (sensu Magnoliophyta) Updated DEFINITION The separation of a multi-nucleate cell into individual cells each surrounded by a plasma membrane and a complete or rudimentary cell wall. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0006347 chromatin silencing at HML and HMR (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION Repression of transcription at silent mating-type loci by the formation of heterochromatin. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0030480 contractile ring (sensu Fungi) Updated DEFINITION The contractile ring formed by a dividing cell. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0000142 cellular bud neck contractile ring Updated DEFINITION A cytoskeletal structure composed of actin filaments and myosin that forms beneath the plasma membrane at the mother-bud neck after mitosis. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0010005 cortical microtubule, transverse to long axis Updated DEFINITION Arrays of microtubules underlying and connected to the plasma membrane of plant cells, in the cortical cytosol, oriented mainly with their axes transverse to the long axis of the cell(and root). It influences the direction of cellulose microfibril deposition. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2004-02-24 GO:0040003 chitin-based cuticle development Updated DEFINITION Synthesis and deposition of a noncellular, hardened, or membranous secretion from an epithelial sheet. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0040002 collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle development Updated DEFINITION Synthesis and deposition of a noncellular, hardened, or membranous secretion from an epithelial sheet, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0042337 cuticle development involved in chitin-based cuticle molting cycle Updated DEFINITION The synthesis and deposition of a noncellular, hardened, or membranous secretion from an epithelial sheet, occurring as part of the molting cycle. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0042338 cuticle development involved in collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle molting cycle Updated DEFINITION Synthesis and deposition of a noncellular, hardened, or membranous secretion from an epithelial sheet, occurring as part of the molting cycle, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0040005 chitin-based cuticle attachment to epithelium Updated DEFINITION Attaching of a cuticle to the epithelium underlying it. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0040004 collagen and cuticulin-based cuticle attachment to epithelium Updated DEFINITION Attaching of a cuticle to the epithelium underlying it, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0048142 germarium-derived cystoblast division Updated DEFINITION The four rounds of incomplete mitosis undergone by the cystoblast to form a 16-cell cyst. Within the cyst, one cell differentiates into an oocyte while the rest become nurse cells. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0000911 cytokinesis by cell plate formation Updated DEFINITION The process of dividing the cytoplasm of a parent cell where a structure forms in the cytoplasm and grows until reaching the plasma membrane, thereby completely separating the cytoplasms of adjacent progeny cells. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2004-02-24 GO:0000345 cytosolic DNA-directed RNA polymerase complex Updated DEFINITION The eubacterial DNA-directed RNA polymerase is a multisubunit complex with a core composed of the essential subunits beta-prime, beta, and two copies of alpha and a fifth nonessential subunit called omega. An additional subunit, a sigma factor, is required for promoter recognition and specificity. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009282 cytosolic large ribosomal subunit (sensu Bacteria) Updated DEFINITION The large subunit of a ribosome; has a sedimentation coefficient of 50S. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009281 cytosolic ribosome (sensu Bacteria) Updated DEFINITION The cytosolic ribosome (70S) comprises a large (50S) subunit and a small (30S) subunit. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009283 cytosolic small ribosomal subunit (sensu Bacteria) Updated DEFINITION The small subunit of a ribosome; has a sedimentation coefficient of 30S. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0043053 dauer entry Updated DEFINITION Entry into the facultative diapause of the dauer (enduring) larval stage, as in, but not restricted to, the roundworms (Nematoda, ncbi_taxonomy_id:6231).
