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GO Term History: Displaying 500 audit records for all terms for the date 2003-03-26

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Introduction

This page displays the differences recorded in the full Gene Ontology OBO v1.2 file as audited by the UniProt-GOA database during its daily update cycle.
If there is any delay in uploading the current OBO file, the changes displayed and the date recorded for these changes may not correspond to when the changes to the OBO file were committed.

All changes

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2003-03-26 GO:0015597 obsolete histidine/arginine/lysine/ornithine porter activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + polar amino acid(out) = ADP + phosphate + polar amino acid(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0042393 histone binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a histone, any of a group of water-soluble proteins found in association with the DNA of plant and animal chromosomes. They are involved in the condensation and coiling of chromosomes during cell division and have also been implicated in nonspecific suppression of gene activity.
2003-03-26 GO:0046811 histone deacetylase inhibitor activity Added DEFINITION Stops, prevents or decreases the activity of histone deacetylase, which catalyzes of the removal of acetyl groups from histones, proteins complexed to DNA in chromatin and chromosomes.
2003-03-26 GO:0018106 peptidyl-histidine phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The post-translational phosphorylation of peptidyl-histidine to form peptidyl-1'-phospho-L-histidine (otherwise known as tau-phosphohistidine, tele-phosphohistidine) or peptidyl-3'-phospho-L-histidine (otherwise known as pi-phosphohistidine, pros-phosphohistidine).
2003-03-26 GO:0018203 peptidyl-isoleucine modification Added DEFINITION The modification of peptidyl-isoleucine.
2003-03-26 GO:0042259 peptidyl-L-beta-methylthioasparagine biosynthetic process from peptidyl-asparagine Updated DEFINITION The post-translation modification of peptidyl-asparagine to form peptidyl-L-beta-methylthioasparagine, typical of bacterial ribosomal protein S12.
2003-03-26 GO:0018339 peptidyl-L-beta-methylthioaspartic acid biosynthetic process from peptidyl-aspartic acid Updated DEFINITION The post-translation modification of peptidyl-aspartic acid to form peptidyl-L-beta-methylthioaspartic acid, typical of bacterial ribosomal protein S12.
2003-03-26 GO:0018118 peptidyl-L-cysteine glutathione disulfide biosynthetic process from peptidyl-cysteine Updated DEFINITION The post-translational modification of peptidyl-cysteine by covalent addition of glutathione to form peptidyl-L-cysteine glutathione disulfide.
2003-03-26 GO:0018222 peptidyl-L-cysteine methyl disulfide biosynthetic process from peptidyl-cysteine Updated DEFINITION The, presumably, post-translational modification of peptidyl-cysteine to form peptidyl-L-cysteine methyl disulfide.
2003-03-26 GO:0018229 peptidyl-L-cysteine methyl ester biosynthetic process from peptidyl-cysteine Updated DEFINITION The post-translational modification of peptidyl-cysteine to form peptidyl-L-cysteine methyl ester.
2003-03-26 GO:0018204 peptidyl-leucine modification Added DEFINITION The modification of peptidyl-leucine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018116 peptidyl-lysine adenylylation Updated DEFINITION The adenylation of peptidyl-lysine to form peptidyl-N6-(phospho-5'-adenosine)-L-lysine.
2003-03-26 GO:0015335 obsolete heavy metal ion:hydrogen symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Me2+(out) + H+(out) = Me2+(in) + H+(in), where Me2+ is Fe2+, Zn2+, Mn2+, Cu2+, Cd2+, Co2+, Ni2+ or Pb2+.
2003-03-26 GO:0004007 obsolete heavy metal-exporting ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: heavy metal ion(in) + ATP + H2O = heavy metal ion(out) + ADP + phosphate.
2003-03-26 GO:0019029 helical viral capsid Added DEFINITION The protein coat that surrounds the infective nucleic acid in some virus particles; the subunits are arranged to form a protein helix with the genetic material contained within. Tobacco mosaic virus has such a capsid structure.
2003-03-26 GO:0020037 heme binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with heme, any compound of iron complexed in a porphyrin (tetrapyrrole) ring.
2003-03-26 GO:0015886 heme transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of heme, any compound of iron complexed in a porphyrin (tetrapyrrole) ring, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015232 heme transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of heme, any compound of iron complexed in a porphyrin (tetrapyrrole) ring, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015439 heme-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + heme(in) = ADP + phosphate + heme(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0016969 obsolete hemerythrin Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. An oxygen carrier found in a few groups of invertebrates, eg. sipunculid worms, certain molluscs, and crustaceans.
2003-03-26 GO:0016970 obsolete hemocyanin Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A blue, copper-containing oxygen carrier present in many molluscs and arthropods.
2003-03-26 GO:0030492 hemoglobin binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with hemoglobin, an oxygen carrying, conjugated protein containing four heme groups and globin.
2003-03-26 GO:0015516 tartrate:succinate antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: tartrate(out) + succinate(in) = tartrate(in) +succinate(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0000908 taurine dioxygenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: taurine + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = sulfite + aminoacetaldehyde + succinate + CO2.
2003-03-26 GO:0015734 taurine transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of taurine into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0005368 taurine transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of taurine into, out of, within or between cells. Taurine (2-aminoethanesulfonic acid) is a sulphur-containing amino acid derivative which is important in the metabolism of fats.
2003-03-26 GO:0015411 taurine-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + taurine(out) = ADP + phosphate + taurine(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0005369 taurine:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: taurine(out) + Na+(out) = taurine(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015777 teichoic acid transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of teichoic acid into, out of, within or between cells. Teichoic acid is any polymer occurring in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram-positive bacteria and containing chains of glycerol phosphate or ribitol phosphate residues.
2003-03-26 GO:0015162 teichoic acid transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of teichoic acid into, out of, within or between cells. Teichoic acid is any polymer occurring in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram-positive bacteria and containing chains of glycerol phosphate or ribitol phosphate residues.
2003-03-26 GO:0015438 teichoic-acid-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + teichoic acid(in) = ADP + phosphate + teichoic acid(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0015710 tellurite transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of tellurite into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0005120 thickveins binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with the thickveins (tkv) protein, a type I transforming growth factor beta receptor.
2003-03-26 GO:0042461 photoreceptor cell development Added SYNONYM photoreceptor morphogenesis
2003-03-26 GO:0042461 photoreceptor cell development Added SECONDARY GO:0046531 (photoreceptor morphogenesis)
2003-03-26 GO:0018376 peptidyl-asparagine hydroxylation to form L-erythro-beta-hydroxyasparagine Updated DEFINITION The post-translational hydroxylation of peptidyl-asparagine to form peptidyl-L-erythro-beta-hydroxyasparagine; catalyzed by peptide-aspartate beta-dioxygenase (EC 1.14.11.16) (GO:0004597).
2003-03-26 GO:0019710 peptidyl-asparagine methylation Updated DEFINITION The methylation of peptidyl-asparagine to form peptidyl-N4-methyl-L-asparagine or peptidyl-N4,N4-dimethyl-L-asparagine.
2003-03-26 GO:0019803 peptidyl-aspartic acid carboxylation Updated DEFINITION The carboxylation of peptidyl-aspartic acid to form peptidyl-L-beta-carboxyaspartic acid.
2003-03-26 GO:0019715 peptidyl-aspartic acid hydroxylation to form L-erythro-beta-hydroxyaspartic acid Updated DEFINITION The post-translational hydroxylation of peptidyl-aspartic acid to form peptidyl-L-erythro-beta-hydroxyaspartic acid; catalyzed by peptide-aspartate beta-dioxygenase (EC 1.14.11.16) (GO:0004597).
2003-03-26 GO:0018218 peptidyl-cysteine phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The phosphorylation of peptidyl-cysteine acid to form peptidyl-S-phospho-L-cysteine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018123 peptidyl-cysteine ADP-ribosylation Updated DEFINITION The transfer, from NAD, of ADP-ribose to peptidyl-cysteine to form peptidyl-S-(ADP-ribosyl)-L-cysteine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018125 peptidyl-cysteine methylation Updated DEFINITION The methylation of peptidyl-cysteine to form peptidyl-S-methyl-L-cysteine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018198 peptidyl-cysteine modification Added DEFINITION The modification of peptidyl-cysteine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018219 peptidyl-cysteine S-acetylation Updated DEFINITION The acetylation of peptidyl-cysteine to form peptidyl-S-acetyl-L-cysteine.
2003-03-26 GO:0046891 peptidyl-cysteine S-carbamoylation Added DEFINITION The carbamoylation of peptidyl-cysteine to form peptidyl-S-carbamoyl-L-cysteine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018119 peptidyl-cysteine S-nitrosylation Updated DEFINITION The post-translational S-nitrosylation of peptidyl-cysteine to form peptidyl-S-nitrosyl-L-cysteine.
2003-03-26 GO:0019917 peptidyl-D-alanine racemization via peptidyl-L-serine Updated DEFINITION The dehydration of peptidyl-serine, followed by hydrogenation to produce peptidyl-D-alanine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018200 peptidyl-glutamic acid modification Added DEFINITION The modification of peptidyl-glutamic acid.
2003-03-26 GO:0018199 peptidyl-glutamine modification Added DEFINITION The modification of peptidyl-glutamine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018201 peptidyl-glycine modification Added DEFINITION The modification of peptidyl-glycine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018074 peptidyl-histidine bromination Updated DEFINITION The post-translational bromination of peptidyl-histidine to form peptidyl-L-bromohistidine; the position of the bromine substitution is unknown.
2003-03-26 GO:0008512 sulfate:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sulfate(out) + H+(out) = sulfate(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015906 sulfathiazole transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of sulfathiazole into, out of, within or between cells. Sulfathiazole is an antibacterial agent of the sulfonamide group.
2003-03-26 GO:0015546 sulfathiazole transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of sulfathiazole into, out of, within or between cells. Sulfathiazole is an antibacterial agent of the sulfonamide group.
2003-03-26 GO:0000316 sulfite transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of sulfite into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0000907 sulfonate dioxygenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sulfonate + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = sulfite + aminoacetaldehyde + succinate + CO2.
2003-03-26 GO:0017098 sulfonylurea receptor binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with the sulfonylurea receptor, a regulatory subunit of the ATP-sensitive potassium ion channel.
2003-03-26 GO:0000101 sulfur amino acid transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of amino acids containing sulfur (cystine, methionine and their derivatives) into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0000099 sulfur amino acid transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of amino acids containing sulfur (cystine, methionine and their derivatives) into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0009997 negative regulation of cardioblast cell fate specification Added DEFINITION The process in which the specification of a cell to become a cardioblast is suppressed.
2003-03-26 GO:0009996 negative regulation of cell fate specification Added DEFINITION Process that restricts or prevents a cell from adopting a specific cell fate.
2003-03-26 GO:0010000 negative regulation of cone cell fate specification (sensu Endopterygota) Added DEFINITION The process in which the specification of cone cell fate is suppressed in Drosophila.
2003-03-26 GO:0009999 negative regulation of auditory receptor cell fate specification Added DEFINITION The process in which the specification of a cell to become a hair cell is suppressed.
2003-03-26 GO:0009998 negative regulation of retinal cone cell fate specification Added DEFINITION The process in which the specification of a cell to become a retinal cone cell is suppressed.
2003-03-26 GO:0019214 obsolete surfactant activity Added DEFINITION The action of reducing the surface tension of a liquid.
2003-03-26 GO:0015842 aminergic neurotransmitter loading into synaptic vesicle Added DEFINITION The directed movement of amines into, out of or within synaptic vesicles.
2003-03-26 GO:0005430 synaptic vesicle amine transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of amines into, out of or within synaptic vesicles.
2003-03-26 GO:0030672 synaptic vesicle membrane Added DEFINITION The membrane surrounding a synaptic vesicle.
2003-03-26 GO:0000769 syncytium formation by mitosis without cytokinesis Added DEFINITION The formation of a syncytium, a mass of cytoplasm containing several nuclei enclosed within a single plasma membrane, by one or more rounds of nuclear division without cell division.
2003-03-26 GO:0000768 syncytium formation by plasma membrane fusion Added DEFINITION The formation of a syncytium, a mass of cytoplasm containing several nuclei enclosed within a single plasma membrane, by the fusion of the plasma membranes of two or more individual cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0045545 syndecan binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with syndecan, an integral membrane proteoglycan (250-300 kDa) associated largely with epithelial cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0004894 obsolete T cell receptor activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0015484 obsolete hemolysin activity Added DEFINITION Any substance that causes the lysis of red blood cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0008201 heparin binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with heparin, any member of a group of glycosaminoglycans found mainly as an intracellular component of mast cells and which consist predominantly of alternating alpha1-4-linked D-galactose and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine-6-sulfate residues.
2003-03-26 GO:0003927 obsolete heterotrimeric G-protein GTPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: GTP + H2O = GDP + phosphate. GTP-hydrolyzing enzymes, where GTP and GDP alternate in binding. Includes stimulatory and inhibitory G-proteins such as Gs, Gi, Go and Golf, targeting adenylate cyclase and/or potassium ion and calcium ion channels; Gq stimulating phospholipase C; transducin activating cGMP phosphodiesterase; gustducin activating cAMP phosphodiesterase.
2003-03-26 GO:0015712 hexose phosphate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of hexose phosphate into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015119 hexose phosphate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of hexose phosphate into, out of, within or between cells. Hexose phosphates is any of a group of monophosphorylated aldoses with a chain of six carbon atoms in the molecule.
2003-03-26 GO:0008645 hexose transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of hexose into, out of, within or between cells. Hexoses are any aldoses with a chain of six carbon atoms in the molecule.
2003-03-26 GO:0015149 hexose transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of a hexose sugar, a monosaccharide with 6 carbon atoms, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0008516 hexose uniporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hexose(out) = hexose(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015526 hexose-phosphate:inorganic phosphate antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hexose phosphate(out) + inorganic phosphate(in) = hexose phosphate(in) + inorganic phosphate(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0009679 hexose:proton symporter activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hexose(out) + H+(out) = hexose(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015539 hexuronate:cation symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hexuronate(out) + cation(out) = hexuronate(in) + cation(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015736 hexuronate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of hexuronate into, out of, within or between cells. A hexuronate is any monocarboxylic acid derived from a hexose by oxidation of C-6.
2003-03-26 GO:0015134 hexuronate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of hexuronates into, out of, within or between cells. A hexuronate is any monocarboxylic acid derived from a hexose by oxidation of C-6.
2003-03-26 GO:0015778 hexuronide transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of hexuronide into, out of, within or between cells. Hexuronides are any compound formed by combination of glycosidic linkage of a hydroxy compound (eg. an alcohol or a saccharide) with the anomeric carbon atom of a hexuronate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015163 hexuronide transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of hexuronide into, out of, within or between cells. Hexuronides are any compound formed by combination of glycosidic linkage of a hydroxy compound (eg. an alcohol or a saccharide) with the anomeric carbon atom of a hexuronate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015089 high-affinity copper ion transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Cu2+(out) = Cu2+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015092 high-affinity ferric iron uptake transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the import of Fe(III).
2003-03-26 GO:0005316 high-affinity inorganic phosphate:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: HPO42-(out) + Na+(out) =HPO42-(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015336 obsolete high affinity metal ion uptake transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Me2+(out) + H+(out) = Me2+(in) + H+(in). Me can be Fe2+, Mn2+, Zn2+, Cu2+, Cd2+, Ni2+ or Co2+.
2003-03-26 GO:0015362 high-affinity sodium:dicarboxylate symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: dicarboxylate(out) + Na+(out) = dicarboxylate(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0009675 high-affinity sulfate:proton symporter activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sulfate(out) + H+(out) = sulfate(in) + H+(in). Transporter with a high affinity for sulfate, that mediates the active uptake of sulfate from areas of low sulfate concentration to high sulfate concentration.
2003-03-26 GO:0000006 high-affinity zinc uptake transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Zn2+(out) = Zn2+(in), probably powered by proton motive force.
2003-03-26 GO:0005314 high-affinity glutamate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glutamate(out) + H+(out) = glutamate(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0008035 high-density lipoprotein particle binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with high-density lipoprotein: one of the classes of lipoproteins found in blood plasma in many animals (data normally relate to humans).
2003-03-26 GO:0015001 obsolete high-potential iron-sulfur carrier Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0015817 histidine transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of histidine, 2-amino-3-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)propanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0005290 L-histidine transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of histidine, 2-amino-3-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)propanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015076 obsolete heavy metal ion transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of heavy metal ions into, out of, within or between cells. Heavy metals are those that can form a coordination bond with a protein, as opposed to an alkali or alkaline-earth metal that can only form an ionic bond; this definition includes the following biologically relevant heavy metals: Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Mo, Ni, V, W, Zn.
2003-03-26 GO:0046482 para-aminobenzoic acid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and physical changes involving para-aminobenzoic acid, an intermediate in the synthesis of folic acid, a compound which some organisms, e.g. prokaryotes, eukaryotic microbes, and plants, can synthesize de novo. Others, notably mammals, cannot. In yeast, it is present as a factor in the B complex of vitamins.
2003-03-26 GO:0046734 passive induction of host cell-mediated immune response by virus Added DEFINITION The unintentional stimulation by a virus of a cell-mediated host defense response to viral infection, as part of the viral infectious cycle.
2003-03-26 GO:0019589 anaerobic glycerol catabolic process to propane-1,3-diol Added DEFINITION The anaerobic breakdown of glycerol into propane-1,3-diol and water.
2003-03-26 GO:0015793 glycerol transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of glycerol into, out of, within or between cells. Glycerol is 1,2,3-propanetriol, a sweet, hygroscopic, viscous liquid, widely distributed in nature as a constituent of many lipids.
2003-03-26 GO:0015168 glycerol transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of glycerol into, out of, within or between cells. Glycerol is 1,2,3-propanetriol, a sweet, hygroscopic, viscous liquid, widely distributed in nature as a constituent of many lipids.
2003-03-26 GO:0015794 glycerol-3-phosphate transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of glycerol-3-phosphate into, out of, within or between cells. Glycerol-3-phosphate is a phosphoric monoester of glycerol.
2003-03-26 GO:0015169 glycerol-3-phosphate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of glycerol-3-phosphate into, out of, within or between cells. Glycerol-3-phosphate is a phosphoric monoester of glycerol.
2003-03-26 GO:0015430 glycerol-3-phosphate-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + glycerol-3-phosphate(out) = ADP + phosphate + glycerol-3-phosphate(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015610 glycerol phosphate-importing ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + glycerol-phosphate(out) = ADP + phosphate + glycerol-phosphate(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015527 glycerol-phosphate:inorganic phosphate antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glycerol phosphate(out) + inorganic phosphate(in) = glycerol phosphate(in) + inorganic phosphate(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0015596 obsolete glycine betaine/proline porter activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + quaternary amine(out) = ADP + phosphate + quaternary amine(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015653 glycine betaine:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glycine betaine(out) + H+(out) = glycine betaine(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0016594 glycine binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with glycine, aminoethanoic acid.
