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GO Term History: Displaying 112 audit records for all terms for the date 2003-04-03

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Introduction

This page displays the differences recorded in the full Gene Ontology OBO v1.2 file as audited by the UniProt-GOA database during its daily update cycle.
If there is any delay in uploading the current OBO file, the changes displayed and the date recorded for these changes may not correspond to when the changes to the OBO file were committed.

All changes

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2003-04-03 GO:0000777 condensed chromosome kinetochore Added DEFINITION A multi-subunit complex that is located at the pericentric region of a condensed chromsome and provides an attachment point for the spindle microtubules.
2003-04-03 GO:0000779 condensed chromosome, centromeric region Added DEFINITION The central region of a condensed chromosome that includes the centromere and associated proteins, including the kinetochore.
2003-04-03 GO:0000794 condensed nuclear chromosome Added DEFINITION A highly compacted molecule of DNA and associated proteins resulting in a cytologically distinct structure that remains in the nucleus.
2003-04-03 GO:0000778 condensed nuclear chromosome kinetochore Added DEFINITION A multi-subunit complex that is located at the pericentric region of a condensed chromsome in the nucleus and provides an attachment point for the spindle microtubules.
2003-04-03 GO:0000780 condensed nuclear chromosome, centromeric region Added DEFINITION The central region of a condensed chromosome in the nucleus that includes the centromere and associated proteins, including the kinetochore.
2003-04-03 GO:0000796 condensin complex Added DEFINITION A multi-subunit protein complex that plays a central role in chromosome condensation.
2003-04-03 GO:0005676 condensin complex Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A five-subunit protein complex that plays a central role in mitotic chromosome condensation. The Xenopus condensin complex is composed of two subcomplexes, an 8S core subcomplex (8SC)1 consisting of two structural maintenance of chromosomes (SMC) subunits (XCAP-C and -E) and an 11S regulatory subcomplex (11SR) containing three non-SMC subunits (XCAP-D2, -G, and -H).
2003-04-03 GO:0000797 condensin core heterodimer Added DEFINITION The core heterodimer of a condensin complex, a multi-subunit protein complex that plays a central role in chromosome condensation.
2003-04-03 GO:0008621 condensin core heterodimer Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The core heterodimer of a condensin complex; the Xenopus condensin core heterodimer is an 8S subcomplex (8SC)1 consisting of two structural maintenance of chromosomes (SMC) subunits (XCAP-C and -E).
2003-04-03 GO:0000799 nuclear condensin complex Added TERM nuclear condensin complex
2003-04-03 GO:0000800 lateral element Added TERM lateral element
2003-04-03 GO:0000801 central element Added TERM central element
2003-04-03 GO:0000802 transverse filament Added TERM transverse filament
2003-04-03 GO:0000803 sex chromosome Added TERM sex chromosome
2003-04-03 GO:0000804 W chromosome Added TERM W chromosome
2003-04-03 GO:0000805 X chromosome Added TERM X chromosome
2003-04-03 GO:0000806 Y chromosome Added TERM Y chromosome
2003-04-03 GO:0000807 Z chromosome Added TERM Z chromosome
2003-04-03 GO:0000808 origin recognition complex Added TERM origin of replication recognition complex
2003-04-03 GO:0000809 cytoplasmic origin of replication recognition complex Added TERM cytoplasmic origin of replication recognition complex
2003-04-03 GO:0000775 chromosome, centromeric region Added TERM chromosome, pericentric region
2003-04-03 GO:0000776 kinetochore Added TERM kinetochore
2003-04-03 GO:0000777 condensed chromosome kinetochore Added TERM condensed chromosome kinetochore
2003-04-03 GO:0000778 condensed nuclear chromosome kinetochore Added TERM condensed nuclear chromosome kinetochore
2003-04-03 GO:0000779 condensed chromosome, centromeric region Added TERM condensed chromosome, pericentric region
2003-04-03 GO:0000780 condensed nuclear chromosome, centromeric region Added TERM condensed nuclear chromosome, pericentric region