2004-02-24 GO:0007298 border follicle cell migration Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of the border cells through the nurse cells to reach the oocyte. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0046845 branched duct epithelial cell fate determination, open tracheal system Updated DEFINITION Determination of tracheal cell fate within the tracheal placode. Tracheal placode cells are distinct from neighboring ectodermal cells, but prior to induction of specific cell fates there appears no distinction between cells within the early placode. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0030113 capsule (sensu Bacteria) Updated DEFINITION A protective structure surrounding some cells attached externally to the cell wall, often, but not always, constructed of polysaccharides. Capsules play an important role in pathogenicity, preventing phagocytosis by eukaryotic cells. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0042604 capsule (sensu Fungi) Updated DEFINITION A protective structure attached externally to the cell wall and composed primarily of polysaccharides. Capsules play an important role in pathogenicity, preventing phagocytosis by eukaryotic cells. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0009920 cell plate formation involved in plant-type cell wall biogenesis Updated DEFINITION The processes involved in the formation of the cell plate at the equator of the spindle in the dividing cells during early telophase. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0009928 cell surface (sensu Magnoliophyta) Updated DEFINITION The external part of the cell wall and/or plasma membrane. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0009274 peptidoglycan-based cell wall Updated DEFINITION A protective structure outside the cytoplasmic membrane composed of peptidoglycan, a molecule made up of a glycan (sugar) backbone of repetitively alternating N-acetylglucosamine and N-acetylmuramic acid with short, attached, cross-linked peptide chains containing unusual amino acids; also called murein. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009277 fungal-type cell wall Updated DEFINITION A rigid yet dynamic structure surrounding the plasma membrane that affords protection from stresses and contributes to cell morphogenesis. Major components are glycoproteins and peptidoglycans including mannoproteins, glucans and sometimes chitin. Enzymes involved in cell wall biosynthesis are also found in the cell wall. Note that some forms of fungi develop a capsule outside of the cell wall under certain circumstances; this is considered a separate structure. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0009505 plant-type cell wall Updated DEFINITION A more or less rigid membrane enclosing the protoplast of a cell and composed of cellulose and other organic and inorganic substances. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0009273 peptidoglycan-based cell wall biogenesis Updated DEFINITION The formation, from simpler components, of the cell wall. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0009272 fungal-type cell wall biogenesis Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of the cell wall. As in, but not restricted to, the fungi (Fungi, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4751).
2004-02-24 GO:0009832 plant-type cell wall biogenesis Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of the cell wall, as in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0009828 plant-type cell wall loosening Updated DEFINITION The series of events causing chemical and structural alterations of an existing cell wall that results in greater extensibility of the wall. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0009827 plant-type cell wall modification Updated DEFINITION The series of events leading to chemical and structural alterations of an existing cell wall that can result in loosening, increased extensibility or disassembly. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0043082 megagametophyte egg cell nucleus Updated DEFINITION The nucleus of a plant egg cell, the female gamete, at the micropylar end of the embryo and its descendents. As in, but not restricted to, green plants and algae (Viridiplantae, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33090).
2004-02-24 GO:0007293 germarium-derived egg chamber formation Updated DEFINITION Construction of a stage-1 egg chamber in the anterior part of the germarium, from the progeny of germ-line and somatic stem cells. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0007295 growth of a germarium-derived egg chamber Updated DEFINITION Growth of the egg chamber between the time it leaves the germarium and the onset of vitellogenesis. During this time both nurse cells and the oocyte undergo developmental changes including nuclear organization and cytoplasmic growth. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0007304 chorion-containing eggshell formation Updated DEFINITION The construction of an eggshell. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0030381 chorion-containing eggshell pattern formation Updated DEFINITION The processes that result in the patterns of cell differentiation that will arise in the eggshell. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0045247 cytosolic electron transfer flavoprotein complex Updated DEFINITION A protein complex containing flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) that, together with an acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, forms a system that oxidizes an acyl-CoA molecule and reduces ubiquinone and other acceptors. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Eubacteria (Bacteria, ncbi_taxonomy_id:2).
2004-02-24 GO:0001700 embryonic development via the syncytial blastoderm Updated DEFINITION The embryonic development that ends with the hatching of the first instar larva from the eggshell. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
2004-02-24 GO:0009793 embryo development ending in seed dormancy Updated DEFINITION The embryonic development that ends with seed dormancy, as in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0001701 in utero embryonic development Updated DEFINITION The embryonic development which ends at birth, as in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0030012 establishment and/or maintenance of cell polarity (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION The specification or maintenance of polarized cell growth patterns. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0000283 establishment of cell polarity (sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION The specification of polarized cell growth patterns. As in, but not restricted to, the taxon Saccharomyces (Saccharomyces, ncbi_taxonomy_id:4930).
2004-02-24 GO:0048196 obsolete plant extracellular matrix Updated DEFINITION The matrix external to the cell, composed of the cell wall and middle lamella. As in, but not restricted to, the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:3398).
2004-02-24 GO:0001747 eye development (sensu Mammalia) Updated DEFINITION The formation and development of the eye, as in, but not restricted to, mammals (Mammalia, ncbi_taxonomy_id:40674).
2004-02-24 GO:0007590 obsolete fat body metabolic process (sensu Insecta) Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and physical changes involving the fat body. A fat body is a fat-containing cellular structure which serves as an energy reserve. As in, but not restricted to, the true insects (Insecta, ncbi_taxonomy_id:50557).
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