2003-03-26 GO:0005240 obsolete glycine receptor-associated protein Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0015816 glycine transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of glycine, aminoethanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015187 glycine transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of glycine, aminoethanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0008500 obsolete glycine-, glutamate-, thienylcyclohexylpiperidine binding Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0015375 glycine:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glycine(out) + Na+(out) = glycine(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0004133 glycogen debranching enzyme activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the cleavage of branch points in branched glycogen polymers.
2003-03-26 GO:0042587 glycogen granule Added DEFINITION Cytoplasmic bead-like structures of animal cells, visible by electron microscope. Each granule is a functional unit with the biosynthesis and catabolism of glycogen being catalyzed by enzymes bound to the granule surface.
2003-03-26 GO:0006664 glycolipid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and physical changes involving glycolipids, compounds containing (usually) 1-4 linked monosaccharide residues joined by a glycosyl linkage to a lipid.
2003-03-26 GO:0046836 glycolipid transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of glycolipids, compounds containing (usually) 1-4 linked monosaccharide residues joined by a glycosyl linkage to a lipid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0017089 glycolipid transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of glycolipids, compounds containing (usually) 1-4 linked monosaccharide residues joined by a glycosyl linkage to a lipid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0005181 obsolete glycopeptide hormone Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0005539 glycosaminoglycan binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any glycan (polysaccharide) containing a substantial proportion of aminomonosaccharide residues.
2003-03-26 GO:0015486 glycoside-pentoside-hexuronide:cation symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [glycoside, pentoside or hexuronide](out) + monovalent cation(out) = [glycoside, pentoside or hexuronide](in) + monovalent cation(in). The cation is Na+, Li+ or H+.
2003-03-26 GO:0046860 glycosome membrane Added DEFINITION The membrane surrounding a glycosome.
2003-03-26 GO:0019172 glyoxalase III activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: methylglyoxal + H2O = D-lactate.
2003-03-26 GO:0046861 glyoxysomal membrane Added DEFINITION The membrane surrounding a glyoxysome.
2003-03-26 GO:0019002 GMP binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with GMP, guanosine monophosphate.
2003-03-26 GO:0046763 virus budding from Golgi membrane Added DEFINITION The evagination of the nucleocapsid from the host Golgi membrane system, resulting in envelopment of the virus.
2003-03-26 GO:0015233 pantothenate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of pantothenate into, out of, within or between cells. Pantothenate is the anion of pantothenic acid, the amide of beta-alanine and pantoic acid; it is a B complex vitamin that is a constituent of coenzyme A and is distributed ubiquitously in foods.
2003-03-26 GO:0015498 pantothenate:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: pantothenate(out) + Na+(out) = pantothenate(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0008149 obsolete para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) synthase Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0008153 para-aminobenzoic acid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of para-aminobenzoic acid, an intermediate in the synthesis of folic acid, a compound which some organisms, e.g. prokaryotes, eukaryotic microbes, and plants, can synthesize de novo. Others, notably mammals, cannot. In yeast, it is present as a factor in the B complex of vitamins.
2003-03-26 GO:0015299 solute:proton antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: solute(out) + H+(in) = solute(in) + H+(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0015118 tellurite transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of tellurite into, out of, within or between cells. Tellurite is a salt of tellurous acid or an oxide of tellurium which occurs sparingly in tufts of white or yellowish crystals.
2003-03-26 GO:0015654 tellurite uptake transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: tellurite(out) + H+(out) = tellurite(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0007430 terminal branching, open tracheal system Added DEFINITION Formation of terminal branches in the insect tracheal system. These are long cytoplasmic extensions that form fine tubules that transport oxygen directly to the tissues.
2003-03-26 GO:0046865 terpenoid transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of terpenoids into, out of, within or between cells. Terpenoids are a class of compounds characterized by an isoprenoid chemical structure and include derivatives with various functional groups.
2003-03-26 GO:0015904 tetracycline transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of tetracycline into, out of, within or between cells. Tetracycline is a broad spectrum antibiotic that blocks binding of aminoacyl tRNA to the ribosomes of both gram-positive and gram-negative organisms (and those of organelles).
2003-03-26 GO:0042605 peptide antigen binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with an antigen peptide, a fragment of a foreign protein derived by proteolysis within the cell.
2003-03-26 GO:0042277 peptide binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with peptides; any of a group of organic compounds comprising two or more amino acids linked by peptide bonds.
2003-03-26 GO:0042586 peptide deformylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: formyl-L-methionyl peptide + H2O = formate + methionyl peptide.
2003-03-26 GO:0005180 obsolete peptide hormone Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0000770 peptide pheromone export Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a peptide pheromone out of a cell by a secretion or export pathway used solely for the export of peptide pheromones.
2003-03-26 GO:0007323 peptide pheromone maturation Added DEFINITION The generation of a mature, active peptide pheromone via processes unique to its processing and modification.
2003-03-26 GO:0001653 peptide receptor activity Added DEFINITION The function of combining with an extracellular or intracellular peptide to initiate a change in cell function.
2003-03-26 GO:0015833 peptide transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of peptides, compounds of two or more amino acids where the alpha carboxyl group of one is bound to the alpha amino group of another, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015197 peptide transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of peptides, compounds of two or more amino acids where the alpha carboxyl group of one is bound to the alpha amino group of another, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015440 peptide-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + peptide(in) = ADP + phosphate + peptide(out). Peptides exported include alpha-hemolysin, cyclolysin, colicin V and siderophores from Gram-negative bacteria, and bacteriocin, subtilin, competence factor and pediocin from Gram-positive bacteria.
2003-03-26 GO:0015333 peptide:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: peptide(out) + H+(out) = peptide(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015835 peptidoglycan transport Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of peptidoglycans, a class of glycoconjugates found in bacterial cell walls, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015647 peptidoglycan transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of peptidoglycans, a class of glycoconjugates found in bacterial cell walls, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0009254 peptidoglycan turnover Added DEFINITION The continual breakdown and regeneration of peptidoglycan required to maintain the cell wall.
2003-03-26 GO:0018194 peptidyl-alanine modification Added DEFINITION The modification of peptidyl-alanine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018181 peptidyl-arginine C5-methylation Updated DEFINITION The methylation of peptidyl-arginine to form peptidyl-5-methyl-L-arginine.
2003-03-26 GO:0019701 peptidyl-arginine N5-methylation Updated DEFINITION The methylation of peptidyl-arginine to form peptidyl-N5-methyl-L-arginine.
2003-03-26 GO:0019918 peptidyl-arginine methylation, to symmetrical-dimethyl arginine Updated DEFINITION The process of methylation of peptidyl-arginine to form peptidyl-N(omega),N'(omega)-dimethyl-L-arginine.
2003-03-26 GO:0019919 peptidyl-arginine methylation, to asymmetrical-dimethyl arginine Updated DEFINITION The process of methylation of peptidyl-arginine to form peptidyl-N(omega),N(omega)-dimethyl-L-arginine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018195 peptidyl-arginine modification Added DEFINITION The modification of peptidyl-arginine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018122 peptidyl-asparagine ADP-ribosylation Updated DEFINITION The transfer, from NAD, of ADP-ribose to peptidyl-asparagine to form peptidyl-N4-(ADP-ribosyl)-L-asparagine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018196 peptidyl-asparagine modification Added DEFINITION The modification of peptidyl-asparagine.
2003-03-26 GO:0005469 succinate:fumarate antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: succinate(out) + fumarate(in) succinate(in) + fumarate(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0009669 sucrose:monovalent cation symporter activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sucrose(out) + monovalent cation(out) = sucrose(in) + monovalent cation(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015770 sucrose transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of sucrose into, out of, within or between cells. Sucrose is the disaccharide fructofuranosyl-glucopyranoside.
2003-03-26 GO:0008515 sucrose transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of sucrose into, out of, within or between cells. Sucrose is the disaccharide O-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2->1)-alpha-D-glucopyranoside, a sweet-tasting, non-reducing sugar isolated industrially from sugar beet or sugar cane.
2003-03-26 GO:0008506 sucrose:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sucrose(out) + H+(out) = sucrose(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0005529 sugar binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any any mono-, di- or small oligosaccharide carbohydrate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015542 sugar efflux transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sugar(in) = sugar(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0005351 sugar:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sugar(out) + H+(out) = sugar(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0000103 sulfate assimilation Added DEFINITION The pathways by which inorganic sulfate is processed and incorporated into sulfated compounds.
2003-03-26 GO:0008272 sulfate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of sulfate into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015116 sulfate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of sulfate ions (SO4 2-) into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015419 ATPase-coupled sulfate transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + sulfate(out) = ADP + phosphate + sulfate(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015383 sulfate:bicarbonate antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sulfate(out) + bicarbonate(in) = sulfate(in) + bicarbonate(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0042141 obsolete mating pheromone exporter Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Exports diffusible peptide signals that are responsible for binding to other cells and triggering a series of responses to facilitate mating.
2003-03-26 GO:0015487 melibiose:monovalent cation symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: melibiose(out) + monovalent cation(out) = melibiose(in) + monovalent cation(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015769 melibiose transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of melibiose into, out of, within or between cells. Melibiose is the disaccharide 6-O-alpha-D-galactopyranosyl-D-glucose.
2003-03-26 GO:0015156 melibiose transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of melibiose into, out of, within or between cells. Melibiose is the disaccharide 6-O-alpha-D-galactopyranosyl-D-glucose and occurs as a constituent of the trisaccharide raffinose or in the exudates and nectaries of a number of plants.
2003-03-26 GO:0003791 obsolete membrane associated actin binding Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0008514 organic anion transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of organic anions into, out of, within or between cells. Organic cations are atoms or small molecules with a negative charge which contain carbon in covalent linkage.
2003-03-26 GO:0015695 organic cation transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of organic cations into, out of, within or between cells. Organic cations are atoms or small molecules with a positive charge which contain carbon in covalent linkage.
2003-03-26 GO:0015101 organic cation transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of organic cations into, out of, within or between cells. Organic cations are atoms or small molecules with a positive charge which contain carbon in covalent linkage.
2003-03-26 GO:0015897 organomercurial transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of organomercurial compounds into, out of, within or between cells. Organomercurial substances are any organic compound containing a mercury atom.
2003-03-26 GO:0015548 organomercurial transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of organomercurial compounds into, out of, within or between cells. Organomercurial substances are any organic compound containing a mercury atom.
2003-03-26 GO:0015315 organophosphate:inorganic phosphate antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: organophosphate(out) + inorganic phosphate(in) = organophosphate(in) + inorganic phosphate(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0015822 ornithine transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of ornithine, 2,5-diaminopentanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0000064 L-ornithine transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of ornithine, 2,5-diaminopentanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0018987 osmoregulation Added DEFINITION The control of the osmotic activity of the fluid in a cell, tissue, organ, or organism.
2003-03-26 GO:0016845 obsolete other carbon-nitrogen lyase activity Added DEFINITION These enzymes of sub class EC 4.3.99 are 'miscellaneous' carbon-nitrogen lyases that cannot be grouped into one of the specific subclasses of the carbon-nitrogen lyases.
2003-03-26 GO:0016839 obsolete other carbon-oxygen lyase activity Added DEFINITION These enzymes of sub class EC 4.2.99 are 'miscellaneous' carbon-oxygen lyases that cannot be grouped into one of the specific subclasses of the carbon-oxygen lyases.
2003-03-26 GO:0015479 obsolete outer membrane exporter porin Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0046772 viral budding from outer nuclear membrane Added DEFINITION The envelopment of a virus, in which the nucleocapsid evaginates from the host outer nuclear membrane system, thus acquiring a membrane envelope.
2003-03-26 GO:0046770 virus budding from outer nuclear membrane by viral capsid re-envelopment Added DEFINITION The re-envelopment of a virus, in which the nucleocapsid evaginates from the host outer nuclear membrane system, thus acquiring an additional membrane envelope.
2003-03-26 GO:0019532 oxalate transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of oxalate into, out of, within or between cells. Oxalate, or ethanedioic acid, occurs in many plants and is highly toxic to animals.
2003-03-26 GO:0019531 oxalate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of oxalate into, out of, within or between cells. Oxalate, or ethanedioic acid, occurs in many plants and is highly toxic to animals.
2003-03-26 GO:0046724 oxalic acid secretion Added DEFINITION The regulated release of oxalic acid, ethanedioic acid, by a cell or group of cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015729 oxaloacetate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of oxaloacetate, the anion of oxobutanedioic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015131 oxaloacetate transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of oxaloacetate, the anion of oxobutanedioic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0042608 T cell receptor binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a T-cell receptor, the antigen-recognizing receptor on the surface of T-cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0042101 T cell receptor complex Added DEFINITION A receptor complex usually consisting of a TCR- (T-cell receptor) alpha and beta chain heterodimer, two CD3-epsilon chains, a CD3-gamma chain, a CD3-delta chain and a zeta chain homodimer. The complex mediates antigen recognition, ultimately resulting in T-cell activation.
2003-03-26 GO:0008648 obsolete tachykinin Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A family of hormones that stimulate secretion of saliva and cause smooth muscle contraction and vasodilation.
2003-03-26 GO:0015745 tartrate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of tartrate into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015554 tartrate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of tartrate into, out of, within or between cells. Tartrate is the anion of 2,3-dihydroxybutanedioic acid, one of the aldaric acids. The L(+) enantiomer occurs widely in plants, especially in grape juice, and in fungi and bacteria.
2003-03-26 GO:0046731 passive induction of host immune response by virus Added DEFINITION The unintentional stimulation by a virus of a host defense response to viral infection, as part of the viral infectious cycle.
2003-03-26 GO:0046733 passive induction of host humoral immune response by virus Added DEFINITION The unintentional stimulation by a virus of a host humoral defense response to viral infection, as part of the viral infectious cycle.
2003-03-26 GO:0046735 passive induction of host innate immune response by virus Added DEFINITION The unintentional stimulation by a virus of an innate host defense response to viral infection, as part of the viral infectious cycle.
2003-03-26 GO:0005113 patched binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with the patched (ptc) protein, a receptor for hedgehog proteins.
2003-03-26 GO:0008658 penicillin binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with penicillin, any antibiotic that contains the condensed beta-lactamthiazolidine ring system.
2003-03-26 GO:0015750 pentose transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of pentoses into, out of, within or between cells. A pentose is any aldose with a chain of five carbon atoms in the molecule.
2003-03-26 GO:0015146 pentose transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of a pentose sugar, a monosaccharide with 5 carbon atoms, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0046750 viral budding from Golgi membrane by viral capsid envelopment Added DEFINITION The envelopment of a virus, in which the nucleocapsid evaginates from the host Golgi membrane system, thus acquiring a membrane envelope.
2003-03-26 GO:0046747 virus budding from Golgi membrane by viral capsid re-envelopment Added DEFINITION The re-envelopment of a virus, in which the nucleocapsid evaginates from the host Golgi membrane system, thus acquiring an additional membrane envelope.
2003-03-26 GO:0030660 Golgi-associated vesicle membrane Added DEFINITION The membrane surrounding a vesicle associated with the Golgi apparatus.
2003-03-26 GO:0005806 obsolete Golgi-ER transport vesicle Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0015025 obsolete GPI-anchored membrane-bound receptor Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0005107 obsolete GPI-linked ephrin Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0009630 gravitropism Added DEFINITION The orientation of plant parts under the stimulation of gravity.
2003-03-26 GO:0015060 obsolete green-sensitive opsin Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0005525 GTP binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with GTP, guanosine triphosphate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015854 guanine transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of guanine, 2-amino-6-hydroxypurine, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015208 guanine transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of guanine, 2-amino-6-hydroxypurine, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0008558 guanine-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + guanine(out) = ADP + phosphate + guanine(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0005505 obsolete heavy metal binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a heavy metal, a metal that can form a coordination bond with a protein, as opposed to an alkali or alkaline-earth metal that can only form an ionic bond; this definition includes the following biologically relevant heavy metals: Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Mo, Ni, V, W, Zn.
2003-03-26 GO:0005373 obsolete heavy metal ion porter activity Added DEFINITION A transporter of heavy metal ions that utilizes a carrier-mediated process to catalyze uniport, symport or antiport between aqueous phases on either side of a lipid membrane.
2003-03-26 GO:0006823 obsolete heavy metal ion transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of heavy metal ions into, out of, within or between cells. Heavy metals are those that can form a coordination bond with a protein, as opposed to an alkali or alkaline-earth metal that can only form an ionic bond; this definition includes the following biologically relevant heavy metals: Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Mo, Ni, V, W, Zn.
2003-03-26 GO:0015140 malate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of malate into, out of, within or between cells. Malate is a chiral hydroxydicarboxylic acid, hydroxybutanedioic acid. The (+) enantiomer is an important intermediate in metabolism as a component of both the TCA cycle and the glyoxylate cycle.
2003-03-26 GO:0015366 malate:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: malate(out) + H+(out) = malate(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0009971 anastral spindle assembly involved in male meiosis Added DEFINITION The formation and maintenance of the spindle in meiosis in male plant organs.
2003-03-26 GO:0046723 malic acid secretion Added DEFINITION The regulated release of malic acid, hydroxybutanedioic (hydroxysuccinic) acid, by a cell or group of cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015609 maltooligosaccharide-importing ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + maltooligosaccharide(out) = ADP + phosphate + maltooligosaccharide(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015768 maltose transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of maltose into, out of, within or between cells. Maltose is the disaccharide 4-O-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-D-glucopyranose, an intermediate in the catabolism of glycogen and starch.
2003-03-26 GO:0005363 maltose transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of maltose into, out of, within or between cells. Maltose is the disaccharide 4-O-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-D-glucopyranose, an intermediate in the enzymatic breakdown of glycogen and starch.
2003-03-26 GO:0015423 maltose-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + maltose(out) = ADP + phosphate + maltose(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0005364 maltose:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: maltose(out) + H+(out) = maltose(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0030145 manganese ion binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with manganese (Mn) ions.
2003-03-26 GO:0006828 manganese ion transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of manganese (Mn) ions into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0005384 manganese ion transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of manganese (Mn) ions into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015410 manganese-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + Mn2+(out) = ADP + phosphate + Mn2+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015797 mannitol transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of mannitol into, out of, within or between cells. Mannitol is the alditol derived from D-mannose by reduction of the aldehyde group.
2003-03-26 GO:0015575 mannitol transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of mannitol into, out of, within or between cells. Mannitol is the alditol derived from D-mannose by reduction of the aldehyde group.
2003-03-26 GO:0005537 mannose binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with mannose, a monosaccharide hexose, stereoisomeric with glucose, that occurs naturally only in polymerized forms called mannans.
2003-03-26 GO:0005532 obsolete mannose binding lectin Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0045206 obsolete MAPK phosphatase transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of MAPK phosphatase into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015761 mannose transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of mannose into, out of, within or between cells. Mannose is the aldohexose manno-hexose, the C-2 epimer of glucose. The D-(+)-form is widely distributed in mannans and hemicelluloses and is of major importance in the core oligosaccharide of N-linked oligosaccharides of glycoproteins.
2003-03-26 GO:0015578 mannose transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of mannose into, out of, within or between cells. Mannose is the aldohexose manno-hexose, the C-2 epimer of glucose. The D-(+)-form is widely distributed in mannans and hemicelluloses and is of major importance in the core oligosaccharide of N-linked oligosaccharides of glycoproteins.