2003-04-03 GO:0000781 chromosome, telomeric region Added TERM chromosome, telomeric region
2003-04-03 GO:0000782 telomere cap complex Added TERM telomere cap complex
2003-04-03 GO:0000783 nuclear telomere cap complex Added TERM nuclear telomere cap complex
2003-04-03 GO:0000784 nuclear chromosome, telomeric region Added TERM nuclear chromosome, telomeric region
2003-04-03 GO:0000785 chromatin Added TERM chromatin
2003-04-03 GO:0000786 nucleosome Added TERM nucleosome
2003-04-03 GO:0000787 cytoplasmic nucleosome Added TERM cytoplasmic nucleosome
2003-04-03 GO:0000788 nuclear nucleosome Added TERM nuclear nucleosome
2003-04-03 GO:0000789 cytoplasmic chromatin Added TERM cytoplasmic chromatin
2003-04-03 GO:0000790 nuclear chromatin Added TERM nuclear chromatin
2003-04-03 GO:0000791 euchromatin Added TERM euchromatin
2003-04-03 GO:0000792 heterochromatin Added TERM heterochromatin
2003-04-03 GO:0000793 condensed chromosome Added TERM condensed chromosome
2003-04-03 GO:0000794 condensed nuclear chromosome Added TERM condensed nuclear chromosome
2003-04-03 GO:0000795 synaptonemal complex Added TERM synaptonemal complex
2003-04-03 GO:0000796 condensin complex Added TERM condensin complex
2003-04-03 GO:0000797 condensin core heterodimer Added TERM condensin core heterodimer
2003-04-03 GO:0000798 nuclear cohesin complex Added TERM nuclear cohesin complex
2003-04-03 GO:0005664 nuclear origin of replication recognition complex Updated TERM nuclear origin of replication recognition complex
2003-04-03 GO:0005719 nuclear euchromatin Updated TERM nuclear euchromatin
2003-04-03 GO:0005720 nuclear heterochromatin Updated TERM nuclear heterochromatin
2003-04-03 GO:0005724 nuclear telomeric heterochromatin Updated TERM nuclear telomeric heterochromatin
2003-04-03 GO:0005664 nuclear origin of replication recognition complex Deleted SYNONYM ORC
2003-04-03 GO:0000775 chromosome, centromeric region Added SYNONYM centromere
2003-04-03 GO:0000779 condensed chromosome, centromeric region Added SYNONYM condensed chromosome, centromere
2003-04-03 GO:0000780 condensed nuclear chromosome, centromeric region Added SYNONYM condensed nuclear chromosome, centromere
2003-04-03 GO:0000781 chromosome, telomeric region Added SYNONYM telomere
2003-04-03 GO:0000782 telomere cap complex Added SYNONYM telomere
2003-04-03 GO:0000784 nuclear chromosome, telomeric region Added SYNONYM nuclear chromosome, telomere
2003-04-03 GO:0000800 lateral element Added SYNONYM axial element
2003-04-03 GO:0000808 origin recognition complex Added SYNONYM ORC complex
2003-04-03 GO:0000809 cytoplasmic origin of replication recognition complex Added SYNONYM cytoplasmic ORC complex
2003-04-03 GO:0000809 cytoplasmic origin of replication recognition complex Added SYNONYM prokaryotic ORC complex
2003-04-03 GO:0005664 nuclear origin of replication recognition complex Added SYNONYM eukaryotic ORC complex
2003-04-03 GO:0005664 nuclear origin of replication recognition complex Added SYNONYM nuclear ORC complex
2003-04-03 GO:0007109 cytokinesis, completion of separation Updated DEFINITION The process involved in finishing cell separation, results in two physically separated cells.
2003-04-03 GO:0007108 cytokinesis, initiation of separation Updated DEFINITION The process involved in starting cell separation.
2003-04-03 GO:0000789 cytoplasmic chromatin Added DEFINITION The ordered and organized complex of DNA and protein that forms the chromosome in the cytoplasm.
2003-04-03 GO:0000233 cytoplasmic interphase chromosome Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A chromosome found in the cytoplasm during interphase.
2003-04-03 GO:0000231 cytoplasmic mitotic chromosome Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A chromosome found in the cytoplasm during mitosis.
2003-04-03 GO:0000787 cytoplasmic nucleosome Added DEFINITION A complex comprised of DNA wound around a multi-subunit core and associated proteins, which forms the primary packing unit of DNA in the cytoplasm into higher order structures.
2003-04-03 GO:0000809 cytoplasmic origin of replication recognition complex Added DEFINITION A multi-subunit complex that is located at the replication origins of a chromosome in the cytoplasm.
