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GO Term History: Displaying 204 audit records for all terms for the date 2003-10-23

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Introduction

This page displays the differences recorded in the full Gene Ontology OBO v1.2 file as audited by the UniProt-GOA database during its daily update cycle.
If there is any delay in uploading the current OBO file, the changes displayed and the date recorded for these changes may not correspond to when the changes to the OBO file were committed.

All changes

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2003-10-23 GO:0045426 quinone cofactor biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of any quinone cofactor, such as menaquinone (vitamin K2), ubiquinone (coenzyme Q) or phylloquinone (vitamin K1).
2003-10-23 GO:0030580 quinone cofactor methyltransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a methyl group from S-adenosylmethionine during the synthesis of quinone cofactors such as ubiquinone (coenzyme Q), menaquinone (vitamin K2), plastoquinone and phylloquinone (vitamin K1).
2003-10-23 GO:0019253 reductive pentose-phosphate cycle Updated DEFINITION The fixation of carbon dioxide (CO2) as glucose in the chloroplasts of C3 plants; uses ATP and NADPH formed in the light reactions of photosynthesis; carbon dioxide reacts with ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate (catalyzed by the function of ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase (GO:0016984)) to yield two molecules of 3-phosphoglycerate; these are then phosphorylated by ATP to 1,3-bisphosphateglyceraldehyde which, in turn, is then reduced by NADPH to glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate. The glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate is converted to fructose 5-phosphate and ribulose 5-phosphate by aldolase and other enzymes; the ribulose 5-phosphate is phosphorylated by ATP to ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate.
2003-10-23 GO:0030118 clathrin coat Added SYNONYM clathrin cage
2003-10-23 GO:0048268 clathrin coat assembly Added SYNONYM clathrin coat assembly
2003-10-23 GO:0018491 2-oxobutyrate synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2-oxobutanoate + CoA + oxidized ferredoxin = propanoyl-CoA + CO2 + reduced ferredoxin.
2003-10-23 GO:0008683 2-oxoglutarate decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2-oxoglutarate = succinate semialdehyde + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0003863 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (2-methylpropanoyl-transferring) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate + lipoamide = S-(2-methylpropanoyl)dihydrolipoamide + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0017086 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (lipoamide) complex Updated DEFINITION This enzyme complex catalyzes the reaction 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate + lipoamide = S-(2-methylpropanoyl)-dihydrolipoamide + carbon dioxide (CO2). This requires thiamine diphosphate; the enzyme also acts on (S)-3-methyl-2-oxopentanoate and 4-methyl-2-oxo-pentanoate.
2003-10-23 GO:0004315 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: acyl-(acyl-carrier protein) + malonyl-(acyl-carrier protein) = 3-oxoacyl-(acyl-carrier protein) + CO2 + (acyl-carrier protein).
2003-10-23 GO:0018796 4,5-dihydroxyphthalate decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4,5-dihydroxyphthalate = 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018670 4-aminobenzoate 1-monooxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4-aminobenzoate + NADPH + H+ + O2 = 4-hydroxyaniline + NADP+ + H2O + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018678 4-hydroxybenzoate 1-hydroxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4-hydroxybenzoate + NADPH + H+ + O2 = hydroquinone + NADP+ + H2O + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018799 4-hydroxybenzoate decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4-hydroxybenzoate = phenol + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0003868 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate + O2 = homogentisate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018490 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate + 1/2 O2 = 4-hydroxyphenylacetate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0003870 5-aminolevulinate synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: succinyl-CoA + glycine = 5-aminolevulinate + CoA + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018800 5-oxopent-3-ene-1,2,5-tricarboxylate decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5-oxopent-3-ene-1,2,5-tricarboxylate = 2-oxohept-3-enedioate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008710 8-amino-7-oxononanoate synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 6-carboxyhexanoyl-CoA + L-alanine = 8-amino-7-oxononanoate + CoA + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0003984 acetolactate synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2-acetolactate + CO2 = 2 pyruvate.
2003-10-23 GO:0004014 adenosylmethionine decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine = (5-deoxy-5-adenosyl)(3-aminopropyl) methylsulfonium salt + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004031 aldehyde oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: an aldehyde + H2O + O2 = a carboxylic acid + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0019430 removal of superoxide radicals Updated DEFINITION The processes involved in removing superoxide radicals (O2-) from a cell or organism, eg. by conversion to dioxygen (O2) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2).
2003-10-23 GO:0045730 respiratory burst Updated DEFINITION A phase of elevated metabolic activity, during which oxygen consumption increases; this leads to the production, by an NADH dependent system, of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), superoxide anions and hydroxyl radicals.
2003-10-23 GO:0045728 respiratory burst after phagocytosis Updated DEFINITION A phase of elevated metabolic activity, during which oxygen consumption increases, that occurs in neutrophils, monocytes, and macrophages shortly after phagocytosing material. An enhanced uptake of oxygen leads to the production, by an NADH dependent system, of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), superoxide anions and hydroxyl radicals, which play a part in bactericidal activity.
2003-10-23 GO:0045729 respiratory burst at fertilization Updated DEFINITION The phase of elevated metabolic activity, during which oxygen consumption increases, that occurs at fertilization. An enhanced uptake of oxygen leads to the production of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), superoxide anions and hydroxyl radicals. Capacitation, a necessary prerequisite event to successful fertilization, can be induced by reactive oxygen species in vitro; hydrogen peroxide is used as an extracellular oxidant to cross-link the protective surface envelopes.
2003-10-23 GO:0045277 respiratory chain complex IV Updated DEFINITION A part of the respiratory chain, containing the 13 polypeptide subunits of cytochrome c oxidase, including cytochrome a and cytochrome a3. Catalyzes the oxidation of reduced cytochrome c by dioxygen (O2).
2003-10-23 GO:0045278 plasma membrane respiratory chain complex IV Updated DEFINITION A part of the respiratory chain, containing the 13 polypeptide subunits of cytochrome c oxidase, including cytochrome a and cytochrome a3. Catalyzes the oxidation of reduced cytochrome c by dioxygen (O2). Found in bacteria.
2003-10-23 GO:0004039 allophanate hydrolase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: urea-1-carboxylate + H2O = 2 CO2 + 2 ammonia.
2003-10-23 GO:0008122 amine oxidase (copper-containing) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: RCH2NH2 + H2O + O2 = RCHO + ammonia + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004041 amine oxidase (flavin-containing) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: RCH2NH2 + H2O + O2 = RCHO + ammonia + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018618 anthranilate 1,2-dioxygenase (deaminating, decarboxylating) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: anthranilate + NADPH + H+ + O2 + 2 H2O = catechol + CO2 + NADP+ + ammonia.
2003-10-23 GO:0016209 antioxidant activity Updated DEFINITION Inhibition of the reactions brought about by dioxygen (O2) or peroxides. Usually the antioxidant is effective because it can itself be more easily oxidized than the substance protected. The term is often applied to components that can trap free radicals, thereby breaking the chain reaction that normally leads to extensive biological damage.
2003-10-23 GO:0008792 arginine decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-arginine = agmatine + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004058 aromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-tryptophan = tryptamine + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018488 aryl-aldehyde oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: an aromatic aldehyde + O2 + H2O = an aromatic acid + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004068 aspartate 1-decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-aspartate = beta-alanine + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0048266 behavioral response to pain Added DEFINITION A change in the behavior of an organism as a result of nociceptor activation, or nociception. Nociceptors, which are peripheral receptors for pain, include receptors which are sensitive to painful mechanical stimuli, extreme heat or cold, and chemical stimuli. Nociception is the perception of pain.
2003-10-23 GO:0048268 clathrin coat assembly Added DEFINITION Assembly of clathrin triskelia into clathrin cage.
2003-10-23 GO:0004638 phosphoribosylaminoimidazole carboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate = 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0009853 photorespiration Updated DEFINITION A light-dependent catabolic process occurring concomitantly with photosynthesis in plants (especially C3 plants) whereby dioxygen (O2) is consumed and carbon dioxide (CO2) is evolved. The substrate is glycolate formed in large quantities in chloroplasts from 2-phosphoglycolate generated from ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate by the action of ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase; the glycolate enters the peroxisomes where it is converted by glycolate oxidase to glyoxylate which undergoes transamination to glycine. This then passes into the mitochondria where it is decarboxylated.
2003-10-23 GO:0015979 photosynthesis Updated DEFINITION The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide (CO2) using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds.
2003-10-23 GO:0009777 photosynthetic phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The metabolic processes by which photosynthetic organisms use light energy to convert ADP to ATP without the concomitant reduction of dioxygen (O2) to water that occurs in phosphorylation.