2003-03-26 GO:0042580 mannosome Added DEFINITION A specialised tubular organelle, assembled in hexagonal bundles within an external membrane. Mannosomes are specific to molluscs and are thought to be involved in a general stress reaction.
2003-03-26 GO:0045205 obsolete MAPK transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of MAP kinase into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0030455 obsolete MAPKKK cascade (mating sensu Fungi) Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. MAPKKK cascade involved in transducing mating pheromone signal in a fungus.
2003-03-26 GO:0007244 obsolete MAPKKK cascade (mating sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. MAPKKK cascade involved in transduction of mating pheromone signal, as described in Saccharomyces.
2003-03-26 GO:0000772 mating pheromone activity Added DEFINITION The activity of binding to and activating specific cell surface receptors, thereby inducing a behavioral or physiological response(s) from a responding organism or cell that leads to the transfer or union of genetic material between organisms or cells. The mating pheromone can either be retained on the cell surface or secreted.
2003-03-26 GO:0019673 GDP-mannose metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and physical changes involving GDP-mannose, a substance composed of mannose in glycosidic linkage with guanosine diphosphate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015784 GDP-mannose transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of GDP-mannose into, out of, within or between cells. GDP-mannose is a substance composed of mannose in glycosidic linkage with guanosine diphosphate.
2003-03-26 GO:0005458 GDP-mannose transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of GDP-mannose into, out of, within or between cells. GDP-mannose is a substance composed of mannose in glycosidic linkage with guanosine diphosphate.
2003-03-26 GO:0016251 obsolete general RNA polymerase II transcription factor activity Updated DEFINITION Any function that supports basal (unregulated) transcription of genes by core RNA polymerase II. Five general transcription factors are necessary and sufficient for such basal transcription in yeast: TFIIB, TFIID, TFIIE, TFIIF, TFIIH and TATA-binding protein (TBF).
2003-03-26 GO:0009292 genetic transfer Added DEFINITION In the absence of a sexual life cycle, the processes involved in the introduction of genetic information to create a genetically different individual.
2003-03-26 GO:0046815 genome retention in viral capsid Added DEFINITION The processes by which the viral genome is retained within the capsid during genome cleavage and packaging.
2003-03-26 GO:0042585 germinal vesicle Added DEFINITION The enlarged, fluid filled nucleus of a primary oocyte, the development of which is suspended in prophase I of the first meiotic division between embryohood and sexual maturity.
2003-03-26 GO:0010001 glial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of a glial cell.
2003-03-26 GO:0001524 obsolete globin Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The colorless and basic protein moiety of hemoglobin and myoglobins.
2003-03-26 GO:0015795 sorbitol transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of glucitol into, out of, within or between cells. Glucitol is the hexitol derived by the reduction of the aldehyde group of glucose.
2003-03-26 GO:0015576 sorbitol transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of glucitol into, out of, within or between cells. Glucitol is the hexitol derived by the reduction of the aldehyde group of glucose.
2003-03-26 GO:0008875 gluconate dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-gluconate + NADP+ = dehydro-D-gluconate + NADPH + H+.
2003-03-26 GO:0015295 solute:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: solute(out) + H+(out) = solute(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015370 solute:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: solute(out) + Na+(out) = solute(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015300 solute:solute antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: solute A(out) + solute B(in) = solute A(in) + solute B(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0019194 sorbose transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of sorbose into, out of, within or between cells. Sorbose is the ketohexose xylo-2-hexulose; L-sorbose is formed by bacterial oxidation of sorbitol. Sorbose is produced commercially by fermentation and is used as an intermediate in the manufacture of ascorbic acid.
2003-03-26 GO:0042581 specific granule Added DEFINITION Granule with a membranous, tubular internal structure, found primarily in mature neutrophil cells. Most are released into the extracellular fluid. Specific granules contain lactoferrin, lysozyme, vitamin B12 binding protein and elastase.
2003-03-26 GO:0030507 spectrin binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with spectrin, a protein that is the major constituent of the erythrocyte cytoskeletal network. It associates with band 4.1 (see band protein) and actin to form the cytoskeletal superstructure of the erythrocyte plasma membrane. It is composed of nonhomologous chains, alpha and beta, which aggregate side-to-side in an antiparallel fashion to form dimers, tetramers, and higher polymers.
2003-03-26 GO:0007286 spermatid development Added DEFINITION The process by which an immature germ cell becomes a mature male gamete.
2003-03-26 GO:0019809 spermidine binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with spermidine, N-(3-aminopropyl)-1,4-diaminobutane.
2003-03-26 GO:0015595 spermidine-importing ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + spermidine(out) = ADP + phosphate + spermidine(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015848 spermidine transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of spermidine, N-(3-aminopropyl)-1,4-diaminobutane, a polyamine formed by the transfer of a propylamine group from decarboxylated S-adenosylmethionine to putrescine, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015606 spermidine transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of spermidine, N-(3-aminopropyl)-1,4-diaminobutane, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0000296 spermine transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of spermine, N,N-bis(3-aminopropyl)-1,4-diaminobutane, a polyamine formed by the transfer of a propylamine group from decarboxylated S-adenosylmethionine to spermidine, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0000297 spermine transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of spermine into, out of, within or between cells. Spermine is a polybasic amine found in human sperm, in ribosomes and in some viruses, which is involved in nucleic acid packaging. Synthesis is regulated by ornithine decarboxylase which plays a key role in control of DNA replication.
2003-03-26 GO:0046625 sphingolipid binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with sphingolipids, a class of lipids containing the long-chain amine diol sphingosine or a closely related base (a sphingoid).
2003-03-26 GO:0046624 sphingolipid transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of sphingolipids into, out of, within or between cells. Sphingolipids are a class of lipids containing the long-chain amine diol sphingosine or a closely related base (a sphingoid).
2003-03-26 GO:0046512 sphingosine biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of sphingosine (sphing-4-enine), trans-D-erytho-2-amino-octadec-4-ene-1,3-diol, a long chain amino diol sphingoid base that occurs in most sphingolipids in animal tissues.
2003-03-26 GO:0019024 ssRNA viral genome Updated DEFINITION A viral genome composed of single stranded RNA of either positive or negative sense.
2003-03-26 GO:0005173 stem cell factor receptor binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with the stem cell factor receptor (SCFR), a type III transmembrane kinase receptor.
2003-03-26 GO:0005496 steroid binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a steroid, any of a large group of substances that have in common a ring system based on 1,2-cyclopentanoperhydrophenanthrene.
2003-03-26 GO:0008560 steroid-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + steroid(in) = ADP + phosphate + steroid(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0008398 sterol 14-demethylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: obtusifoliol + 3 O2 + 3 NADPH + 3 H+ = 4a-methyl-5a-ergosta-8,14,24(28)-trien-3b-ol + formate + 3 NADP+ + 3 H2O.
2003-03-26 GO:0015918 sterol transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of sterols into, out of, within or between cells. Sterols are steroids with one or more hydroxyl groups and a hydrocarbon side-chain in the molecule.
2003-03-26 GO:0015248 sterol transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of sterols into, out of, within or between cells. Sterol are steroids with one or more hydroxyl groups and a hydrocarbon side-chain in the molecule.
2003-03-26 GO:0016490 structural constituent of peritrophic membrane Added DEFINITION The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of the insect peritrophic membrane, a tubular sheath of cuticle that shields the epithelial cells of the midgut from the gut contents.
2003-03-26 GO:0008018 obsolete structural protein of chorion (sensu Drosophila) Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0015744 succinate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of succinate, the dianion of ethane dicarboxylic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015141 succinate transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of succinate, the dianion of ethane dicarboxylic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015599 glutamine-importing ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + glutamine(out) = ADP + phosphate + glutamine(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0006868 glutamine transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of glutamine, 2-amino-4-carbamoylbutanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015186 L-glutamine transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of glutamine, 2-amino-4-carbamoylbutanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0045174 glutathione dehydrogenase (ascorbate) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 glutathione + dehydroascorbate = glutathione disulfide + ascorbate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015503 glutathione-regulated potassium exporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: K+(in) + H+(out) = K+(out) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015665 alcohol transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of organic alcohol, any carbon-containing compound containing a hydroxyl group, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015711 organic anion transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of organic anions into, out of, within or between cells. Organic anions are atoms or small molecules with a negative charge which contain carbon in covalent linkage.
2003-03-26 GO:0016275 [cytochrome c]-arginine N-methyltransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + [cytochrome c]-arginine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + [cytochrome c]-N(omega)-methyl-arginine.
2003-03-26 GO:0006119 oxidative phosphorylation Added DEFINITION The phosphorylation of ADP to ATP that accompanies the oxidation of a metabolite through the operation of the respiratory chain. Oxidation of compounds establishes a proton gradient across the the membrane, providing the energy for ATP synthesis.
2003-03-26 GO:0016658 obsolete oxidoreductase activity, acting on NADH or NADPH, flavin as acceptor Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0015367 oxoglutarate:malate antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: oxoglutarate(out) + malate(in) = oxoglutarate(in) + malate(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0019825 oxygen binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with oxygen (O2).
2003-03-26 GO:0015671 oxygen transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of oxygen (O2) into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0005344 oxygen transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of oxygen into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0008950 obsolete p-aminobenzoate synthetase Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0015814 p-aminobenzoyl-glutamate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of p-aminobenzoyl-glutamate, the anion of p-aminobenzoyl-glutamic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015569 p-aminobenzoyl-glutamate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of p-aminobenzoyl-glutamate, the anion of p-aminobenzoyl-glutamic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0003693 P-element binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any P-element, a class of Drosophila transposon responsible for hybrid dysgenesis.
2003-03-26 GO:0015940 pantothenate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of pantothenate, the anion of pantothenic acid. It is a B complex vitamin that is a constituent of coenzyme A and is distributed ubiquitously in foods.
2003-03-26 GO:0015941 pantothenate catabolic process Added DEFINITION The breakdown into simpler components of pantothenate, the anion of pantothenic acid. It is a B complex vitamin that is a constituent of coenzyme A and is distributed ubiquitously in foods.
2003-03-26 GO:0015939 pantothenate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and physical changes involving pantothenate, the anion of pantothenic acid, the amide of beta-alanine and pantoic acid. It is a B complex vitamin that is a constituent of coenzyme A and is distributed ubiquitously in foods.
2003-03-26 GO:0015887 pantothenate transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of pantothenate into, out of, within or between cells. Pantothenate is the anion of pantothenic acid, the amide of beta-alanine and pantoic acid; it is a B complex vitamin that is a constituent of coenzyme A and is distributed ubiquitously in foods.
2003-03-26 GO:0017029 obsolete lysosomal protein stabilization Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0007041 lysosomal transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of substances into, out of or within a lysosome.
2003-03-26 GO:0046757 obsolete lytic virus budding from ER membrane Added DEFINITION A form of viral release in which the nucleocapsid evaginates from the host ER membrane system, resulting in envelopment of the virus and cell lysis.
2003-03-26 GO:0046758 obsolete lytic virus budding from Golgi membrane Added DEFINITION A form of viral release in which the nucleocapsid evaginates from the host Golgi membrane system, resulting in envelopment of the virus and cell lysis.
2003-03-26 GO:0046759 obsolete lytic virus budding from plasma membrane Added DEFINITION A form of viral release in which the nucleocapsid evaginates from the host nuclear membrane system, resulting in envelopment of the virus and cell lysis.
2003-03-26 GO:0019078 obsolete lytic viral budding Updated DEFINITION A form of viral release in which the viral particles bud out through cellular membranes, resulting in cell lysis. It is also a form of viral envelopment.
2003-03-26 GO:0046756 lytic viral exocytosis Added DEFINITION The exit of the virion particle from the host cell by exocytosis, resulting in cell lysis.
2003-03-26 GO:0005527 macrolide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a macrolide, any of a large group of structurally related antibiotics produced by Streptomyces species.
2003-03-26 GO:0000287 magnesium ion binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with magnesium (Mg) ions.
2003-03-26 GO:0015693 magnesium ion transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of magnesium (Mg) ions into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015095 magnesium ion transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of magnesium (Mg) ions into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015444 magnesium-importing ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + Mg2+(out) = ADP + phosphate + Mg2+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015743 malate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of malate into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0008523 sodium-dependent multivitamin transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: multivitamin(out) + Na+(out) = multivitamin(in) + Na+(in). Multivitamins include pantothenate, biotin and lipoate.
2003-03-26 GO:0006814 sodium ion transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of sodium ions (Na+) into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015081 sodium ion transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of sodium ions (Na+) into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0008554 sodium-exporting ATPase activity, phosphorylative mechanism Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + Na+(in) = ADP + phosphate + Na+(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0015443 obsolete sodium-transporting two-sector ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + Na+(in) = ADP + phosphate + Na+(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0005391 sodium:potassium-exchanging ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + Na+(in) + K+(out) = ADP + phosphate + Na+(out) + K+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0005283 sodium:amino acid symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: amino acid(out) + Na+(out) = amino acid(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0008510 sodium:bicarbonate symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Na+(out) + HCO3-(out) = Na+(in) + HCO3-(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015378 sodium:chloride symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Na+(out) + Cl-(out) = Na+(in) + Cl-(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0008511 sodium:potassium:chloride symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Na+(out) + K+(out) + Cl-(out) = Na+(in) + K+(in) + Cl-(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0005311 obsolete sodium:dicarboxylate/tricarboxylate symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [dicarboxylate or tricarboxylate](out) + Na+(out) = [dicarboxylate or tricarboxylate](in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015385 sodium:proton antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Na+(out) + H+(in) = Na+(in) + H+(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0015319 sodium:inorganic phosphate symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Na+(out) + inorganic phosphate(out) = Na+(in) + inorganic phosphate(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0008507 sodium:iodide symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: iodide(out) + Na+(out) = iodide(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015382 sodium:sulfate symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sulfate(out) + Na+(out) = sulfate(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0009995 soluble molecule recognition Added DEFINITION The recognition of soluble molecules in the environment.
2003-03-26 GO:0015298 solute:cation antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: solute(out) + cation(in) = solute(in) + cation(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0015294 solute:cation symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: solute(out) + cation(out) = solute(in) + cation(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0003676 nucleic acid binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any nucleic acid.
2003-03-26 GO:0015851 nucleobase transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a nucleobase, any nitrogenous base that is a constituent of a nucleoside, nucleotide, or nucleic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015205 nucleobase transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of a nucleobase, any nitrogenous base that is a constituent of a nucleoside, nucleotide, or nucleic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015931 nucleobase-containing compound transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of nucleobases, nucleosides, nucleotides and nucleic acids, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015932 nucleobase-containing compound transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of nucleobases, nucleosides, nucleotides and nucleic acids, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0019205 nucleobase-containing compound kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to a nucleobase, nucleoside, nucleotide substrate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015391 nucleobase:cation symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: nucleobase(out) + cation(out) = nucleobase(in) + cation(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0005487 nucleocytoplasmic transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of substances between the nucleus and the cytoplasm of a cell.
2003-03-26 GO:0008572 obsolete nucleoplasmin ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O = ADP + phosphate. The hydrolysis of ATP required for the ATP-dependent assembly of nucleosome cores, in decondensation of sperm chromatin and in other histone-involving processes.
2003-03-26 GO:0019206 nucleoside kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + nucleoside = ADP + nucleoside monophosphate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015536 nucleoside:hydrogen ion symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: nucleoside(out) + H+(out) = nucleoside(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015858 nucleoside transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a nucleoside, a nucleobase linked to either beta-D-ribofuranose (ribonucleoside) or 2-deoxy-beta-D-ribofuranose, (a deoxyribonucleotide), into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0005337 nucleoside transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of a nucleoside, a nucleobase linked to either beta-D-ribofuranose (ribonucleoside) or 2-deoxy-beta-D-ribofuranose, (a deoxyribonucleotide), into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015506 nucleoside:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: nucleoside(out) + H+(out) = nucleoside(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0005415 nucleoside:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: nucleoside(out) + Na+(out) = nucleoside(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0000166 nucleotide binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a nucleotide, any compound consisting of a nucleoside that is esterified with [ortho]phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the glycose moiety.
2003-03-26 GO:0019201 nucleotide kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + nucleoside monophosphate = ADP + nucleoside diphosphate.
2003-03-26 GO:0009226 nucleotide-sugar biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of nucleotide-sugars, any nucleotide in which the distal phosphoric residue of a nucleoside 5'-diphosphate is in glycosidic linkage with a monosaccharide or monosaccharide derivative.
2003-03-26 GO:0009227 nucleotide-sugar catabolic process Added DEFINITION The breakdown into simpler components of nucleotide-sugars, any nucleotide in which the distal phosphoric residue of a nucleoside 5'-diphosphate is in glycosidic linkage with a monosaccharide or monosaccharide derivative.
2003-03-26 GO:0015725 gluconate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of gluconate into, out of, within or between cells. Gluconate is the aldonic acid derived from glucose.
2003-03-26 GO:0015128 gluconate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of gluconate into, out of, within or between cells. Gluconate is the aldonic acid derived from glucose.
2003-03-26 GO:0019134 glucosamine-1-phosphate N-acetyltransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: acetyl-CoA + D-glucosamine 1-phosphate = CoA + N-acetyl-D-glucosamine 1-phosphate.
2003-03-26 GO:0019255 glucose 1-phosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and physical changes involving glucose 1-phosphate, a monophosphorylated derivative of glucose with the phosphate group attached to C-1.
2003-03-26 GO:0008524 glucose 6-phosphate:phosphate antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glucose 6-phosphate(out) + phosphate(in) = glucose 6-phosphate(in) + phosphate(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0005536 glucose binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with the D- and L-enantiomers of glucose.
2003-03-26 GO:0008708 glucose dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-glucose + acceptor = D-glucono-1,5-lactone + reduced acceptor.
2003-03-26 GO:0042593 glucose homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of glucose.
2003-03-26 GO:0046323 glucose import Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of the hexose monosaccharide glucose into a cell or organelle.
2003-03-26 GO:0015758 glucose transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of the hexose monosaccharide glucose into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0005355 glucose transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of the hexose monosaccharide glucose into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015304 glucose uniporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glucose(out) = glucose(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015760 glucose-6-phosphate transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of glucose-6-phosphate into, out of, within or between cells. Glucose-6-phosphate is a monophosphorylated derivative of glucose with the phosphate group attached to C-6.
2003-03-26 GO:0015152 glucose-6-phosphate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of glucose-6-phosphate into, out of, within or between cells. Glucose-6-phosphate is a monophosphorylated derivative of glucose with the phosphate group attached to C-6.
2003-03-26 GO:0005412 glucose:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glucose(out) + Na+(out) = glucose(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015738 glucuronate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of glucuronate into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015135 glucuronate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of glucuronate into, out of, within or between cells. Glucuronate is the uronic acid formally derived from glucose by oxidation of the hydroxymethylene group at C-6 to a carboxyl group.