2003-04-03 GO:0005714 early recombination nodule Added DEFINITION An electron dense structure that is associated with meiotic chromosomes in leptotene or zygotene during meiosis I.
2003-04-03 GO:0000791 euchromatin Added DEFINITION A dispersed and relatively uncompacted form of chromatin.
2003-04-03 GO:0000792 heterochromatin Added DEFINITION A compact and highly condensed form of chromatin.
2003-04-03 GO:0005707 interphase chromosome Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A chromosome found in the cell during interphase of the cell cycle. Chromosomes are usually decondensed during interphase and each long DNA molecule in a chromosome is divided into a large number of discrete domains that are folded differently.
2003-04-03 GO:0000776 kinetochore Added DEFINITION A multi-subunit complex that is located at the pericentric region of DNA and provides an attachment point for the spindle microtubules.
2003-04-03 GO:0005699 kinetochore Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A specialized assembly of proteins that bind to the centromere and also attach to microtubules growing out from centrosomes during mitosis. 'They are involved in the separation of chromosomes into the daughter cells. They are composed of centromere-binding proteins.
2003-04-03 GO:0005715 late recombination nodule Added DEFINITION An electron dense structure that is associated with meiotic chromosomes in pachytene during meiosis I.
2003-04-03 GO:0000800 lateral element Added DEFINITION A proteinaceous core found between sister chromatids during meiotic prophase.
2003-04-03 GO:0005711 meiotic chromosome Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A chromosome involved in the process of meiosis.
2003-04-03 GO:0005710 metaphase chromosome Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A chromosome found in the cell during metaphase. Typically, sister chromatids are held together at their centromeres and chromosomes are covered with a large number of molecules, including ribonucleoproteins.
2003-04-03 GO:0005708 mitotic chromosome Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A chromosome involved in the process of mitosis.
2003-04-03 GO:0000790 nuclear chromatin Added DEFINITION The ordered and organized complex of DNA and protein that forms the chromosome in the nucleus.
2003-04-03 GO:0000784 nuclear chromosome, telomeric region Added DEFINITION The terminal region of a linear chromosome in the nucleus that includes the telomeric DNA repeats and associated proteins.
2003-04-03 GO:0000798 nuclear cohesin complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex required for cohesion between sister chromatids that remain in the nucleus.
2003-04-03 GO:0000799 nuclear condensin complex Added DEFINITION A multi-subunit protein complex that plays a central role in chromosome condensation of chromosomes that remain in the nucleus.
2003-04-03 GO:0005698 centromere Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The region of a eukaryotic chromosome that is attached to the spindle during nuclear division. It is defined genetically as the region of the chromosome that always segregates at the first division of meiosis; the region of the chromosome in which no crossing over occurs. At the start of M phase, each chromosome consists of two sister chromatids with a constriction at a point which forms the centromere. During late prophase two kinetochores assemble on each centromere, one kinetochore on each sister chromatid.
2003-04-03 GO:0000232 nuclear interphase chromosome Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A chromosome found in the nucleus during interphase.
2003-04-03 GO:0000230 nuclear mitotic chromosome Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A chromosome found in the nucleus during mitosis.
2003-04-03 GO:0000788 nuclear nucleosome Added DEFINITION A complex comprised of DNA wound around a multi-subunit core and associated proteins, which forms the primary packing unit of DNA in the nucleus into higher order structures.
2003-04-03 GO:0005664 nuclear origin of replication recognition complex Added DEFINITION A multi-subunit complex that is located at the replication origins of a chromosome in the nucleus.
2003-04-03 GO:0000783 nuclear telomere cap complex Added DEFINITION A complex of DNA and protein located at the end of a linear chromosome in the nucleus that protects and stabilizes a linear chromosome.
2003-04-03 GO:0000786 nucleosome Added DEFINITION A complex comprised of DNA wound around a multi-subunit core and associated proteins, which forms the primary packing unit of DNA into higher order structures.
2003-04-03 GO:0005718 nucleosome Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A particle that forms the primary packing unit of DNA in chromatin. Each consists of a segment of duplex DNA, 160-240 base pairs long, with associated histone proteins; about 146 base pairs of the DNA comprise a core particle and the remainder form the linker DNA. The core particle is a disk-like structure, 11 nm in diameter and 5.7 nm thick, consisting of two molecules each of histories H2A, H2B, H3, and H4 with approximately two superhelical turns of double-stranded DNA wound round it. In many species, an average of one molecule of histone H1 (or a variant) is on the exterior of each core particle and appears to mediate the packing together of adjacent nucleosomes in condensed chromatin.