2003-10-23 GO:0047097 phylloquinone monooxygenase (2,3-epoxidizing) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: O2 + donor-H2 + vitamin K1 = H2O + acceptor + 2,3-epoxy-2,3-dihydro-2-methyl-3-phytyl-1,4-naphthoquinone.
2003-10-23 GO:0048267 physiological response to pain Added DEFINITION An acute physiological change resulting from activation of nociceptors, or nociception. Nociceptors, which are peripheral receptors for pain, include receptors which are sensitive to painful mechanical stimuli, extreme heat or cold, and chemical stimuli. Nociception is the perception of pain.
2003-10-23 GO:0050526 poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) depolymerase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: H2O + poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutanoate](n) = poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutanoate](x) + poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutanoate](n-x); x = 1-5.
2003-10-23 GO:0050527 poly(3-hydroxyoctanoate) depolymerase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: H2O + poly[(R)-3-hydroxyoctanoate](n) = poly[(R)-3-hydroxyoctanoate](x) + poly[(R)-3-hydroxyoctanoate](n-x); x = 1-5.
2003-10-23 GO:0004664 prephenate dehydratase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: prephenate = phenylpyruvate + H2O + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004665 prephenate dehydrogenase (NADP+) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: prephenate + NADP+ = 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate + CO2 + NADPH + H+.
2003-10-23 GO:0008977 prephenate dehydrogenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: prephenate + NAD+ = 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate + CO2 + NADH + H+.
2003-10-23 GO:0008475 procollagen-lysine 5-dioxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: procollagen L-lysine + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = procollagen 5-hydroxy-L-lysine + succinate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0019797 procollagen-proline 3-dioxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: procollagen L-proline + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = procollagen trans-3-hydroxy-L-proline + succinate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008949 oxalyl-CoA decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: oxalyl-CoA = formyl-CoA + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0009854 oxidative photosynthetic carbon pathway Updated DEFINITION The reactions of the C2 pathway bring about the metabolic conversion of two molecules of 2-phosphoglycolate to one molecule of 3-phosphoglycerate, which can be used by the C3 cycle, and one molecule of carbon dioxide (CO2).
2003-10-23 GO:0004591 oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (succinyl-transferring) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2-oxoglutarate + lipoamide = S-succinyldihydrolipoamide + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0045252 oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex Updated DEFINITION A complex of multiple copies of three enzymatic components: oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (lipoamide) ; GO:0004591 ; EC:1.2.4.2 (E1), dihydrolipoamide S-succinyltransferase ; GO:0004149 ; EC:2.3.1.61 (E2) and dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase ; GO:0004148 ; EC:1.8.1.4 (E3); catalyzes the overall conversion of 2-oxoglutarate to succinyl-CoA and carbon dioxide (CO2) within the mitochondrial matrix (GO:0005759).
2003-10-23 GO:0045248 cytosolic oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex Updated DEFINITION A complex of multiple copies of three enzymatic components: oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (lipoamide) ; GO:0004591 ; EC:1.2.4.2 (E1), dihydrolipoamide S-succinyltransferase ; GO:0004149 ; EC:2.3.1.61 (E2) and dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase ; GO:0004148 ; EC:1.8.1.4 (E3); catalyzes the overall conversion of 2-oxoglutarate to succinyl-CoA and carbon dioxide (CO2) within the mitochondrial matrix (GO:0005759). Found in bacteria.
2003-10-23 GO:0009353 mitochondrial oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex Updated DEFINITION A complex of multiple copies of three enzymatic components: oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (lipoamide) ; GO:0004591 ; EC:1.2.4.2 (E1), dihydrolipoamide S-succinyltransferase ; GO:0004149 ; EC:2.3.1.61 (E2) and dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase ; GO:0004148 ; EC:1.8.1.4 (E3); catalyzes the overall conversion of 2-oxoglutarate to succinyl-CoA and carbon dioxide (CO2) within the mitochondrial matrix (GO:0005759). Found in eukaryotes.
2003-10-23 GO:0006800 oxygen and reactive oxygen species metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and physical changes involving dioxygen (O2), or any of the reactive oxygen species eg. superoxide anions (O2-), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and hydroxyl radicals (-OH).
2003-10-23 GO:0006098 pentose-phosphate shunt Updated DEFINITION The process by which glucose is oxidized, coupled to NADPH synthesis. Glucose 6-P is oxidized with the formation of carbon dioxide (CO2), ribulose 5-phosphate and reduced NADP; ribulose 5-P then enters a series of reactions interconverting sugar phosphates. The pentose phosphate pathway is a major source of reducing equivalents for biosynthesis reactions and is also important for the conversion of hexoses to pentoses.
2003-10-23 GO:0009051 pentose-phosphate shunt, oxidative branch Updated DEFINITION The branch of the pentose-phosphate shunt which involves the oxidation of glucose 6-P and produces ribulose 5-P, reduced NADP and carbon dioxide (CO2).
2003-10-23 GO:0048191 peptide stabilization activity Updated DEFINITION Strengthening of a bond between peptides; compounds of two or more amino acids where the alpha carboxyl group of one is bound to the alpha amino group of another.
2003-10-23 GO:0004597 peptide-aspartate beta-dioxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: peptide L-aspartate + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = peptide 3-hydroxy-L-aspartate + succinate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004601 peroxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: donor + H2O2 = oxidized donor + 2 H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0005777 peroxisome Updated DEFINITION A small, membrane-bounded organelle that uses dioxygen (O2) to oxidize organic molecules; contains some enzymes that produce and others that degrade hydrogen peroxide (H2O2).
2003-10-23 GO:0004609 phosphatidylserine decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: phosphatidyl-L-serine = phosphatidylethanolamine + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004612 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (ATP) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + oxaloacetate = ADP + phosphoenolpyruvate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0030585 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (diphosphate) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: diphosphate + oxaloacetate = phosphate + phosphoenolpyruvate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004613 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (GTP) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: GTP + oxaloacetate = GDP + phosphoenolpyruvate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008734 L-aspartate oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-aspartate + H2O + O2 = oxaloacetate + ammonia + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008923 lysine decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-lysine = cadaverine + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0019157 malate oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (S)-malate + O2 = oxaloacetate + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018478 malonate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase (acetylating) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3-oxopropanoate + CoA + NADP+ = acetyl-CoA + CO2 + NADPH + H+.
2003-10-23 GO:0016689 manganese peroxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 Mn(II) + 2 H+ + H2O2 = 2 Mn(III) + 2 H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0008383 manganese superoxide dismutase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 peroxide radical + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018648 methanesulfonate monooxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: methanesulfonic acid + O2 + NADH = OH- + NAD+ + sulfurous acid + formaldehyde.
2003-10-23 GO:0018549 methanethiol oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: methanethiol + O2 + H2O = formaldehyde + hydrogen sulfide + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0019386 methanogenesis, from carbon dioxide Updated DEFINITION The formation of methane, a colorless, odorless, flammable gas with the formula CH4, from simpler components, including carbon dioxide (CO2).
2003-10-23 GO:0004491 methylmalonate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase (acylating) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2-methyl-3-oxopropanoate + CoA + NAD+ = propanoyl-CoA + CO2 + NADH + H+.
2003-10-23 GO:0004492 methylmalonyl-CoA decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (S)-2-methyl-3-oxopropanoyl-CoA = propanoyl-CoA + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0042579 microbody Updated DEFINITION Cytoplasmic organelles, spherical or oval in shape, that are bounded by a single membrane and contain oxidative enzymes, especially those utilizing hydrogen peroxide (H2O2).
2003-10-23 GO:0004497 monooxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the incorporation by an oxidoreductase of only one atom of oxygen from dioxygen (O2) into the donor.
2003-10-23 GO:0005845 mRNA cap binding complex Added DEFINITION Any complex that binds to an mRNA cap at anytime in the lifetime of the mRNA.
2003-10-23 GO:0016692 NADH peroxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: NADH + H+ + H2O2 = NAD+ + 2 H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0016954 nickel superoxide dismutase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 peroxide radical + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004514 nicotinate-nucleotide diphosphorylase (carboxylating) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: nicotinate D-ribonucleotide + diphosphate + CO2 = pyridine-2,3-dicarboxylate + 5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate.
2003-10-23 GO:0009779 noncyclic photosynthetic phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION ATP synthesis is linked to the transport of electrons from water to NADP+ with the production of NADPH and dioxygen (O2). Involves photosystem I and photosystem II.