2003-03-26 GO:0015488 glucuronide:monovalent cation symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glucuronide(out) + monovalent cation(out) = glucuronide(in) + monovalent cation(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015779 glucuronoside transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of glucuronosides into, out of, within or between cells. Glucuronosides are any compound formed by combination of glycosidic linkage of a hydroxy compound (eg. an alcohol or a saccharide) with the anomeric carbon atom of glucuronate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015164 glucuronoside transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of glucuronosides into, out of, within or between cells. Glucuronosides are any compound formed by combination of glycosidic linkage of a hydroxy compound (eg. an alcohol or a saccharide) with the anomeric carbon atom of glucuronate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015020 glucuronosyltransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-glucuronate + acceptor = UDP + acceptor beta-D-glucuronoside.
2003-03-26 GO:0016595 glutamate binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with glutamate, the anion of 2-aminopentanedioic acid.
2003-03-26 GO:0015813 L-glutamate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of glutamate, the anion of 2-aminopentanedioic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0005313 L-glutamate transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of glutamate, the anion of 2-aminopentanedioic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015600 obsolete glutamate/aspartate porter activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + polar amino acid(out) = ADP + phosphate + polar amino acid(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015372 obsolete glutamate/aspartate:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [glutamate or aspartate](out) + Na+(out) = [glutamate or aspartate](in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015501 glutamate:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glutamate(out) + Na+(out) = glutamate(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015891 siderophore transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of siderochromes, low molecular weight Fe(III)-chelating substances, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015344 siderophore uptake transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: siderochrome-iron[ferrioxamine](out) + H+(out) = siderochrome-iron[ferrioxamine](in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015343 siderophore transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: siderochrome-iron(out) + H+(out) = siderochrome-iron(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0019984 sigma DNA polymerase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1). The function required for sister-chromatid adhesion.
2003-03-26 GO:0005500 juvenile hormone binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with juvenile hormone, the three sesquiterpenoid derivatives that function to maintain the larval state of insects at molting and that may be required for other processes, e.g. oogenesis.
2003-03-26 GO:0000741 karyogamy Added DEFINITION The creation of a single nucleus from multiple nuclei as a result of fusing the lipid bilayers that surround each nuclei.
2003-03-26 GO:0007335 karyogamy Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The fusion of nuclei or nuclear material that occurs during sexual reproduction. In S. cerevisiae, karyogamy consists of at least two distinct processes: one is the congression of two nuclei and the other is the fusion of nuclear envelopes of juxtaposed nuclei.
2003-03-26 GO:0000742 karyogamy involved in conjugation with cellular fusion Added DEFINITION During sexual reproduction, the creation of a single nucleus from multiple nuclei as a result of fusing the lipid bilayers that surround each nuclei. This occurs after cytogamy.
2003-03-26 GO:0000744 karyogamy involved in conjugation with mutual genetic exchange Added DEFINITION During sexual reproduction, the creation of a single nucleus from multiple nuclei as a result of fusing the lipid bilayers that surround each nuclei. This occurs after the mutual exchange of nuclei.
2003-03-26 GO:0045130 keratan sulfotransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + keratan = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + keratan 6'-sulfate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015807 L-amino acid transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of L-amino acids into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015179 L-amino acid transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of L-amino acids into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015882 L-ascorbic acid transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of L-ascorbate into, out of, within or between cells. L-ascorbate is a six-carbon carbohydrate-like compound found in fruit and vegetables. It has vitamin C activity in humans and guinea pigs.
2003-03-26 GO:0015229 L-ascorbic acid transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of L-ascorbate into, out of, within or between cells. L-ascorbate is a six-carbon carbohydrate-like compound found in fruit and vegetables. It has vitamin C activity in humans and guinea pigs.
2003-03-26 GO:0008520 L-ascorbate:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ascorbate(out) + Na+(out) = ascorbate(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015726 L-idonate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of L-idonate into, out of, within or between cells. L-idonate is an aldonic acid derived from L-idose, an aldohexose which is epimeric with D-glucose.
2003-03-26 GO:0015568 L-idonate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of L-idonate into, out of, within or between cells. L-idonate is an aldonic acid derived from L-idose, an aldohexose which is epimeric with D-glucose.
2003-03-26 GO:0015560 obsolete L-idonate/D-gluconate:hydrogen symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [L-idonate or D-gluconate](out) + H+(out) = [L-iodonate or D-gluconate](in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015727 lactate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of lactate into, out of, within or between cells. Lactate is 2-hydroxypropanoate, CH3-CHOH-COOH; L(+)-lactate is formed by anaerobic glycolysis in animal tissues, and DL-lactate is found in sour milk, molasses and certain fruit juices.
2003-03-26 GO:0015129 lactate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of lactate into, out of, within or between cells. Lactate is 2-hydroxypropanoate, CH3-CHOH-COOH; L(+)-lactate is formed by anaerobic glycolysis in animal tissues, and DL-lactate is found in sour milk, molasses and certain fruit juices.
2003-03-26 GO:0046722 lactic acid secretion Added DEFINITION The regulated release of lactic acid, 2-hydroxypropanoic acid, by a cell or group of cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0030395 lactose binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with lactose, a disaccharide of glucose and galactose, the carbohydrate of milk.
2003-03-26 GO:0015767 lactose transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of lactose into, out of, within or between cells. Lactose is a disaccharide 4-O-beta-D-galactopyranosyl-D-glucose, and constitutes roughly 5% of the milk in almost all mammals.
2003-03-26 GO:0015155 lactose transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of lactose into, out of, within or between cells. Lactose is a disaccharide 4-O-beta-D-galactopyranosyl-D-glucose, and constitutes roughly 5% of the milk in almost all mammals.
2003-03-26 GO:0015305 obsolete lactose, galactose:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [lactose or galactose](out) + H+(out) = [lactose or galactose](in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015543 obsolete lactose/glucose efflux transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glucose or lactose(in) = glucose or lactose(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0015528 lactose:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: lactose(out) + H+(out) = lactose(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0016449 lambda DNA polymerase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1). A DNA-directed DNA polymerase that may be specific to lymphoid cells and play a role in the somatic hypermutation of antibody genes.
2003-03-26 GO:0042599 lamellar body Added DEFINITION A membrane bounded organelle, specialized for the storage and secretion various substances (surfactant phospholipids, glycoproteins and acid phosphates) which are arranged in the form of tightly packed, concentric, membrane sheets or lamellae. Has some similar properties to, but is distinct from, a lysosome.
2003-03-26 GO:0005521 lamin binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with lamin; any of a group of intermediate-filament proteins that form the fibrous matrix on the inner surface of the nuclear envelope.
2003-03-26 GO:0005613 obsolete laminin receptor protein Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0005607 laminin-2 complex Updated DEFINITION Laminins are glycoproteins that are major constituents of the basement membrane of cells. Laminins are trimeric molecules; laminin-2 is an alpha-2, beta-1 gamma-1 trimer.
2003-03-26 GO:0008155 obsolete larval behavior (sensu Drosophila) Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0001746 Bolwig's organ morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Formation and development of the larval eye in Drosophila, a relatively simple sensory system composed of Bolwig's organs: two clusters, each composed of 12 photorectptor cells from which axons extend in a single fasicle to the brain.
2003-03-26 GO:0005616 larval serum protein complex Added DEFINITION A multi-subunit protein complex which, in Drosophila, is a heterohexamer of three subunits, alpha, beta and gamma. The complex is thought to store amino acids for synthesis of adult proteins.
2003-03-26 GO:0019086 late viral transcription Updated DEFINITION The last group of viral genes to be transcribed during the viral life cycle; genes consist mainly of those encoding structural proteins.
2003-03-26 GO:0015692 lead ion transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of lead (Pb) ions into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0016987 sigma factor activity Updated DEFINITION A sigma factor is the promoter specificity subunit of eubacterial-type multisubunit RNA polymerases, those whose core subunit composition is often described as alpha(2)-beta-beta-prime. (This type of multisubunit RNA polymerase complex is known to be found in eubacteria and plant plastids.) Although sigma does not bind DNA on its own, when combined with the core to form the holoenzyme, this binds specifically to promoter sequences, with the sigma factor making sequence specific contacts with the promotor elements. The sigma subunit is released from the elongating form of the polymerase and is thus free to act catalytically for multiple RNA polymerase core enzymes.
2003-03-26 GO:0004871 signal transducer activity Added DEFINITION Mediates the transfer of a signal from the outside to the inside of a cell by means other than the introduction of the signal molecule itself into the cell.
2003-03-26 GO:0000750 pheromone-dependent signal transduction involved in conjugation with cellular fusion Added DEFINITION The processes involving the relay, amplification or dampening of a signal generated in response to pheromone exposure in organisms that undergo conjugation with cellular fusion.
2003-03-26 GO:0000757 signal transduction involved in conjugation with mutual genetic exchange Added DEFINITION The processes involving the relay, amplification or dampening of a signal generated in response to pheromone exposure in organisms that undergo conjugation without cellular fusion.
2003-03-26 GO:0015708 silicate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of silicate into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015115 silicate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of silicates into, out of, within or between cells. A silicate is a salt of a silicic acid; there are many different types of silicate, including unisilicates, metasilicates and hydrous silicates, depending on the silicic acid used to form the silicate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015673 silver ion transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of silver (Ag) ions into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015080 silver ion transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of silver (Ag) ions into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015445 silver-exporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + Ag+(in) = ADP + phosphate + Ag+(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0003697 single-stranded DNA binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with single-stranded DNA.
2003-03-26 GO:0008310 single-stranded DNA 3'-5' exodeoxyribonuclease activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the sequential cleavage of mononucleotides from a free 3' terminus of a single-stranded DNA molecule.
2003-03-26 GO:0045145 single-stranded DNA 5'-3' exodeoxyribonuclease activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the sequential cleavage of mononucleotides from a free 5' terminus of a single-stranded DNA molecule.
2003-03-26 GO:0008297 single-stranded DNA exodeoxyribonuclease activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the sequential cleavage of mononucleotides from a free 5' or 3' terminus of a single-stranded DNA molecule.
2003-03-26 GO:0003727 single-stranded RNA binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with single-stranded RNA.
2003-03-26 GO:0046332 SMAD binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a SMAD signaling protein.
2003-03-26 GO:0005119 smoothened binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with the smoothened (smo) protein, which interacts with patched to transmit hedgehog signals.
2003-03-26 GO:0030515 snoRNA binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with small nucleolar RNA.
2003-03-26 GO:0030519 snoRNP binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a protein constituent of a small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein particle.
2003-03-26 GO:0017069 snRNA binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a small nuclear RNA (snRNA).
2003-03-26 GO:0003732 obsolete snRNA cap binding Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Interacting selectively with the cap structure at the 5' end of a small nuclear RNA molecule.
2003-03-26 GO:0006608 snRNP protein import into nucleus Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a small nuclear ribonucleoprotein from the cytoplasm into the nucleus, across the nuclear membrane.
2003-03-26 GO:0015741 fumarate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of fumarate into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015138 fumarate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of fumarate into, out of, within or between cells. Fumarate is a key intermediate in metabolism and is formed in the TCA cycle from succinate and converted into malate.
2003-03-26 GO:0001664 G-protein coupled receptor binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a G-protein-coupled receptor.
2003-03-26 GO:0016917 GABA receptor activity Added DEFINITION The function of combining with the neurotransmitter GABA (gamma aminobutyric acid), and thereby initiating a change in cell function.
2003-03-26 GO:0005332 gamma-aminobutyric acid:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: gamma-aminobutyric acid(out) + Na+(out) = gamma-aminobutyric acid(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015796 galactitol transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of galactitol into, out of, within or between cells. Galactitol is the hexitol derived by the reduction of the aldehyde group of either D- or L-galactose.
2003-03-26 GO:0015577 galactitol transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of galactitol into, out of, within or between cells. Galactitol is the hexitol derived by the reduction of the aldehyde group of either D- or L-galactose.
2003-03-26 GO:0019196 galactosamine transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of galactosamine into, out of, within or between cells. Galactosamine is an aminodeoxysugar; D-galactosamine is a constituent of some glycolipids and glycosaminoglycans, commonly as its N-acetyl derivative.
2003-03-26 GO:0005534 galactose binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with galactose (galacto-hexose), a common constituent of many oligo- and polysaccharides.
2003-03-26 GO:0005531 obsolete galactose binding lectin Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0015757 galactose transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of galactose into, out of, within or between cells. D-galactose is widely distributed in combined form in plants, animals and microorganisms as a constituent of oligo- and polysaccharides; it also occurs in galactolipids and as its glucoside in lactose and melibiose.
2003-03-26 GO:0005354 galactose transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of galactose into, out of, within or between cells. D-galactose is widely distributed in combined form in plants, animals and microorganisms as a constituent of oligo- and polysaccharides; it also occurs in galactolipids and as its glucoside in lactose and melibiose.
2003-03-26 GO:0015303 obsolete galactose, glucose uniporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: galactose or glucose(out) = galactose or glucose(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015517 galactose:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: galactose(out) + H+(out) = galactose(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015371 galactose:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: galactose(out) + Na+(out) = glucose(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0016936 galactoside binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any glycoside in which the sugar moiety is galactose.
2003-03-26 GO:0001733 galactosylceramide sulfotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenylylsulfate + a galactosylceramide = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + a galactosylceramidesulfate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015737 galacturonate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of galacturonate into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015550 galacturonate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of galacturonate into, out of, within or between cells. Galacturonate is the uronic acid formally derived from galactose by oxidation of the hydroxymethylene group at C-6 to a carboxyl group.
2003-03-26 GO:0001577 obsolete galectin Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A lectin that exhibits calcium independent binding of beta-galactoside sugars.
2003-03-26 GO:0003895 gamma DNA-directed DNA polymerase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1). The DNA-directed DNA polymerase responsible for the replication of mitochondrial DNA.
2003-03-26 GO:0015812 gamma-aminobutyric acid transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of gamma-aminobutyrate, the anion of 4-aminobutanoic acid (GABA), into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0046807 viral scaffold assembly and maintenance Added DEFINITION The assembly and maintenance of the viral scaffold (GO:0046806) around which the viral capsid is constructed.
2003-03-26 GO:0046739 transport of virus in multicellular host Added DEFINITION The dissemination of infectious virion particles within an infected host.
2003-03-26 GO:0046740 transport of virus in host, cell to cell Added DEFINITION The process of viral dissemination within an infected host organism where infectious virion particles are passed from infected to uninfected host cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0046741 transport of virus in host, tissue to tissue Added DEFINITION The process of viral dissemination within an infected host organism where infectious virion particles are passed from infected to uninfected host tissue.
2003-03-26 GO:0019033 viral tegument Added DEFINITION A structure lying between the capsid and envelope of a virus, varying in thickness and often distributed asymmetrically.
2003-03-26 GO:0006948 induction by virus of host cell-cell fusion Added DEFINITION The process of syncytia-forming cell-cell fusion, caused by a virus.
2003-03-26 GO:0019062 virion attachment to host cell Updated DEFINITION The processes involved in the specific binding of a viral antireceptor to a cell surface receptor.
2003-03-26 GO:0046814 coreceptor-mediated virion attachment to host cell Added DEFINITION The process during virion attachment where a virion binds to a host cell surface receptor after an initial binding event has occurred, resulting in the fusion of the virion and host cell membranes and the initiation of viral entry.
2003-03-26 GO:0046813 receptor-mediated virion attachment to host cell Added DEFINITION The process during virion attachment where a virion binds to a host cell receptor, resulting in a conformational change of the virus protein.
2003-03-26 GO:0046790 virion binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a virion, either by binding to components of the capsid or the viral envelope.
2003-03-26 GO:0046794 transport of virus Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a virion into, out of, or within a host cell.
2003-03-26 GO:0046816 virion transport vesicle Added DEFINITION A vesicle used to transport the partial or complete virion between cellular compartments.
2003-03-26 GO:0046793 induction by virus of phosphorylation of host RNA polymerase II Added DEFINITION The viral induction of modification to the host RNA polymerase II.
2003-03-26 GO:0015420 cobalamin-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + vitamin B12(out) = ADP + phosphate + vitamin B12(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0019842 vitamin binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with vitamins, organic substances needed for the normal nutrition of an organism.
2003-03-26 GO:0009225 nucleotide-sugar metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and physical changes involving nucleotide-sugars, any nucleotide in which the distal phosphoric residue of a nucleoside 5'-diphosphate is in glycosidic linkage with a monosaccharide or monosaccharide derivative.
2003-03-26 GO:0015780 nucleotide-sugar transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of nucleotide-sugars into, out of, within or between cells. Nucleotide-sugars are any nucleotide in which the distal phosphoric residue of a nucleoside 5'-diphosphate is in glycosidic linkage with a monosaccharide or monosaccharide derivative.
2003-03-26 GO:0005338 nucleotide-sugar transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of nucleotide-sugars into, out of, within or between cells. A nucleotide-sugars is any nucleotide in which the distal phosphoric residue of a nucleoside 5'-diphosphate is in glycosidic linkage with a monosaccharide or monosaccharide derivative.
2003-03-26 GO:0005549 odorant binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with an odorant, any substance capable of stimulating the sense of smell.
2003-03-26 GO:0001742 oenocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION Differentiation of oenocytes, large secratory cells found in clusters underlying the epidermis of larval abdominal segments.
2003-03-26 GO:0015421 oligopeptide-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + oligopeptide(out) = ADP + phosphate + oligopeptide(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015772 oligosaccharide transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of oligosaccharides into, out of, within or between cells. Oligosaccharides are molecules with between two and (about) 20 monosaccharide residues connected by glycosidic linkages.
2003-03-26 GO:0015157 oligosaccharide transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of oligosaccharide into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015422 oligosaccharide-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + oligosaccharide(out) = ADP + phosphate + oligosaccharide(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0005900 oncostatin-M receptor complex Added DEFINITION A heterodimeric receptor for the cytokine oncostatin-M (OSM). In humans the receptor complex is made up of the gene products gp130 and OSMR-beta.
2003-03-26 GO:0019755 one-carbon compound transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of one-carbon compounds into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0009994 oocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process by which an immature germ cell becomes a mature female gamete.
2003-03-26 GO:0009993 oogenesis (sensu Insecta) Added DEFINITION Oogenesis in insects.
2003-03-26 GO:0015053 obsolete opsin Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Hydrophobic glycoprotein to which 11-cis-retinal binds as a Schiff base (in rhodopsin) or 3,4-didehydro-11-cis-retinal binds as a Schiff base in cyanopsin and porphyropsin.
2003-03-26 GO:0001748 optic lobe placode development Added DEFINITION Development of the optic placode, following its establishment, to give rise to the larval eye (Bolwig's organ) and the optic lobe.

Definition/synonyms

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2003-03-26 GO:0015597 obsolete histidine/arginine/lysine/ornithine porter activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + polar amino acid(out) = ADP + phosphate + polar amino acid(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0042393 histone binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a histone, any of a group of water-soluble proteins found in association with the DNA of plant and animal chromosomes. They are involved in the condensation and coiling of chromosomes during cell division and have also been implicated in nonspecific suppression of gene activity.
2003-03-26 GO:0046811 histone deacetylase inhibitor activity Added DEFINITION Stops, prevents or decreases the activity of histone deacetylase, which catalyzes of the removal of acetyl groups from histones, proteins complexed to DNA in chromatin and chromosomes.