2003-04-03 GO:0000808 origin recognition complex Added DEFINITION A multi-subunit complex that is located at the replication origins of a chromosome.
2003-04-03 GO:0005709 prophase chromosome Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A chromosome found in the cell during prophase.
2003-04-03 GO:0005713 recombination nodule Added DEFINITION An electron dense structure that is associated with meiotic chromosomes.
2003-04-03 GO:0000803 sex chromosome Added DEFINITION A chromosome involved in sex determination.
2003-04-03 GO:0000795 synaptonemal complex Added DEFINITION A proteinaceous scaffold found between homologous chromosomes during meiosis.
2003-04-03 GO:0005716 synaptonemal complex Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A structure that holds paired chromosomes together during prophase I of meiosis and that promotes genetic recombination.
2003-04-03 GO:0005696 telomere Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A complex of DNA and protein that seals the end of a chromosome. The telomeric DNA consists of simple tandemly repeated sequences specific for each species. Typically one strand is G-rich and the other C-rich. The G-rich strand forms a 3'-terminal overhang, the length of which varies with species. The single strand overhang is bound by a variety of proteins, including telomere capping proteins that bind to the single-stranded DNA.
2003-04-03 GO:0000782 telomere cap complex Added DEFINITION A complex of DNA and protein located at the end of a linear chromosome that protects and stabilizes a linear chromosome.
2003-04-03 GO:0000802 transverse filament Added DEFINITION A structural unit of the synaptonemal complex that spans the regions between the lateral elements and connects them.
2003-04-03 GO:0000804 W chromosome Added DEFINITION The sex chromosome present in females of species in which the female is the heterogametic sex; generally, the sex chromosome that pairs with the Z chromosome in the heterogametic sex. The W chromosome is absent from the cells of males and present in one copy in the somatic cells of females.
2003-04-03 GO:0000805 X chromosome Added DEFINITION The sex chromosome present in both sexes of species in which the male is the heterogametic sex. Two copies of the X chromosome are present in each somatic cell of females and one copy is present in males.
2003-04-03 GO:0000806 Y chromosome Added DEFINITION The sex chromosome present in males of species in which the male is the heterogametic sex; generally, the sex chromosome that pairs with the X chromosome in the heterogametic sex. The Y chromosome is absent from the cells of females and present in one copy in the somatic cells of males.
2003-04-03 GO:0000807 Z chromosome Added DEFINITION The sex chromosome present in both sexes of species in which the female is the heterogametic sex. Two copies of the Z chromosome are present in each somatic cell of males and one copy is present in females.
2003-04-03 GO:0000920 cytokinetic cell separation Updated DEFINITION The process of physically separating progeny cells during cytokinesis; this may involve enzymatic digestion of septum or cell wall components.
2003-04-03 GO:0000801 central element Added DEFINITION A structural unit of the synaptonemal complex found between the lateral elements.
2003-04-03 GO:0005695 chromatid Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. One of the two daughter strands of a duplicated chromosome that become apparent between early prophase and metaphase in mitosis and between diplotene and second metaphase in meiosis.
2003-04-03 GO:0000785 chromatin Added DEFINITION The ordered and organized complex of DNA and protein that forms the chromosome.
2003-04-03 GO:0005717 chromatin Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The network of fibers of DNA and protein that make up the chromosomes of the eukaryotic nucleus during interphase. It stains strongly with basic dyes. Some parts of the chromosomes are highly dispersed (called euchromatin) and other parts are highly condensed (called heterochromatin). Chromatin is made up of repeating units, each unit consisting of some 200 DNA base pairs and two each of histones H2A, H2B, H3, and H4; most of the DNA is wound around the outside of a core of histories to form nucleosomes. The remainder of the DNA, linker DNA, joins adjacent nucleosomes, thereby contributing flexibility to the chromatin fiber, a flexibly jointed chain of nucleosomes.
2003-04-03 GO:0000775 chromosome, centromeric region Added DEFINITION The central region of a chromosome that includes the centromere and associated proteins.
2003-04-03 GO:0000781 chromosome, telomeric region Added DEFINITION The terminal region of a linear chromosome that includes the telomeric DNA repeats and associated proteins.