2003-10-23 GO:0004586 ornithine decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-ornithine = putrescine + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004590 orotidine-5'-phosphate decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: orotidine 5'-phosphate = UMP + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004398 histidine decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-histidine = histamine + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004425 indole-3-glycerol-phosphate synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 1-(2-carboxyphenylamino)-1-deoxy-D-ribulose 5-phosphate = 1-(indol-3-yl)glycerol 3-phosphate + CO2 + H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0004447 iodide peroxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: iodide + H2O2 = iodine + 2 H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0008382 iron superoxide dismutase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 peroxide radical + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004449 isocitrate dehydrogenase (NAD+) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: isocitrate + NAD+ = 2-oxoglutarate + CO2 + NADH + H+.
2003-10-23 GO:0004450 isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP+) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: isocitrate + NADP+ = 2-oxoglutarate + CO2 + NADPH + H+.
2003-10-23 GO:0004448 isocitrate dehydrogenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: isocitrate + acceptor = 2-oxoglutarate + CO2 + reduced acceptor.
2003-10-23 GO:0004611 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: source of phosphate + oxaloacetate = phosphoenolpyruvate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008964 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: phosphate + oxaloacetate = H2O + phosphoenolpyruvate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004616 phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (decarboxylating) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 6-phospho-D-gluconate + NADP+ = D-ribulose 5-phosphate + CO2 + NADPH + H+.
2003-10-23 GO:0004633 phosphopantothenoylcysteine decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: N-((R)-4-phosphopantothenoyl)-L-cysteine = pantetheine 4'-phosphate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008948 oxaloacetate decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: oxaloacetate = pyruvate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004656 procollagen-proline 4-dioxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: procollagen L-proline + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = procollagen trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline + succinate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0017028 protein stabilization activity Updated DEFINITION Strengthening of a bond between proteins. Proteins are large molecules composed of one or more chains of amino acids. The amino acids are joined in a specific order by peptide bonds.
2003-10-23 GO:0004729 oxygen-dependent protoporphyrinogen oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: protoporphyrinogen-IX + O2 = protoporphyrin-IX + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004732 pyridoxal oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: pyridoxal + H2O + O2 = 4-pyridoxate + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004733 pyridoxamine-phosphate oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate + H2O + O2 = pyridoxal 5'-phosphate + ammonia + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004737 pyruvate decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: a 2-oxo acid = an aldehyde + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008985 pyruvate dehydrogenase (cytochrome) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: pyruvate + ferricytochrome b1 + H2O = CO2 + acetate + ferrocytochrome b1.
2003-10-23 GO:0004739 pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: pyruvate + lipoamide = S-acetyldihydrolipoamide + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0019164 pyruvate synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: pyruvate + CoA + oxidized ferredoxin = acetyl-CoA + CO2 + reduced ferredoxin.
2003-10-23 GO:0018530 (R)-6-hydroxynicotine oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (R)-6-hydroxynicotine + H2O + O2 = 1-(6-hydroxypyrid-3-yl)-4-(methylamino)butan-1-one + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0003973 (S)-2-hydroxy-acid oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (S)-2-hydroxy-acid + O2 = 2-oxo acid + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018531 (S)-6-hydroxynicotine oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (S)-6-hydroxynicotine + H2O + O2 = 1-(6-hydroxypyrid-3-yl)-4-(methylamino)butan-1-one + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018521 1,2-dihydroxy-6-methylcyclohexa-3,5-dienecarboxylate dehydrogenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 1,2-dihydroxy-6-methylcyclohexa-3,5-dienecarboxylate + NAD+ = 3-methylcatechol + NADH + H+ + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008661 1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: pyruvate + D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate = 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018626 2-chlorobenzoate 1,2-dioxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2-chorobenzoate + NADH + H+ + O2 = catechol + chloride + NAD+ + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018623 benzoate 1,2-dioxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: benzoate + NADH + H+ + O2 = catechol + CO2 + NAD+.
2003-10-23 GO:0003837 beta-ureidopropionase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: N-carbamoyl-beta-alanine + H2O = beta-alanine + CO2 + ammonia.
2003-10-23 GO:0004075 biotin carboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + biotin-carboxyl-carrier protein + CO2 = ADP + phosphate + carboxybiotin-carboxyl-carrier protein.
2003-10-23 GO:0009343 biotin carboxylase complex Updated DEFINITION An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of carboxybiotin-carboxyl-carrier protein from biotin-carboxyl-carrier protein and carbon dioxide (CO2).
2003-10-23 GO:0018750 biuret amidohydrolase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: biuret + H2O = urea + CO2 + ammonia.
2003-10-23 GO:0019806 bromide peroxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 RH + 2 bromide + H2O2 = 2 RBr + 2 H2O. Enzymes with this activity often accept other halide ions as substrates, including chloride and iodide.
2003-10-23 GO:0030645 glucose catabolic process to butyrate Updated DEFINITION An anaerobic process in which glucose is fermented, with the production of acetic acid, butyric acid, carbon dioxide (CO2), and dihydrogen; effected by some saccharolytic species of Clostridium, eg. C. butyricum.
2003-10-23 GO:0008804 carbamate kinase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + ammonia + CO2 = ADP + carbamoyl phosphate.
2003-10-23 GO:0004087 carbamoyl-phosphate synthase (ammonia) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 ATP + ammonia + CO2 + H2O = 2 ADP + phosphate + carbamoyl phosphate.
2003-10-23 GO:0004088 carbamoyl-phosphate synthase (glutamine-hydrolyzing) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 ATP + L-glutamine + CO2 + H2O = 2 ADP + phosphate + glutamate + carbamoyl phosphate.
2003-10-23 GO:0005951 carbamoyl-phosphate synthase complex Updated DEFINITION An enzyme complex that exists in monomer, dimer, and higher oligomeric forms. Catalysis of the reaction: 2 ATP + L-glutamine + carbon dioxide (CO2) + H2O = 2 ADP + phosphate + L-glutamate + carbamoyl phosphate.
2003-10-23 GO:0030634 carbon fixation by acetyl-CoA pathway Updated DEFINITION A pathway of carbon dioxide fixation in which one molecule of acetyl-CoA is completely synthesized from two molecules of carbon dioxide (CO2).
2003-10-23 GO:0018492 carbon-monoxide dehydrogenase (acceptor) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: CO + H2O + acceptor = CO2 + reduced acceptor.
2003-10-23 GO:0004089 carbonate dehydratase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: H2CO3 = CO2 + H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0008807 carboxyvinyl-carboxyphosphonate phosphorylmutase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 1-carboxyvinyl carboxyphosphonate = 3-(hydrohydroxyphosphoryl)pyruvate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004096 catalase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 H2O2 = O2 + 2 H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0016691 chloride peroxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 RH + 2 chloride + H2O2 = 2 RCl + 2 H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0016995 cholesterol oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: cholesterol + O2 = cholest-4-en-3-one + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018520 cis-1,2-dihydroxy-4-methylcyclohexa-3,5-diene-1-carboxylate dehydrogenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: cis-1,2-dihydroxy-4-methylcyclohexa-3,5-diene-1-carboxylate + NADP+ = 4-methylcatechol + NADPH + H+ + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004785 copper, zinc superoxide dismutase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 peroxide radical + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004109 coproporphyrinogen oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: coproporphyrinogen-III + O2 = protoporphyrinogen-IX + 2 CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018753 cyanuric acid amidohydrolase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: cyanuric acid + H2O = biuret + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018527 cyclohexylamine oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: cyclohexylamine + O2 + H2O = cyclohexanone + ammonia + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004130 cytochrome-c peroxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 ferrocytochrome c + H2O2 = 2 ferricytochrome c + 2 H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0003884 D-amino-acid oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: a D-amino acid + H2O + O2 = a 2-oxo acid + ammonia + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0003885 D-arabinono-1,4-lactone oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-arabinono-1,4-lactone + O2 = D-erythro-ascorbate + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008445 D-aspartate oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-aspartate + H2O + O2 = oxaloacetate + ammonia + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004141 dethiobiotin synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + 7,8-diaminononanoate + CO2 = ADP + phosphate + dethiobiotin.
2003-10-23 GO:0008836 diaminopimelate decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: meso-2,6-diaminoheptanedioate = L-lysine + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0016690 diarylpropane peroxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 1,2-bis(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)propane-1,3-diol + H2O2 = veratraldehyde + 1-(3,4-dimethylphenyl)ethane-1,2-diol + 4 H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0004158 dihydroorotate oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (S)-dihydroorotate + O2 = orotate + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0019655 glucose catabolic process to ethanol Updated DEFINITION An anaerobic process in which glucose is converted into ethanol and carbon dioxide (CO2), producing two molecules of ATP for each molecule of glucose.
2003-10-23 GO:0007588 excretion Updated DEFINITION The elimination by an organism of the waste products that arise as a result of metabolic activity. These products include water, carbon dioxide (CO2), and nitrogenous compounds.