2003-03-26 GO:0018106 peptidyl-histidine phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The post-translational phosphorylation of peptidyl-histidine to form peptidyl-1'-phospho-L-histidine (otherwise known as tau-phosphohistidine, tele-phosphohistidine) or peptidyl-3'-phospho-L-histidine (otherwise known as pi-phosphohistidine, pros-phosphohistidine).
2003-03-26 GO:0018203 peptidyl-isoleucine modification Added DEFINITION The modification of peptidyl-isoleucine.
2003-03-26 GO:0042259 peptidyl-L-beta-methylthioasparagine biosynthetic process from peptidyl-asparagine Updated DEFINITION The post-translation modification of peptidyl-asparagine to form peptidyl-L-beta-methylthioasparagine, typical of bacterial ribosomal protein S12.
2003-03-26 GO:0018339 peptidyl-L-beta-methylthioaspartic acid biosynthetic process from peptidyl-aspartic acid Updated DEFINITION The post-translation modification of peptidyl-aspartic acid to form peptidyl-L-beta-methylthioaspartic acid, typical of bacterial ribosomal protein S12.
2003-03-26 GO:0018118 peptidyl-L-cysteine glutathione disulfide biosynthetic process from peptidyl-cysteine Updated DEFINITION The post-translational modification of peptidyl-cysteine by covalent addition of glutathione to form peptidyl-L-cysteine glutathione disulfide.
2003-03-26 GO:0018222 peptidyl-L-cysteine methyl disulfide biosynthetic process from peptidyl-cysteine Updated DEFINITION The, presumably, post-translational modification of peptidyl-cysteine to form peptidyl-L-cysteine methyl disulfide.
2003-03-26 GO:0018229 peptidyl-L-cysteine methyl ester biosynthetic process from peptidyl-cysteine Updated DEFINITION The post-translational modification of peptidyl-cysteine to form peptidyl-L-cysteine methyl ester.
2003-03-26 GO:0018204 peptidyl-leucine modification Added DEFINITION The modification of peptidyl-leucine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018116 peptidyl-lysine adenylylation Updated DEFINITION The adenylation of peptidyl-lysine to form peptidyl-N6-(phospho-5'-adenosine)-L-lysine.
2003-03-26 GO:0015335 obsolete heavy metal ion:hydrogen symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Me2+(out) + H+(out) = Me2+(in) + H+(in), where Me2+ is Fe2+, Zn2+, Mn2+, Cu2+, Cd2+, Co2+, Ni2+ or Pb2+.
2003-03-26 GO:0004007 obsolete heavy metal-exporting ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: heavy metal ion(in) + ATP + H2O = heavy metal ion(out) + ADP + phosphate.
2003-03-26 GO:0019029 helical viral capsid Added DEFINITION The protein coat that surrounds the infective nucleic acid in some virus particles; the subunits are arranged to form a protein helix with the genetic material contained within. Tobacco mosaic virus has such a capsid structure.
2003-03-26 GO:0020037 heme binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with heme, any compound of iron complexed in a porphyrin (tetrapyrrole) ring.
2003-03-26 GO:0015886 heme transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of heme, any compound of iron complexed in a porphyrin (tetrapyrrole) ring, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015232 heme transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of heme, any compound of iron complexed in a porphyrin (tetrapyrrole) ring, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015439 heme-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + heme(in) = ADP + phosphate + heme(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0016969 obsolete hemerythrin Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. An oxygen carrier found in a few groups of invertebrates, eg. sipunculid worms, certain molluscs, and crustaceans.
2003-03-26 GO:0016970 obsolete hemocyanin Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A blue, copper-containing oxygen carrier present in many molluscs and arthropods.
2003-03-26 GO:0030492 hemoglobin binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with hemoglobin, an oxygen carrying, conjugated protein containing four heme groups and globin.
2003-03-26 GO:0015516 tartrate:succinate antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: tartrate(out) + succinate(in) = tartrate(in) +succinate(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0000908 taurine dioxygenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: taurine + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = sulfite + aminoacetaldehyde + succinate + CO2.
2003-03-26 GO:0015734 taurine transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of taurine into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0005368 taurine transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of taurine into, out of, within or between cells. Taurine (2-aminoethanesulfonic acid) is a sulphur-containing amino acid derivative which is important in the metabolism of fats.
2003-03-26 GO:0015411 taurine-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + taurine(out) = ADP + phosphate + taurine(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0005369 taurine:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: taurine(out) + Na+(out) = taurine(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015777 teichoic acid transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of teichoic acid into, out of, within or between cells. Teichoic acid is any polymer occurring in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram-positive bacteria and containing chains of glycerol phosphate or ribitol phosphate residues.
2003-03-26 GO:0015162 teichoic acid transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of teichoic acid into, out of, within or between cells. Teichoic acid is any polymer occurring in the cell wall, membrane or capsule of Gram-positive bacteria and containing chains of glycerol phosphate or ribitol phosphate residues.
2003-03-26 GO:0015438 teichoic-acid-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + teichoic acid(in) = ADP + phosphate + teichoic acid(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0015710 tellurite transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of tellurite into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0005120 thickveins binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with the thickveins (tkv) protein, a type I transforming growth factor beta receptor.
2003-03-26 GO:0042461 photoreceptor cell development Added SYNONYM photoreceptor morphogenesis
2003-03-26 GO:0018376 peptidyl-asparagine hydroxylation to form L-erythro-beta-hydroxyasparagine Updated DEFINITION The post-translational hydroxylation of peptidyl-asparagine to form peptidyl-L-erythro-beta-hydroxyasparagine; catalyzed by peptide-aspartate beta-dioxygenase (EC 1.14.11.16) (GO:0004597).
2003-03-26 GO:0019710 peptidyl-asparagine methylation Updated DEFINITION The methylation of peptidyl-asparagine to form peptidyl-N4-methyl-L-asparagine or peptidyl-N4,N4-dimethyl-L-asparagine.
2003-03-26 GO:0019803 peptidyl-aspartic acid carboxylation Updated DEFINITION The carboxylation of peptidyl-aspartic acid to form peptidyl-L-beta-carboxyaspartic acid.
2003-03-26 GO:0019715 peptidyl-aspartic acid hydroxylation to form L-erythro-beta-hydroxyaspartic acid Updated DEFINITION The post-translational hydroxylation of peptidyl-aspartic acid to form peptidyl-L-erythro-beta-hydroxyaspartic acid; catalyzed by peptide-aspartate beta-dioxygenase (EC 1.14.11.16) (GO:0004597).
2003-03-26 GO:0018218 peptidyl-cysteine phosphorylation Updated DEFINITION The phosphorylation of peptidyl-cysteine acid to form peptidyl-S-phospho-L-cysteine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018123 peptidyl-cysteine ADP-ribosylation Updated DEFINITION The transfer, from NAD, of ADP-ribose to peptidyl-cysteine to form peptidyl-S-(ADP-ribosyl)-L-cysteine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018125 peptidyl-cysteine methylation Updated DEFINITION The methylation of peptidyl-cysteine to form peptidyl-S-methyl-L-cysteine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018198 peptidyl-cysteine modification Added DEFINITION The modification of peptidyl-cysteine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018219 peptidyl-cysteine S-acetylation Updated DEFINITION The acetylation of peptidyl-cysteine to form peptidyl-S-acetyl-L-cysteine.
2003-03-26 GO:0046891 peptidyl-cysteine S-carbamoylation Added DEFINITION The carbamoylation of peptidyl-cysteine to form peptidyl-S-carbamoyl-L-cysteine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018119 peptidyl-cysteine S-nitrosylation Updated DEFINITION The post-translational S-nitrosylation of peptidyl-cysteine to form peptidyl-S-nitrosyl-L-cysteine.
2003-03-26 GO:0019917 peptidyl-D-alanine racemization via peptidyl-L-serine Updated DEFINITION The dehydration of peptidyl-serine, followed by hydrogenation to produce peptidyl-D-alanine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018200 peptidyl-glutamic acid modification Added DEFINITION The modification of peptidyl-glutamic acid.
2003-03-26 GO:0018199 peptidyl-glutamine modification Added DEFINITION The modification of peptidyl-glutamine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018201 peptidyl-glycine modification Added DEFINITION The modification of peptidyl-glycine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018074 peptidyl-histidine bromination Updated DEFINITION The post-translational bromination of peptidyl-histidine to form peptidyl-L-bromohistidine; the position of the bromine substitution is unknown.
2003-03-26 GO:0008512 sulfate:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sulfate(out) + H+(out) = sulfate(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015906 sulfathiazole transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of sulfathiazole into, out of, within or between cells. Sulfathiazole is an antibacterial agent of the sulfonamide group.
2003-03-26 GO:0015546 sulfathiazole transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of sulfathiazole into, out of, within or between cells. Sulfathiazole is an antibacterial agent of the sulfonamide group.
2003-03-26 GO:0000316 sulfite transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of sulfite into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0000907 sulfonate dioxygenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sulfonate + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = sulfite + aminoacetaldehyde + succinate + CO2.
2003-03-26 GO:0017098 sulfonylurea receptor binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with the sulfonylurea receptor, a regulatory subunit of the ATP-sensitive potassium ion channel.
2003-03-26 GO:0000101 sulfur amino acid transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of amino acids containing sulfur (cystine, methionine and their derivatives) into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0000099 sulfur amino acid transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of amino acids containing sulfur (cystine, methionine and their derivatives) into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0009997 negative regulation of cardioblast cell fate specification Added DEFINITION The process in which the specification of a cell to become a cardioblast is suppressed.
2003-03-26 GO:0009996 negative regulation of cell fate specification Added DEFINITION Process that restricts or prevents a cell from adopting a specific cell fate.
2003-03-26 GO:0010000 negative regulation of cone cell fate specification (sensu Endopterygota) Added DEFINITION The process in which the specification of cone cell fate is suppressed in Drosophila.
2003-03-26 GO:0009999 negative regulation of auditory receptor cell fate specification Added DEFINITION The process in which the specification of a cell to become a hair cell is suppressed.
2003-03-26 GO:0009998 negative regulation of retinal cone cell fate specification Added DEFINITION The process in which the specification of a cell to become a retinal cone cell is suppressed.
2003-03-26 GO:0019214 obsolete surfactant activity Added DEFINITION The action of reducing the surface tension of a liquid.
2003-03-26 GO:0015842 aminergic neurotransmitter loading into synaptic vesicle Added DEFINITION The directed movement of amines into, out of or within synaptic vesicles.
2003-03-26 GO:0005430 synaptic vesicle amine transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of amines into, out of or within synaptic vesicles.
2003-03-26 GO:0030672 synaptic vesicle membrane Added DEFINITION The membrane surrounding a synaptic vesicle.
2003-03-26 GO:0000769 syncytium formation by mitosis without cytokinesis Added DEFINITION The formation of a syncytium, a mass of cytoplasm containing several nuclei enclosed within a single plasma membrane, by one or more rounds of nuclear division without cell division.
2003-03-26 GO:0000768 syncytium formation by plasma membrane fusion Added DEFINITION The formation of a syncytium, a mass of cytoplasm containing several nuclei enclosed within a single plasma membrane, by the fusion of the plasma membranes of two or more individual cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0045545 syndecan binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with syndecan, an integral membrane proteoglycan (250-300 kDa) associated largely with epithelial cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0004894 obsolete T cell receptor activity Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0015484 obsolete hemolysin activity Added DEFINITION Any substance that causes the lysis of red blood cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0008201 heparin binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with heparin, any member of a group of glycosaminoglycans found mainly as an intracellular component of mast cells and which consist predominantly of alternating alpha1-4-linked D-galactose and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine-6-sulfate residues.
2003-03-26 GO:0003927 obsolete heterotrimeric G-protein GTPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: GTP + H2O = GDP + phosphate. GTP-hydrolyzing enzymes, where GTP and GDP alternate in binding. Includes stimulatory and inhibitory G-proteins such as Gs, Gi, Go and Golf, targeting adenylate cyclase and/or potassium ion and calcium ion channels; Gq stimulating phospholipase C; transducin activating cGMP phosphodiesterase; gustducin activating cAMP phosphodiesterase.
2003-03-26 GO:0015712 hexose phosphate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of hexose phosphate into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015119 hexose phosphate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of hexose phosphate into, out of, within or between cells. Hexose phosphates is any of a group of monophosphorylated aldoses with a chain of six carbon atoms in the molecule.
2003-03-26 GO:0008645 hexose transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of hexose into, out of, within or between cells. Hexoses are any aldoses with a chain of six carbon atoms in the molecule.
2003-03-26 GO:0015149 hexose transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of a hexose sugar, a monosaccharide with 6 carbon atoms, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0008516 hexose uniporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hexose(out) = hexose(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015526 hexose-phosphate:inorganic phosphate antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hexose phosphate(out) + inorganic phosphate(in) = hexose phosphate(in) + inorganic phosphate(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0009679 hexose:proton symporter activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hexose(out) + H+(out) = hexose(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015539 hexuronate:cation symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: hexuronate(out) + cation(out) = hexuronate(in) + cation(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015736 hexuronate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of hexuronate into, out of, within or between cells. A hexuronate is any monocarboxylic acid derived from a hexose by oxidation of C-6.
2003-03-26 GO:0015134 hexuronate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of hexuronates into, out of, within or between cells. A hexuronate is any monocarboxylic acid derived from a hexose by oxidation of C-6.
2003-03-26 GO:0015778 hexuronide transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of hexuronide into, out of, within or between cells. Hexuronides are any compound formed by combination of glycosidic linkage of a hydroxy compound (eg. an alcohol or a saccharide) with the anomeric carbon atom of a hexuronate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015163 hexuronide transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of hexuronide into, out of, within or between cells. Hexuronides are any compound formed by combination of glycosidic linkage of a hydroxy compound (eg. an alcohol or a saccharide) with the anomeric carbon atom of a hexuronate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015089 high-affinity copper ion transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Cu2+(out) = Cu2+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015092 high-affinity ferric iron uptake transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the import of Fe(III).
2003-03-26 GO:0005316 high-affinity inorganic phosphate:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: HPO42-(out) + Na+(out) =HPO42-(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015336 obsolete high affinity metal ion uptake transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Me2+(out) + H+(out) = Me2+(in) + H+(in). Me can be Fe2+, Mn2+, Zn2+, Cu2+, Cd2+, Ni2+ or Co2+.
2003-03-26 GO:0015362 high-affinity sodium:dicarboxylate symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: dicarboxylate(out) + Na+(out) = dicarboxylate(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0009675 high-affinity sulfate:proton symporter activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sulfate(out) + H+(out) = sulfate(in) + H+(in). Transporter with a high affinity for sulfate, that mediates the active uptake of sulfate from areas of low sulfate concentration to high sulfate concentration.
2003-03-26 GO:0000006 high-affinity zinc uptake transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Zn2+(out) = Zn2+(in), probably powered by proton motive force.
2003-03-26 GO:0005314 high-affinity glutamate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glutamate(out) + H+(out) = glutamate(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0008035 high-density lipoprotein particle binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with high-density lipoprotein: one of the classes of lipoproteins found in blood plasma in many animals (data normally relate to humans).
2003-03-26 GO:0015001 obsolete high-potential iron-sulfur carrier Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0015817 histidine transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of histidine, 2-amino-3-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)propanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0005290 L-histidine transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of histidine, 2-amino-3-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)propanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015076 obsolete heavy metal ion transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of heavy metal ions into, out of, within or between cells. Heavy metals are those that can form a coordination bond with a protein, as opposed to an alkali or alkaline-earth metal that can only form an ionic bond; this definition includes the following biologically relevant heavy metals: Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Mo, Ni, V, W, Zn.
2003-03-26 GO:0046482 para-aminobenzoic acid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and physical changes involving para-aminobenzoic acid, an intermediate in the synthesis of folic acid, a compound which some organisms, e.g. prokaryotes, eukaryotic microbes, and plants, can synthesize de novo. Others, notably mammals, cannot. In yeast, it is present as a factor in the B complex of vitamins.
2003-03-26 GO:0046734 passive induction of host cell-mediated immune response by virus Added DEFINITION The unintentional stimulation by a virus of a cell-mediated host defense response to viral infection, as part of the viral infectious cycle.
2003-03-26 GO:0019589 anaerobic glycerol catabolic process to propane-1,3-diol Added DEFINITION The anaerobic breakdown of glycerol into propane-1,3-diol and water.
2003-03-26 GO:0015793 glycerol transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of glycerol into, out of, within or between cells. Glycerol is 1,2,3-propanetriol, a sweet, hygroscopic, viscous liquid, widely distributed in nature as a constituent of many lipids.
2003-03-26 GO:0015168 glycerol transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of glycerol into, out of, within or between cells. Glycerol is 1,2,3-propanetriol, a sweet, hygroscopic, viscous liquid, widely distributed in nature as a constituent of many lipids.
2003-03-26 GO:0015794 glycerol-3-phosphate transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of glycerol-3-phosphate into, out of, within or between cells. Glycerol-3-phosphate is a phosphoric monoester of glycerol.
2003-03-26 GO:0015169 glycerol-3-phosphate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of glycerol-3-phosphate into, out of, within or between cells. Glycerol-3-phosphate is a phosphoric monoester of glycerol.
2003-03-26 GO:0015430 glycerol-3-phosphate-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + glycerol-3-phosphate(out) = ADP + phosphate + glycerol-3-phosphate(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015610 glycerol phosphate-importing ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + glycerol-phosphate(out) = ADP + phosphate + glycerol-phosphate(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015527 glycerol-phosphate:inorganic phosphate antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glycerol phosphate(out) + inorganic phosphate(in) = glycerol phosphate(in) + inorganic phosphate(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0015596 obsolete glycine betaine/proline porter activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + quaternary amine(out) = ADP + phosphate + quaternary amine(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015653 glycine betaine:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glycine betaine(out) + H+(out) = glycine betaine(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0016594 glycine binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with glycine, aminoethanoic acid.
2003-03-26 GO:0005240 obsolete glycine receptor-associated protein Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0015816 glycine transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of glycine, aminoethanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015187 glycine transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of glycine, aminoethanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0008500 obsolete glycine-, glutamate-, thienylcyclohexylpiperidine binding Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0015375 glycine:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glycine(out) + Na+(out) = glycine(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0004133 glycogen debranching enzyme activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the cleavage of branch points in branched glycogen polymers.
2003-03-26 GO:0042587 glycogen granule Added DEFINITION Cytoplasmic bead-like structures of animal cells, visible by electron microscope. Each granule is a functional unit with the biosynthesis and catabolism of glycogen being catalyzed by enzymes bound to the granule surface.
2003-03-26 GO:0006664 glycolipid metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and physical changes involving glycolipids, compounds containing (usually) 1-4 linked monosaccharide residues joined by a glycosyl linkage to a lipid.
2003-03-26 GO:0046836 glycolipid transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of glycolipids, compounds containing (usually) 1-4 linked monosaccharide residues joined by a glycosyl linkage to a lipid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0017089 glycolipid transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of glycolipids, compounds containing (usually) 1-4 linked monosaccharide residues joined by a glycosyl linkage to a lipid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0005181 obsolete glycopeptide hormone Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0005539 glycosaminoglycan binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any glycan (polysaccharide) containing a substantial proportion of aminomonosaccharide residues.