2003-04-03 GO:0000793 condensed chromosome Added DEFINITION A highly compacted molecule of DNA and associated proteins resulting in a cytologically distinct structure.

Terms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2003-04-03 GO:0000799 nuclear condensin complex Added TERM nuclear condensin complex
2003-04-03 GO:0000800 lateral element Added TERM lateral element
2003-04-03 GO:0000801 central element Added TERM central element
2003-04-03 GO:0000802 transverse filament Added TERM transverse filament
2003-04-03 GO:0000803 sex chromosome Added TERM sex chromosome
2003-04-03 GO:0000804 W chromosome Added TERM W chromosome
2003-04-03 GO:0000805 X chromosome Added TERM X chromosome
2003-04-03 GO:0000806 Y chromosome Added TERM Y chromosome
2003-04-03 GO:0000807 Z chromosome Added TERM Z chromosome
2003-04-03 GO:0000808 origin recognition complex Added TERM origin of replication recognition complex
2003-04-03 GO:0000809 cytoplasmic origin of replication recognition complex Added TERM cytoplasmic origin of replication recognition complex
2003-04-03 GO:0000775 chromosome, centromeric region Added TERM chromosome, pericentric region
2003-04-03 GO:0000776 kinetochore Added TERM kinetochore
2003-04-03 GO:0000777 condensed chromosome kinetochore Added TERM condensed chromosome kinetochore
2003-04-03 GO:0000778 condensed nuclear chromosome kinetochore Added TERM condensed nuclear chromosome kinetochore
2003-04-03 GO:0000779 condensed chromosome, centromeric region Added TERM condensed chromosome, pericentric region
2003-04-03 GO:0000780 condensed nuclear chromosome, centromeric region Added TERM condensed nuclear chromosome, pericentric region
2003-04-03 GO:0000781 chromosome, telomeric region Added TERM chromosome, telomeric region
2003-04-03 GO:0000782 telomere cap complex Added TERM telomere cap complex
2003-04-03 GO:0000783 nuclear telomere cap complex Added TERM nuclear telomere cap complex
2003-04-03 GO:0000784 nuclear chromosome, telomeric region Added TERM nuclear chromosome, telomeric region
2003-04-03 GO:0000785 chromatin Added TERM chromatin
2003-04-03 GO:0000786 nucleosome Added TERM nucleosome
2003-04-03 GO:0000787 cytoplasmic nucleosome Added TERM cytoplasmic nucleosome
2003-04-03 GO:0000788 nuclear nucleosome Added TERM nuclear nucleosome
2003-04-03 GO:0000789 cytoplasmic chromatin Added TERM cytoplasmic chromatin
2003-04-03 GO:0000790 nuclear chromatin Added TERM nuclear chromatin
2003-04-03 GO:0000791 euchromatin Added TERM euchromatin
2003-04-03 GO:0000792 heterochromatin Added TERM heterochromatin
2003-04-03 GO:0000793 condensed chromosome Added TERM condensed chromosome
2003-04-03 GO:0000794 condensed nuclear chromosome Added TERM condensed nuclear chromosome
2003-04-03 GO:0000795 synaptonemal complex Added TERM synaptonemal complex
2003-04-03 GO:0000796 condensin complex Added TERM condensin complex
2003-04-03 GO:0000797 condensin core heterodimer Added TERM condensin core heterodimer
2003-04-03 GO:0000798 nuclear cohesin complex Added TERM nuclear cohesin complex
2003-04-03 GO:0005664 nuclear origin of replication recognition complex Updated TERM nuclear origin of replication recognition complex
2003-04-03 GO:0005719 nuclear euchromatin Updated TERM nuclear euchromatin
2003-04-03 GO:0005720 nuclear heterochromatin Updated TERM nuclear heterochromatin
2003-04-03 GO:0005724 nuclear telomeric heterochromatin Updated TERM nuclear telomeric heterochromatin

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2003-04-03 GO:0000777 condensed chromosome kinetochore Added DEFINITION A multi-subunit complex that is located at the pericentric region of a condensed chromsome and provides an attachment point for the spindle microtubules.
2003-04-03 GO:0000779 condensed chromosome, centromeric region Added DEFINITION The central region of a condensed chromosome that includes the centromere and associated proteins, including the kinetochore.