2003-10-23 GO:0004321 fatty-acyl-CoA synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: acetyl-CoA + N malonyl-CoA + 2N NADH + 2N NADPH + 4N H+ = a long-chain acyl-CoA + N CoA + N CO2 + 2N NAD+ + 2N NADP+.
2003-10-23 GO:0008863 formate dehydrogenase (NAD+) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: formate + NAD+ = CO2 + NADH + H+.
2003-10-23 GO:0009326 formate dehydrogenase complex Updated DEFINITION An enzyme that catalyzes the dehydrogenation of formate to produce carbon dioxide (CO2).
2003-10-23 GO:0018493 formylmethanofuran dehydrogenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: formylmethanofuran + H2O + acceptor = CO2 + methanofuran + reduced acceptor.
2003-10-23 GO:0016155 formyltetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 10-formyltetrahydrofolate + NADP+ + H2O = tetrahydrofolate + CO2 + NADPH + H+.
2003-10-23 GO:0018798 gallate decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoate = pyrogallol + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008336 gamma-butyrobetaine dioxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4-trimethylammoniobutanoate + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = 3-hydroxy-4-trimethylammoniobutanoate + succinate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0016707 gibberellin 3-beta-dioxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: gibberellin 20 + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = gibberellin 1 + succinate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004351 glutamate decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-glutamate = 4-aminobutanoate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004361 glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glutaryl-CoA + acceptor = crotonoyl-CoA + CO2 + reduced acceptor.
2003-10-23 GO:0006749 glutathione metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and physical changes involving glutathione, the tripeptide glutamylcysteinylglycine, which acts as a coenzyme for some enzymes and as an antioxidant in the protection of sulfhydryl groups in enzymes and other proteins; it has a specific role in the reduction of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and oxidized ascorbate, and it participates in the gamma-glutamyl cycle.
2003-10-23 GO:0004602 glutathione peroxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 glutathione + H2O2 = oxidized glutathione + 2 H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0004369 glycerol-3-phosphate oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sn-glycerol 3-phosphate + O2 = glycerone phosphate + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004374 glycine cleavage system Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Catalysis of the reactions glycine + lipoylprotein = S-aminomethyldihydrolipoylprotein + carbon dioxide (CO2), followed by S-aminomethyldihydrolipoylprotein + (6S)-tetrahydrofolate = dihydrolipoylprotein + (6R)-5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + ammonia. Made up of two components, aminomethyltransferase and glycine dehydrogenase (decarboxylating).
2003-10-23 GO:0004375 glycine dehydrogenase (decarboxylating) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glycine + lipoylprotein = S-aminomethyldihydrolipoylprotein + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008891 glycolate oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glycolate + O2 = glyoxylate + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0001716 L-amino-acid oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: a L-amino acid + H2O + O2 = a 2-oxo acid + ammonia + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0016688 L-ascorbate peroxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-ascorbate + H2O2 = dehydroascorbate + 2 H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0009339 glycolate oxidase complex Updated DEFINITION An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of 2-hydroxy acid to form 2-oxo acid and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The enzyme is a flavoprotein (FMN).
2003-10-23 GO:0015002 heme-copper terminal oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the four-electron reduction of dioxygen (O2) to water, coupled to generation of a proton electrochemical gradient across a membrane.
2003-10-23 GO:0005751 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex IV Updated DEFINITION A part of the respiratory chain, containing the 13 polypeptide subunits of cytochrome c oxidase, including cytochrome a and cytochrome a3. Catalyzes the oxidation of reduced cytochrome c by dioxygen (O2). Found in eukaryotes.
2003-10-23 GO:0007585 respiratory gaseous exchange Updated DEFINITION The process of gaseous exchange between an organism and its environment. In plants, microorganisms, and many small animals, air or water makes direct contact with the organism's cells or tissue fluids, and the processes of diffusion supply the organism with dioxygen (O2) and remove carbon dioxide (CO2). In larger animals the efficiency of gaseous exchange is improved by specialized respiratory organs, such as lungs and gills, which are ventilated by breathing mechanisms.
2003-10-23 GO:0010037 response to carbon dioxide Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of exposure to carbon dioxide (CO2).
2003-10-23 GO:0006979 response to oxidative stress Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of an organism or cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of oxidative stress, a state often resulting from exposure to high levels of reactive oxygen species eg. superoxide anions, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and hydroxyl radicals.
2003-10-23 GO:0048265 response to pain Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, gene expression, enzyme production, etc.) in response to activation of nociceptors, or nociception. Nociceptors, which are peripheral receptors for pain, include receptors which are sensitive to painful mechanical stimuli, extreme heat or cold, and chemical stimuli. Nociception is the perception of pain.
2003-10-23 GO:0000304 response to singlet oxygen Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of the organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of exposure to singlet oxygen, a dioxygen (O2) molecule in which two 2p electrons have similar spin. Singlet oxygen is more highly reactive than the form in which these electrons are of opposite spin, and it is produced in mutant chloroplasts lacking carotenoids and by leukocytes during metabolic burst.
2003-10-23 GO:0016984 ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate + CO2 = 2 3-phospho-D-glycerate.
2003-10-23 GO:0042794 rRNA transcription from plastid promoter Updated DEFINITION The synthesis of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) from a plastid DNA template, usually by a specific plastid RNA polymerase.
2003-10-23 GO:0018658 salicylate 1-monooxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: salicylate + NADH + H+ + O2 = catechol + NAD+ + H2O + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008115 sarcosine oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sarcosine + H2O + O2 = glycine + formaldehyde + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004758 serine C-palmitoyltransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: palmitoyl-CoA + L-serine = CoA + 3-dehydro-D-sphinganine + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0016987 sigma factor activity Updated DEFINITION A sigma factor is the promoter specificity subunit of eubacterial-type multisubunit RNA polymerases, those whose core subunit composition is often described as alpha(2)-beta-beta-prime. (This type of multisubunit RNA polymerase complex is known to be found in eubacteria and plant plastids). Although sigma does not bind DNA on its own, when combined with the core to form the holoenzyme, this binds specifically to promoter sequences, with the sigma factor making sequence specific contacts with the promoter elements. The sigma subunit is released from the elongating form of the polymerase and is thus free to act catalytically for multiple RNA polymerase core enzymes.
2003-10-23 GO:0010118 stomatal movement Updated DEFINITION The process of opening or closing of stomata, which is directly related to the stomatal conductance (measuring rate of passage of either water vapor or carbon dioxide (CO2) through stomata).
2003-10-23 GO:0004782 sulfinoalanine decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3-sulfino-L-alanine = hypotaurine + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008482 sulfite oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sulfite + O2 + H2O = sulfate + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004784 superoxide dismutase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 peroxide radical + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0009028 tartronate-semialdehyde synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 glyoxylate = tartronate semialdehyde + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0019604 toluene oxidation to catechol Updated DEFINITION The formation from toluene of catechol, dihydroxybenzene, by successive oxidations followed by loss of carbon dioxide (CO2).
2003-10-23 GO:0004837 tyrosine decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-tyrosine = tyramine + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0048040 UDP-glucuronate decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-D-glucuronic acid = UDP-D-xylose + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004846 urate oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: urate + O2 + H2O = 5-hydroxyisourate + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004847 urea carboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + urea + CO2 = ADP + phosphate + urea-1-carboxylate.
2003-10-23 GO:0009039 urease activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: urea + H2O = CO2 + 2 ammonia.
2003-10-23 GO:0004848 ureidoglycolate hydrolase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (-)-ureidoglycolate + H2O = glyoxylate + 2 ammonia + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004853 uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: uroporphyrinogen-III = coproporphyrinogen + 4 CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018465 vanillyl-alcohol oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: vanillyl alcohol + O2 = vanillin + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004855 xanthine oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: xanthine + H2O + O2 = urate + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0042792 rRNA transcription from mitochondrial promoter Updated TERM rRNA transcription from mitochondrial promoter
2003-10-23 GO:0042794 rRNA transcription from plastid promoter Updated TERM rRNA transcription from plastid promoter
2003-10-23 GO:0048265 response to pain Added TERM response to pain
2003-10-23 GO:0048266 behavioral response to pain Added TERM behavioral response to pain
2003-10-23 GO:0048267 physiological response to pain Added TERM physiological response to pain
2003-10-23 GO:0048268 clathrin coat assembly Added TERM clathrin cage assembly
2003-10-23 GO:0018514 terephthalate 1,2-cis-dihydrodiol dehydrogenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: cis-4,5-dihydroxycyclohexa-1(6),2-diene-1,4-dicarboxylate + NAD+ = 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate + CO2 + NADH + H+.
2003-10-23 GO:0008379 thioredoxin peroxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: reduced thioredoxin + H2O2 = oxidized thioredoxin + H2O.