2003-03-26 GO:0015486 glycoside-pentoside-hexuronide:cation symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [glycoside, pentoside or hexuronide](out) + monovalent cation(out) = [glycoside, pentoside or hexuronide](in) + monovalent cation(in). The cation is Na+, Li+ or H+.
2003-03-26 GO:0046860 glycosome membrane Added DEFINITION The membrane surrounding a glycosome.
2003-03-26 GO:0019172 glyoxalase III activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: methylglyoxal + H2O = D-lactate.
2003-03-26 GO:0046861 glyoxysomal membrane Added DEFINITION The membrane surrounding a glyoxysome.
2003-03-26 GO:0019002 GMP binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with GMP, guanosine monophosphate.
2003-03-26 GO:0046763 virus budding from Golgi membrane Added DEFINITION The evagination of the nucleocapsid from the host Golgi membrane system, resulting in envelopment of the virus.
2003-03-26 GO:0015233 pantothenate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of pantothenate into, out of, within or between cells. Pantothenate is the anion of pantothenic acid, the amide of beta-alanine and pantoic acid; it is a B complex vitamin that is a constituent of coenzyme A and is distributed ubiquitously in foods.
2003-03-26 GO:0015498 pantothenate:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: pantothenate(out) + Na+(out) = pantothenate(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0008149 obsolete para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) synthase Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0008153 para-aminobenzoic acid biosynthetic process Updated DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of para-aminobenzoic acid, an intermediate in the synthesis of folic acid, a compound which some organisms, e.g. prokaryotes, eukaryotic microbes, and plants, can synthesize de novo. Others, notably mammals, cannot. In yeast, it is present as a factor in the B complex of vitamins.
2003-03-26 GO:0015299 solute:proton antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: solute(out) + H+(in) = solute(in) + H+(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0015118 tellurite transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of tellurite into, out of, within or between cells. Tellurite is a salt of tellurous acid or an oxide of tellurium which occurs sparingly in tufts of white or yellowish crystals.
2003-03-26 GO:0015654 tellurite uptake transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: tellurite(out) + H+(out) = tellurite(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0007430 terminal branching, open tracheal system Added DEFINITION Formation of terminal branches in the insect tracheal system. These are long cytoplasmic extensions that form fine tubules that transport oxygen directly to the tissues.
2003-03-26 GO:0046865 terpenoid transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of terpenoids into, out of, within or between cells. Terpenoids are a class of compounds characterized by an isoprenoid chemical structure and include derivatives with various functional groups.
2003-03-26 GO:0015904 tetracycline transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of tetracycline into, out of, within or between cells. Tetracycline is a broad spectrum antibiotic that blocks binding of aminoacyl tRNA to the ribosomes of both gram-positive and gram-negative organisms (and those of organelles).
2003-03-26 GO:0042605 peptide antigen binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with an antigen peptide, a fragment of a foreign protein derived by proteolysis within the cell.
2003-03-26 GO:0042277 peptide binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with peptides; any of a group of organic compounds comprising two or more amino acids linked by peptide bonds.
2003-03-26 GO:0042586 peptide deformylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: formyl-L-methionyl peptide + H2O = formate + methionyl peptide.
2003-03-26 GO:0005180 obsolete peptide hormone Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0000770 peptide pheromone export Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a peptide pheromone out of a cell by a secretion or export pathway used solely for the export of peptide pheromones.
2003-03-26 GO:0007323 peptide pheromone maturation Added DEFINITION The generation of a mature, active peptide pheromone via processes unique to its processing and modification.
2003-03-26 GO:0001653 peptide receptor activity Added DEFINITION The function of combining with an extracellular or intracellular peptide to initiate a change in cell function.
2003-03-26 GO:0015833 peptide transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of peptides, compounds of two or more amino acids where the alpha carboxyl group of one is bound to the alpha amino group of another, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015197 peptide transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of peptides, compounds of two or more amino acids where the alpha carboxyl group of one is bound to the alpha amino group of another, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015440 peptide-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + peptide(in) = ADP + phosphate + peptide(out). Peptides exported include alpha-hemolysin, cyclolysin, colicin V and siderophores from Gram-negative bacteria, and bacteriocin, subtilin, competence factor and pediocin from Gram-positive bacteria.
2003-03-26 GO:0015333 peptide:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: peptide(out) + H+(out) = peptide(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015835 peptidoglycan transport Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of peptidoglycans, a class of glycoconjugates found in bacterial cell walls, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015647 peptidoglycan transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of peptidoglycans, a class of glycoconjugates found in bacterial cell walls, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0009254 peptidoglycan turnover Added DEFINITION The continual breakdown and regeneration of peptidoglycan required to maintain the cell wall.
2003-03-26 GO:0018194 peptidyl-alanine modification Added DEFINITION The modification of peptidyl-alanine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018181 peptidyl-arginine C5-methylation Updated DEFINITION The methylation of peptidyl-arginine to form peptidyl-5-methyl-L-arginine.
2003-03-26 GO:0019701 peptidyl-arginine N5-methylation Updated DEFINITION The methylation of peptidyl-arginine to form peptidyl-N5-methyl-L-arginine.
2003-03-26 GO:0019918 peptidyl-arginine methylation, to symmetrical-dimethyl arginine Updated DEFINITION The process of methylation of peptidyl-arginine to form peptidyl-N(omega),N'(omega)-dimethyl-L-arginine.
2003-03-26 GO:0019919 peptidyl-arginine methylation, to asymmetrical-dimethyl arginine Updated DEFINITION The process of methylation of peptidyl-arginine to form peptidyl-N(omega),N(omega)-dimethyl-L-arginine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018195 peptidyl-arginine modification Added DEFINITION The modification of peptidyl-arginine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018122 peptidyl-asparagine ADP-ribosylation Updated DEFINITION The transfer, from NAD, of ADP-ribose to peptidyl-asparagine to form peptidyl-N4-(ADP-ribosyl)-L-asparagine.
2003-03-26 GO:0018196 peptidyl-asparagine modification Added DEFINITION The modification of peptidyl-asparagine.
2003-03-26 GO:0005469 succinate:fumarate antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: succinate(out) + fumarate(in) succinate(in) + fumarate(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0009669 sucrose:monovalent cation symporter activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sucrose(out) + monovalent cation(out) = sucrose(in) + monovalent cation(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015770 sucrose transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of sucrose into, out of, within or between cells. Sucrose is the disaccharide fructofuranosyl-glucopyranoside.
2003-03-26 GO:0008515 sucrose transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of sucrose into, out of, within or between cells. Sucrose is the disaccharide O-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2->1)-alpha-D-glucopyranoside, a sweet-tasting, non-reducing sugar isolated industrially from sugar beet or sugar cane.
2003-03-26 GO:0008506 sucrose:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sucrose(out) + H+(out) = sucrose(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0005529 sugar binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any any mono-, di- or small oligosaccharide carbohydrate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015542 sugar efflux transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sugar(in) = sugar(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0005351 sugar:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sugar(out) + H+(out) = sugar(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0000103 sulfate assimilation Added DEFINITION The pathways by which inorganic sulfate is processed and incorporated into sulfated compounds.
2003-03-26 GO:0008272 sulfate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of sulfate into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015116 sulfate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of sulfate ions (SO4 2-) into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015419 ATPase-coupled sulfate transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + sulfate(out) = ADP + phosphate + sulfate(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015383 sulfate:bicarbonate antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sulfate(out) + bicarbonate(in) = sulfate(in) + bicarbonate(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0042141 obsolete mating pheromone exporter Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Exports diffusible peptide signals that are responsible for binding to other cells and triggering a series of responses to facilitate mating.
2003-03-26 GO:0015487 melibiose:monovalent cation symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: melibiose(out) + monovalent cation(out) = melibiose(in) + monovalent cation(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015769 melibiose transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of melibiose into, out of, within or between cells. Melibiose is the disaccharide 6-O-alpha-D-galactopyranosyl-D-glucose.
2003-03-26 GO:0015156 melibiose transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of melibiose into, out of, within or between cells. Melibiose is the disaccharide 6-O-alpha-D-galactopyranosyl-D-glucose and occurs as a constituent of the trisaccharide raffinose or in the exudates and nectaries of a number of plants.
2003-03-26 GO:0003791 obsolete membrane associated actin binding Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0008514 organic anion transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of organic anions into, out of, within or between cells. Organic cations are atoms or small molecules with a negative charge which contain carbon in covalent linkage.
2003-03-26 GO:0015695 organic cation transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of organic cations into, out of, within or between cells. Organic cations are atoms or small molecules with a positive charge which contain carbon in covalent linkage.
2003-03-26 GO:0015101 organic cation transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of organic cations into, out of, within or between cells. Organic cations are atoms or small molecules with a positive charge which contain carbon in covalent linkage.
2003-03-26 GO:0015897 organomercurial transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of organomercurial compounds into, out of, within or between cells. Organomercurial substances are any organic compound containing a mercury atom.
2003-03-26 GO:0015548 organomercurial transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of organomercurial compounds into, out of, within or between cells. Organomercurial substances are any organic compound containing a mercury atom.
2003-03-26 GO:0015315 organophosphate:inorganic phosphate antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: organophosphate(out) + inorganic phosphate(in) = organophosphate(in) + inorganic phosphate(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0015822 ornithine transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of ornithine, 2,5-diaminopentanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0000064 L-ornithine transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of ornithine, 2,5-diaminopentanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0018987 osmoregulation Added DEFINITION The control of the osmotic activity of the fluid in a cell, tissue, organ, or organism.
2003-03-26 GO:0016845 obsolete other carbon-nitrogen lyase activity Added DEFINITION These enzymes of sub class EC 4.3.99 are 'miscellaneous' carbon-nitrogen lyases that cannot be grouped into one of the specific subclasses of the carbon-nitrogen lyases.
2003-03-26 GO:0016839 obsolete other carbon-oxygen lyase activity Added DEFINITION These enzymes of sub class EC 4.2.99 are 'miscellaneous' carbon-oxygen lyases that cannot be grouped into one of the specific subclasses of the carbon-oxygen lyases.
2003-03-26 GO:0015479 obsolete outer membrane exporter porin Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0046772 viral budding from outer nuclear membrane Added DEFINITION The envelopment of a virus, in which the nucleocapsid evaginates from the host outer nuclear membrane system, thus acquiring a membrane envelope.
2003-03-26 GO:0046770 virus budding from outer nuclear membrane by viral capsid re-envelopment Added DEFINITION The re-envelopment of a virus, in which the nucleocapsid evaginates from the host outer nuclear membrane system, thus acquiring an additional membrane envelope.
2003-03-26 GO:0019532 oxalate transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of oxalate into, out of, within or between cells. Oxalate, or ethanedioic acid, occurs in many plants and is highly toxic to animals.
2003-03-26 GO:0019531 oxalate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of oxalate into, out of, within or between cells. Oxalate, or ethanedioic acid, occurs in many plants and is highly toxic to animals.
2003-03-26 GO:0046724 oxalic acid secretion Added DEFINITION The regulated release of oxalic acid, ethanedioic acid, by a cell or group of cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015729 oxaloacetate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of oxaloacetate, the anion of oxobutanedioic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015131 oxaloacetate transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of oxaloacetate, the anion of oxobutanedioic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0042608 T cell receptor binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a T-cell receptor, the antigen-recognizing receptor on the surface of T-cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0042101 T cell receptor complex Added DEFINITION A receptor complex usually consisting of a TCR- (T-cell receptor) alpha and beta chain heterodimer, two CD3-epsilon chains, a CD3-gamma chain, a CD3-delta chain and a zeta chain homodimer. The complex mediates antigen recognition, ultimately resulting in T-cell activation.
2003-03-26 GO:0008648 obsolete tachykinin Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A family of hormones that stimulate secretion of saliva and cause smooth muscle contraction and vasodilation.
2003-03-26 GO:0015745 tartrate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of tartrate into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015554 tartrate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of tartrate into, out of, within or between cells. Tartrate is the anion of 2,3-dihydroxybutanedioic acid, one of the aldaric acids. The L(+) enantiomer occurs widely in plants, especially in grape juice, and in fungi and bacteria.
2003-03-26 GO:0046731 passive induction of host immune response by virus Added DEFINITION The unintentional stimulation by a virus of a host defense response to viral infection, as part of the viral infectious cycle.
2003-03-26 GO:0046733 passive induction of host humoral immune response by virus Added DEFINITION The unintentional stimulation by a virus of a host humoral defense response to viral infection, as part of the viral infectious cycle.
2003-03-26 GO:0046735 passive induction of host innate immune response by virus Added DEFINITION The unintentional stimulation by a virus of an innate host defense response to viral infection, as part of the viral infectious cycle.
2003-03-26 GO:0005113 patched binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with the patched (ptc) protein, a receptor for hedgehog proteins.
2003-03-26 GO:0008658 penicillin binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with penicillin, any antibiotic that contains the condensed beta-lactamthiazolidine ring system.
2003-03-26 GO:0015750 pentose transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of pentoses into, out of, within or between cells. A pentose is any aldose with a chain of five carbon atoms in the molecule.
2003-03-26 GO:0015146 pentose transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of a pentose sugar, a monosaccharide with 5 carbon atoms, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0046750 viral budding from Golgi membrane by viral capsid envelopment Added DEFINITION The envelopment of a virus, in which the nucleocapsid evaginates from the host Golgi membrane system, thus acquiring a membrane envelope.
2003-03-26 GO:0046747 virus budding from Golgi membrane by viral capsid re-envelopment Added DEFINITION The re-envelopment of a virus, in which the nucleocapsid evaginates from the host Golgi membrane system, thus acquiring an additional membrane envelope.
2003-03-26 GO:0030660 Golgi-associated vesicle membrane Added DEFINITION The membrane surrounding a vesicle associated with the Golgi apparatus.
2003-03-26 GO:0005806 obsolete Golgi-ER transport vesicle Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0015025 obsolete GPI-anchored membrane-bound receptor Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0005107 obsolete GPI-linked ephrin Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0009630 gravitropism Added DEFINITION The orientation of plant parts under the stimulation of gravity.
2003-03-26 GO:0015060 obsolete green-sensitive opsin Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0005525 GTP binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with GTP, guanosine triphosphate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015854 guanine transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of guanine, 2-amino-6-hydroxypurine, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015208 guanine transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of guanine, 2-amino-6-hydroxypurine, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0008558 guanine-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + guanine(out) = ADP + phosphate + guanine(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0005505 obsolete heavy metal binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a heavy metal, a metal that can form a coordination bond with a protein, as opposed to an alkali or alkaline-earth metal that can only form an ionic bond; this definition includes the following biologically relevant heavy metals: Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Mo, Ni, V, W, Zn.
2003-03-26 GO:0005373 obsolete heavy metal ion porter activity Added DEFINITION A transporter of heavy metal ions that utilizes a carrier-mediated process to catalyze uniport, symport or antiport between aqueous phases on either side of a lipid membrane.
2003-03-26 GO:0006823 obsolete heavy metal ion transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of heavy metal ions into, out of, within or between cells. Heavy metals are those that can form a coordination bond with a protein, as opposed to an alkali or alkaline-earth metal that can only form an ionic bond; this definition includes the following biologically relevant heavy metals: Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Mo, Ni, V, W, Zn.
2003-03-26 GO:0015140 malate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of malate into, out of, within or between cells. Malate is a chiral hydroxydicarboxylic acid, hydroxybutanedioic acid. The (+) enantiomer is an important intermediate in metabolism as a component of both the TCA cycle and the glyoxylate cycle.
2003-03-26 GO:0015366 malate:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: malate(out) + H+(out) = malate(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0009971 anastral spindle assembly involved in male meiosis Added DEFINITION The formation and maintenance of the spindle in meiosis in male plant organs.
2003-03-26 GO:0046723 malic acid secretion Added DEFINITION The regulated release of malic acid, hydroxybutanedioic (hydroxysuccinic) acid, by a cell or group of cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015609 maltooligosaccharide-importing ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + maltooligosaccharide(out) = ADP + phosphate + maltooligosaccharide(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015768 maltose transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of maltose into, out of, within or between cells. Maltose is the disaccharide 4-O-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-D-glucopyranose, an intermediate in the catabolism of glycogen and starch.
2003-03-26 GO:0005363 maltose transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of maltose into, out of, within or between cells. Maltose is the disaccharide 4-O-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-D-glucopyranose, an intermediate in the enzymatic breakdown of glycogen and starch.
2003-03-26 GO:0015423 maltose-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + maltose(out) = ADP + phosphate + maltose(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0005364 maltose:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: maltose(out) + H+(out) = maltose(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0030145 manganese ion binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with manganese (Mn) ions.
2003-03-26 GO:0006828 manganese ion transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of manganese (Mn) ions into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0005384 manganese ion transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of manganese (Mn) ions into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015410 manganese-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + Mn2+(out) = ADP + phosphate + Mn2+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015797 mannitol transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of mannitol into, out of, within or between cells. Mannitol is the alditol derived from D-mannose by reduction of the aldehyde group.
2003-03-26 GO:0015575 mannitol transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of mannitol into, out of, within or between cells. Mannitol is the alditol derived from D-mannose by reduction of the aldehyde group.
2003-03-26 GO:0005537 mannose binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with mannose, a monosaccharide hexose, stereoisomeric with glucose, that occurs naturally only in polymerized forms called mannans.
2003-03-26 GO:0005532 obsolete mannose binding lectin Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0045206 obsolete MAPK phosphatase transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of MAPK phosphatase into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015761 mannose transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of mannose into, out of, within or between cells. Mannose is the aldohexose manno-hexose, the C-2 epimer of glucose. The D-(+)-form is widely distributed in mannans and hemicelluloses and is of major importance in the core oligosaccharide of N-linked oligosaccharides of glycoproteins.
2003-03-26 GO:0015578 mannose transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of mannose into, out of, within or between cells. Mannose is the aldohexose manno-hexose, the C-2 epimer of glucose. The D-(+)-form is widely distributed in mannans and hemicelluloses and is of major importance in the core oligosaccharide of N-linked oligosaccharides of glycoproteins.
2003-03-26 GO:0042580 mannosome Added DEFINITION A specialised tubular organelle, assembled in hexagonal bundles within an external membrane. Mannosomes are specific to molluscs and are thought to be involved in a general stress reaction.
2003-03-26 GO:0045205 obsolete MAPK transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of MAP kinase into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0030455 obsolete MAPKKK cascade (mating sensu Fungi) Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. MAPKKK cascade involved in transducing mating pheromone signal in a fungus.
2003-03-26 GO:0007244 obsolete MAPKKK cascade (mating sensu Saccharomyces) Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. MAPKKK cascade involved in transduction of mating pheromone signal, as described in Saccharomyces.
2003-03-26 GO:0000772 mating pheromone activity Added DEFINITION The activity of binding to and activating specific cell surface receptors, thereby inducing a behavioral or physiological response(s) from a responding organism or cell that leads to the transfer or union of genetic material between organisms or cells. The mating pheromone can either be retained on the cell surface or secreted.