2003-04-03 GO:0000794 condensed nuclear chromosome Added DEFINITION A highly compacted molecule of DNA and associated proteins resulting in a cytologically distinct structure that remains in the nucleus.
2003-04-03 GO:0000778 condensed nuclear chromosome kinetochore Added DEFINITION A multi-subunit complex that is located at the pericentric region of a condensed chromsome in the nucleus and provides an attachment point for the spindle microtubules.
2003-04-03 GO:0000780 condensed nuclear chromosome, centromeric region Added DEFINITION The central region of a condensed chromosome in the nucleus that includes the centromere and associated proteins, including the kinetochore.
2003-04-03 GO:0000796 condensin complex Added DEFINITION A multi-subunit protein complex that plays a central role in chromosome condensation.
2003-04-03 GO:0005676 condensin complex Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A five-subunit protein complex that plays a central role in mitotic chromosome condensation. The Xenopus condensin complex is composed of two subcomplexes, an 8S core subcomplex (8SC)1 consisting of two structural maintenance of chromosomes (SMC) subunits (XCAP-C and -E) and an 11S regulatory subcomplex (11SR) containing three non-SMC subunits (XCAP-D2, -G, and -H).
2003-04-03 GO:0000797 condensin core heterodimer Added DEFINITION The core heterodimer of a condensin complex, a multi-subunit protein complex that plays a central role in chromosome condensation.
2003-04-03 GO:0008621 condensin core heterodimer Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The core heterodimer of a condensin complex; the Xenopus condensin core heterodimer is an 8S subcomplex (8SC)1 consisting of two structural maintenance of chromosomes (SMC) subunits (XCAP-C and -E).
2003-04-03 GO:0005664 nuclear origin of replication recognition complex Deleted SYNONYM ORC
2003-04-03 GO:0000775 chromosome, centromeric region Added SYNONYM centromere
2003-04-03 GO:0000779 condensed chromosome, centromeric region Added SYNONYM condensed chromosome, centromere
2003-04-03 GO:0000780 condensed nuclear chromosome, centromeric region Added SYNONYM condensed nuclear chromosome, centromere
2003-04-03 GO:0000781 chromosome, telomeric region Added SYNONYM telomere
2003-04-03 GO:0000782 telomere cap complex Added SYNONYM telomere
2003-04-03 GO:0000784 nuclear chromosome, telomeric region Added SYNONYM nuclear chromosome, telomere
2003-04-03 GO:0000800 lateral element Added SYNONYM axial element
2003-04-03 GO:0000808 origin recognition complex Added SYNONYM ORC complex
2003-04-03 GO:0000809 cytoplasmic origin of replication recognition complex Added SYNONYM cytoplasmic ORC complex
2003-04-03 GO:0000809 cytoplasmic origin of replication recognition complex Added SYNONYM prokaryotic ORC complex
2003-04-03 GO:0005664 nuclear origin of replication recognition complex Added SYNONYM eukaryotic ORC complex
2003-04-03 GO:0005664 nuclear origin of replication recognition complex Added SYNONYM nuclear ORC complex
2003-04-03 GO:0007109 cytokinesis, completion of separation Updated DEFINITION The process involved in finishing cell separation, results in two physically separated cells.
2003-04-03 GO:0007108 cytokinesis, initiation of separation Updated DEFINITION The process involved in starting cell separation.
2003-04-03 GO:0000789 cytoplasmic chromatin Added DEFINITION The ordered and organized complex of DNA and protein that forms the chromosome in the cytoplasm.
2003-04-03 GO:0000233 cytoplasmic interphase chromosome Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A chromosome found in the cytoplasm during interphase.
2003-04-03 GO:0000231 cytoplasmic mitotic chromosome Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A chromosome found in the cytoplasm during mitosis.
2003-04-03 GO:0000787 cytoplasmic nucleosome Added DEFINITION A complex comprised of DNA wound around a multi-subunit core and associated proteins, which forms the primary packing unit of DNA in the cytoplasm into higher order structures.
2003-04-03 GO:0000809 cytoplasmic origin of replication recognition complex Added DEFINITION A multi-subunit complex that is located at the replication origins of a chromosome in the cytoplasm.
2003-04-03 GO:0005714 early recombination nodule Added DEFINITION An electron dense structure that is associated with meiotic chromosomes in leptotene or zygotene during meiosis I.