Terms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2003-10-23 GO:0042792 rRNA transcription from mitochondrial promoter Updated TERM rRNA transcription from mitochondrial promoter
2003-10-23 GO:0042794 rRNA transcription from plastid promoter Updated TERM rRNA transcription from plastid promoter
2003-10-23 GO:0048265 response to pain Added TERM response to pain
2003-10-23 GO:0048266 behavioral response to pain Added TERM behavioral response to pain
2003-10-23 GO:0048267 physiological response to pain Added TERM physiological response to pain
2003-10-23 GO:0048268 clathrin coat assembly Added TERM clathrin cage assembly

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2003-10-23 GO:0045426 quinone cofactor biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of any quinone cofactor, such as menaquinone (vitamin K2), ubiquinone (coenzyme Q) or phylloquinone (vitamin K1).
2003-10-23 GO:0030580 quinone cofactor methyltransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a methyl group from S-adenosylmethionine during the synthesis of quinone cofactors such as ubiquinone (coenzyme Q), menaquinone (vitamin K2), plastoquinone and phylloquinone (vitamin K1).
2003-10-23 GO:0019253 reductive pentose-phosphate cycle Updated DEFINITION The fixation of carbon dioxide (CO2) as glucose in the chloroplasts of C3 plants; uses ATP and NADPH formed in the light reactions of photosynthesis; carbon dioxide reacts with ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate (catalyzed by the function of ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase (GO:0016984)) to yield two molecules of 3-phosphoglycerate; these are then phosphorylated by ATP to 1,3-bisphosphateglyceraldehyde which, in turn, is then reduced by NADPH to glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate. The glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate is converted to fructose 5-phosphate and ribulose 5-phosphate by aldolase and other enzymes; the ribulose 5-phosphate is phosphorylated by ATP to ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate.
2003-10-23 GO:0030118 clathrin coat Added SYNONYM clathrin cage
2003-10-23 GO:0048268 clathrin coat assembly Added SYNONYM clathrin coat assembly
2003-10-23 GO:0018491 2-oxobutyrate synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2-oxobutanoate + CoA + oxidized ferredoxin = propanoyl-CoA + CO2 + reduced ferredoxin.
2003-10-23 GO:0008683 2-oxoglutarate decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2-oxoglutarate = succinate semialdehyde + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0003863 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (2-methylpropanoyl-transferring) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate + lipoamide = S-(2-methylpropanoyl)dihydrolipoamide + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0017086 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (lipoamide) complex Updated DEFINITION This enzyme complex catalyzes the reaction 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate + lipoamide = S-(2-methylpropanoyl)-dihydrolipoamide + carbon dioxide (CO2). This requires thiamine diphosphate; the enzyme also acts on (S)-3-methyl-2-oxopentanoate and 4-methyl-2-oxo-pentanoate.
2003-10-23 GO:0004315 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: acyl-(acyl-carrier protein) + malonyl-(acyl-carrier protein) = 3-oxoacyl-(acyl-carrier protein) + CO2 + (acyl-carrier protein).
2003-10-23 GO:0018796 4,5-dihydroxyphthalate decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4,5-dihydroxyphthalate = 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018670 4-aminobenzoate 1-monooxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4-aminobenzoate + NADPH + H+ + O2 = 4-hydroxyaniline + NADP+ + H2O + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018678 4-hydroxybenzoate 1-hydroxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4-hydroxybenzoate + NADPH + H+ + O2 = hydroquinone + NADP+ + H2O + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018799 4-hydroxybenzoate decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4-hydroxybenzoate = phenol + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0003868 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate + O2 = homogentisate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018490 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate + 1/2 O2 = 4-hydroxyphenylacetate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0003870 5-aminolevulinate synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: succinyl-CoA + glycine = 5-aminolevulinate + CoA + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018800 5-oxopent-3-ene-1,2,5-tricarboxylate decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5-oxopent-3-ene-1,2,5-tricarboxylate = 2-oxohept-3-enedioate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008710 8-amino-7-oxononanoate synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 6-carboxyhexanoyl-CoA + L-alanine = 8-amino-7-oxononanoate + CoA + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0003984 acetolactate synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2-acetolactate + CO2 = 2 pyruvate.
2003-10-23 GO:0004014 adenosylmethionine decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine = (5-deoxy-5-adenosyl)(3-aminopropyl) methylsulfonium salt + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004031 aldehyde oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: an aldehyde + H2O + O2 = a carboxylic acid + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0019430 removal of superoxide radicals Updated DEFINITION The processes involved in removing superoxide radicals (O2-) from a cell or organism, eg. by conversion to dioxygen (O2) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2).
2003-10-23 GO:0045730 respiratory burst Updated DEFINITION A phase of elevated metabolic activity, during which oxygen consumption increases; this leads to the production, by an NADH dependent system, of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), superoxide anions and hydroxyl radicals.
2003-10-23 GO:0045728 respiratory burst after phagocytosis Updated DEFINITION A phase of elevated metabolic activity, during which oxygen consumption increases, that occurs in neutrophils, monocytes, and macrophages shortly after phagocytosing material. An enhanced uptake of oxygen leads to the production, by an NADH dependent system, of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), superoxide anions and hydroxyl radicals, which play a part in bactericidal activity.
2003-10-23 GO:0045729 respiratory burst at fertilization Updated DEFINITION The phase of elevated metabolic activity, during which oxygen consumption increases, that occurs at fertilization. An enhanced uptake of oxygen leads to the production of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), superoxide anions and hydroxyl radicals. Capacitation, a necessary prerequisite event to successful fertilization, can be induced by reactive oxygen species in vitro; hydrogen peroxide is used as an extracellular oxidant to cross-link the protective surface envelopes.
2003-10-23 GO:0045277 respiratory chain complex IV Updated DEFINITION A part of the respiratory chain, containing the 13 polypeptide subunits of cytochrome c oxidase, including cytochrome a and cytochrome a3. Catalyzes the oxidation of reduced cytochrome c by dioxygen (O2).
2003-10-23 GO:0045278 plasma membrane respiratory chain complex IV Updated DEFINITION A part of the respiratory chain, containing the 13 polypeptide subunits of cytochrome c oxidase, including cytochrome a and cytochrome a3. Catalyzes the oxidation of reduced cytochrome c by dioxygen (O2). Found in bacteria.
2003-10-23 GO:0004039 allophanate hydrolase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: urea-1-carboxylate + H2O = 2 CO2 + 2 ammonia.
2003-10-23 GO:0008122 amine oxidase (copper-containing) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: RCH2NH2 + H2O + O2 = RCHO + ammonia + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004041 amine oxidase (flavin-containing) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: RCH2NH2 + H2O + O2 = RCHO + ammonia + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018618 anthranilate 1,2-dioxygenase (deaminating, decarboxylating) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: anthranilate + NADPH + H+ + O2 + 2 H2O = catechol + CO2 + NADP+ + ammonia.
2003-10-23 GO:0016209 antioxidant activity Updated DEFINITION Inhibition of the reactions brought about by dioxygen (O2) or peroxides. Usually the antioxidant is effective because it can itself be more easily oxidized than the substance protected. The term is often applied to components that can trap free radicals, thereby breaking the chain reaction that normally leads to extensive biological damage.
2003-10-23 GO:0008792 arginine decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-arginine = agmatine + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004058 aromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-tryptophan = tryptamine + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018488 aryl-aldehyde oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: an aromatic aldehyde + O2 + H2O = an aromatic acid + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004068 aspartate 1-decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-aspartate = beta-alanine + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0048266 behavioral response to pain Added DEFINITION A change in the behavior of an organism as a result of nociceptor activation, or nociception. Nociceptors, which are peripheral receptors for pain, include receptors which are sensitive to painful mechanical stimuli, extreme heat or cold, and chemical stimuli. Nociception is the perception of pain.
2003-10-23 GO:0048268 clathrin coat assembly Added DEFINITION Assembly of clathrin triskelia into clathrin cage.
2003-10-23 GO:0004638 phosphoribosylaminoimidazole carboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate = 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0009853 photorespiration Updated DEFINITION A light-dependent catabolic process occurring concomitantly with photosynthesis in plants (especially C3 plants) whereby dioxygen (O2) is consumed and carbon dioxide (CO2) is evolved. The substrate is glycolate formed in large quantities in chloroplasts from 2-phosphoglycolate generated from ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate by the action of ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase; the glycolate enters the peroxisomes where it is converted by glycolate oxidase to glyoxylate which undergoes transamination to glycine. This then passes into the mitochondria where it is decarboxylated.