2003-03-26 GO:0019673 GDP-mannose metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and physical changes involving GDP-mannose, a substance composed of mannose in glycosidic linkage with guanosine diphosphate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015784 GDP-mannose transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of GDP-mannose into, out of, within or between cells. GDP-mannose is a substance composed of mannose in glycosidic linkage with guanosine diphosphate.
2003-03-26 GO:0005458 GDP-mannose transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of GDP-mannose into, out of, within or between cells. GDP-mannose is a substance composed of mannose in glycosidic linkage with guanosine diphosphate.
2003-03-26 GO:0016251 obsolete general RNA polymerase II transcription factor activity Updated DEFINITION Any function that supports basal (unregulated) transcription of genes by core RNA polymerase II. Five general transcription factors are necessary and sufficient for such basal transcription in yeast: TFIIB, TFIID, TFIIE, TFIIF, TFIIH and TATA-binding protein (TBF).
2003-03-26 GO:0009292 genetic transfer Added DEFINITION In the absence of a sexual life cycle, the processes involved in the introduction of genetic information to create a genetically different individual.
2003-03-26 GO:0046815 genome retention in viral capsid Added DEFINITION The processes by which the viral genome is retained within the capsid during genome cleavage and packaging.
2003-03-26 GO:0042585 germinal vesicle Added DEFINITION The enlarged, fluid filled nucleus of a primary oocyte, the development of which is suspended in prophase I of the first meiotic division between embryohood and sexual maturity.
2003-03-26 GO:0010001 glial cell differentiation Added DEFINITION The process whereby a relatively unspecialized cell acquires the specialized features of a glial cell.
2003-03-26 GO:0001524 obsolete globin Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The colorless and basic protein moiety of hemoglobin and myoglobins.
2003-03-26 GO:0015795 sorbitol transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of glucitol into, out of, within or between cells. Glucitol is the hexitol derived by the reduction of the aldehyde group of glucose.
2003-03-26 GO:0015576 sorbitol transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of glucitol into, out of, within or between cells. Glucitol is the hexitol derived by the reduction of the aldehyde group of glucose.
2003-03-26 GO:0008875 gluconate dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-gluconate + NADP+ = dehydro-D-gluconate + NADPH + H+.
2003-03-26 GO:0015295 solute:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: solute(out) + H+(out) = solute(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015370 solute:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: solute(out) + Na+(out) = solute(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015300 solute:solute antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: solute A(out) + solute B(in) = solute A(in) + solute B(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0019194 sorbose transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of sorbose into, out of, within or between cells. Sorbose is the ketohexose xylo-2-hexulose; L-sorbose is formed by bacterial oxidation of sorbitol. Sorbose is produced commercially by fermentation and is used as an intermediate in the manufacture of ascorbic acid.
2003-03-26 GO:0042581 specific granule Added DEFINITION Granule with a membranous, tubular internal structure, found primarily in mature neutrophil cells. Most are released into the extracellular fluid. Specific granules contain lactoferrin, lysozyme, vitamin B12 binding protein and elastase.
2003-03-26 GO:0030507 spectrin binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with spectrin, a protein that is the major constituent of the erythrocyte cytoskeletal network. It associates with band 4.1 (see band protein) and actin to form the cytoskeletal superstructure of the erythrocyte plasma membrane. It is composed of nonhomologous chains, alpha and beta, which aggregate side-to-side in an antiparallel fashion to form dimers, tetramers, and higher polymers.
2003-03-26 GO:0007286 spermatid development Added DEFINITION The process by which an immature germ cell becomes a mature male gamete.
2003-03-26 GO:0019809 spermidine binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with spermidine, N-(3-aminopropyl)-1,4-diaminobutane.
2003-03-26 GO:0015595 spermidine-importing ATPase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + spermidine(out) = ADP + phosphate + spermidine(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015848 spermidine transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of spermidine, N-(3-aminopropyl)-1,4-diaminobutane, a polyamine formed by the transfer of a propylamine group from decarboxylated S-adenosylmethionine to putrescine, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015606 spermidine transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of spermidine, N-(3-aminopropyl)-1,4-diaminobutane, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0000296 spermine transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of spermine, N,N-bis(3-aminopropyl)-1,4-diaminobutane, a polyamine formed by the transfer of a propylamine group from decarboxylated S-adenosylmethionine to spermidine, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0000297 spermine transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of spermine into, out of, within or between cells. Spermine is a polybasic amine found in human sperm, in ribosomes and in some viruses, which is involved in nucleic acid packaging. Synthesis is regulated by ornithine decarboxylase which plays a key role in control of DNA replication.
2003-03-26 GO:0046625 sphingolipid binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with sphingolipids, a class of lipids containing the long-chain amine diol sphingosine or a closely related base (a sphingoid).
2003-03-26 GO:0046624 sphingolipid transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of sphingolipids into, out of, within or between cells. Sphingolipids are a class of lipids containing the long-chain amine diol sphingosine or a closely related base (a sphingoid).
2003-03-26 GO:0046512 sphingosine biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of sphingosine (sphing-4-enine), trans-D-erytho-2-amino-octadec-4-ene-1,3-diol, a long chain amino diol sphingoid base that occurs in most sphingolipids in animal tissues.
2003-03-26 GO:0019024 ssRNA viral genome Updated DEFINITION A viral genome composed of single stranded RNA of either positive or negative sense.
2003-03-26 GO:0005173 stem cell factor receptor binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with the stem cell factor receptor (SCFR), a type III transmembrane kinase receptor.
2003-03-26 GO:0005496 steroid binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a steroid, any of a large group of substances that have in common a ring system based on 1,2-cyclopentanoperhydrophenanthrene.
2003-03-26 GO:0008560 steroid-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + steroid(in) = ADP + phosphate + steroid(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0008398 sterol 14-demethylase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: obtusifoliol + 3 O2 + 3 NADPH + 3 H+ = 4a-methyl-5a-ergosta-8,14,24(28)-trien-3b-ol + formate + 3 NADP+ + 3 H2O.
2003-03-26 GO:0015918 sterol transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of sterols into, out of, within or between cells. Sterols are steroids with one or more hydroxyl groups and a hydrocarbon side-chain in the molecule.
2003-03-26 GO:0015248 sterol transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of sterols into, out of, within or between cells. Sterol are steroids with one or more hydroxyl groups and a hydrocarbon side-chain in the molecule.
2003-03-26 GO:0016490 structural constituent of peritrophic membrane Added DEFINITION The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of the insect peritrophic membrane, a tubular sheath of cuticle that shields the epithelial cells of the midgut from the gut contents.
2003-03-26 GO:0008018 obsolete structural protein of chorion (sensu Drosophila) Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0015744 succinate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of succinate, the dianion of ethane dicarboxylic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015141 succinate transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of succinate, the dianion of ethane dicarboxylic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015599 glutamine-importing ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + glutamine(out) = ADP + phosphate + glutamine(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0006868 glutamine transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of glutamine, 2-amino-4-carbamoylbutanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015186 L-glutamine transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of glutamine, 2-amino-4-carbamoylbutanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0045174 glutathione dehydrogenase (ascorbate) activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 2 glutathione + dehydroascorbate = glutathione disulfide + ascorbate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015503 glutathione-regulated potassium exporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: K+(in) + H+(out) = K+(out) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015665 alcohol transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of organic alcohol, any carbon-containing compound containing a hydroxyl group, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015711 organic anion transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of organic anions into, out of, within or between cells. Organic anions are atoms or small molecules with a negative charge which contain carbon in covalent linkage.
2003-03-26 GO:0016275 [cytochrome c]-arginine N-methyltransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + [cytochrome c]-arginine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + [cytochrome c]-N(omega)-methyl-arginine.
2003-03-26 GO:0006119 oxidative phosphorylation Added DEFINITION The phosphorylation of ADP to ATP that accompanies the oxidation of a metabolite through the operation of the respiratory chain. Oxidation of compounds establishes a proton gradient across the the membrane, providing the energy for ATP synthesis.
2003-03-26 GO:0016658 obsolete oxidoreductase activity, acting on NADH or NADPH, flavin as acceptor Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0015367 oxoglutarate:malate antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: oxoglutarate(out) + malate(in) = oxoglutarate(in) + malate(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0019825 oxygen binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with oxygen (O2).
2003-03-26 GO:0015671 oxygen transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of oxygen (O2) into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0005344 oxygen transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of oxygen into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0008950 obsolete p-aminobenzoate synthetase Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0015814 p-aminobenzoyl-glutamate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of p-aminobenzoyl-glutamate, the anion of p-aminobenzoyl-glutamic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015569 p-aminobenzoyl-glutamate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of p-aminobenzoyl-glutamate, the anion of p-aminobenzoyl-glutamic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0003693 P-element binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any P-element, a class of Drosophila transposon responsible for hybrid dysgenesis.
2003-03-26 GO:0015940 pantothenate biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of pantothenate, the anion of pantothenic acid. It is a B complex vitamin that is a constituent of coenzyme A and is distributed ubiquitously in foods.
2003-03-26 GO:0015941 pantothenate catabolic process Added DEFINITION The breakdown into simpler components of pantothenate, the anion of pantothenic acid. It is a B complex vitamin that is a constituent of coenzyme A and is distributed ubiquitously in foods.
2003-03-26 GO:0015939 pantothenate metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and physical changes involving pantothenate, the anion of pantothenic acid, the amide of beta-alanine and pantoic acid. It is a B complex vitamin that is a constituent of coenzyme A and is distributed ubiquitously in foods.
2003-03-26 GO:0015887 pantothenate transmembrane transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of pantothenate into, out of, within or between cells. Pantothenate is the anion of pantothenic acid, the amide of beta-alanine and pantoic acid; it is a B complex vitamin that is a constituent of coenzyme A and is distributed ubiquitously in foods.
2003-03-26 GO:0017029 obsolete lysosomal protein stabilization Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0007041 lysosomal transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of substances into, out of or within a lysosome.
2003-03-26 GO:0046757 obsolete lytic virus budding from ER membrane Added DEFINITION A form of viral release in which the nucleocapsid evaginates from the host ER membrane system, resulting in envelopment of the virus and cell lysis.
2003-03-26 GO:0046758 obsolete lytic virus budding from Golgi membrane Added DEFINITION A form of viral release in which the nucleocapsid evaginates from the host Golgi membrane system, resulting in envelopment of the virus and cell lysis.
2003-03-26 GO:0046759 obsolete lytic virus budding from plasma membrane Added DEFINITION A form of viral release in which the nucleocapsid evaginates from the host nuclear membrane system, resulting in envelopment of the virus and cell lysis.
2003-03-26 GO:0019078 obsolete lytic viral budding Updated DEFINITION A form of viral release in which the viral particles bud out through cellular membranes, resulting in cell lysis. It is also a form of viral envelopment.
2003-03-26 GO:0046756 lytic viral exocytosis Added DEFINITION The exit of the virion particle from the host cell by exocytosis, resulting in cell lysis.
2003-03-26 GO:0005527 macrolide binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a macrolide, any of a large group of structurally related antibiotics produced by Streptomyces species.
2003-03-26 GO:0000287 magnesium ion binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with magnesium (Mg) ions.
2003-03-26 GO:0015693 magnesium ion transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of magnesium (Mg) ions into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015095 magnesium ion transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of magnesium (Mg) ions into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015444 magnesium-importing ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + Mg2+(out) = ADP + phosphate + Mg2+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015743 malate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of malate into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0008523 sodium-dependent multivitamin transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: multivitamin(out) + Na+(out) = multivitamin(in) + Na+(in). Multivitamins include pantothenate, biotin and lipoate.
2003-03-26 GO:0006814 sodium ion transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of sodium ions (Na+) into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015081 sodium ion transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of sodium ions (Na+) into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0008554 sodium-exporting ATPase activity, phosphorylative mechanism Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + Na+(in) = ADP + phosphate + Na+(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0015443 obsolete sodium-transporting two-sector ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + Na+(in) = ADP + phosphate + Na+(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0005391 sodium:potassium-exchanging ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + Na+(in) + K+(out) = ADP + phosphate + Na+(out) + K+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0005283 sodium:amino acid symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: amino acid(out) + Na+(out) = amino acid(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0008510 sodium:bicarbonate symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Na+(out) + HCO3-(out) = Na+(in) + HCO3-(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015378 sodium:chloride symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Na+(out) + Cl-(out) = Na+(in) + Cl-(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0008511 sodium:potassium:chloride symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Na+(out) + K+(out) + Cl-(out) = Na+(in) + K+(in) + Cl-(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0005311 obsolete sodium:dicarboxylate/tricarboxylate symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [dicarboxylate or tricarboxylate](out) + Na+(out) = [dicarboxylate or tricarboxylate](in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015385 sodium:proton antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Na+(out) + H+(in) = Na+(in) + H+(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0015319 sodium:inorganic phosphate symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: Na+(out) + inorganic phosphate(out) = Na+(in) + inorganic phosphate(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0008507 sodium:iodide symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: iodide(out) + Na+(out) = iodide(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015382 sodium:sulfate symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: sulfate(out) + Na+(out) = sulfate(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0009995 soluble molecule recognition Added DEFINITION The recognition of soluble molecules in the environment.
2003-03-26 GO:0015298 solute:cation antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: solute(out) + cation(in) = solute(in) + cation(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0015294 solute:cation symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: solute(out) + cation(out) = solute(in) + cation(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0003676 nucleic acid binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any nucleic acid.
2003-03-26 GO:0015851 nucleobase transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a nucleobase, any nitrogenous base that is a constituent of a nucleoside, nucleotide, or nucleic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015205 nucleobase transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of a nucleobase, any nitrogenous base that is a constituent of a nucleoside, nucleotide, or nucleic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015931 nucleobase-containing compound transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of nucleobases, nucleosides, nucleotides and nucleic acids, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015932 nucleobase-containing compound transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of nucleobases, nucleosides, nucleotides and nucleic acids, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0019205 nucleobase-containing compound kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the transfer of a phosphate group, usually from ATP, to a nucleobase, nucleoside, nucleotide substrate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015391 nucleobase:cation symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: nucleobase(out) + cation(out) = nucleobase(in) + cation(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0005487 nucleocytoplasmic transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of substances between the nucleus and the cytoplasm of a cell.
2003-03-26 GO:0008572 obsolete nucleoplasmin ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O = ADP + phosphate. The hydrolysis of ATP required for the ATP-dependent assembly of nucleosome cores, in decondensation of sperm chromatin and in other histone-involving processes.
2003-03-26 GO:0019206 nucleoside kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + nucleoside = ADP + nucleoside monophosphate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015536 nucleoside:hydrogen ion symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: nucleoside(out) + H+(out) = nucleoside(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015858 nucleoside transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of a nucleoside, a nucleobase linked to either beta-D-ribofuranose (ribonucleoside) or 2-deoxy-beta-D-ribofuranose, (a deoxyribonucleotide), into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0005337 nucleoside transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of a nucleoside, a nucleobase linked to either beta-D-ribofuranose (ribonucleoside) or 2-deoxy-beta-D-ribofuranose, (a deoxyribonucleotide), into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015506 nucleoside:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: nucleoside(out) + H+(out) = nucleoside(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0005415 nucleoside:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: nucleoside(out) + Na+(out) = nucleoside(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0000166 nucleotide binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a nucleotide, any compound consisting of a nucleoside that is esterified with [ortho]phosphate or an oligophosphate at any hydroxyl group on the glycose moiety.
2003-03-26 GO:0019201 nucleotide kinase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + nucleoside monophosphate = ADP + nucleoside diphosphate.
2003-03-26 GO:0009226 nucleotide-sugar biosynthetic process Added DEFINITION The formation from simpler components of nucleotide-sugars, any nucleotide in which the distal phosphoric residue of a nucleoside 5'-diphosphate is in glycosidic linkage with a monosaccharide or monosaccharide derivative.
2003-03-26 GO:0009227 nucleotide-sugar catabolic process Added DEFINITION The breakdown into simpler components of nucleotide-sugars, any nucleotide in which the distal phosphoric residue of a nucleoside 5'-diphosphate is in glycosidic linkage with a monosaccharide or monosaccharide derivative.
2003-03-26 GO:0015725 gluconate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of gluconate into, out of, within or between cells. Gluconate is the aldonic acid derived from glucose.
2003-03-26 GO:0015128 gluconate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of gluconate into, out of, within or between cells. Gluconate is the aldonic acid derived from glucose.
2003-03-26 GO:0019134 glucosamine-1-phosphate N-acetyltransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: acetyl-CoA + D-glucosamine 1-phosphate = CoA + N-acetyl-D-glucosamine 1-phosphate.
2003-03-26 GO:0019255 glucose 1-phosphate metabolic process Updated DEFINITION The chemical reactions and physical changes involving glucose 1-phosphate, a monophosphorylated derivative of glucose with the phosphate group attached to C-1.
2003-03-26 GO:0008524 glucose 6-phosphate:phosphate antiporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glucose 6-phosphate(out) + phosphate(in) = glucose 6-phosphate(in) + phosphate(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0005536 glucose binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with the D- and L-enantiomers of glucose.
2003-03-26 GO:0008708 glucose dehydrogenase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: D-glucose + acceptor = D-glucono-1,5-lactone + reduced acceptor.
2003-03-26 GO:0042593 glucose homeostasis Added DEFINITION Any of the processes involved in the maintenance of an internal equilibrium of glucose.
2003-03-26 GO:0046323 glucose import Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of the hexose monosaccharide glucose into a cell or organelle.
2003-03-26 GO:0015758 glucose transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of the hexose monosaccharide glucose into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0005355 glucose transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of the hexose monosaccharide glucose into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015304 glucose uniporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glucose(out) = glucose(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015760 glucose-6-phosphate transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of glucose-6-phosphate into, out of, within or between cells. Glucose-6-phosphate is a monophosphorylated derivative of glucose with the phosphate group attached to C-6.
2003-03-26 GO:0015152 glucose-6-phosphate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of glucose-6-phosphate into, out of, within or between cells. Glucose-6-phosphate is a monophosphorylated derivative of glucose with the phosphate group attached to C-6.
2003-03-26 GO:0005412 glucose:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glucose(out) + Na+(out) = glucose(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015738 glucuronate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of glucuronate into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015135 glucuronate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of glucuronate into, out of, within or between cells. Glucuronate is the uronic acid formally derived from glucose by oxidation of the hydroxymethylene group at C-6 to a carboxyl group.
2003-03-26 GO:0015488 glucuronide:monovalent cation symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glucuronide(out) + monovalent cation(out) = glucuronide(in) + monovalent cation(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015779 glucuronoside transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of glucuronosides into, out of, within or between cells. Glucuronosides are any compound formed by combination of glycosidic linkage of a hydroxy compound (eg. an alcohol or a saccharide) with the anomeric carbon atom of glucuronate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015164 glucuronoside transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of glucuronosides into, out of, within or between cells. Glucuronosides are any compound formed by combination of glycosidic linkage of a hydroxy compound (eg. an alcohol or a saccharide) with the anomeric carbon atom of glucuronate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015020 glucuronosyltransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: UDP-glucuronate + acceptor = UDP + acceptor beta-D-glucuronoside.