2003-04-03 GO:0000791 euchromatin Added DEFINITION A dispersed and relatively uncompacted form of chromatin.
2003-04-03 GO:0000792 heterochromatin Added DEFINITION A compact and highly condensed form of chromatin.
2003-04-03 GO:0005707 interphase chromosome Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A chromosome found in the cell during interphase of the cell cycle. Chromosomes are usually decondensed during interphase and each long DNA molecule in a chromosome is divided into a large number of discrete domains that are folded differently.
2003-04-03 GO:0000776 kinetochore Added DEFINITION A multi-subunit complex that is located at the pericentric region of DNA and provides an attachment point for the spindle microtubules.
2003-04-03 GO:0005699 kinetochore Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A specialized assembly of proteins that bind to the centromere and also attach to microtubules growing out from centrosomes during mitosis. 'They are involved in the separation of chromosomes into the daughter cells. They are composed of centromere-binding proteins.
2003-04-03 GO:0005715 late recombination nodule Added DEFINITION An electron dense structure that is associated with meiotic chromosomes in pachytene during meiosis I.
2003-04-03 GO:0000800 lateral element Added DEFINITION A proteinaceous core found between sister chromatids during meiotic prophase.
2003-04-03 GO:0005711 meiotic chromosome Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A chromosome involved in the process of meiosis.
2003-04-03 GO:0005710 metaphase chromosome Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A chromosome found in the cell during metaphase. Typically, sister chromatids are held together at their centromeres and chromosomes are covered with a large number of molecules, including ribonucleoproteins.
2003-04-03 GO:0005708 mitotic chromosome Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A chromosome involved in the process of mitosis.
2003-04-03 GO:0000790 nuclear chromatin Added DEFINITION The ordered and organized complex of DNA and protein that forms the chromosome in the nucleus.
2003-04-03 GO:0000784 nuclear chromosome, telomeric region Added DEFINITION The terminal region of a linear chromosome in the nucleus that includes the telomeric DNA repeats and associated proteins.
2003-04-03 GO:0000798 nuclear cohesin complex Added DEFINITION A protein complex required for cohesion between sister chromatids that remain in the nucleus.
2003-04-03 GO:0000799 nuclear condensin complex Added DEFINITION A multi-subunit protein complex that plays a central role in chromosome condensation of chromosomes that remain in the nucleus.
2003-04-03 GO:0005698 centromere Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The region of a eukaryotic chromosome that is attached to the spindle during nuclear division. It is defined genetically as the region of the chromosome that always segregates at the first division of meiosis; the region of the chromosome in which no crossing over occurs. At the start of M phase, each chromosome consists of two sister chromatids with a constriction at a point which forms the centromere. During late prophase two kinetochores assemble on each centromere, one kinetochore on each sister chromatid.
2003-04-03 GO:0000232 nuclear interphase chromosome Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A chromosome found in the nucleus during interphase.
2003-04-03 GO:0000230 nuclear mitotic chromosome Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A chromosome found in the nucleus during mitosis.
2003-04-03 GO:0000788 nuclear nucleosome Added DEFINITION A complex comprised of DNA wound around a multi-subunit core and associated proteins, which forms the primary packing unit of DNA in the nucleus into higher order structures.
2003-04-03 GO:0005664 nuclear origin of replication recognition complex Added DEFINITION A multi-subunit complex that is located at the replication origins of a chromosome in the nucleus.
2003-04-03 GO:0000783 nuclear telomere cap complex Added DEFINITION A complex of DNA and protein located at the end of a linear chromosome in the nucleus that protects and stabilizes a linear chromosome.
2003-04-03 GO:0000786 nucleosome Added DEFINITION A complex comprised of DNA wound around a multi-subunit core and associated proteins, which forms the primary packing unit of DNA into higher order structures.
2003-04-03 GO:0005718 nucleosome Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A particle that forms the primary packing unit of DNA in chromatin. Each consists of a segment of duplex DNA, 160-240 base pairs long, with associated histone proteins; about 146 base pairs of the DNA comprise a core particle and the remainder form the linker DNA. The core particle is a disk-like structure, 11 nm in diameter and 5.7 nm thick, consisting of two molecules each of histories H2A, H2B, H3, and H4 with approximately two superhelical turns of double-stranded DNA wound round it. In many species, an average of one molecule of histone H1 (or a variant) is on the exterior of each core particle and appears to mediate the packing together of adjacent nucleosomes in condensed chromatin.