2003-10-23 GO:0015979 photosynthesis Updated DEFINITION The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide (CO2) using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds.
2003-10-23 GO:0009777 photosynthetic phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The metabolic processes by which photosynthetic organisms use light energy to convert ADP to ATP without the concomitant reduction of dioxygen (O2) to water that occurs in phosphorylation.
2003-10-23 GO:0047097 phylloquinone monooxygenase (2,3-epoxidizing) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: O2 + donor-H2 + vitamin K1 = H2O + acceptor + 2,3-epoxy-2,3-dihydro-2-methyl-3-phytyl-1,4-naphthoquinone.
2003-10-23 GO:0048267 physiological response to pain Added DEFINITION An acute physiological change resulting from activation of nociceptors, or nociception. Nociceptors, which are peripheral receptors for pain, include receptors which are sensitive to painful mechanical stimuli, extreme heat or cold, and chemical stimuli. Nociception is the perception of pain.
2003-10-23 GO:0050526 poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) depolymerase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: H2O + poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutanoate](n) = poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutanoate](x) + poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutanoate](n-x); x = 1-5.
2003-10-23 GO:0050527 poly(3-hydroxyoctanoate) depolymerase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: H2O + poly[(R)-3-hydroxyoctanoate](n) = poly[(R)-3-hydroxyoctanoate](x) + poly[(R)-3-hydroxyoctanoate](n-x); x = 1-5.
2003-10-23 GO:0004664 prephenate dehydratase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: prephenate = phenylpyruvate + H2O + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004665 prephenate dehydrogenase (NADP+) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: prephenate + NADP+ = 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate + CO2 + NADPH + H+.
2003-10-23 GO:0008977 prephenate dehydrogenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: prephenate + NAD+ = 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate + CO2 + NADH + H+.
2003-10-23 GO:0008475 procollagen-lysine 5-dioxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: procollagen L-lysine + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = procollagen 5-hydroxy-L-lysine + succinate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0019797 procollagen-proline 3-dioxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: procollagen L-proline + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = procollagen trans-3-hydroxy-L-proline + succinate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008949 oxalyl-CoA decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: oxalyl-CoA = formyl-CoA + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0009854 oxidative photosynthetic carbon pathway Updated DEFINITION The reactions of the C2 pathway bring about the metabolic conversion of two molecules of 2-phosphoglycolate to one molecule of 3-phosphoglycerate, which can be used by the C3 cycle, and one molecule of carbon dioxide (CO2).
2003-10-23 GO:0004591 oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (succinyl-transferring) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2-oxoglutarate + lipoamide = S-succinyldihydrolipoamide + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0045252 oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex Updated DEFINITION A complex of multiple copies of three enzymatic components: oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (lipoamide) ; GO:0004591 ; EC:1.2.4.2 (E1), dihydrolipoamide S-succinyltransferase ; GO:0004149 ; EC:2.3.1.61 (E2) and dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase ; GO:0004148 ; EC:1.8.1.4 (E3); catalyzes the overall conversion of 2-oxoglutarate to succinyl-CoA and carbon dioxide (CO2) within the mitochondrial matrix (GO:0005759).
2003-10-23 GO:0045248 cytosolic oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex Updated DEFINITION A complex of multiple copies of three enzymatic components: oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (lipoamide) ; GO:0004591 ; EC:1.2.4.2 (E1), dihydrolipoamide S-succinyltransferase ; GO:0004149 ; EC:2.3.1.61 (E2) and dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase ; GO:0004148 ; EC:1.8.1.4 (E3); catalyzes the overall conversion of 2-oxoglutarate to succinyl-CoA and carbon dioxide (CO2) within the mitochondrial matrix (GO:0005759). Found in bacteria.
2003-10-23 GO:0009353 mitochondrial oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex Updated DEFINITION A complex of multiple copies of three enzymatic components: oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (lipoamide) ; GO:0004591 ; EC:1.2.4.2 (E1), dihydrolipoamide S-succinyltransferase ; GO:0004149 ; EC:2.3.1.61 (E2) and dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase ; GO:0004148 ; EC:1.8.1.4 (E3); catalyzes the overall conversion of 2-oxoglutarate to succinyl-CoA and carbon dioxide (CO2) within the mitochondrial matrix (GO:0005759). Found in eukaryotes.
2003-10-23 GO:0006800 oxygen and reactive oxygen species metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and physical changes involving dioxygen (O2), or any of the reactive oxygen species eg. superoxide anions (O2-), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and hydroxyl radicals (-OH).
2003-10-23 GO:0006098 pentose-phosphate shunt Updated DEFINITION The process by which glucose is oxidized, coupled to NADPH synthesis. Glucose 6-P is oxidized with the formation of carbon dioxide (CO2), ribulose 5-phosphate and reduced NADP; ribulose 5-P then enters a series of reactions interconverting sugar phosphates. The pentose phosphate pathway is a major source of reducing equivalents for biosynthesis reactions and is also important for the conversion of hexoses to pentoses.
2003-10-23 GO:0009051 pentose-phosphate shunt, oxidative branch Updated DEFINITION The branch of the pentose-phosphate shunt which involves the oxidation of glucose 6-P and produces ribulose 5-P, reduced NADP and carbon dioxide (CO2).
2003-10-23 GO:0048191 peptide stabilization activity Updated DEFINITION Strengthening of a bond between peptides; compounds of two or more amino acids where the alpha carboxyl group of one is bound to the alpha amino group of another.
2003-10-23 GO:0004597 peptide-aspartate beta-dioxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: peptide L-aspartate + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = peptide 3-hydroxy-L-aspartate + succinate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004601 peroxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: donor + H2O2 = oxidized donor + 2 H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0005777 peroxisome Updated DEFINITION A small, membrane-bounded organelle that uses dioxygen (O2) to oxidize organic molecules; contains some enzymes that produce and others that degrade hydrogen peroxide (H2O2).
2003-10-23 GO:0004609 phosphatidylserine decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: phosphatidyl-L-serine = phosphatidylethanolamine + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004612 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (ATP) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + oxaloacetate = ADP + phosphoenolpyruvate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0030585 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (diphosphate) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: diphosphate + oxaloacetate = phosphate + phosphoenolpyruvate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004613 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (GTP) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: GTP + oxaloacetate = GDP + phosphoenolpyruvate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008734 L-aspartate oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-aspartate + H2O + O2 = oxaloacetate + ammonia + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008923 lysine decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-lysine = cadaverine + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0019157 malate oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (S)-malate + O2 = oxaloacetate + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018478 malonate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase (acetylating) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3-oxopropanoate + CoA + NADP+ = acetyl-CoA + CO2 + NADPH + H+.
2003-10-23 GO:0016689 manganese peroxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 Mn(II) + 2 H+ + H2O2 = 2 Mn(III) + 2 H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0008383 manganese superoxide dismutase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 peroxide radical + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018648 methanesulfonate monooxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: methanesulfonic acid + O2 + NADH = OH- + NAD+ + sulfurous acid + formaldehyde.
2003-10-23 GO:0018549 methanethiol oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: methanethiol + O2 + H2O = formaldehyde + hydrogen sulfide + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0019386 methanogenesis, from carbon dioxide Updated DEFINITION The formation of methane, a colorless, odorless, flammable gas with the formula CH4, from simpler components, including carbon dioxide (CO2).
2003-10-23 GO:0004491 methylmalonate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase (acylating) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2-methyl-3-oxopropanoate + CoA + NAD+ = propanoyl-CoA + CO2 + NADH + H+.
2003-10-23 GO:0004492 methylmalonyl-CoA decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (S)-2-methyl-3-oxopropanoyl-CoA = propanoyl-CoA + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0042579 microbody Updated DEFINITION Cytoplasmic organelles, spherical or oval in shape, that are bounded by a single membrane and contain oxidative enzymes, especially those utilizing hydrogen peroxide (H2O2).
2003-10-23 GO:0004497 monooxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the incorporation by an oxidoreductase of only one atom of oxygen from dioxygen (O2) into the donor.
2003-10-23 GO:0005845 mRNA cap binding complex Added DEFINITION Any complex that binds to an mRNA cap at anytime in the lifetime of the mRNA.
2003-10-23 GO:0016692 NADH peroxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: NADH + H+ + H2O2 = NAD+ + 2 H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0016954 nickel superoxide dismutase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 peroxide radical + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004514 nicotinate-nucleotide diphosphorylase (carboxylating) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: nicotinate D-ribonucleotide + diphosphate + CO2 = pyridine-2,3-dicarboxylate + 5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate.
2003-10-23 GO:0009779 noncyclic photosynthetic phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION ATP synthesis is linked to the transport of electrons from water to NADP+ with the production of NADPH and dioxygen (O2). Involves photosystem I and photosystem II.