2003-03-26 GO:0016595 glutamate binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with glutamate, the anion of 2-aminopentanedioic acid.
2003-03-26 GO:0015813 L-glutamate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of glutamate, the anion of 2-aminopentanedioic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0005313 L-glutamate transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of glutamate, the anion of 2-aminopentanedioic acid, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015600 obsolete glutamate/aspartate porter activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + polar amino acid(out) = ADP + phosphate + polar amino acid(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015372 obsolete glutamate/aspartate:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [glutamate or aspartate](out) + Na+(out) = [glutamate or aspartate](in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015501 glutamate:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glutamate(out) + Na+(out) = glutamate(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015891 siderophore transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of siderochromes, low molecular weight Fe(III)-chelating substances, into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015344 siderophore uptake transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: siderochrome-iron[ferrioxamine](out) + H+(out) = siderochrome-iron[ferrioxamine](in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015343 siderophore transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: siderochrome-iron(out) + H+(out) = siderochrome-iron(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0019984 sigma DNA polymerase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1). The function required for sister-chromatid adhesion.
2003-03-26 GO:0005500 juvenile hormone binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with juvenile hormone, the three sesquiterpenoid derivatives that function to maintain the larval state of insects at molting and that may be required for other processes, e.g. oogenesis.
2003-03-26 GO:0000741 karyogamy Added DEFINITION The creation of a single nucleus from multiple nuclei as a result of fusing the lipid bilayers that surround each nuclei.
2003-03-26 GO:0007335 karyogamy Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE. The fusion of nuclei or nuclear material that occurs during sexual reproduction. In S. cerevisiae, karyogamy consists of at least two distinct processes: one is the congression of two nuclei and the other is the fusion of nuclear envelopes of juxtaposed nuclei.
2003-03-26 GO:0000742 karyogamy involved in conjugation with cellular fusion Added DEFINITION During sexual reproduction, the creation of a single nucleus from multiple nuclei as a result of fusing the lipid bilayers that surround each nuclei. This occurs after cytogamy.
2003-03-26 GO:0000744 karyogamy involved in conjugation with mutual genetic exchange Added DEFINITION During sexual reproduction, the creation of a single nucleus from multiple nuclei as a result of fusing the lipid bilayers that surround each nuclei. This occurs after the mutual exchange of nuclei.
2003-03-26 GO:0045130 keratan sulfotransferase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + keratan = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + keratan 6'-sulfate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015807 L-amino acid transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of L-amino acids into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015179 L-amino acid transmembrane transporter activity Updated DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of L-amino acids into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015882 L-ascorbic acid transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of L-ascorbate into, out of, within or between cells. L-ascorbate is a six-carbon carbohydrate-like compound found in fruit and vegetables. It has vitamin C activity in humans and guinea pigs.
2003-03-26 GO:0015229 L-ascorbic acid transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of L-ascorbate into, out of, within or between cells. L-ascorbate is a six-carbon carbohydrate-like compound found in fruit and vegetables. It has vitamin C activity in humans and guinea pigs.
2003-03-26 GO:0008520 L-ascorbate:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ascorbate(out) + Na+(out) = ascorbate(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015726 L-idonate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of L-idonate into, out of, within or between cells. L-idonate is an aldonic acid derived from L-idose, an aldohexose which is epimeric with D-glucose.
2003-03-26 GO:0015568 L-idonate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of L-idonate into, out of, within or between cells. L-idonate is an aldonic acid derived from L-idose, an aldohexose which is epimeric with D-glucose.
2003-03-26 GO:0015560 obsolete L-idonate/D-gluconate:hydrogen symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [L-idonate or D-gluconate](out) + H+(out) = [L-iodonate or D-gluconate](in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015727 lactate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of lactate into, out of, within or between cells. Lactate is 2-hydroxypropanoate, CH3-CHOH-COOH; L(+)-lactate is formed by anaerobic glycolysis in animal tissues, and DL-lactate is found in sour milk, molasses and certain fruit juices.
2003-03-26 GO:0015129 lactate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of lactate into, out of, within or between cells. Lactate is 2-hydroxypropanoate, CH3-CHOH-COOH; L(+)-lactate is formed by anaerobic glycolysis in animal tissues, and DL-lactate is found in sour milk, molasses and certain fruit juices.
2003-03-26 GO:0046722 lactic acid secretion Added DEFINITION The regulated release of lactic acid, 2-hydroxypropanoic acid, by a cell or group of cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0030395 lactose binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with lactose, a disaccharide of glucose and galactose, the carbohydrate of milk.
2003-03-26 GO:0015767 lactose transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of lactose into, out of, within or between cells. Lactose is a disaccharide 4-O-beta-D-galactopyranosyl-D-glucose, and constitutes roughly 5% of the milk in almost all mammals.
2003-03-26 GO:0015155 lactose transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of lactose into, out of, within or between cells. Lactose is a disaccharide 4-O-beta-D-galactopyranosyl-D-glucose, and constitutes roughly 5% of the milk in almost all mammals.
2003-03-26 GO:0015305 obsolete lactose, galactose:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: [lactose or galactose](out) + H+(out) = [lactose or galactose](in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015543 obsolete lactose/glucose efflux transporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: glucose or lactose(in) = glucose or lactose(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0015528 lactose:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: lactose(out) + H+(out) = lactose(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0016449 lambda DNA polymerase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1). A DNA-directed DNA polymerase that may be specific to lymphoid cells and play a role in the somatic hypermutation of antibody genes.
2003-03-26 GO:0042599 lamellar body Added DEFINITION A membrane bounded organelle, specialized for the storage and secretion various substances (surfactant phospholipids, glycoproteins and acid phosphates) which are arranged in the form of tightly packed, concentric, membrane sheets or lamellae. Has some similar properties to, but is distinct from, a lysosome.
2003-03-26 GO:0005521 lamin binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with lamin; any of a group of intermediate-filament proteins that form the fibrous matrix on the inner surface of the nuclear envelope.
2003-03-26 GO:0005613 obsolete laminin receptor protein Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0005607 laminin-2 complex Updated DEFINITION Laminins are glycoproteins that are major constituents of the basement membrane of cells. Laminins are trimeric molecules; laminin-2 is an alpha-2, beta-1 gamma-1 trimer.
2003-03-26 GO:0008155 obsolete larval behavior (sensu Drosophila) Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0001746 Bolwig's organ morphogenesis Added DEFINITION Formation and development of the larval eye in Drosophila, a relatively simple sensory system composed of Bolwig's organs: two clusters, each composed of 12 photorectptor cells from which axons extend in a single fasicle to the brain.
2003-03-26 GO:0005616 larval serum protein complex Added DEFINITION A multi-subunit protein complex which, in Drosophila, is a heterohexamer of three subunits, alpha, beta and gamma. The complex is thought to store amino acids for synthesis of adult proteins.
2003-03-26 GO:0019086 late viral transcription Updated DEFINITION The last group of viral genes to be transcribed during the viral life cycle; genes consist mainly of those encoding structural proteins.
2003-03-26 GO:0015692 lead ion transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of lead (Pb) ions into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0016987 sigma factor activity Updated DEFINITION A sigma factor is the promoter specificity subunit of eubacterial-type multisubunit RNA polymerases, those whose core subunit composition is often described as alpha(2)-beta-beta-prime. (This type of multisubunit RNA polymerase complex is known to be found in eubacteria and plant plastids.) Although sigma does not bind DNA on its own, when combined with the core to form the holoenzyme, this binds specifically to promoter sequences, with the sigma factor making sequence specific contacts with the promotor elements. The sigma subunit is released from the elongating form of the polymerase and is thus free to act catalytically for multiple RNA polymerase core enzymes.
2003-03-26 GO:0004871 signal transducer activity Added DEFINITION Mediates the transfer of a signal from the outside to the inside of a cell by means other than the introduction of the signal molecule itself into the cell.
2003-03-26 GO:0000750 pheromone-dependent signal transduction involved in conjugation with cellular fusion Added DEFINITION The processes involving the relay, amplification or dampening of a signal generated in response to pheromone exposure in organisms that undergo conjugation with cellular fusion.
2003-03-26 GO:0000757 signal transduction involved in conjugation with mutual genetic exchange Added DEFINITION The processes involving the relay, amplification or dampening of a signal generated in response to pheromone exposure in organisms that undergo conjugation without cellular fusion.
2003-03-26 GO:0015708 silicate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of silicate into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015115 silicate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of silicates into, out of, within or between cells. A silicate is a salt of a silicic acid; there are many different types of silicate, including unisilicates, metasilicates and hydrous silicates, depending on the silicic acid used to form the silicate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015673 silver ion transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of silver (Ag) ions into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015080 silver ion transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of silver (Ag) ions into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015445 silver-exporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + Ag+(in) = ADP + phosphate + Ag+(out).
2003-03-26 GO:0003697 single-stranded DNA binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with single-stranded DNA.
2003-03-26 GO:0008310 single-stranded DNA 3'-5' exodeoxyribonuclease activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the sequential cleavage of mononucleotides from a free 3' terminus of a single-stranded DNA molecule.
2003-03-26 GO:0045145 single-stranded DNA 5'-3' exodeoxyribonuclease activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the sequential cleavage of mononucleotides from a free 5' terminus of a single-stranded DNA molecule.
2003-03-26 GO:0008297 single-stranded DNA exodeoxyribonuclease activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the sequential cleavage of mononucleotides from a free 5' or 3' terminus of a single-stranded DNA molecule.
2003-03-26 GO:0003727 single-stranded RNA binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with single-stranded RNA.
2003-03-26 GO:0046332 SMAD binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a SMAD signaling protein.
2003-03-26 GO:0005119 smoothened binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with the smoothened (smo) protein, which interacts with patched to transmit hedgehog signals.
2003-03-26 GO:0030515 snoRNA binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with small nucleolar RNA.
2003-03-26 GO:0030519 snoRNP binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a protein constituent of a small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein particle.
2003-03-26 GO:0017069 snRNA binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a small nuclear RNA (snRNA).
2003-03-26 GO:0003732 obsolete snRNA cap binding Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Interacting selectively with the cap structure at the 5' end of a small nuclear RNA molecule.
2003-03-26 GO:0006608 snRNP protein import into nucleus Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a small nuclear ribonucleoprotein from the cytoplasm into the nucleus, across the nuclear membrane.
2003-03-26 GO:0015741 fumarate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of fumarate into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015138 fumarate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of fumarate into, out of, within or between cells. Fumarate is a key intermediate in metabolism and is formed in the TCA cycle from succinate and converted into malate.
2003-03-26 GO:0001664 G-protein coupled receptor binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a G-protein-coupled receptor.
2003-03-26 GO:0016917 GABA receptor activity Added DEFINITION The function of combining with the neurotransmitter GABA (gamma aminobutyric acid), and thereby initiating a change in cell function.
2003-03-26 GO:0005332 gamma-aminobutyric acid:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: gamma-aminobutyric acid(out) + Na+(out) = gamma-aminobutyric acid(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015796 galactitol transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of galactitol into, out of, within or between cells. Galactitol is the hexitol derived by the reduction of the aldehyde group of either D- or L-galactose.
2003-03-26 GO:0015577 galactitol transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of galactitol into, out of, within or between cells. Galactitol is the hexitol derived by the reduction of the aldehyde group of either D- or L-galactose.
2003-03-26 GO:0019196 galactosamine transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of galactosamine into, out of, within or between cells. Galactosamine is an aminodeoxysugar; D-galactosamine is a constituent of some glycolipids and glycosaminoglycans, commonly as its N-acetyl derivative.
2003-03-26 GO:0005534 galactose binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with galactose (galacto-hexose), a common constituent of many oligo- and polysaccharides.
2003-03-26 GO:0005531 obsolete galactose binding lectin Added DEFINITION OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete).
2003-03-26 GO:0015757 galactose transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of galactose into, out of, within or between cells. D-galactose is widely distributed in combined form in plants, animals and microorganisms as a constituent of oligo- and polysaccharides; it also occurs in galactolipids and as its glucoside in lactose and melibiose.
2003-03-26 GO:0005354 galactose transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of galactose into, out of, within or between cells. D-galactose is widely distributed in combined form in plants, animals and microorganisms as a constituent of oligo- and polysaccharides; it also occurs in galactolipids and as its glucoside in lactose and melibiose.
2003-03-26 GO:0015303 obsolete galactose, glucose uniporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: galactose or glucose(out) = galactose or glucose(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015517 galactose:proton symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: galactose(out) + H+(out) = galactose(in) + H+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015371 galactose:sodium symporter activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: galactose(out) + Na+(out) = glucose(in) + Na+(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0016936 galactoside binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with any glycoside in which the sugar moiety is galactose.
2003-03-26 GO:0001733 galactosylceramide sulfotransferase activity Added DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: 3'-phosphoadenylylsulfate + a galactosylceramide = adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate + a galactosylceramidesulfate.
2003-03-26 GO:0015737 galacturonate transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of galacturonate into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015550 galacturonate transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of galacturonate into, out of, within or between cells. Galacturonate is the uronic acid formally derived from galactose by oxidation of the hydroxymethylene group at C-6 to a carboxyl group.
2003-03-26 GO:0001577 obsolete galectin Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. A lectin that exhibits calcium independent binding of beta-galactoside sugars.
2003-03-26 GO:0003895 gamma DNA-directed DNA polymerase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1). The DNA-directed DNA polymerase responsible for the replication of mitochondrial DNA.
2003-03-26 GO:0015812 gamma-aminobutyric acid transport Updated DEFINITION The directed movement of gamma-aminobutyrate, the anion of 4-aminobutanoic acid (GABA), into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0046807 viral scaffold assembly and maintenance Added DEFINITION The assembly and maintenance of the viral scaffold (GO:0046806) around which the viral capsid is constructed.
2003-03-26 GO:0046739 transport of virus in multicellular host Added DEFINITION The dissemination of infectious virion particles within an infected host.
2003-03-26 GO:0046740 transport of virus in host, cell to cell Added DEFINITION The process of viral dissemination within an infected host organism where infectious virion particles are passed from infected to uninfected host cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0046741 transport of virus in host, tissue to tissue Added DEFINITION The process of viral dissemination within an infected host organism where infectious virion particles are passed from infected to uninfected host tissue.
2003-03-26 GO:0019033 viral tegument Added DEFINITION A structure lying between the capsid and envelope of a virus, varying in thickness and often distributed asymmetrically.
2003-03-26 GO:0006948 induction by virus of host cell-cell fusion Added DEFINITION The process of syncytia-forming cell-cell fusion, caused by a virus.
2003-03-26 GO:0019062 virion attachment to host cell Updated DEFINITION The processes involved in the specific binding of a viral antireceptor to a cell surface receptor.
2003-03-26 GO:0046814 coreceptor-mediated virion attachment to host cell Added DEFINITION The process during virion attachment where a virion binds to a host cell surface receptor after an initial binding event has occurred, resulting in the fusion of the virion and host cell membranes and the initiation of viral entry.
2003-03-26 GO:0046813 receptor-mediated virion attachment to host cell Added DEFINITION The process during virion attachment where a virion binds to a host cell receptor, resulting in a conformational change of the virus protein.
2003-03-26 GO:0046790 virion binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with a virion, either by binding to components of the capsid or the viral envelope.
2003-03-26 GO:0046794 transport of virus Added DEFINITION The directed movement of a virion into, out of, or within a host cell.
2003-03-26 GO:0046816 virion transport vesicle Added DEFINITION A vesicle used to transport the partial or complete virion between cellular compartments.
2003-03-26 GO:0046793 induction by virus of phosphorylation of host RNA polymerase II Added DEFINITION The viral induction of modification to the host RNA polymerase II.
2003-03-26 GO:0015420 cobalamin-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + vitamin B12(out) = ADP + phosphate + vitamin B12(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0019842 vitamin binding Updated DEFINITION Interacting selectively with vitamins, organic substances needed for the normal nutrition of an organism.
2003-03-26 GO:0009225 nucleotide-sugar metabolic process Added DEFINITION The chemical reactions and physical changes involving nucleotide-sugars, any nucleotide in which the distal phosphoric residue of a nucleoside 5'-diphosphate is in glycosidic linkage with a monosaccharide or monosaccharide derivative.
2003-03-26 GO:0015780 nucleotide-sugar transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of nucleotide-sugars into, out of, within or between cells. Nucleotide-sugars are any nucleotide in which the distal phosphoric residue of a nucleoside 5'-diphosphate is in glycosidic linkage with a monosaccharide or monosaccharide derivative.
2003-03-26 GO:0005338 nucleotide-sugar transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of nucleotide-sugars into, out of, within or between cells. A nucleotide-sugars is any nucleotide in which the distal phosphoric residue of a nucleoside 5'-diphosphate is in glycosidic linkage with a monosaccharide or monosaccharide derivative.
2003-03-26 GO:0005549 odorant binding Added DEFINITION Interacting selectively with an odorant, any substance capable of stimulating the sense of smell.
2003-03-26 GO:0001742 oenocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION Differentiation of oenocytes, large secratory cells found in clusters underlying the epidermis of larval abdominal segments.
2003-03-26 GO:0015421 oligopeptide-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + oligopeptide(out) = ADP + phosphate + oligopeptide(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0015772 oligosaccharide transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of oligosaccharides into, out of, within or between cells. Oligosaccharides are molecules with between two and (about) 20 monosaccharide residues connected by glycosidic linkages.
2003-03-26 GO:0015157 oligosaccharide transmembrane transporter activity Added DEFINITION Enables the directed movement of oligosaccharide into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0015422 oligosaccharide-transporting ATPase activity Updated DEFINITION Catalysis of the reaction: ATP + H2O + oligosaccharide(out) = ADP + phosphate + oligosaccharide(in).
2003-03-26 GO:0005900 oncostatin-M receptor complex Added DEFINITION A heterodimeric receptor for the cytokine oncostatin-M (OSM). In humans the receptor complex is made up of the gene products gp130 and OSMR-beta.
2003-03-26 GO:0019755 one-carbon compound transport Added DEFINITION The directed movement of one-carbon compounds into, out of, within or between cells.
2003-03-26 GO:0009994 oocyte differentiation Added DEFINITION The process by which an immature germ cell becomes a mature female gamete.
2003-03-26 GO:0009993 oogenesis (sensu Insecta) Added DEFINITION Oogenesis in insects.
2003-03-26 GO:0015053 obsolete opsin Updated DEFINITION OBSOLETE. Hydrophobic glycoprotein to which 11-cis-retinal binds as a Schiff base (in rhodopsin) or 3,4-didehydro-11-cis-retinal binds as a Schiff base in cyanopsin and porphyropsin.
2003-03-26 GO:0001748 optic lobe placode development Added DEFINITION Development of the optic placode, following its establishment, to give rise to the larval eye (Bolwig's organ) and the optic lobe.

Other

Timestamp GO ID GO Term Name Action Category Detail
2003-03-26 GO:0042461 photoreceptor cell development Added SECONDARY GO:0046531 (photoreceptor morphogenesis)
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