2003-04-03 GO:0000808 origin recognition complex Added DEFINITION A multi-subunit complex that is located at the replication origins of a chromosome.
2003-04-03 GO:0005709 prophase chromosome Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A chromosome found in the cell during prophase.
2003-04-03 GO:0005713 recombination nodule Added DEFINITION An electron dense structure that is associated with meiotic chromosomes.
2003-04-03 GO:0000803 sex chromosome Added DEFINITION A chromosome involved in sex determination.
2003-04-03 GO:0000795 synaptonemal complex Added DEFINITION A proteinaceous scaffold found between homologous chromosomes during meiosis.
2003-04-03 GO:0005716 synaptonemal complex Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A structure that holds paired chromosomes together during prophase I of meiosis and that promotes genetic recombination.
2003-04-03 GO:0005696 telomere Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A complex of DNA and protein that seals the end of a chromosome. The telomeric DNA consists of simple tandemly repeated sequences specific for each species. Typically one strand is G-rich and the other C-rich. The G-rich strand forms a 3'-terminal overhang, the length of which varies with species. The single strand overhang is bound by a variety of proteins, including telomere capping proteins that bind to the single-stranded DNA.
2003-04-03 GO:0000782 telomere cap complex Added DEFINITION A complex of DNA and protein located at the end of a linear chromosome that protects and stabilizes a linear chromosome.
2003-04-03 GO:0000802 transverse filament Added DEFINITION A structural unit of the synaptonemal complex that spans the regions between the lateral elements and connects them.
2003-04-03 GO:0000804 W chromosome Added DEFINITION The sex chromosome present in females of species in which the female is the heterogametic sex; generally, the sex chromosome that pairs with the Z chromosome in the heterogametic sex. The W chromosome is absent from the cells of males and present in one copy in the somatic cells of females.
2003-04-03 GO:0000805 X chromosome Added DEFINITION The sex chromosome present in both sexes of species in which the male is the heterogametic sex. Two copies of the X chromosome are present in each somatic cell of females and one copy is present in males.
2003-04-03 GO:0000806 Y chromosome Added DEFINITION The sex chromosome present in males of species in which the male is the heterogametic sex; generally, the sex chromosome that pairs with the X chromosome in the heterogametic sex. The Y chromosome is absent from the cells of females and present in one copy in the somatic cells of males.
2003-04-03 GO:0000807 Z chromosome Added DEFINITION The sex chromosome present in both sexes of species in which the female is the heterogametic sex. Two copies of the Z chromosome are present in each somatic cell of males and one copy is present in females.
2003-04-03 GO:0000920 cytokinetic cell separation Updated DEFINITION The process of physically separating progeny cells during cytokinesis; this may involve enzymatic digestion of septum or cell wall components.
2003-04-03 GO:0000801 central element Added DEFINITION A structural unit of the synaptonemal complex found between the lateral elements.
2003-04-03 GO:0005695 chromatid Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. One of the two daughter strands of a duplicated chromosome that become apparent between early prophase and metaphase in mitosis and between diplotene and second metaphase in meiosis.
2003-04-03 GO:0000785 chromatin Added DEFINITION The ordered and organized complex of DNA and protein that forms the chromosome.
2003-04-03 GO:0005717 chromatin Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The network of fibers of DNA and protein that make up the chromosomes of the eukaryotic nucleus during interphase. It stains strongly with basic dyes. Some parts of the chromosomes are highly dispersed (called euchromatin) and other parts are highly condensed (called heterochromatin). Chromatin is made up of repeating units, each unit consisting of some 200 DNA base pairs and two each of histones H2A, H2B, H3, and H4; most of the DNA is wound around the outside of a core of histories to form nucleosomes. The remainder of the DNA, linker DNA, joins adjacent nucleosomes, thereby contributing flexibility to the chromatin fiber, a flexibly jointed chain of nucleosomes.
2003-04-03 GO:0000775 chromosome, centromeric region Added DEFINITION The central region of a chromosome that includes the centromere and associated proteins.
2003-04-03 GO:0000781 chromosome, telomeric region Added DEFINITION The terminal region of a linear chromosome that includes the telomeric DNA repeats and associated proteins.
2003-04-03 GO:0000793 condensed chromosome Added DEFINITION A highly compacted molecule of DNA and associated proteins resulting in a cytologically distinct structure.
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