2003-10-23 GO:0004586 ornithine decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-ornithine = putrescine + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004590 orotidine-5'-phosphate decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: orotidine 5'-phosphate = UMP + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004398 histidine decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-histidine = histamine + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004425 indole-3-glycerol-phosphate synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 1-(2-carboxyphenylamino)-1-deoxy-D-ribulose 5-phosphate = 1-(indol-3-yl)glycerol 3-phosphate + CO2 + H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0004447 iodide peroxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: iodide + H2O2 = iodine + 2 H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0008382 iron superoxide dismutase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 peroxide radical + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004449 isocitrate dehydrogenase (NAD+) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: isocitrate + NAD+ = 2-oxoglutarate + CO2 + NADH + H+.
2003-10-23 GO:0004450 isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP+) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: isocitrate + NADP+ = 2-oxoglutarate + CO2 + NADPH + H+.
2003-10-23 GO:0004448 isocitrate dehydrogenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: isocitrate + acceptor = 2-oxoglutarate + CO2 + reduced acceptor.
2003-10-23 GO:0004611 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: source of phosphate + oxaloacetate = phosphoenolpyruvate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008964 phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: phosphate + oxaloacetate = H2O + phosphoenolpyruvate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004616 phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (decarboxylating) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 6-phospho-D-gluconate + NADP+ = D-ribulose 5-phosphate + CO2 + NADPH + H+.
2003-10-23 GO:0004633 phosphopantothenoylcysteine decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: N-((R)-4-phosphopantothenoyl)-L-cysteine = pantetheine 4'-phosphate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008948 oxaloacetate decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: oxaloacetate = pyruvate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004656 procollagen-proline 4-dioxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: procollagen L-proline + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = procollagen trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline + succinate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0017028 protein stabilization activity Updated DEFINITION Strengthening of a bond between proteins. Proteins are large molecules composed of one or more chains of amino acids. The amino acids are joined in a specific order by peptide bonds.
2003-10-23 GO:0004729 oxygen-dependent protoporphyrinogen oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: protoporphyrinogen-IX + O2 = protoporphyrin-IX + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004732 pyridoxal oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: pyridoxal + H2O + O2 = 4-pyridoxate + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004733 pyridoxamine-phosphate oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate + H2O + O2 = pyridoxal 5'-phosphate + ammonia + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004737 pyruvate decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: a 2-oxo acid = an aldehyde + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008985 pyruvate dehydrogenase (cytochrome) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: pyruvate + ferricytochrome b1 + H2O = CO2 + acetate + ferrocytochrome b1.
2003-10-23 GO:0004739 pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: pyruvate + lipoamide = S-acetyldihydrolipoamide + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0019164 pyruvate synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: pyruvate + CoA + oxidized ferredoxin = acetyl-CoA + CO2 + reduced ferredoxin.
2003-10-23 GO:0018530 (R)-6-hydroxynicotine oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (R)-6-hydroxynicotine + H2O + O2 = 1-(6-hydroxypyrid-3-yl)-4-(methylamino)butan-1-one + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0003973 (S)-2-hydroxy-acid oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (S)-2-hydroxy-acid + O2 = 2-oxo acid + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018531 (S)-6-hydroxynicotine oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (S)-6-hydroxynicotine + H2O + O2 = 1-(6-hydroxypyrid-3-yl)-4-(methylamino)butan-1-one + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018521 1,2-dihydroxy-6-methylcyclohexa-3,5-dienecarboxylate dehydrogenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 1,2-dihydroxy-6-methylcyclohexa-3,5-dienecarboxylate + NAD+ = 3-methylcatechol + NADH + H+ + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008661 1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: pyruvate + D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate = 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018626 2-chlorobenzoate 1,2-dioxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2-chorobenzoate + NADH + H+ + O2 = catechol + chloride + NAD+ + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018623 benzoate 1,2-dioxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: benzoate + NADH + H+ + O2 = catechol + CO2 + NAD+.
2003-10-23 GO:0003837 beta-ureidopropionase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: N-carbamoyl-beta-alanine + H2O = beta-alanine + CO2 + ammonia.
2003-10-23 GO:0004075 biotin carboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + biotin-carboxyl-carrier protein + CO2 = ADP + phosphate + carboxybiotin-carboxyl-carrier protein.
2003-10-23 GO:0009343 biotin carboxylase complex Updated DEFINITION An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of carboxybiotin-carboxyl-carrier protein from biotin-carboxyl-carrier protein and carbon dioxide (CO2).
2003-10-23 GO:0018750 biuret amidohydrolase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: biuret + H2O = urea + CO2 + ammonia.
2003-10-23 GO:0019806 bromide peroxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 RH + 2 bromide + H2O2 = 2 RBr + 2 H2O. Enzymes with this activity often accept other halide ions as substrates, including chloride and iodide.
2003-10-23 GO:0030645 glucose catabolic process to butyrate Updated DEFINITION An anaerobic process in which glucose is fermented, with the production of acetic acid, butyric acid, carbon dioxide (CO2), and dihydrogen; effected by some saccharolytic species of Clostridium, eg. C. butyricum.
2003-10-23 GO:0008804 carbamate kinase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + ammonia + CO2 = ADP + carbamoyl phosphate.
2003-10-23 GO:0004087 carbamoyl-phosphate synthase (ammonia) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 ATP + ammonia + CO2 + H2O = 2 ADP + phosphate + carbamoyl phosphate.
2003-10-23 GO:0004088 carbamoyl-phosphate synthase (glutamine-hydrolyzing) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 ATP + L-glutamine + CO2 + H2O = 2 ADP + phosphate + glutamate + carbamoyl phosphate.
2003-10-23 GO:0005951 carbamoyl-phosphate synthase complex Updated DEFINITION An enzyme complex that exists in monomer, dimer, and higher oligomeric forms. Catalysis of the reaction: 2 ATP + L-glutamine + carbon dioxide (CO2) + H2O = 2 ADP + phosphate + L-glutamate + carbamoyl phosphate.
2003-10-23 GO:0030634 carbon fixation by acetyl-CoA pathway Updated DEFINITION A pathway of carbon dioxide fixation in which one molecule of acetyl-CoA is completely synthesized from two molecules of carbon dioxide (CO2).
2003-10-23 GO:0018492 carbon-monoxide dehydrogenase (acceptor) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: CO + H2O + acceptor = CO2 + reduced acceptor.
2003-10-23 GO:0004089 carbonate dehydratase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: H2CO3 = CO2 + H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0008807 carboxyvinyl-carboxyphosphonate phosphorylmutase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 1-carboxyvinyl carboxyphosphonate = 3-(hydrohydroxyphosphoryl)pyruvate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004096 catalase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 H2O2 = O2 + 2 H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0016691 chloride peroxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 RH + 2 chloride + H2O2 = 2 RCl + 2 H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0016995 cholesterol oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: cholesterol + O2 = cholest-4-en-3-one + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018520 cis-1,2-dihydroxy-4-methylcyclohexa-3,5-diene-1-carboxylate dehydrogenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: cis-1,2-dihydroxy-4-methylcyclohexa-3,5-diene-1-carboxylate + NADP+ = 4-methylcatechol + NADPH + H+ + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004785 copper, zinc superoxide dismutase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 peroxide radical + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004109 coproporphyrinogen oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: coproporphyrinogen-III + O2 = protoporphyrinogen-IX + 2 CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018753 cyanuric acid amidohydrolase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: cyanuric acid + H2O = biuret + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018527 cyclohexylamine oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: cyclohexylamine + O2 + H2O = cyclohexanone + ammonia + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004130 cytochrome-c peroxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 ferrocytochrome c + H2O2 = 2 ferricytochrome c + 2 H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0003884 D-amino-acid oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: a D-amino acid + H2O + O2 = a 2-oxo acid + ammonia + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0003885 D-arabinono-1,4-lactone oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-arabinono-1,4-lactone + O2 = D-erythro-ascorbate + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008445 D-aspartate oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-aspartate + H2O + O2 = oxaloacetate + ammonia + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004141 dethiobiotin synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + 7,8-diaminononanoate + CO2 = ADP + phosphate + dethiobiotin.
2003-10-23 GO:0008836 diaminopimelate decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: meso-2,6-diaminoheptanedioate = L-lysine + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0016690 diarylpropane peroxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 1,2-bis(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)propane-1,3-diol + H2O2 = veratraldehyde + 1-(3,4-dimethylphenyl)ethane-1,2-diol + 4 H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0004158 dihydroorotate oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (S)-dihydroorotate + O2 = orotate + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0019655 glucose catabolic process to ethanol Updated DEFINITION An anaerobic process in which glucose is converted into ethanol and carbon dioxide (CO2), producing two molecules of ATP for each molecule of glucose.
2003-10-23 GO:0007588 excretion Updated DEFINITION The elimination by an organism of the waste products that arise as a result of metabolic activity. These products include water, carbon dioxide (CO2), and nitrogenous compounds.
2003-10-23 GO:0004321 fatty-acyl-CoA synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: acetyl-CoA + N malonyl-CoA + 2N NADH + 2N NADPH + 4N H+ = a long-chain acyl-CoA + N CoA + N CO2 + 2N NAD+ + 2N NADP+.
2003-10-23 GO:0008863 formate dehydrogenase (NAD+) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: formate + NAD+ = CO2 + NADH + H+.
2003-10-23 GO:0009326 formate dehydrogenase complex Updated DEFINITION An enzyme that catalyzes the dehydrogenation of formate to produce carbon dioxide (CO2).
2003-10-23 GO:0018493 formylmethanofuran dehydrogenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: formylmethanofuran + H2O + acceptor = CO2 + methanofuran + reduced acceptor.
2003-10-23 GO:0016155 formyltetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 10-formyltetrahydrofolate + NADP+ + H2O = tetrahydrofolate + CO2 + NADPH + H+.
2003-10-23 GO:0018798 gallate decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoate = pyrogallol + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008336 gamma-butyrobetaine dioxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 4-trimethylammoniobutanoate + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = 3-hydroxy-4-trimethylammoniobutanoate + succinate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0016707 gibberellin 3-beta-dioxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: gibberellin 20 + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = gibberellin 1 + succinate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004351 glutamate decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-glutamate = 4-aminobutanoate + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004361 glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glutaryl-CoA + acceptor = crotonoyl-CoA + CO2 + reduced acceptor.
2003-10-23 GO:0006749 glutathione metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and physical changes involving glutathione, the tripeptide glutamylcysteinylglycine, which acts as a coenzyme for some enzymes and as an antioxidant in the protection of sulfhydryl groups in enzymes and other proteins; it has a specific role in the reduction of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and oxidized ascorbate, and it participates in the gamma-glutamyl cycle.
2003-10-23 GO:0004602 glutathione peroxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 glutathione + H2O2 = oxidized glutathione + 2 H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0004369 glycerol-3-phosphate oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sn-glycerol 3-phosphate + O2 = glycerone phosphate + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004374 glycine cleavage system Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Catalysis of the reactions glycine + lipoylprotein = S-aminomethyldihydrolipoylprotein + carbon dioxide (CO2), followed by S-aminomethyldihydrolipoylprotein + (6S)-tetrahydrofolate = dihydrolipoylprotein + (6R)-5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + ammonia. Made up of two components, aminomethyltransferase and glycine dehydrogenase (decarboxylating).
2003-10-23 GO:0004375 glycine dehydrogenase (decarboxylating) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glycine + lipoylprotein = S-aminomethyldihydrolipoylprotein + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008891 glycolate oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glycolate + O2 = glyoxylate + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0001716 L-amino-acid oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: a L-amino acid + H2O + O2 = a 2-oxo acid + ammonia + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0016688 L-ascorbate peroxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-ascorbate + H2O2 = dehydroascorbate + 2 H2O.
2003-10-23 GO:0009339 glycolate oxidase complex Updated DEFINITION An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of 2-hydroxy acid to form 2-oxo acid and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The enzyme is a flavoprotein (FMN).
2003-10-23 GO:0015002 heme-copper terminal oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the four-electron reduction of dioxygen (O2) to water, coupled to generation of a proton electrochemical gradient across a membrane.
2003-10-23 GO:0005751 mitochondrial respiratory chain complex IV Updated DEFINITION A part of the respiratory chain, containing the 13 polypeptide subunits of cytochrome c oxidase, including cytochrome a and cytochrome a3. Catalyzes the oxidation of reduced cytochrome c by dioxygen (O2). Found in eukaryotes.
2003-10-23 GO:0007585 respiratory gaseous exchange Updated DEFINITION The process of gaseous exchange between an organism and its environment. In plants, microorganisms, and many small animals, air or water makes direct contact with the organism's cells or tissue fluids, and the processes of diffusion supply the organism with dioxygen (O2) and remove carbon dioxide (CO2). In larger animals the efficiency of gaseous exchange is improved by specialized respiratory organs, such as lungs and gills, which are ventilated by breathing mechanisms.
2003-10-23 GO:0010037 response to carbon dioxide Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of exposure to carbon dioxide (CO2).
2003-10-23 GO:0006979 response to oxidative stress Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of an organism or cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of oxidative stress, a state often resulting from exposure to high levels of reactive oxygen species eg. superoxide anions, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and hydroxyl radicals.
2003-10-23 GO:0048265 response to pain Added DEFINITION A change in state or activity of an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, gene expression, enzyme production, etc.) in response to activation of nociceptors, or nociception. Nociceptors, which are peripheral receptors for pain, include receptors which are sensitive to painful mechanical stimuli, extreme heat or cold, and chemical stimuli. Nociception is the perception of pain.
2003-10-23 GO:0000304 response to singlet oxygen Updated DEFINITION A change in state or activity of the organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of exposure to singlet oxygen, a dioxygen (O2) molecule in which two 2p electrons have similar spin. Singlet oxygen is more highly reactive than the form in which these electrons are of opposite spin, and it is produced in mutant chloroplasts lacking carotenoids and by leukocytes during metabolic burst.
2003-10-23 GO:0016984 ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate + CO2 = 2 3-phospho-D-glycerate.
2003-10-23 GO:0042794 rRNA transcription from plastid promoter Updated DEFINITION The synthesis of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) from a plastid DNA template, usually by a specific plastid RNA polymerase.
2003-10-23 GO:0018658 salicylate 1-monooxygenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: salicylate + NADH + H+ + O2 = catechol + NAD+ + H2O + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008115 sarcosine oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sarcosine + H2O + O2 = glycine + formaldehyde + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004758 serine C-palmitoyltransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: palmitoyl-CoA + L-serine = CoA + 3-dehydro-D-sphinganine + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0016987 sigma factor activity Updated DEFINITION A sigma factor is the promoter specificity subunit of eubacterial-type multisubunit RNA polymerases, those whose core subunit composition is often described as alpha(2)-beta-beta-prime. (This type of multisubunit RNA polymerase complex is known to be found in eubacteria and plant plastids). Although sigma does not bind DNA on its own, when combined with the core to form the holoenzyme, this binds specifically to promoter sequences, with the sigma factor making sequence specific contacts with the promoter elements. The sigma subunit is released from the elongating form of the polymerase and is thus free to act catalytically for multiple RNA polymerase core enzymes.
2003-10-23 GO:0010118 stomatal movement Updated DEFINITION The process of opening or closing of stomata, which is directly related to the stomatal conductance (measuring rate of passage of either water vapor or carbon dioxide (CO2) through stomata).
2003-10-23 GO:0004782 sulfinoalanine decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3-sulfino-L-alanine = hypotaurine + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0008482 sulfite oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sulfite + O2 + H2O = sulfate + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004784 superoxide dismutase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 peroxide radical + 2 H+ = O2 + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0009028 tartronate-semialdehyde synthase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 glyoxylate = tartronate semialdehyde + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0019604 toluene oxidation to catechol Updated DEFINITION The formation from toluene of catechol, dihydroxybenzene, by successive oxidations followed by loss of carbon dioxide (CO2).
2003-10-23 GO:0004837 tyrosine decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: L-tyrosine = tyramine + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0048040 UDP-glucuronate decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-D-glucuronic acid = UDP-D-xylose + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004846 urate oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: urate + O2 + H2O = 5-hydroxyisourate + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004847 urea carboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + urea + CO2 = ADP + phosphate + urea-1-carboxylate.
2003-10-23 GO:0009039 urease activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: urea + H2O = CO2 + 2 ammonia.
2003-10-23 GO:0004848 ureidoglycolate hydrolase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: (-)-ureidoglycolate + H2O = glyoxylate + 2 ammonia + CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004853 uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: uroporphyrinogen-III = coproporphyrinogen + 4 CO2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018465 vanillyl-alcohol oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: vanillyl alcohol + O2 = vanillin + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0004855 xanthine oxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: xanthine + H2O + O2 = urate + H2O2.
2003-10-23 GO:0018514 terephthalate 1,2-cis-dihydrodiol dehydrogenase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: cis-4,5-dihydroxycyclohexa-1(6),2-diene-1,4-dicarboxylate + NAD+ = 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate + CO2 + NADH + H+.
2003-10-23 GO:0008379 thioredoxin peroxidase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: reduced thioredoxin + H2O2 = oxidized thioredoxin + H2O.
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